Hymenomonadaceae


Ancestry: Coccolithophores -> Coccolithales -> Hymenomonadaceae
Sister taxa: Coccolithaceae, Calcidiscaceae, Hymenomonadaceae, Pleurochrysidaceae,

Short diagnosis: Neritic. Coccosphere large, monomorphic with many small coccoliths. Coccoliths muroliths with open central-area; proximal and distal flanges variably developed.


Daughter taxa (blue => in age window 0-300Ma) Granddaughter taxa
Coccoliths with serated distal margin

Murolith coccoliths with simple rim, partially calcified specimens show beaded ultrastructure.

Coccoliths with well-developed basal flange and sometimes with distal flange

Taxonomy:

Citation: Hymenomonadaceae Senn, 1900
Rank: Family

Farinacci & Howe catalog pages:

Short diagnosis: Neritic. Coccosphere large, monomorphic with many small coccoliths. Coccoliths muroliths with open central-area; proximal and distal flanges variably developed.


Morphology remarks: Coccoliths are goblet-shaped muroliths with open central-area (tremaliths). At the base of the coccoliths there is usually a well-developed proximal flange. At the top of the coccoliths there may be a narrow distal flange or the wall may flare. The coccoliths appear to be entirely formed of a single cycle of <20 crystal-units. In Ochrosphaera, crystal-units have steeply inclined oblique orientations (JRY unpubl obs.).
They differ from Pleurochrysidaceae by the absence of a second cycle of units.
See also Manton & Peterfi (1969), Braarud (1954).

Evolution & Phylogeny: Affinity of this family is not obvious from coccolith morphology, but molecular genetics, the life-cycle and cytological characters strongly indicate affinity with the Pleurochrysidaceae.

Ecology & Biogeography: Litoral and freshwater

Biology & life-cycles: Diploid phase produces heterococcoliths, motile, haploid phase non-calcifying - see Fresnel (1994), Fresnel & Probert (2005),

Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): Extant Data source: Total of range of species in this database
First occurrence (base): within Aquitanian Stage (20.44-23.03Ma, base in Aquitanian stage). Data source: Total of range of species in this database

Plot of occurrence data:

References:

Braarud, T., (1954). Coccolith morphology and taxonomic position of Hymenomonas roseola Stein and Syracosphaera carterae Braarud & Fagerland. Nytt Magasin fuer Botanikk, 3: 1-4.

Fresnel, J. & Probert, I., (2005). The ultrastructure and life cycle of the coastal coccolithophorid Ochrosphaera neapolitana (Prymnesiophyceae). European Journal of Phycology, 40(1): 105-122.

Fresnel, J., (1994). A heteromorphic life cycle in two coastal coccolithophorids, Hymenomonas lacuna and Hymenomonas coronata (Prymnesiophyceae). Canadian Journal of Botany, 72: 1455-1462.

Manton, I. & Peterfi, L.S., (1969). Observations on the fine structure of coccoliths, scales and protoplast of freshwater coccolithophorid Hymenomonas roseola Stein, with supplementary observations on the protoplast of Cricosphaera carterae. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences, 172: 1-15.

Senn, G., (1900). Chrysomonadineae. In: Engler, A. and Prantl, K. (Editors), Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien. Engelmann, Leipzig, pp. 151-167.


Nannotax3 - Coccolithophores - Hymenomonadaceae by: Jeremy R. Young, Paul R. Bown, Jacqueline A. Lees viewed: 28-6-2017

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AphiaID: 115071 Nomenclatural data on WoRMS

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