Rhomboasteraceae


Ancestry: Coccolithophores -> Nannolith families inc sed -> Rhomboasteraceae
Sister taxa: Ceratolithaceae, Lapideacassaceae, Lithostromationaceae, Nannolith genera inc sed, Rhomboasteraceae,

Short diagnosis: Nannoliths with rhombic and tri-radiate morphologies, and non-birefringent images in XPL. Incorporating the genera Rhomboaster and Tribrachiatus.


Daughter taxa (blue => in age window 0-300Ma) Granddaughter taxa
Solid nannoliths that include rhombic, rhombic with spinose extensions and forms composed of two superimposed tri-radiate cycles.

Solid nannoliths with three rays that typically have terminal bifurcations.

Taxonomy:

Citation: Rhomboasteraceae Bown, 2005
Rank: Family
Notes & discussion: Rhomboaster and Tribrachiatus nannoliths comprise an evolutionary lineage from the oldest, rhombic nannoliths (cuspis-type), through intermediate forms with two superimposed tri-radiate cycles (bramlettei-type), to the youngest, single-cycle tri-radiate forms (orthostylus-type). Bybell & Self-Trail (1995, 1997) argued for the use of one genus only, whereas others have retained both (e.g. Aubry, 1996), see also von Salis et al. (2000). Both genera are included here: Rhomboaster for nannoliths with three-dimensional, rhombic to bicyclic tri-radiate morphologies, and Tribrachiatus for flatter morphologies with a single tri-radiate cycle.

Farinacci & Howe catalog pages: Rhomboasteraceae [no catalog entry yet]

Short diagnosis: Nannoliths with rhombic and tri-radiate morphologies, and non-birefringent images in XPL. Incorporating the genera Rhomboaster and Tribrachiatus.


Morphology remarks: Crystallography: the c-axis is parallel to rotational axis of the nannolith and so in plan view they show no birefringence, they are, however, often tilted and so show moderate birefringence. IN side view they show high birefringence.

Search data:
TagsLITHS: nannolith-radiate, quadrate, star-shaped,
CSPH: not known, V-UNITS: all, R-UNITS: none, DETAILS: 1ou,
MetricsLith size: 5->20┬Ám;
Sources:
The morphological data given here can be used on the advanced search page. See also these notes

Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): within Ypresian Stage (47.84-55.96Ma, top in Ypresian stage). Data source: Total of range of species in this database
First occurrence (base): within Ypresian Stage (47.84-55.96Ma, base in Ypresian stage). Data source: Total of range of species in this database

Plot of occurrence data:

References:

Aubry, M.-P., (1996). Towards an Upper Paleocene-Lower Eocene high resolution stratigraphy based on calcarous nannofossil stratigraphy. Israel Journal of Earth-Sciences, 44(239-253).

Bown, P.R., (2005). Palaeogene calcareous nannofossils from the Kilwa and Lindi areas of coastal Tanzania (Tanzania Drilling Project 2003-4). Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 27(1): 21-95.

Bybell, L.M. & Self-Trail, J., (1995). Evolutionary, biostratigraphic and taxonomic study of calcareous nanofossils from a continuous Palaeocene-Eocene boundary section in New Jersey. United States Geological Survey professional paper, 1554: 1-36.

Bybell, L. & Self-Trail, J., (1997). Late Paleocene and Early Eocene calcareous nannofossils from three boreholes in an onshore-offshore transect from New Jersey to the Atlantic continental rise. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 150: 91-110.

von Salis, K.; Monechi, S.; Bybell, L.M.; Self-Trail, J. & Young, J.R., (2000). Remarks on the calcareous nannofossil genera Rhomboaster and Tribrachiatus around the Paleocene/Eocene Boundary. GFF, 122(138-140).


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Rhomboasteraceae compiled by Jeremy R. Young, Paul R. Bown, Jacqueline A. Lees viewed: 23-10-2017

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