References

 

This page provides a rather comprehensive bibliography of the taxonomic literature on coccolithophores and calcareous nannofossils. It is based on the bibliographies of Bown (1998) Calcareous Nannofossil Biostratigraphy and Young et al. 2003 Guide to Extant Coccolithophore Taxonomy supplemented by inclusion of references to more recent literature. It currently (Nov 2016) includes 1785 references. The same source file is used to generate the short reference lists on each taxon page.

Search


Title Åberg, M., (1966). Electron microscope studies on Nephrolithus (Coccolithophoraceae). Stockholm Contributions in Geology, 13: 63-67.

Achterberg, E. & Richier, S., (2011). Cruise Report D366/367 – June 6th – July 10th 2011; UK Ocean Acidification Research Program. 1-153.

Achuthan, M.V. & Stradner, H., (1969). Calcareous nannoplankton from the Wemmelian stratotype. In: Brönnimann, P. and Renz, H.H. (Editors), Proceedings of the First International Conference on Planktonic Microfossils. Brill, Leiden, Geneva, pp. 1-13.

Ackleson, S.; Balch, W.M. & Holligan, P.M., (1988). White waters of the Gulf of Maine. Oceanography, 1(2): 18-22.

Agnini, C.; Fornaciari, E. & Raffi, I., (2008). Three new species of calcareous nannofossil from Late Palaeocene and Early Eocene assemblages (Ocean Drilling Program Site 1262, Walvis Ridge, SE Atlantic Ocean). Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 30(1): 51-56.

Agnini, C.; Fornaciari, E.; Raffi, I.; Catanzariti, R.; Pälike, H.; Backman, J. & Rio, D., (2014). Biozonation and biochronology of Paleogene calcareous nannofossils from low and middle latitudes.

. Newsletters on Stratigraphy, 47: 131-181.

Agnini, C.; Fornaciari, E.; Raffi, I.; Rio, D.; Rohl, U. & Westerhold, T., (2007). High-resolution nannofossil biochronology of middle Paleocene to early Eocene at ODP Site 1262: Implications for calcareous nannoplankton evolution. Marine Micropaleontology, 64: 215-248.

Agnini, C.; Muttoni, G.; Kent, D.V. & Rio, D., (2006). Eocene biostratigraphy and magnetic stratigraphy from Possagno, Italy: The calcareous nannofossil response to climate variability. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2241: 815-830.

Aguado, R., (1994). Nannofosiles del Cretacico de la Cordillera Betica (sur de España). Bioestratigrafia, Universidad de Granada.

Aguado, R., (2012). Two new Cretaceous calcareous nannofossils from SE Spain and Tunisia. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 32(2).

Aguado, R.; Company, M.; Sandoval, J. & Tavera, J.M., (1997). Biostratigraphic events at the Barremian/Aptian boundary in the Betic Cordillera, southern Spain. Cretaceous Research, 18: 309-329.

Aguado, R.; Company, M. & Tavera, J.M., (2000). The Berriasian/Valanginian boundary in the Mediterranean region: new data from the Caravaca and Cehegín sections, SE Spain. Cretaceous Research, 21: 1-21.

Aguado, R.; Ginés, A.d.G. & O'Dogherty, L., (2014). Integrated biostratigraphy (calcareous nannofossils, planktonic foraminifera, and radiolarians) of an uppermost Barremian- lower Aptian pelagic succession in the Subbetic Basin (southern Spain). Cretaceous Research, 51: 153-173.

Ahagon, N.; Tanaka, Y. & Ujiie, H., (1993). Florisphaera profunda, a possible nannoplankton indicator of late Quaternary changes in sea-water turbidity at the northwestern margin of the Pacific. Marine Micropaleontology, 22: 255-273.

Aiken, J. & others, (2000). The Atlantic Meridional Transect: overview and synthesis of data. Progress in Oceanography, 45(3-4): 257-312.

Akers, W.H., (1995). Discoaster petaliformis Moshkovitz and Ehrlich 1984 coincidentalis, a new subspecies from the subsurface of Louisiana. Tulane Studies in Geology and Paleontology, 28: 131-132.

Akpiti, S.; DeKlasz, I.; Le Cakvez, Y. & Perch-Nielsen, K., (1982). Biostratigraphie de l'Eocene de la region de Zougbonou (SW de la Republique Populaire du Benin, Afrique Occidentale). Cahiers de Micropaleontologie, 2: 81-90.

Akselman, R. & Keupp, H., (1990). Recent obliquipithonelloid calcareous cysts of Scrippsiella patagonica sp. nov. (Peridiniaceae, Dinophyceae) from plankton of the Golfo San Jorge (Patagonia, Argentina). Marine Micropaleontology, 16: 169-179.

Al-Badrani, O.A. & Al-Ubaidi, M.H., (2012). Transversopontis omarians sp.nov. Calcareous Nannofossils from Jaddala Formation (Eocene) in Dh.1 well, central Iraq. . Iraqi National Journal of Earth Sciences, 12(3): 73-78.

Al-Rifaiy, I.; Varol, O. & Lemone, D., (1990). Middle to late Albian biostratigraphy of the Cuchillo Formation from Sierra de Sapellò, Mexico. Newsletters on Stratigraphy, 21: 187-200.

Alcober, J. & Jordan, R.W., (1997). An interesting association between Neosphaera coccolithomorpha and Ceratolithus cristatus (Haptophyta). European Journal of Phycology, 32: 91-93.

Alegret, L.; Thomas, E. & Kyger, C.L., (2011). End-Cretaceous marine mass extinction not caused by productivity collapse. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 109(3): 728-732.

Aljahdali, M.; Wise, S.W.; Bergen, J.A. & Pospichal, J.J., (2015). A new biostratigraphically significant Late Oligocene Sphenolithus species from the equatorial region. Micropaleontology, 61(3): 193-197.

Alves, C.F.; Lima, F.H.d.O. & Shimabukoro, S., (2017). New Aptian calcareous nannofossil species from Brazil. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 37(1): 15-24.

Amezieux, J., (1972). Association de nannofossiles calcaires du Jurassique d'Aquitaine et du Basin Parisien (France). Mémoires du Bureau Recherches Géologiques et Miniéres, 77: 143-151.

Anand, P.L., (1937). A taxonomic study of the algae of the British chalk-cliffs. Journal of Botany, 75(supplement 2): 1-51.

Andersen, R.A.; Brett, R.W.; Potter, D. & Sexton, J.P., (1998). Phylogeny of the Eustigmatophyceae based upon 18S rDNA, with emphasis on Nannochloropsis. Protist, 149: 61-74.

Anderson, H.J.; Hinsch, W.; Martini, E.; Müller, C. & Ritzkowski, S., (1971). Chattian. In: Carloni, G.C. and others (Editors), Stratotypes of Mediterranean Neogene stages. Giornale di Geologia ser 2, pp. 69-79.

Andri, E., (1972). Mise au point et données sur la famille des Calcisphaerulidae Bonet 1956: les genres Bonetocardiella, Pithonella, Calcisphaerula et Stomiosphaera. Revue de Micropaleontologie, 15(1): 12-34.

Andruleit, H., (1996). A filtration technique for quantitative studies of coccoliths. Micropaleontology, 42(4): 403-406.

Andruleit, H., (1997). Coccolithophore fluxes in the Norwegian-Greeland Sea: seasonlity and assemblage alteration. Marine Micropaleontology, 31: 45-64.

Andruleit, H., (2000). Dissolution-affected coccolithophore fluxes in the central Greenland Sea (1994/1995). Deep-Sea Research. Part 2, Topical studies in oceanography, 47: 1719-1742.

Andruleit, H., (2007). Status of the Java upwelling area (Indian Ocean) during the oligotrophic northern hemisphere winter monsoon season as revealed by coccolithophores. Marine Micropaleontology, 64: 36-51.

Andruleit, H. & Baumann, K.-H., (1998). History of the Last Deglaciation and Holocene in the Nordic seas as revealed by coccolithophore assemblages. Marine Micropaleontology, 35: 179-201.

Andruleit, H.; Geisen, M. & Stäger, S., (2006). Stereo-microscopy of coccolithophores - modern applications for imaging and morphological analysis. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 28(1): 1-16.

Andruleit, H.; Köthe, A.; Stäger & Bruns, A., (2000). Some comments concerning sample processing and dissolution. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 22(3): 201.

Andruleit, H.; Rad, U.v.; Bruns, A. & Ittekkot, V., (2000). Coccolithophore fluxes from sediment traps in the northeastern Arabian Sea off Pakistan. Marine Micropaleontology, 38: 285-308.

Andruleit, H.; Rogalla, U. & Staeger, S., (2005). Living coccolithophores recorded during the onset of upwelling conditions off Oman in the western Arabian Sea. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 27(1): 1-14.

Andruleit, H.; Rogalla, U. & Stäger, S., (2004). From living communities to fossil assemblages: origin and fate of coccolithophores in the northern Arabian Sea. Micropaleontology, 50(supplement 1): 5-21.

Andruleit, H.; Stäger, S.; Rogalla, U. & Cepek, P., (2003). Living coccolithophores in the northern Arabian Sea: ecological tolerances and environmental control. Marine Micropaleontology, 49(157-181).

Andruleit, H. & Young, J.R., (2010). Kataspinifera baumannii: a new genus and species of deep photic coccolithophores resembling the non-calcifying haptophyte Chrysochromulina. Journal of Micropalaeontology, 29: 135-147.

Andruleit, H.A. & Rogalla, U., (2002). Coccolithophores in surface sediments of Arabian sea in relation to environmental gradients in surface waters. Marine Geology, 186: 505-526.

Antunes, R.L., (1994). Biostratigraphy of the Quaternary nannofossils of the Campo Basin. Boletim de Geociencias da Petrobras, 8: 295-314.

Applegate, J.L. & Bergen, J.A., (1988). Cretaceous calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of sediments recovered from the Galicia Margin, ODP Leg 103. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 103: 293-348.

Applegate, J.L. & Bergen, J.A., (1989). Cretaceous calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of sediments recovered from the Galicia Margin, ODP Leg 103. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 103: 293-348.

Applegate, J.L.; Bergen, J.A.; Covington, J.M. & Wise, S.W., (1989). Lower Cretaceous calcareous nannofossils from continental margin drill sites off North Carolina (DSDP Leg 93) and Portugal (ODP Leg 103): a comparison. In: Crux, J.A. and Heck, S.E.v. (Editors), Nannofossils and their applications. British Micropalaeontological Society Series. Ellis Horwood, Chichester, pp. 212-222.

Applegate, J.L.; Covington, J.M. & Wise, S.W., (1987). Calcareous nanofossil biostratigr.

Arkell, W.J., (1956). Jurassic Geology of the World. Oliver and Boyd, London.

Arkhangelsky, A.D., (1912). Upper Cretaceous deposits of east European Russia. Materialien zur Geologie Russlands, 25: 1-631.

Armstrong, R.A.; Lee, C.; Hedges, J.I.; Honjo, S. & Wakeham, S.G., (2002). A new, mechanistic model for organic carbon fluxes in the ocean based on the quantitative association of POC with ballast minerals. Deep-Sea Research. Part 2, Topical studies in oceanography, 49: 219-236.

Aubry, M.-P., (1983). Biostratigraphie du Paléogène épicontinental de l'Europe du Nord-Ouest. Étude Fondée sur les Nannofossiles Calcaires. Documents des laboratories de géologie Lyon, 89: 1-317.

Aubry, M.-P., (1984). Handbook of Cenozoic calcareous nannoplankton. Book 1: Ortholithae (Discoasters). Micropaleontology Press, American Museum of Natural History, New York, 266 pp.

Aubry, M.-P., (1986). Palaeogene calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of northwestern Europe. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 55: 267-334.

Aubry, M.-P., (1988). Handbook of Cenozoic calcareous nannoplankton. Book 2: Ortholithae (Catinasters, Ceratholiths, Rhabdoliths). Micropaleontology Press, American Museum of Natural History, New York, 279 pp.

Aubry, M.-P., (1989). Handbook of Cenozoic calcareous nannoplankton. Book 3: Ortholithae (Pentaliths, and others), Heliotithae (Fasciculiths, Sphenoliths and others). Micropaleontology Press, American Museum of Natural History, New York, 279 pp.

Aubry, M.-P., (1989). Phylogenetically based calcareous nannofossil taxonomy: implications for the interpretation of geological events. In: Crux, J.A. and Heck, S.E.v. (Editors), Nannofossils and their aplications: Proceedings INA Conference.London 1987. Ellis Horwood, Chichester, pp. 21-40.

Aubry, M.-P., (1990). Handbook of Cenozoic calcareous nannoplankton. Book 4: Heliolithae (Helicoliths, Cribriliths, Lopadoliths and others). Micropaleontology Press, American Museum of Natural History, New York, 381 pp.

Aubry, M.-P., (1992). Late Paleogene calcareous nannoplankton evolution: a tale of climatic deterioration. in (eds. In: Prothero, D.R. and Berggren, W.A. (Editors), Eocene-Oligocene Climatic and Biotic Evolution. Princeton University Press, Princeton, pp. 272-309.

Aubry, M.-P., (1996). Towards an Upper Paleocene-Lower Eocene high resolution stratigraphy based on calcarous nannofossil stratigraphy. Israel Journal of Earth-Sciences, 44(239-253).

Aubry, M.-P., (1998). Early Paleogene calcareous nannoplankton evolution: a tale of climatic amelioration. In:. In: Aubry, M.-P., Lucas, S.G. and Berggren, W.A. (Editors), Late Paleocene-Early Eocene Climatic and Biotic Events in the Marine and Terrestrial Records. Columbia University Press, New York, pp. 158-203.

Aubry, M.-P., (1999). Handbook of Cenozoic calcareous nannoplankton. Book 5: Heliolithae (Zygoliths and Rhabdoliths). Micropaleontology Press, American Museum of Natural History, New York, 368 pp.

Aubry, M.-P., (2009). A sea of Lilliputians. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 284: 88-113.

Aubry, M.-P., (2013). Cenozoic Coccolithophores: Braarudosphae­rales. Atlas of Micropaleontology Series. Micropaleontology Press, New Yourk, 336 pp.

Aubry, M.-P. & Bord, D., (2009). Reshuffling the cards in the photic zone at the Eocene/Oligocene boundary. In: Koeberl, C. and Montanari, A. (Editors), The Late Eocene Earth—Hothouse, Icehouse, and Impacts. Geological Society of America Special Paper, pp. 279–301.

Aubry, M.-P. & Kahn, A., (2007). New coccolithophores from the deep photic zone: Implications for evolutionary morphological convergence in the calcareous nannoplankton. Micropaleontology, 52(5): 411-431.

Aubry, M.-P.; Rodriguez, O.; Bord, D.; Godfrey, L.; Schmitz, B. & Knox, R.W.O.B., (2012). The first radation of the Fasciculiths: Morphologic adaptations of the coccolithophores to oligotrophy. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 105(1): 29-38.

Aubry, M.P.; Bord, D. & Rodriguez, O., (2011). New taxa of the Order Discoasterales Hay 1977. Micropaleontology, 57(3): 269-287.

Auer, G.; Piller, W.E. & Harzhauser, M., (2014). High-resolution calcareous nannoplankton palaeoecology as a proxy for small-scale environmental changes in the Early Miocene. Marine Micropaleontology, 111(1): 53-65.

Austin, J.A. & others, (1998). Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Initial Reports 174A, 174A. Ocean Drilling Program, College Station, TX, 136 pp.

Azema, M.J., (1966). Observatons sur la microfaune du Crétacé supérieur de la région de Fortuna, Prebétique méridional (province de Murcia, Espagne). Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences, 262: 838-840.

Bachmann, A.; Papp, A. & Stradner, H., (1963). Mikropaläontologische Studien im "Badener Tegel" von Frättingsdorf Nord Österreichs. Mitteilungen der Geologischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 56: 117-210.

Backman, J., (1978). Late Miocene - Early Pliocene nannofossil biochronology and biogeography in the Vera Basin, SE Spain. Stockholm Contributions in Geology, 32: 93-114.

Backman, J., (1980). Miocene-Pliocene nannofossils and sedimentation rates in the Hatton-Rockall Basin, NE Atlantic Ocean. Stockholm Contributions in Geology, 36: 1-91.

Backman, J. & others, (2012). A Cenozoic record of the equatorial Pacific carbonate compensation depth. Nature, 488: 609-614.

Backman, J. & Hermelin, J.O.R., (1986). Morphometry of the Eocene nannofossil Reticulofenestra umbilicus lineage and its biochronological consequences. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 57: 103-116.

Backman, J.; Pestiaux, P.; Zimmerman, H. & Hermelin, J.O.R., (1986). Paleoclimatic and paleoceanographic development in the Pliocene North Atlantic: Discoaster accumulation and coarse fraction data. In: Summerhayes, C.P. and Shackleton, N.J. (Editors), North Atlantic Paleoceanography. Geological Society of London Special Publication, pp. 231-242.

Backman, J.; Raffi, I.; Rio, D.; Fornaciari, E. & Palike, H., (2012). Biozonation and biochronology of Miocene through Pleistocene calcareous nannofossils from low and middle latitudes. Newsletters on Stratigraphy, 45(3): 221-244.

Backman, J. & Shackleton, N.J., (1983). Quantitative biochronology of Pliocene and Early Pleistocene calcareous nannofossil from the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. Marine Micropaleontology, 8: 141-170.

Bairbakhish, A.N.; Bollmann, J.; Sprengel, C. & Thierstein, H.R., (1999). Disintegration of aggregates and coccospheres in sediment trap samples. Marine Micropaleontology,. Marine Micropaleontology(37): 219-223.

Baker, E.; Johnson, K.G. & Young, J.R., (2011). The future of the past in the present: biodiversity informatics and geological time. ZooKeys, 150: 397-405.

Balch, W.M. & Fabry, V., (2008). Ocean acidification: documenting its impact on calcifying phytoplankton at basin scales. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 373: 239-247.

Balch, W.M.; Kilpatrick, K.; Holligan, P. & Cucci, T., (1993). Coccolith production and detachment by Emiliania huxleyi (Prymnesiophyceae). Journal of Phycology, 29(566-575).

Balch, W.M. & Utgoff, W.M., (2009). Potential interactions among ocean acidification, coccolithophores, and the optical properties of Seawater. Oceanography, 22(4): 146-.

Baldanza, A. & Mattioli, E., (1992). Biostratigraphical synthesis of nannofossils in the early Middle Jurassic of southern Tethys. In: Hamrsmid, B. and Young, J.R. (Editors), Nannoplankton Research (Procs INA Conf). Knihovnicka ZPN, Hodonin, Cz, pp. 111-141.

Baldi-Beke, M., (1960). Magyarorszagi miocen Coccolithophoridak retegtani jelentosege [Die stratigraphische Bedeutung miozaner Coccolithophoren aus Ungarn]. Foldt Kozl, 90: 213-223.

Baldi-Beke, M., (1964). Untersuchungen an Coccolithophoriden aus dem Miozan des Mecsek-Gebirges. Magyar Allami Foldtani Intezet Evi Jelentese, 1961(1): 161-173.

Baldi-Beke, M., (1982). A new nannopankton species from sediments overlying the Eocene coal seams in Transdanubia. A Magyar Allani Foldtani Intezet az 1980 evrol(297-308).

Baldi-Beke, M., (1982). Helicosphaera mediterranea Muller,l981, and its stratigraphical importance in the Lower Miocene. Newsletter of the International Nannoplankton Association, 4(2): 104-106.

Báldi-Beke, M., (1971). The Eocene nannoplankton of the Bakony Mountains, Hungary. Ann. Inst.Geol. Publ. Hungary, 54(4): 13-38.

Balech, E., (1959). Two new genera of dinoflagellates from California. The Biological Bulletin, 116: 195-203.

Balech, E., (1967). Dinoflagelados nuevos o interesantes del Golfo de Mexico y Caribe. Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales, 2: 77-135.

Balech, E., (1990). Four new dinoflagellates. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen, 44: 387-396.

Balestra, B.; Ziveri, P.; Monechi, S. & Troelstra, S.R., (2004). Coccolithophorids from the Southeast Greenland Margin (Northern North Atlantic): production, ecology and the surface sediment record. Micropaleontology, 50(suppl 1): 23-34.

Banner, F.T. & Blow, W.H., (1960). The taxonomy, morphology and affinities of the genera included in the subfamily Hastigerininae. Micropaleontology, 6(1): 19-31.

Barbin, V., (1989). Calcareous nannofossil assemblages from the Brendola Section (Priabonian Stage Stratotype Area, Northern Italy). Marine Micropaleontology, 14: 327-338.

Barcelos e Ramos, J.; Müller, M.N. & Riebesell, U., (2010). Short-term response of the coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi to an abrupt change in seawater carbon dioxide concentrations. Biogeosciences, 7: 177-186.

Barker, G.L.A. & Elderfield, H., (2002). Foraminiferal Calcification Response to Glacial-Interglacial Changes in Atmospheric CO2. Science, 297: 833-836.

Barker, G.L.A.; Green, J.C.; Hayes, P.K. & Medlin, L.K., (1994). Preliminary results usingthe RAPD analysis to screen bloom populations of Emiliania huxleyi (Haptophyta). Sarsia, 79(4): 301-306.

Barnard, T. & Hay, W.W., (1974). On Jurassic coccoliths: A tentative zonation of the Jurassic of Southern England and North France. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 67(3): 563-585.

Barron, J.A.; Bukry, D. & Poore, R.Z., (1984). Correlation of the middle Eocene Kellogg Shale of Nothern California. Micropaleontology, 30(2): 138-170.

Bartol, M., (2010). Pontosphaera geminipora n. sp. and Pontosphaera desuetoidea n. sp., new calcareous nannoplankton species from the Middle Miocene of the Mura Depression (Slovenia, Central Paratethys). Micropaleontology, 56(6): 509-515.

Bartol, M.; Pavsic, J.; Dobnikar, M. & Bernasconi, S.M., (2008). Unusual Braarudosphaera bigelowii and Micrantholithus vesper enrichment in the Early Miocene sediments from the Slovenian Corridor, a seaway linking the Central Paratethys and the Mediterranean. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 267(1): 77-88.

Bartolini, C., (1970). Coccoliths from sediments of the western Mediterranean. Micropaleontology, 16(2): 129-154.

Bartolini, C. & Pirini, C., (1969). Decouverte de nannoplancton calcaire dans les gres de Ponsano, Miocene Moyen, Toscane, Italie. In: Bronnimann, P. and Renz, H.H. (Editors), Proceedings of the First International conference on Planktoni Microfossils, Geneva 1967. E. J. Brill, Geneva, pp. 81-88.

Bass, D. & Cavalier-Smith, T., (2004). Phylum-specific environmental DNA analysis reveals remarkably high global biodiversity of Cercozoa (Protozoa). . International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 54: 2393-2404.

Bass, D. & others, (2007). Yeast forms dominate fungal diversity in the deep oceans. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, B274: 3069-3077.

Bass, D. & others, (2009). Phylogeny and classification of Cercomonadida: Cercomonas, Eocercomonas, Paracercomonas, and Cavernomonas gen. n. Protist, in press. Protist, 160(4): 483-521.

Baumann, K.-H.; Andruleit, H.; Böckel, B.; Geisen, M. & Kinkel, H., (2005). The significance of extant coccolithophores as indicators of ocean water masses, surface water temperature, and paleoproductivity: a review. Palaeontologische Zeitschrift, 79(1): 93-112.

Baumann, K.-H.; Andruleit, H. & Samtleben, C., (2000). Coccolithophores in the Nordic Seas: comparison of living communities with surface sediment assemblages. Deep-Sea Research. Part 1, Oceanographic research papers, 47: 1743-1772.

Baumann, K.-H.; Andruleit, H.; Schröder-Ritzrau, A. & Samtleben, C., (1997). Spatial and temporal dynamics of coccolithophore communities during low production phases in the Norwegian-Greenland Sea. In: Hass, H.C. and Kaminski, M.A. (Editors), Contributions to the Micropaleontology and Paleoceanography of the Northern North Atlantic. Grzybowski Foundation Special Publications. Grzybowski Foundation, pp. 227-243.

Baumann, K.-H. & others, (in press). Contribution of calcareous plankton groups to the carbonate budget of South Atlantic surface sediments. In: Wefer, G., Mulitza, S. and Ratmeyer, V. (Editors), The South Atlantic in the Late Quaternary: reconstructions of material budget and current systems. Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Baumann, K.-H.; Böckel, B. & Frenz, M., (2004). Contribution of coccolithophorids to the carbonate budget of South Atlantic surface sediments. In: Thierstein, H.R. and Young, J.R. (Editors), Coccolithophores - From molecular processes to global impact. Springer, pp. 367-402.

Baumann, K.-H.; Cepek, M. & Kinkel, H., (1999). Coccolithophores as indicators of ocean water masses, surface water temperature, and paleoproductivity. In: Fischer, G. and Wefer, G. (Editors), Proxies in paleoceanography. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 117-144.

Baumann, K.-H. & Freitag, T., (2004). Pleistocene fluctuations in the northern Benguela Current system as revealed by coccolith assemblages. Marine Micropaleontology, 52(1-4): 195–215.

Baumann, K.-H. & Matthiessen, J., (1992). Variations in surface water mass conditions in the Norwegian Sea: Evidence from Holocene coccolith and dinoflagellate cyst assemblages. Marine Micropaleontology, 20: 129-146.

Baumann, K.-H.; Meggers, H. & Henrich, R., (1996). Variations in surface water mass conditions in the Norwegian-Greenland Sea: Evidence from Pliocene/Pleistocene calacareous plankton records. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, 151: 493-514.

Baumann, K.-H. & Sprengel, C., (2000). Morphological variations of selected coccolith species in a sediment trap north of the Canary Islands. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 22(3): 185-193.

Baumann, K.-H.; Young, J.R.; Cachao, M. & Ziveri, P., (2000). Biometric study of Coccolithus pelagicus and its palaeoenvironmental utility. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 22(2): 82.

Baumann, P. & Roth, P.H., (1969). Zonierung des Obereozdns und Oligozans des Monte Cagnero (Zentralappennin) mit planktonischen Foraminiferen und Nannoplankton. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 62(303-323).

Bé, A.W.H. & Anderson, R.O., (1976). Presevation of planktonic foraminifera and other calcareous plankton. In: Steedman, H.F. (Editor), Zooplankton fixation and Preservation. The Unesco Press, Paris, pp. 250-258.

Beaufort, L., (1991). Adaptation of the random settling method for quantitative studies of calcareous nannofossils. Micropaleontology, 37: 415-418.

Beaufort, L., (1996). Dynamics of the monsoon in the equatorial Indian Ocean over the last 260,000 years. Quaternary International, 31: 13-18.

Beaufort, L., (2005). Weight estimates of coccoliths using the optical properties (birefringence) of calcite. Micropaleontology, 51(4): 289-298.

Beaufort, L.; Couapel, M.; Bucheti, N. & Claustre, H., (2007). Calcite production by coccolithophores in the South East Pacific Ocean: from desert to jungle Biogeosciences Discussions, 4: 3267-3299.

Beaufort, L.; Couapel, M.J.J.; Buchet, N.; Claustre, H. & Goyet, C., (2008). Calcite production by coccolithophores in the south east pacific ocean. Biogeosciences, 5(1101-1117).

Beaufort, L. & Dollfus, D., (2004). Automatic recognition of coccoliths by dynamic neural networks. Marine Micropaleontology, 51(1): 57-73.

Beaufort, L.; de Garidel-Thoron, T.; Mix, A.C. & Pisias, N.G., (2001). ENSO-like forcing on oceanic primary production during the Late Pleistocene. Science, 293: 2440-2444.

Beaufort, L. & Heussner, S., (2001). Seasonal dynamics of calcareous nannoplankton on a West European continental margin: the Bay of Biscay. Marine Micropaleontology, 43: 27-55.

Beaufort, L.; Lancelot, Y.; Camberlin, P.; Cayre, O.; Vincent, E.; Bassinot, F. & Labeyrie, L., (1997). Insolation cycles as a major control of Equatorial Indian Ocean primary production. Science, 278: 1451-4.

Beaufort, L. & others, (2011). Sensitivity of coccolithophores to carbonate chemistry and ocean acidification. Nature, 476: 80-83.

Beckmann, J.P.; Bolli, H.M. & Perch-Nielsen, K., (1981). Major calcareous nannofossils and foraminiferal events between the middle Eocene and early Miocene. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 36: 155-190.

Bednarsek, N. & others, (2012). Description and quantification of pteropod shell dissolution: a sensitive bioindicator of ocean acidifcation. Global Change Biology, 18: 2378-2388.

Bednarsek, N. & others, (2012). Extensive dissolution of live pteropods in the Southern Ocean. Nature Geoscience, 5: 881-885.

Beech, P.L. & Wetherbee, R., (1988). Observations on the flagellar apparatus and peripheral endoplasmic reticulum of the coccolithophorid Pleurochrysis carterae (Prymnesiophyceae). Phycologia, 27: 124-158.

Bemis, B.E.; Spero, H.J. & Thunell, R.C., (2002-proof). Using species-specific paleotemperature equations with foraminifera: a case study in the South California Bight. Marine Micropaleontology, XXX: XX-XX.

Bendif, E.M.; Probert, I.; Carmichael, M.; Romac, S.; Hagino, K. & de Vargas, C., (2014). Genetic delineation between and within the widespread coccolithophore morpho-species Emiliania huxleyi and Gephyrocapsa oceanica (Haptophyta). Journal of Phycology, 50(1): 140-148.

Bendif, E.M.; Probert, I.; Diaz-Rosas, F.; Thamas, D.; van den Engh, G.; Young, J.R. & Dassow, P.v., (2016). Recent Reticulate Evolution in the Ecologically Dominant Lineage of Coccolithophores. Frontiers in Microbiology, 7: 1-15.

Bendif, E.M.; Probert, I.; Young, J.R. & Dassow, P.v., (2015). Morphological and phylogenetic characterization of new Gephyrocapsa isolates suggests introgressive hybridization in the Emiliania/Gephyrocapsa complex (Haptophyta). Protist, 166(3): 323-336.

Bendif, E.M.; Probert, I.; Young, J.R.; Schroeder, D.C. & de Vargas, C., (subm 2011). Systematics of the Haptophyte Order Isochrysidales. Protist.

Bendif, E.M. & Young, J.R., (2014). On the ultrastructure of Gephyrocapsa oceanica (Haptophyta) life stages Cryptogamie, Algologie, 35(4): 379-388.

Benedek von, P.N. & Müller, C., (1974). Nannoplankton phytoplanktonkorrelation im Mittel - und Ober-Oligozän von NW-Deutschland. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Monatshefte, 7: 385-397.

Benedek von, P.N. & Müller, C., (1976). Die Grenze Unter-/Mittel-Oligozän am Doberg bei Bünde/Westfalen. I. Phyto- und Nannoplankton. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Monatshefte, 3: 129-144.

Benton, M.J. & Pearson, P.N., (2001). Speciation in the fossil record. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 16: 405-411.

Bérard-Therriault, L.; Poulin, M. & Bossé, L., (1999). Guide d’identification du phytoplancton marin de l’estuaire et du Golfe du Saint-Laurent – incluant également certains protozoaires. Publication spéciale canadienne des sciences halieutiques et aquatiques, 128: 1-387.

Bergen, J.A., (1984). Calcareous nannoplankton from Deep Sea Drilling Project Leg 78A: evidence for imbricate underthrusting at the Lesser Antillian active margin. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 78A: 411-445.

Bergen, J.A., (1994). Berriasian to early Aptian calcareous nannofossils from the Vocontian Trough (SE France) and Deep Sea Drilling Site 534: new nannofossil taxa and a summary of low-latitude biostratigraphic events. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 16: 59-69.

Bergen, J.A., (1998). Calcareous nannofossils from the lower Aptian historical stratotype at Cassis-La Bedoule (SE France). Géologie Méditerranéenne, 25(3-4): 227-255.

Bergen, J.A., (in press). Jurassic calcareous nannofossils of Portugal. Bulletin of American Paleontology.

Bergen, J.A.; Boesiger, T.M. & Pospichal, J.J., (2013). Low-latitude Oxfordian to Early Berriasian nannofossil biostratigraphy and its application to the subsurface of Eastern Texas. In: Hammes, U. and Gale, J. (Editors), Geology of the Haynesville Gas Shale in East Texas and West Louisiana, U.S.A. AAPG Memoir, pp. 69-102.

Berger, C.; Meier, K.J.S.; Kinkel, H. & Baumann, K.-H., (2014). Changes in calcification of coccoliths under stable atmospheric CO2. Biogeosciences, 11: 929-944.

Berggren, W.A. & others, (1980). Towards a Quaternary time scale. Quaternary Research, 13: 277-302.

Berggren, W.A.; Kent, D.V.; Swisher, C.C. & Aubry, M.-P., (1995). A revised Cenozoic Geochronology and Chronostratigraphy. Geochronology Time Scales and Global Stratigraphic Correlation, SEPM Special Publication, 54: 129-XXX.

Berggren, W.A.; Kent, D.V. & Van Couvering, J.A., (1985). The Neogene: Part 2. Neogene geochronology and chronostratigraphy. In: Snelling, N.J. (Editor), The Chronology of the Geological Record. Geological Society Memoir. GSPH, VOL:London, pp. 211-260.

Berggren, W.A. & Norris, R., (1997). Biostratigraphy, phylogeny and systematics of Paleocene trochospiral planktic foraminifera. Micropaleontology, 43(suppl 1): 1-116.

Bernaola, G.; Martin-Rubio, M. & Baceta, J.I., (2009). New high resolution calcareous nannofossil analysis across the D/S transition at the Zumaia section: comparison with South Tethys and Danish sections. Geologica Acta, 7(1-2): 79-92.

Bernaola, G. & Monechi, S., (2007). Calcareous nannofossil extinction and survivorship across the Cretaceous−Paleogene boundary at Walvis Ridge (ODP Hole 1262C, South Atlantic Ocean). Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 255: 132-156.

Bernard, F., (1939). Coccolithophorides nouveaux ou peu connus observes à Monaco en 1938. Archives de Zoologie Expérimentale et Générale. Paris, 81: 33-44.

Bernard, F., (1965). Le genre Lithotaenia, n. g., type inedit de Coccolithophorides pelagiques en forme de rubans. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences, 261: 1420-1422.

Bernard, F. & Lecal, J., (1960). Plancton unicellulaire récolté dans l'océan Indien par le Charcot (1950) et le Norsel (1955-56). Bulletin de l'Institut Océanographique, Monaco., 57(1166): 1-59.

Berrocoso, A.J. & others, (2015). The Lindi Formation (upper Albian-Coniacian) and Tanzania Drilling Project Sites 36-40 (Lower Cretaceous to Paleogene): Lithostratigraphy, biostratigraphy and chemostratigraphy. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 101: 282-308.

Bersier, A., (1939). Discoasteridees et Coccolithophoridees des marnes oligocenes vaudoises. Bull. Soc. Vaud. Sc. Nat., 60: 229-248.

Best, G. & Müller, C., (1972). Nannoplankton-Lagen im Unter-Miozan von Frankfurt am Main Senckenbergiana lethaea, 53(1/2): 103-117.

Betzler, C. & others, (2016). The abrupt onset of the modern South Asian Monsoon winds. Nature Scientific Reports, 6: 1-10.

Beuffe, H., (1978). Une coccolithophoracée marine nouvelle: Cricosphaera gayraliae nov. sp. Protistologica, 81: 77-109.

Beyrich, E., (1854). Ueber die Stellung des hessichen Tertiärbildungen. Abhandlungen der koniglichen preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin: 640-666.

Bidle, K.D. & Falkowski, P.G., (2004). Cell death in planktonic, photosynthetic microorganisms. Microbiology, 2: 643-655.

Biekart, J.W., (1989). The distribution of calcareous nannoplankton in late Quaternary sediments collected by the Snellius II Expedition in some southeast Indonesian basins. Proceedings Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen. Series B, Physical sciences, 92(B): 77-141.

Bigg, P.J., (1982). Eocene planktonic foraminifera and calcareous nannoplankton of the Paris Basin and Belgium. Revue de Micropaleontologie, 25: 69-89.

Bignot, G. & Lezaud, L., (1969). Sur la presence de Marthasterites tribrachiatus dans l'Ypresien du bassin anglo-franco-belge. Revue de Micropaleontologie, 12: 119-122.

Bijma, J. & others, (2001). Primary signal: Ecological and environmental factors - Report from Working group 2. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 2.

Bijma, J.; Hönisch, B. & Zeebe, R.E., (2002). Impact of the ocean carbonate chemistry on living foraminiferal shell weight: Comment on ‘‘Carbonate ion concentration in glacial-age deep waters of the Caribbean Sea’’ by W. S. Broecker and E. Clark. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 3(11): 1-7.

Bijma, J.; Spero, H.J. & Lea, D.W., (1999). Reassessing foraminiferal stable isotope geochemistry: Impact of the oceanic car-bonate system (experimental results). In: Fischer, G. and Wefer, G. (Editors), Use of Proxies in Paleoceanography: Examples From the South Atlantic. Springer-Verlag, New York.

Billard, C., (1976). Sur une nouvelle espèce de Pavlova, P. virescens nov. sp. (Haptophycées). Bulletin de la Société Phycologique de France, 21: 18-27.

Billard, C., (1983). Prymnesium zebrinum sp. nov. et P. annuliferum sp. nov., deux nouvelles espèces apparentées à P. parvum Carter (Prymnesiophyceae). Phycologia, 22: 141-151.

Billard, C., (1994). Life cycles. In: Green, J.C. and Leadbeater, B.S.C. (Editors), The Haptophyte Algae. Systematics Association Special Volumes, Oxford, pp. 167-186.

Billard, C. & Gayral, P., (1972). Two new species of Isochrysis with remarks on the genus Ruttnera. British Phycological Journal, 7(289-297).

Billard, C. & Inouye, I., (2004). What's new in coccolithophore biology ? In: Thierstein, H.R. and Young, J.R. (Editors), Coccolithophores - From molecular processes to global impact. Springer, pp. 1-30.

Biolzi, M. & Perch-Nielsen, K., (1982). Helicosphaera truempyi, a new Early Miocene calcareous nannofossil. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 75(1): 171-175.

Biolzi, M.; Perch-Nielsen, K. & Ramos, I., (1981). Triquetrorhabdulus - an Oligocene/Miocene calcareous nannofossil genus. Newsletter of the International Nannoplankton Association, 3(2): 89-92.

Birkelund, T.; Bromley, R.; Christensen, W.K.; Håkansson, E. & Surlyk, F., (1983). Abstracts Symposium on Cretaceous Stage Boundaries (October 18-21, 1983), Copenhagen.

Birkelund, T. & others, (1984). Cretaceous stage boundaries - Proposals. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark, 33: 3-20.

Birkhead, M. & Pienaar, R.N., (1994). The ultrastructure of Chrysochromulina brevifilum Prymnesiophyceae. European Journal of Phycology, 29: 267–280.

Birkhead, M. & Pienaar, R.N., (1994). The flagellar apparatus of Prymnesium nemamethecum Prymnesiophyceae. Phycologia, 33: 311–323.

Birkhead, M. & Pienaar, R.N., (1995). The flagellar apparatus of Chrysochromulina sp. Prymnesiophyceae. Journal of Phycology, 31: 96–108.

Birkhead, M. & Pienaar, R.N., (1995). The taxonomy and ultrastructure of Chrysochromulina simplex (Prymnesiophyceae). Phycologia, 34: 145-156.

Bison, K.M.; Versteegh, G.J.M.; Orszag-Sperber, F.; Rouchy, J.M. & Willems, H., (2009). Palaeoenvironmental changes of the early Pliocene (Zanclean) in the eastern Mediterranean Pissouri Basin (Cyprus) evidenced from calcareous dino!agellate cyst assemblages. Marine Micropaleontology, 73: 49-56.

Bittner, L. & others, (2013). Diversity patterns of uncultured Haptophytes unravelled by pyrosequencing in Naples Bay. Molecular Ecology, 22: 87-101.

Black, M., (1962). Fossil coccospheres from a Tertiary outcrop on the continental slope. Geological Magazine, 99: 123-127.

Black, M., (1963). The fine structure of the mineral parts of coccolithophorids. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, 174: 41-46.

Black, M., (1964). Cretaceous and Tertiary coccoliths from Atlantic seamounts. Palaeontology, 7: 306-316.

Black, M., (1965). Coccoliths. Endeavour, 24: 131-137.

Black, M., (1967). New names for some coccolith taxa. Proceedings of the Geological Society of London, 1640: 139-145.

Black, M., (1968). Taxonomic problems in the study of coccoliths. Palaeontology, 11: 793-813.

Black, M., (1971). The systematics of coccoliths in relation to the paleontological record. In: Funnell, B.M. and Riedel, W.R. (Editors), The Micropaleontology of the Oceans. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 611-624.

Black, M., (1971). Problematical Microfossils from the Gault Clay. Geological Magazine, 108: 325-327.

Black, M., (1971). Coccoliths of the Speeton Clay and Sutterby Marl. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 38: 381-424.

Black, M., (1972). British Lower Cretaceous Coccoliths. I-Gault Clay (Part 1). Palaeontographical Society Monograph, 126: 1-48.

Black, M., (1972). Crystal development in Discoasteraceae and Braarudosphaeraceae (Planktonic algae). Palaeontology, 15(3): 87-96.

Black, M., (1973). British Lower Cretaceous Coccoliths. I-Gault Clay (Part 2). Palaeontographical Society Monograph, 127: 49-112.

Black, M., (1975). British Lower Cretaceous Coccoliths. I-Gault Clay (Part 3). Palaeontographical Society Monograph, 128: 113-142.

Black, M., (1980). On chalk, Globigerina ooze and aragonite mud., Andros Island, chalk and oceanic oozes. Yorkshire geological society occasional publications, pp. 54-85.

Black, M. & Barnes, B., (1959). The structure of Coccoliths from the English Chalk. Geological Magazine, 96: 321-328.

Black, M. & Barnes, B., (1961). Coccoliths and discoasters from the floor of the South Atlantic Ocean. Journal of the Royal Microscopical Society, 80: 137-147.

Blair, S.A. & Watkins, D.K., (2009). High-resolution calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy for the Coniacian/Santonian Stage boundary, Western Interior Basin. Cretaceous Research, 30(2): 367-384.

Blaj, T.; Henderiks, J.; Young, J.R. & Rehnberg, E., (2010). The Oligocene nannolith Sphenolithus evolutionary lineage: morpholmetrical insights from the palaeo-equatorial Pacific Ocean. Journal of Micropalaeontology, 29(1): 17-36.

Blaj, T. & Young, J.R., (2010). A new Oligocene Triquetrorhabdulus species: Triquetrorhabdulus longus sp. nov. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 31: 1-4.

Blasco, D.; Estrada, M. & Jones, B., (1980). Relationship between the phytoplankton distribution and composition and the hydrography in the northwest African upwelling region near Cabo Corbeiro. Deep-Sea Research. Part A, Oceanographic research papers, 27: 799-821.

van Bleijswijk, J. & others, (1991). Distribution of two types of Emiliania huxleyi (Prymnesiophyceae) in the North East Atlantic Region as determined by immunoflourescence and electron microscopy. Journal of Phycology, 27(3): 566-570.

Blondeau, A., (1981). Lutetian. In: Pomerol, C. (Editor), Stratotypes of Palaeogene Stages. Bulletin de l'Information de la Géologie du Bassin Paris, Paris, pp. 167-180.

Blondeau, A.; Gruas-Cavagnetto, C.; Le Calvez, Y. & Lezaud, L., (1976). Étude paléontologique du sondage de Cuise (Oise). Bulletin de l'Information de la Géologie du Bassin Paris, 13: 3-31.

Blow, W.H., (1979). The Cainozoic Globigerinida. E. J. Brill, Leiden.

Boalch, G.T., (1987). Changes in the phytoplankton of the Western English Channel in recent years. Journal of Phycology, 22(3): 225-235.

Böckel, B. & Baumann, K.-H., (subm.). Distribution of coccoliths in surface-sediments of the south-eastern South Atlantic Ocean: ecology, preservation and carbonate contribution. Marine Micropaleontology.

Böckel, B.; Baumann, K.-H.; Henrich, R. & Kinkel, H., (subm.). Distribution patterns of coccoliths in South Atlantic and Southern Ocean surface sediments in relation to environmental gradients. Deep-Sea Research. Part 1, Oceanographic research papers.

de Bodt, C.; N., v.O.; Harlay, J. & Chou, L., (2010). Individual and interacting effects of pCO2 and temperature on Emiliania huxleyi calcification: study of the calcite production, the coccolith morphology and the coccosphere size. Biogeosciences, 7: 1401-1412.

Boeckel, B. & Baumann, K.-H., (2008). Vertical and lateral variations in coccolithophore community structure across the subtropical frontal zone in the South Atlantic Ocean Marine Micropaleontology, 67: 255-273.

Boersma, A., (1990). Late Oligocene to Late Pliocene benthic foraminifers from depth traverses in the central Indian Ocean. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 115: 315-379.

Bolli, H.M., (1974). Jurassic and Cretaceous Calcisphaerulidae from D.S.D.P. Leg 27, eastern Indian Ocean. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 27: 843-907.

Bolli, H.M., (1978). Upper Jurassic Calcisphaerulidae from DSDP Leg 44, Hole 391C, Blake-Bahama Basin, Western North Atlantic. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 44: 911-919.

Bolli, H.M., (1980). Calcisphaerulidae and Calpionellidae from the Upper Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous of D.S.D.P. Hole 416A, Moroccan Basin. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 50: 525-543.

Bolli, H.M.; Saunders, J.B. & Perch-Nielsen, K., (1985). Plankton stratigraphy. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1006 pp.

Bollmann, J., (1997). Morphology and biogeography of Gephyrocapsa coccoliths in Holocene sediments. Marine Micropaleontology, 29: 319-350.

Bollmann, J., (2013). Technical Note: Weight approximation of single coccoliths inferred from retardation estimates using a light microscope equipped with a circular polariser – (the CPR Method). Biogeosciences Discussions, 10: 11155-11179.

Bollmann, J.; Baumann, K.-H. & Thierstein, H.R., (1998). Global dominance of Gephyrocapsa coccoliths in the late Pleistocene: Selective dissolution, evolution, or global environmental change? Paleoceanography, 13(5): 517-529.

Bollmann, J.; Brabec, B.; Cortés, M.Y. & Geisen, M., (1999). Determination of absolute coccolith abundances in deep-sea sediments by spiking with microbeads and spraying (SMS-method). Marine Micropaleontology, 38: 29-38.

Bollmann, J. & others, (2002). Techniques for quantitative analyses of calcareous marine phytoplankton. Marine Micropaleontology, 44: 163-185.

Bollmann, J.; Cortes, M.Y.; Kleijne, A.; Østergaard, J.B. & Young, J.R., (2006). Solisphaera gen. nov. (Prymnesiophyceae), a new coccolithophore genus from the lower photic zone. Phycologia, 45(4): 465-477.

Bollmann, J.; Henderiks, J. & Brabec, B., (2002). Calibration of Gephyrocapsa coccolith abundance in Holocene sediments for paleotemperature assessment. Paleoceanography, 17(3/7): 1-9.

Bollmann, J. & Klaas, C., (2008). Morphological variation of Gephyrocapsa oceanica Kamptner 1943 in plankton samples, implications for ecologic and taxonomic interpretations. Protist, 159: 369-381.

Bollmann, J.; Klaas, C. & Brand, L.E., (2010). Morphological and physiological characteristics of Gephyrocapsa oceanica var. typica Kamptner 1943 in culture experiments: Evidence for genotypic variability. Protist, 361(1): 78-90.

Bona, J., (1964). Coccolithophorida-vizsgalatok a meceski retegekben (Coccolithopohriden-Unntersuchungen in der neogen Schichtenfolge des Meeskggerbirges). Földt. Közl., 94: 121-131.

Bona, J. & Gal, M., (1985). Kalkiges Nannoplankton im Pannonien Ungarns (Calcareous nannoplankton in Pannonian Hungary). In: Papp, A. (Editor), Chronostratigraphie und Neostrat., Miozän der Zentral Paratethys, Bd VII, M6 Pannonien (Slovenien und Serbien). Akademiai Klado, VOL:, pp. PAGES:482-515.

Bona, J. & Kernerne, K., (1966). Mikropaleontologiae vizsgalotok a tekeres 1. sz. Foldtani alapfuras Miocen kepzodmenyein. Magyar Allami Foldtani Intezet. Evi Jelentese, 1964: 113-137.

Bonci, M.C. & Pirini Radrizzani, C., (1992). Presence of small Gephyrocapsa in Late Miocene diatomaceous levels (S. Agata Fossili Formation, Serravalle Scrivia, Alessandria, Italy). Memorie di Scienze Geologiche (Padova), XLIII: 351-356.

Bonet, F., (1956). Zonificatión microfaunística de las Calizas Cretácicas del este de México. Asociación mexicana de géologos petroleros. Boletin de la Asociación Mexicana de Geologos Petroleros, 8(7-8): 389-488.

Booth, B.C.; Lewin, J. & Norris, R.E., (1980). Siliceous nanoplankton. I. Newly discovered cysts from the Gulf of Alaska. Marine Biology, 58: 205-209.

Booth, B.C.; Lewin, J. & Norris, R.E., (1981). Silicified cysts in North Pacific nanoplankton. Biological Oceanography, 1: 57-80.

Booth, B.C.; Lewin, J. & Norris, R.E., (1982). Nanoplankton species predominant in the subarctic Pacific in May and June 1978. Deep-Sea Research, 29: 185-200.

Booth, B.C. & Marchant, H.J., (1987). Parmales, a new order of marine chrysophytes, with descriptions of three new genera and seven new species. Journal of Phycology, 23: 245-260.

Booth, B.C. & Marchant, H.J., (1988). Triparmaceae, a substitute name for a family in the order Parmales (Chrysophyceae). Journal of Phycology, 24: 124.

Borchard, C.; Borges, A.V.; Händel, N. & Engel, A., (2011). Biogeochemical response of Emiliania huxleyi (PML B92/11) to elevated CO2 and temperature under phosphorous limitation: A chemostat study. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 410: 61-71.

Borsetti, A.M. & Cati, F., (1972). Il Nannoplancton calcareo vivente nel Tirreno Centro-meridionale. Giornale di Geologia, 38(II): 395-452.

Borsetti, A.M. & Cati, F., (1976). Il Nannoplancton calcareo vivente nel Tirreno Centro-meridionale. Parte II. Giornale di Geologia, 40(1): 209-240.

Borsetti, A.M. & Cati, F., (1979). Il Nannoplancton calcareo vivente nel Tirreno Centro-meridionale. Parte III. Giornale di Geologia, 43(1): 157-174.

Bory, A. & others, (2001). Downward particle fluxes within different productivity regimes off the Mauritanian upwelling zone (EUMELI program). Deep-Sea Research. Part 1, Oceanographic research papers, 48(10): 2251-2282.

Borza, K., (1964). Die Gattung Stomiosphaera Wanner, 1940 in den Westkarpaten. Geologicky Sbornik, 15(2): 189-195.

Borza, K., (1969). Die Mikrofazies und Mikrofossilien des Oberjuras und der Unterkreide der Klippenzone der Westkarpaten. Slovakische Akadamie der Wissenschaften Verlag, Bratislava, 301 pp.

Borza, K., (1972). Neue Arten der Gattungen Cadosina Wanner, Pithonella Lorenz und Palinosphaera Reinsch aus der oberen Kreide. Geologicky Sbornik., 23(1):139–150. Geologica Carpathica, 23(1): 139-150.

Bouché, P.M., (1962). Nannofossiles Tertiaires du Bassin de Paris. Compte Rendue Sommaire de la Société Géologique de France, fasc 4: 106-107.

Bouché, P.M., (1962). Nannofossiles calcaires de Lutétien du Bassin de Paris. Revue de Micropaleontologie, 5: 75-103.

Boudagher-Fadel, M.K., (2008). Evolution and Geological Significance of Larger Benthic Foraminifera. Developments in Palaeontology and Stratigraphy. Elsevier, 544 pp.

Boudreaux, J.E. & Hay, W.W., (1969). Calcareous nannoplankton and biostratigraphy of the late Pliocene-Pleistocene-Recent sediments in the Submarex cores. Revista Española de Micropaleontología, 1(3): 249-292.

Bown, P.R., (1985). Archaeozygodiscus gen. nov. and other Triassic coccoliths. INA Newsletter, 7: 32-34.

Bown, P.R., (1987). Taxonomy, evolution, and biostratigraphy of Late Triassic-Early Jurassic calcareous nannofossils. Special Papers in Palaeontology, 38: 118 p.

Bown, P.R., (1987). The structural development of Early Mesozoic coccoliths and its evolutionary and taxonomic significance. Abhandlung der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 39: 33-49.

Bown, P.R., (1992). New calcareous nannofossil taxa from the Jurassic/Cretaceous boundary interval of Sites 765 and 261, Argo Abyssal Plain. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 123: 369-379.

Bown, P.R., (1993). New holococcoliths from the Toarcian-Aalenian (Jurassic) of northern Germany. Senckenbergiana lethaea, 73: 407-419.

Bown, P.R., (1996). Recent advances in Jurassic calcareous nannofossil research. GeoResearch Forum, 1-2: 55-66.

Bown, P.R., (1998). Triassic. In: Bown, P.R. (Editor), Calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy. British Micropalaeontological Society Publication Series. Chapman & Hall, pp. 29-33.

Bown, P.R., (1998). Calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy. British Micropalaeontological Society Publication Series. Chapman & Hall, Cambridge, 328 pp.

Bown, P.R., (2001). Calcareous nannofossils of the Gault, Upper Greensand and Glauconitic Marl (Middle Albian-Lower Cenomanian) from the BGS Selborne boreholes, Hampshire. Proceedings of the Geologists' Association, 112: 223-236.

Bown, P.R., (2005). Selective calcareous nannoplankton survivorship at the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary. Geology, 33(8): 653-656.

Bown, P.R., (2005). Calcareous nannoplankton evolution: a tale of two oceans. Micropaleontology, 51(4): 299-308.

Bown, P.R., (2005). Palaeogene calcareous nannofossils from the Kilwa and Lindi areas of coastal Tanzania (Tanzania Drilling Project 2003-4). Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 27(1): 21-95.

Bown, P.R., (2005). Cenozoic calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy, ODP Leg 198 Site 1208 (Shatsky Rise, northwest Pacific Ocean). Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 198: 1-44.

Bown, P.R., (2005). Early to Mid-Cretaceous Calcareous Nannoplankton from the Northwest Pacific Ocean, Leg 198, Shatsky Rise. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 198: 1-82.

Bown, P.R., (2010). Calcareous nannofossils from the Paleocene/Eocene Thermal Maximum interval of southern Tanzania (TDP Site 14). Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 31: 11-38.

Bown, P.R., (2016). Paleocene calcareous nannofossils from Tanzania (TDP sites 19, 27 and 38). Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 36(1): 1-32.

Bown, P.R.; Burnett, J.A. & Gallagher, L.T., (1991). Critical events in the evolutionary history of calcareous nannoplankton. Historical Biology, 5: 279-290.

Bown, P.R.; Burnett, J.A. & Gallagher, L.T., (1992). Calcareous nannoplankton evolution. Memorie di Scienze Geologiche, XLIII: 1-17.

Bown, P.R. & Concheyro, A., (2004). Lower Cretaceous calcareous nannoplankton from the Neuquen Basin, Argentina. Marine Micropaleontology, 52(1-4): 51-84.

Bown, P.R. & Cooper, M.K.E., (1989). Conical nannofossils in the Mesozoic. In: Crux, J.A. and Heck, S.E.v. (Editors), Nannofossils and their applications. British Micropalaeontological Society Series. Ellis Horwood, Chichester, pp. 98-106.

Bown, P.R. & Cooper, M.K.E., (1989). New calcareous nannofssils from the Jurassic. Journal of Micropalaeontology, 8: 91-96.

Bown, P.R. & Cooper, M.K.E., (1998). Jurassic. In: Bown, P.R. (Editor), Calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy. British Micropalaeontological Society Publication Series. Chapman & Hall, pp. 34-85.

Bown, P.R.; Cooper, M.K.E. & Lord, A.R., (1988). A calcareous nannofossil biozonation scheme for the early to mid Mesozoic. Newsletters on Stratigraphy, 20: 91-114.

Bown, P.R. & Dunkley Jones, T., (2006). New Paleogene calcareous nannofossil taxa from coastal Tanzania: Tanzania Drilling Project Sites 11 to 14. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 28(1): 17-34.

Bown, P.R. & Dunkley Jones, T., (2012). Calcareous nannofossils from the Paleogene equatorial Pacific (IODP Expedition 320 Sites U1331-1334). Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 32(2): 3-51.

Bown, P.R. & others, (2008). A Paleogene calcareous microfossil Konservat-Lagerstätte from the Kilwa Group of coastal Tanzania Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, 120(1/2): 3-12.

Bown, P.R.; Dunkley-Jones, T. & Young, J.R., (2007). Umbilicosphaera jordanii Bown 2005 from the Paleogene of Tanzania: confirmation of generic assignment and a Paleocene origination for the family Calcidiscaceae. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 29(1): 25-30.

Bown, P.R. & Ellison, C., (1995). Jurassic-Early Cretaceous nannofossils from the Neuquén Basin, Argentina. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 17: 48.

Bown, P.R.; Gibbs, S.J.; Sheward, R.; O’Dea, S. & Higgins, D., (2014). Searching for cells: the potential of fossil coccospheres in coccolithophore research. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 34(special): 5-21.

Bown, P.R.; Lees, J.A. & Young, J.R., (2004). Calcareous nannoplankton evolution and diversity through time. In: Thierstein, H.R. and Young, J.R. (Editors), Coccolithophores - From molecular processes to global impact. Springer.

Bown, P.R.; Lees, J.A. & Young, J.R., (2017). On the Cretaceous origin of the Order Syracosphaerales and the genus Syracosphaera. Journal of Micropalaeontology, 36(2).

Bown, P.R. & Lord, A.R., (1990). The occurrence of calcareous nannofossils in the Triassic/Jurassic boundary interval, Rapport du Working-Group "Limite Trias/Jurassique" (Lyons 1988). Les Cahiers de l'Université Catholique de Lyon, Série Sciences, Lyon, pp. 127-136.

Bown, P.R. & Newsam, C., (2017). Calcareous nannofossils from the Eocene North Atlantic Ocean (IODP Expedition 342 Sites U1403–1411). Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 37(1): 25-60.

Bown, P.R.; Rutledge, D.C.; Crux, J.A. & Gallagher, L.T., (1998). Early Cretaceous. In: Bown, P.R. (Editor), Calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy. British Micropalaeontological Society Publication Series. Chapman & Hall, pp. 86-131.

Bown, P.R. & Young, J.R., (1997). Mesozoic calcareous nannoplankton classification. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 19(1): 21-36.

Bown, P.R. & Young, J.R., (1998). Techniques. In: Bown, P.R. (Editor), Calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy. British Micropalaeontological Society Publication Series. Chapman & Hall, pp. 16-28.

Bown, P.R. & Young, J.R., (1998). Introduction - calcareous nannoplankton biology. In: Bown, P.R. (Editor), Calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy. British Micropalaeontological Society Publication Series. Chapman & Hall, pp. 1-15.

Bown, P.R.; Young, J.R.; Dunkley Jones, T. & Randell, R., (2009). A Paleogene record of extant lower photic zone calcareous nannoplankton. Palaeontology, 52(2): 457-469.

Braarud, T., (1954). Coccolith morphology and taxonomic position of Hymenomonas roseola Stein and Syracosphaera carterae Braarud & Fagerland. Nytt Magasin fuer Botanikk, 3: 1-4.

Braarud, T., (1960). On the coccolithophorid genus Cricosphaera n. gen. Nytt Magasin fuer Botanikk, 8: 211-212.

Braarud, T., (1979). The temperature range of the non-motile stage of Coccolithus pelagicus in the North Atlantic region. British Phycology Journal, 14: 349-352.

Braarud, T.; Deflandre, G.; Halldal, P. & Kamptner, E., (1955). Terminology, nomenclature, and systematics of the Coccolithophoridae. Micropaleontology, 1(2): 157-159.

Braarud, T. & Fagerland, E., (1946). A coccolithophoride in laboratory culture, Syracosphaera carterae n. sp. Avhandlinger utgitt av det Norske Videnskapsakademi i Oslo. Mat.- Naturvid. Klasse, 1946/2: 1-10.

Brady, H.B., (1884). Report on the Foraminifera dredged by HMS Challenger, during the years 1873-1876. Reports of the Scientific Results of the Voyage of HMS Challenger Zoology, 814 pp.

Bralower, T.J., (1988). Calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy and assemblages of the Cenomanian-Turonian boundary interval: implications for the origin and timing of oceanic anoxia. Paleoceanography, 3: 275-316.

Bralower, T.J., (1990). Lower Cretaceous calcareous nannofossil stratigraphy of the Great Valley Sequence, Sacramento Valley, California. Cretaceous Research, 11: 101-123.

Bralower, T.J., (1991). Lower Cretaceous calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of a North Sea borehole: implications for Boreal Cretaceous stratigraphy. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 48: 421-434.

Bralower, T.J., (1992). Aptian-Albian calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of ODP Site 763 and the correlation between high- and low-latitude zonations. Geophysical Monograph, 70: 245-252.

Bralower, T.J., (2002). Evidence of surface water oligotrophy during the Palaeocene-Eocene thermal maximum: Nannofossil assemblage from Ocean Drilling Program Site 690, Maud Rise, Weddell Sea. Paleoceanography, 17(13): 1-13.

Bralower, T.J.; Applegate, J.L.; Covington, J.M. & Wise, S.W., (1987). Calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of a Lower Cretaceous deep-sea fan complex: Deep Sea Drilling Project Leg 93 site 603, lower continental rise off Cape Hatteras. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 93: 617-660.

Bralower, T.J. & Bergen, J.A., (1998). Cenomanian-Santonian calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of a transect of cores drilled across the Western Interior Seaway. In: Dean, W.E. and Arthur, M.A. (Editors), Stratigraphy and paleoenvironments of the Cretaceous Western Interior Seaway. SEPM Concepts in Sedimentology and Paleontology.

Bralower, T.J.; Bown, P.R. & Siesser, W., (1991). Significance of Upper Triassic nannofossils from the Southern Hemisphere (ODP Leg 122, Wombat Plateau, NW Australia). Marine Micropaleontology, 17: 119-154.

Bralower, T.J.; Leckie, R.M.; Sliter, W.V. & Thierstein, H.R., (1995). An integrated Cretaceous microfossil biostratigraphy. In: Berggren, W.A. et al. (Editors), Geochronology, time scales and global stratigraphic correlation. SEPM Special Publication. SEPM, Tulsa, pp. 65-79.

Bralower, T.J.; Monechi, S. & Thierstein, H.R., (1989). Calcareous nannofossil zonation of the Jurassic-Cretaceous boundary interval and correlation with the geomagnetic polarity timescale. Marine Micropaleontology, 14: 153-235.

Bralower, T.J. & Mutterlose, J., (1995). Calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of Site U865, Allison Guyot, Central Pacific Ocean: a tropical Paleogene reference section. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 143: 31-74.

Bralower, T.J. & Parrow, M., (1996). Morphometrics of the Paleogene coccolith genera Cruciplacolithus, Chiasmolithus, and Sullivania; a complex evolutionary history. Paleobiology, 22(352-385).

Bralower, T.J.; Premoli-Silva, I.; Malone, M.J. & al., e., (2002). Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Initial Reports 198 (CD ROM).

Bralower, T.J. & Self-Trail, J., (2016). Nannoplankton malformation during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum and its paleoecological and paleoceangraphic significance. Paleoceanography, 31: 1-17.

Bralower, T.J. & Siesser, W.G., (1992). Cretaceous calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of Sites 761, 762, and 763, Exmouth and Wombat Plateaus, northwest Australia. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 122: 529-556.

Bralower, T.J.; Sliter, W.V.; Arthur, M.A.; Leckie, R.M.; Allard, D. & Schlanger, S.O., (1993). Dysoxic/anoxic episodes in the Aptian-Albian (Early Cretaceous). Geophysical Monograph, 77: 5-37.

Bramlette, M.N. & Martini, E., (1964). The great change in calcareous nannoplankton fossils between the Maestrichtian and Danian. Micropaleontology, 10(2): 291-322.

Bramlette, M.N. & Percival, S.F., (1971). New tertiary calcareous nannofossils. Tulane Studies in Geology and Paleontology, 8(3): 123-146.

Bramlette, M.N. & Riedel, W.R., (1954). Stratigraphic value of discoasters and some other microfossils related to Recent coccolithophores. Journal of Paleontology, 28: 385-403.

Bramlette, M.N. & Sullivan, F.R., (1961). Coccolithophorids and related nannoplankton of the Early Tertiary in California. Micropaleontology, 7(129-188).

Bramlette, M.N. & Wilcoxon, J.A., (1967). Middle Tertiary calcareous nannoplankton of the Cipero section, Trinidad, W.I. Tulane Studies in Geology and Paleontology, 5: 93-131.

Bramlette, M.N. & Wilcoxon, J.A., (1967). Discoaster druggi nom. nov. pro Discoaster extensus Bramlette and Wilcoxon, 1967, non Hay, 1967. Tulane Studies in Geology and Paleontology, 5: 220.

Brand, L.E., (1981). Genetic variability in reproduction rates in marine phytoplankton populations. Evolution, 38(6): 1117-1127.

Brand, L.E., (1982). Genetic variability and spatial patterns of genetic differentiation in the reproductive rates of the marine coccolithophores Emiliania huxleyi and Gephyrocapsa oceanica. Limnology and Oceanography, 27(2): 236-245.

Brand, L.E., (1994). Physiological ecology of marine coccolithophores. In: Winter, A. and Siesser, W.G. (Editors), Coccolithophores. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 39-49.

Brasier, M., (1980). Microfossils. George Allen & Unwin, London, 193 pp.

Brassell, S.C.; Dumitrescu, M. & ODP Leg 198 Shipboard Party, (2004). Recognition of alkenones in a lower Aptian porcellanite from the west-central Pacific. Organic Geochemistry, 35: 181-188.

Brassell, S.C.; Eglinton, G.; I.T., M.; Pflaumann, U. & Sarnthein, M., (1986). Molecular stratigraphy: a new tool for climatic assessment. Nature, 320: 129-133.

Brassell, S.C.; Eglinton, G.; Marlowe, I.T. & Pflaumann, U., (1986). Molecular stratigraphy: a new tool for climatic assessment. Nature, 320: 129-133.

Bratbak, G.; Egge, J.K. & Heldal, M., (1993). Viral mortality of the marine alga Emiliania huxleyi (Haptophyceae) and the termination of the algal bloom. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 93: 39-48.

Bravo-Sierra, E. & Hernandez-Becerril, D.U., (2003). Parmales (Chrysophyceae) from the Gulf of Tehuantepec, Mexico, including the description of a new species, Tetraparma insecta sp. nov., and a proposal to the taxonomy of the group. Journal of Phycology, 39(3): 577-583.

Bréhéret, J.G., (1978). Formes nouvelles quaternaries et actualles de la famille des Gephyrocapsaceae (Cocolithophorides). Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences. Paris. Série D - Sciences Naturelles, 287: 447-449.

Brinkhuis, H.; Bujak, J.P.; Smit, J.; Versteegh, G.J.M. & Visscher, H., (1998). Dinoflagellate-based sea surface temperature reconstructions across the Cretaceous–Tertiary boundary. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 141: 67-83.

Broerse, A.T.C., (2000). Coccolithophore export production in selected ocean enviroments. PhD Thesis, Free University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, 185 pp.

Broerse, A.T.C.; Brummer, G.-J.A. & van Hinte, J.E., (2000). Coccolithophore export production in response to monsoonal upwelling of Somalia (northwestern Indian Ocean. Deep-Sea Research. Part 2, Topical studies in oceanography, 47: 2179-2205.

Broerse, A.T.C.; Tyrrell, T.; Young, J.R.; Poulton, A.J.; Merico, J. & Balch, W.M., (2003). The cause of bright waters in the Bering Sea in winter. Continental Shelf Research, 23: 1579–1596.

Broerse, A.T.C.; Ziveri, P.; van Hinte, J.E. & Honjo, S., (2000). Coccolithophore export production, species composition, and coccolith-CaCO/3 fluxes in the NE Atlantic (34º N 21º W and 48º N 21º W). Deep-Sea Research. Part 2, Topical studies in oceanography, 47: 1877-1905.

Broerse, A.T.C.; Ziveri, P. & Honjo, S., (2000). Coccolithophore (-CaCO3) flux in the Sea of Okhotsk: seasonality, settling and alteration processes. Marine Micropaleontology, 39(Special Issue: Nannoplankton Ecology and Palaeoecology): 179-200.

Brongniart, A., (1829). Tableau des terrains qui composent l'écorce du globe, ou essai sur la structure de la partie connue de la terre, Paris and Strasbourg.

Brönnimann, P., (1955). Microfossils incertae sedis from the Upper Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous of Cuba. Micropaleontology, 1(28-51).

Brönnimann, P. & Stradner, H., (1960). Die Foraminiferen- und Discoasteriden-zonen von Kuba und ihre interkontinentale Korrelation. Erdoel-Zeitschrift, 76(10): 364-369.

Brotzen, F., (1959). On Tylocidaris species (Echinoidea) and the stratigraphy of the Danian of Sweden. With a bibliography of the Danian and Paleocene. Sveriges Geologiska Undersokning, Arsbok, 54(2): 1-81.

Broussaard, C.P.D.; Kempers, R.; Kop, A.J.; Riegman, R. & Heldal, M., (1996). Virus-like particles in a summer bloom of Emiliania huxleyi in the North Sea. Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 10: 105-113.

Brown, C.W. & Yoder, J.A., (1993). Blooms of Emiliania huxleyi (Prymnesiophyceae) in surface waters of the Nova Scotian Shelf and the Grand Bank. Journal of Plankton Research, 15(12): 1429-1438.

Brownlee, C. & Taylor, A., (2004). Calcification in coccolithophores: A cellular perspective In: Thierstein, H.R. and Young, J.R. (Editors), Coccolithophores - From molecular processes to global impact. Springer, pp. 31-49.

Brummer, G.-J.A. & van Eijden, A.J.M., (1992). "Blue-ocean" paleoproductivity estimates from pelagic carbonate mass accumulation rates. Marine Micropaleontology, 19: 99-117.

Brunnthaler, J., (1911). Coccolithophoriden aus der Adria. 545-547, 1 Int. Rev. Hydrobiol. und Hydrogr., 3: 545-547.

Buck, K.R. & Garrison, D.C., (1983). Protists from the ice-edge region of the Weddell Sea. Deep-Sea Research, 30: 1261-1277.

Buckley, H.A.; Johnson, L.R.; Shackleton, N.J. & Blow, R.A., (1982). Late glacial to recent cores from the easterm Mediterranean. Deep-Sea Research, 29: 739-766.

Bucklin, A.; Astthorsson, O.S.; Gislason, L.D.; Smolenack, S.B. & Wiebe, P.H., (2000). Population genetic variation of Calanus finmarchicus in Icelandic waters: preliminary evidence of genetic differences between Atlantic and Arctic populations. Journal du Conseil : the ICES journal of marine science, 57: 1592-1604.

Buitenhuis, E.; van Bleijswijk, J.; Bakker, D.C.E. & Veldhuis, M., (1996). Trends in inorganic and organic carbon in a bloom of Emiliania huxleyi in the North Sea. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 143: 271-282.

Bujak, J.P. & Davies, E.H., (1983). Modern and fossil Peridiniineae. ASAP Contributions Series, 13: 203.

Bukry, D., (1969). Upper Cretaceous coccoliths from Texas and Europe. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Article 51 (Protista 2): 1-79.

Bukry, D., (1970). Biscutum kennedyi, nom. nov. pro Biscutum asymmetricum Bukry 1969, non Perch-Nielsen 1968 (Plantae, Coccolithophyceae). Journal of Paleontology, 44(1): 167.

Bukry, D., (1971). Cenozoic calcareous nannofossils from the Pacific Ocean. San Diego Society of Natural History Transactions, 16: 303-327.

Bukry, D., (1971). Discoaster evolutionary trends. Micropaleontology, 17: 43-52.

Bukry, D., (1971). Coccolith stratigraphy, Leg 7 DSDP. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 7: 1513-1518.

Bukry, D., (1972). Further comments on coccolith stratigraphy, Leg 12 Deep Sea Drilling Project. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 12: 1071-1083.

Bukry, D., (1973). Phytoplankton stratigraphy, Deep Sea Drilling Project Leg 20, Western Pacific Ocean. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 20: 307-317.

Bukry, D., (1973). Phytoplankton stratigraphy, Central Pacific Ocean, Deep Sea Drilling Project Leg 17. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 17: 871-889.

Bukry, D., (1973). Low-latitude coccolith biostratigraphic zonation. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 15: 685-703.

Bukry, D., (1973). Coccolith stratigraphy, eastern equatorial Pacific, Leg 16, Deep Sea Drilling Project. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 16: 653-711.

Bukry, D., (1974). Cretaceous and Paleogene coccolith stratigraphy, Deep Sea Drilling Project, Leg 26. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 26: 669-673.

Bukry, D., (1975). Coccolith and silicoflagellate stratigraphy, northwestern Pacific Ocean, Deep Sea Drilling Project Leg 32. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 32: 677-701.

Bukry, D., (1976). Coccolith stratigraphy of Manihiki Plateau, Central Pacific, Deep Sea Drilling Project Site 317. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 33: 493-501.

Bukry, D., (1979). Neogene coccolith stratigraphy, Mid-Atlantic Ridge, Deep Sea Drilling Project Leg 45. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 45: 307-317.

Bukry, D., (1980). Coccolith stratigraphy, tropical eastern Pacific Ocean, Deep Sea Drilling Project Leg 54. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 54: 535-543.

Bukry, D., (1981). Cenozoic coccoliths from the Deep Sea Drilling Project. In: Warme, J.E., Douglas, R.G. and Winterer, E.L. (Editors), The Deep Sea Drilling Project: a decade of progress. SEPM Special Publication. SEPM, pp. 335-353.

Bukry, D., (1981). Pacific coast coccolith stratigraphy between Point Conception and Cabo Orientes, Deep Sea Drilling Project Leg 63. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 63: 445-471.

Bukry, D., (1984). Correlation of the middle Eocene Kellogg Shale of northern California. Micropaleontology, 30(2): 138-170.

Bukry, D., (1985). Mid-Atlantic Ridge coccolith and silicoflagellate biostratigraphy, Deep Sea Drilling Project Sites 558 and 563. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 82: 591-603.

Bukry, D., (1993). Cretaceous coccolith correlation for Point Loma Formation outfall test well, San Diego, California. US Geological Survey Open-file Report, 93-567: 1-14.

Bukry, D., (1994). Coccolith correlation of Late Cretaceous Point Loma Formation at La Jolla and Carlsbad, San Diego County, California. US Geological Survey Open-file Report, 94-678: 1-23.

Bukry, D. & Bramlette, M.N., (1968). Stratigraphic significance of two genera of Tertiary calcareous nannofossils. Tulane Studies in Geology and Paleontology, 6: 149-155.

Bukry, D. & Bramlette, M.N., (1969). Some new and stratigraphically useful calcareous nannofossils of the Cenozoic. Tulane Studies in Geology, 7: 131-142.

Bukry, D. & Bramlette, M.N., (1969). Coccolith age determinations Leg 1, Deep Sea Drilling Project. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 1: 369-387.

Bukry, D. & Bramlette, M.N., (1971). Validation of and Pedinocyclus and Quinquerhabdus new calcareous nannoplankton genera. Tulane Studies in Geology and Paleontology, 8: 122.

Bukry, D. & Kennedy, M.P., (1969). Cretaceous and Eocene cocoliths at San Diego, California. California Division of Mines and Geology Special Report, 100: 33-43.

Bukry, D. & Percival, S.F., (1971). New Tertiary calcareous nannofossils. Tulane Studies in Geology and Paleontology, 8: 123-146.

Burkhardt, S.; Zondervan, I. & Riebesell, U., (1999). Effect of CO2 concentration on C:N:P ratio in marine phytoplankton: A species comparison. Limnology and Oceanography, 44(3): 683-690.

Burnett, J., (1990). A new nannofossil zonation scheme for the Boreal Campanian. INA Newsletter, 12: 67-70.

Burnett, J.A., (1988). North-west European Late Cretaceous calcareous nannofossils: Biostratigraphy and selected evolutionary lineages, University College London.

Burnett, J.A., (1996). Nannofossils and Upper Cretaceous (sub-)stage boundaries - state of the art. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 18: 23-32.

Burnett, J.A., (1997). 'Middle' Cretaceous morphological diversity within the genus Ceratolithina Martini, 1967. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 19(1): 57-65.

Burnett, J.A., (1997). New species and conjectured evolutionary trends of Ceratolithoides Bramlette and Martini, 1964 from the Campanian and Maastrichtian of the Indian Ocean. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 19(2): 123-131.

Burnett, J.A., (1997). New species and new combinations of Cretaceous nannofossils and a note on the origin of Petrarhabdus (Deflandre) Wise & Wind. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 19(2): 133-146.

Burnett, J.A., (1998). Upper Cretaceous. In: Bown, P.R. (Editor), Calcareous Nannofossil Biostratigraphy. British Micropalaeontological Society Publications Series. Chapman & Hall, London, pp. 132-199.

Burnett, J.A., (in prep. a). The Upper Cretaceous calcareous nannofloras of southern England: correlation between nannofossil and macrofossil biostratigraphies and the lithostratigraphies of Kent, Sussex and the Isle of Wight. For Proceedings of the Geologists' Association.

Burnett, J.A., (in prep. b). The Late Cretaceous Indian Ocean: translatitudinal calcareous nannofossil correlation, palaeobiogeography, and palaeoclimatic interpretations. For Cretaceous Research.

Burnett, J.A. & Bown, P.R., (1992). An hierarchical descriptive checklist for calcareous nannofossils. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 14(3): 103-106.

Burnett, J.A.; Hancock, J.M.; Kennedy, W.J. & Lord, A.R., (1992). Macrofossil, planktonic foraminiferal and nannofossil zonation at the Campanian/Maastrichtian boundary. Newsletters on Stratigraphy, 27: 157-172.

Burnett, J.A.; Kennedy, W.J. & Ward, P.D., (1992). Maastrichtian nannofossil biostratigraphy in the Biscay region (south-western France, northern Spain). Newsletters on Stratigraphy, 26: 145-155.

Burnett, J.A. & Whitham, F., (1999). Correlation between the nannofossil and macrofossil biostratigraphies and the lithostratigraphy of NE England with special reference to correlation of the Turonian/Coniacian boundary. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 52: 371-381.

Burnett, J.A.; Young, J.R. & Bown, P.R., (2000). Calcareous nannoplankton and global climate change. In: Culver, S.J. and Rawson, P.F. (Editors), Biotic response to global change the last 145 million years. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 35-50.

Burns, D.A., (1973). Structural analysis of flanged coccoliths in sediments from the South West Pacific Ocean. . Revista Española de Micropaleontología, 5(1): 147-160.

Burns, D.A., (1975). Distribution, abundance, and preservation of nannofossils in Eocene to Recent Antarctic sediments. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 18(4): 583-595.

Burns, D.A., (1976). Nannofossils from the Lower and Upper Cretaceous deposits, Nettleton,Lincolnshire, England. Revista Española de Micropaleontología, 8(2): 279-300.

Burns, D.A., (1977). Phenotypes and dissolution morphotypes of the genus Gephyrocapsa Kamptner and Emiliania huxleyi (Lohmann). New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 20(1): 143-155.

Bursa, A.S., (1961). The annual oceanographic cycle at Igloolik in the Canadian Arctic. I I . The phytoplankton. . J. Fish. Res. Board Canada, 18: 563-615.

Burton, j.D., (1996). The Ocean: A global geochemical system. In: Summerhayes, C.P. and Thorpe, S.A. (Editors), Oceanography an illustrated guide. Manson Publishing, London, pp. 165-181.

Busch, W., (1919). Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Coccolithophoridae. Arch. Naturgesch., 85(A8): 50-54.

Butcher, R.W., (1952). Contributions to our knowledge of the smaller marine algae. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 31: 175-191.

Büttner, J., (1910). Die farbigen Flagellaten des Kieler Hafens., Christian-Albrechts-University, Kiel, Kiel, 16 pp.

Bybell, L., (1975). Middle Eocene calcareous naannofossils at Little Stave Creek, Alabama Tulane Studies in Geology and Paleontology, 11(4): 177-247.

Bybell, L., (1994). Nannobase - nannofossil database system. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 16: 50-51.

Bybell, L. & Self-Trail, J., (1997). Late Paleocene and Early Eocene calcareous nannofossils from three boreholes in an onshore-offshore transect from New Jersey to the Atlantic continental rise. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 150: 91-110.

Bybell, L. & Self-Trail, J., (1998). Late Paleocene and Early Eocene calcareous nannofossils from three boreholes in an onshore-offshore transect from New Jersey to the Atlantic continental rise. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 150: 91-110.

Bybell, L.M. & Gartner, S., (1972). Provincialism among mid-Eocene calcareous nannofossils. Micropaleontology, 18(319-336).

Bybell, L.M. & Self-Trail, J., (1995). Evolutionary, biostratigraphic and taxonomic study of calcareous nanofossils from a continuous Palaeocene-Eocene boundary section in New Jersey. United States Geological Survey professional paper, 1554: 1-36.

Bystricka, H., (1964). Les Coccolithophorides (Flagelles) de I'Eocene superieur de la Slovaquie. Ibid. 1 5 : 203-225, pis. 5-8. Geol. Sborn., 15: 203-225.

Bystricka, H., (1966). Nouvelles especes du genre Discoaster du Paleogene des Karpates Occidentales. Geol. Sbor., 17: 237-240.

Cabrini, M. & Umani, S.F., (1991). Phytoplankton populations in the Straits of Magellan. Memorie di Biologia Marina e di Oceanografia. N.S., 19: 151-154.

Cachao, M. & Moita, M.T., (2000). Coccolithus pelagicus, a productivity proxy related to moderate fronts off Western Iberia. Marine Micropaleontology, 39(1-4): 131-155.

Cachao, M. & Oliviera, A., (2000). Coccoliths vs. coccospheres: approaching the ecological performance of coccolithophores. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 22(1): 29-34.

Cachao, M.; Oliviera, A. & Vitorino, J., (2000). Sub-tropical winter guests, offshore Portugal. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 22(1): 19-26.

Cadee, G.C., (1985). Macroaggregates of Emiliania huxleyi in sediment traps. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 24: 193-196.

Caratini, C., (1963). Contribution à l'étude des coccolithes du Cénomanien supérieur et du Turonien de la région de Rouen, Université d'Alger, Faculté des Sciences, Publication du Laboratoire de Géologique Appliquée.

Carcel, D.; Colombié, C.; Giraud, F. & Courtinat, B., (2009). Tectonic and eustatic control on a mixed siliciclastic-carbonate platform during the late Oxfordian - Kimmeridgian (La Rochelle platform, western France). Sedimentary Geology, 223(3-4): 334-359.

Caro, Y.; Luterbacher, H.; Perch-Nielsen, K. & Premoli-Silva, (1975). Zonations a l'aide de microfossiles pelagiques du Paleocene superieur et de l'Eocene inferieur. Societe Geologique de France. Bulletin, 17(2): 125-147.

Caron, M., (1985). Cretaceous planktic foraminifera. In: Bolli, H.M., Saunders, J.B. and Perch-Nielsen, K. (Editors), Plankton Stratigraphy. CUP, Cambridge, pp. 17-86.

Carter, H.J., (1871). On Melobesia unicellularis, better known as the coccolith. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 7(41): 184189.

Carter, N., (1937). New or interesting algae from brackish waters. Archiv für Protistenkunde, 90: 1-68.

Casellato, C.E., (2010). Calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of Upper Callovian - Lower Berriasian successions from the Souhern Alps, North Italy. Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, 116(3): 357-404.

Castradori, D., (1993). Calcareous nannofossils and the origin of Eastern Mediterranean sapropels. Paleoceanography, 8(4): 459-471.

Cati, F. & Borsetti, A.M., (1970). I discoasteridi del Miocene delle Marche. Giornale di Geologia, 36(2): 617-652.

Cati, F. & Borsetti, A.M., (1972). Nuove nome per un discoasteride del Miocene delle Marche. Giornale di Geologia, 38: 373.

Cavalier-Smith, T., (1986). The Kingdom Chromista: Origin and Systematics. In: Round and Chapman (Editors), Progress in Phycological Research. Biopress Ltd., pp. 309-347.

Cavalier-Smith, T., (1989). The Kingdom Chromista. In: Green, J.C., Leadbeater, B.S.C. and Diver, W.I. (Editors), The Chromophyte Algae: Problems and Perspectives. Systematics Association Special Volumes. Clarendon Press, Oxford, pp. 381-407.

Cavalier-Smith, T., (1994). Origin and relationships of Haptophyta. In: Green, J.C. and Leadbeater, B.S.C. (Editors), The Haptophyte Algae. Systematics Association Special Volumes. Clarendon Press, Oxford, pp. 413-435.

Cavalier-Smith, T., (1995). Cell Cycles, Diplokaryosis and the Archezoan Origin of Sex. Archiv für Protistenkunde, 145: 189-207.

Cavalier-Smith, T., (1995). Evolutionary protistology comes of age : Biodiversity and molecular cell biology. Archiv für Protistenkunde, 145: 145-154.

Cavalier-Smith, T., (1998). A revised six-kingdom system of life. Biological Reviews, 73(3): 203-256.

Cavalier-Smith, T., (1999). Zooflagellate phylogeny and the systematics of Protozoa. Biological Bulletin, 196(3): 393-395.

Cavalier-Smith, T., (2000). Flagellate megaevolution. The basis for eukaryote diversification. In: Leadbeater, B.S.C. and Green, J.C. (Editors), The flagellates: unity, diversity and evolution. Clarendon Press, Oxford, pp. 361-390.

Cavalier-Smith, T. & Chao, E.E., (1996). Sarcomonad ribosomal RNA sequences, rhizopod phylogeny, and the origin of euglyphid amoebae. Archiv für Protistenkunde, 147: 227-236.

Cavalier-Smith, T. & Chao, E.E., (1996). Molecular phylogeny of the free-living archezoan Trepomonas agilis and the nature of the first eukaryote. Journal of Molecular Evolution, 43: 551-562.

Cavalier-Smith, T.; Chao, E.E. & Allsopp, M.T.E.P., (1995). Ribosomal RNA evidence for chloroplast woss within Heterokonta: Pedinellid relationships and a revised classification of Ochristan Algae. Archiv für Protistenkunde, 145: 209-220.

Cavelier, C.; Le Calvez, Y.; Damotte, R.; Aubry, M.-P. & Riveline, J., (1977). Le Paléogène dans le sondage du Mont Pagnotte: Étude paléontologique (malacofaune, microfaune, ostracodes et Characées). Bulletin de l'Information de la Géologie du Bassin Paris, 14: 3-50.

Cecca, F.; Pallini, G.; Erba, E.; Premoli Silva, I. & Coccioni, R., (1994). Hauterivian-Barremian chronostratigraphy based on ammonites, nannofossils, planktonic foraminifera, and magnetic chrons from the Mediterranean domain. Cretaceous Research, 15: 457-467.

Cech, S. & Svábenická, L., (1992). Macrofossils and nannofossils of the type locality of the Brezno Formation (Turonian-Coniacian, Bohemia). Vestník Ceského geologického ústavu, 67: 311-330.

Cepek, P., (1970). Zur Vertikalverbreitung von Coccolithen-Arten in der Oberkreide NW-Deutschlands. Geologisches Jahrbuch, 88: 235-264.

Cepek, P., (1973). Die Art Pontosphaera indooceanica n. sp. und ihre Bedeutung für die Stratigraphie der jungsten Sedimente des Indischen Ozeans. Meteor Forschungsergebnisse Reihe D Biologie, ser C, 12: 1-8.

Cepek, P., (1981). Mesozoic calcareous nannoplankton stratigraphy of the central North Pacific (mid-Pacific Mountains and Hess Rise), DSDP Leg 62. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 62: 397-418.

Cepek, P. & Hay, W.W., (1969). Calcareous nannoplankton and biostratigraphic subdivision of the Upper Cretaceous. Transactions of the Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies, 19: 323-336.

Chang, F.H., (2013). Syracosphaera pemmadiscus sp. nov. (Prymnesiophyceae), an extant coccolithophore from the southwest Pacific Ocean near New Zealand. Phycologia, 52(6): 618-624.

Chang, F.H. & Ryan, K.G., (1985). Prymnesium calathiferum sp. nov. (Prymnesiophyceae), a new species isolated from Northland, New Zealand. Phycologia, 24: 191-198.

Chang, K.H., (1969). Several new species of middle and upper Eocene nannoplankton related with Micrantholithus parisiensis Bouché. Journal of the Geological Society of Korea, 5: 145-155.

Channell, J.E.T.; Bralower, T.J. & Grandesso, P., (1987). Biostratigraphic correlation of Mesozoic polarity chrons CM1 to CM23 at Capriolo and Xausa (Southern Alps, Italy). Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 85: 203-221.

Channell, J.E.T. & Erba, E., (1992). Early Cretaceous polarity chrons CM0 to CM11 recorded in northern Italy land sections near Brescia (northern Italy). Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 108: 161-179.

Chapman, M.R. & Chepstow-Lusty, A., (1997). Late Pliocene climatic change and the global extinction of discoasters: an independent assessment using oxygen isotope records. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 134(109-125).

Charalampopoulou, A., (2011). Coccolithophores in high latitude and polar regions: Relationships between community composition, calcification and environmental factors, Southampton University, 300 pp.

Charalampopoulou, A.; Poulton, A.J.; Tyrrell, T. & Lucas, M.I., (2011). Irradiance and pH affect coccolithophore community composition on a transect between the North Sea and the Arctic Ocean. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 431: 25-43.

Charlson, R.J.; Lovelock, J.E.; Andreae, M.O. & Warren, S.G., (1987). Oceanic phytoplankton, atmospheric sulphur, cloud albedo and climate. Nature, 326: 655-661.

Chen, M.-P., (1980). Modern and redeposited coccolithophores for the indication of sediment dispersal pattern around Taiwan offshore region. . Acta Oceanographica Taiwanica, 11: 129-156.

Chepstow-Lusty, A.; Backman, J. & Shackleton, N.J., (1989). Comparison of upper Pliocene Discoaster abundance variations from North Atlantic Sites 552, 607, 659, 658 and 662: further evidence for marine plankton responding to orbital forcing. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 108: 121-141.

Chepstow-Lusty, A.; Shackleton, N.J. & Backman, J., (1992). Upper Pliocene Discoaster abundance variations from the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans: the significance of productivity pressure at low latitudes. Memorie di Scienze Geologiche, 43: 357-373.

Chisholm, S.W.; Falkowski, P.G. & Cullen, J.J., (2001). Dis-crediting ocean fertilization. Science, 294: 309-310.

Chodat, R. & Rosillo, A.R., (1925). Sur une coccolithophoridee d'eau douce. Compte Rendu des Séances de la Société de Physique et d'Histoire Naturelle de Genéve, 42: 51-53.

Choiriah, S.U.; Kapid, R. & Rahardjo, W., (2001). The Pliocene/Pleistocene boundary, based on calcareous nannofossils, and related palaeoclimatic implications, Solo River section, Ngawi Region, East Java, indonesia. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 23(1).

Chrétiennot-Dinet, M.-J., (1990). Atlas du Phytoplancton Marin, III. Editions du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris.

Chrétiennot-Dinet, M.-J.; Sournia, A.; Ricard, M. & Billard, C., (1993). A classification of the marine phytoplankton of the world from class to genus. Phycologia, 32: 159-179.

Christen, R., (2008). Christen R: Global sequencing: A review of current molecular data and new methods available to assess microbial diversity. . Microbes and Environments, 23(4): 253-268.

Christensen, T., (1962). Botanik. Systematisk botanik, 2. Kobenhavn:Munksgaard, Alger, 178 pp.

Christensen, T., (1962). Alger, in Botanik Bd 2, Systematisk Botanik, Nr. 2, (eds T.W. Böcher, M. Lange and T. Sorensen). Munksgaard, Copenhagen.

Christensen, T., (1962). Alger. In: T.W. Böcher, M. Lange & T. Sørensen (Eds). Botanik Bd.2, Systematisk Botanik,, N2: 1-178.

Christensen, T., (1978). Annotations to a textbook of phycology. Botanisk Tidsskrift, 73: 65-70.

Christensen, W.K., (1996). A review of the Upper Campanian and Maastrichtian belemnite biostratigraphy of Europe. Cretaceous Research, 17: 751-766.

Cita, M.B., (1969). Le Paléocène et l'Eocène de l'Italie du Nord. Mémoires du Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Minières, III, 69: 417-428.

Cita, M.B. & Pasquaré, G., (1959). Studi stratigrafici sul sistema cretaceo in Italia. Nota IV. Osservazioni micropaleontologiche sul Cretaceo delle Dolomiti. Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, 65(4): 385-442.

CLIMAP, (1976). The Surface of the Ice-Age Earth. Science, 191: 1131-1137.

CLIMAP, (1981). Seasonal reconstruction of the Earth's surface at the last glacial maximum. Geological Society of America; Map Chart Series, MC-36.

Clocchiatti, M., (1971). Sur l' existence de coccosphères portant coccolithes de Gephyrocapsa oceanica et de Emiliania huxleyi (Coccolithophoridés). Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences. Paris. Série D - Sciences Naturelles, 273: 318-321.

Clocchiatti, M. & Jerkovic, L., (1970). Cruciplacolithus tenuiforatus, nouvelle espèce de coccolithophoridé du Miocène d'Algerie et de Yougoslavie. Cahiers de Micropaleontologie, ser 2, 2: 1-6.

Cobianchi, M., (1992). Sinemurian-Early Bajocian calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of the Lombardy Basin (Southern Calcareous Alps; northern Italy). Atti Ticinensi di Scienze della Terra, 35: 61-106.

Cohen, C.L.D., (1964). Coccolithophorids from two Caribbean deep-sea cores. Micropaleontology, 10(2): 231-250.

Cohen, C.L.D., (1965). Coccoliths and discoasters, some aspects of their geologic use. Geologie en Mijnbouw, 55: 337-344.

Cohen, C.L.D. & Reinhardt, P., (1968). Coccolithophorids from the Pleistocene Caribbean deep-sea core CP-28. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie. Abhandlungen, 131: 289-304.

Colmenero-Hidalgo, E.; Flores, J.A. & Sierro, F.J., (2002). Biometry of Emiliania huxleyi and its biostratigraphic significance in the Eastern North Atlantic Ocean and Western Mediterranean Sea in the last 20000 years. Marine Micropaleontology, 46(3-4): 247-263.

Colom, G., (1935). Estudios litólogicos sobre el Jurásico de Mallorca. Association pour l'étude géologique de la Méditerranée occidentale, Géologie des Pays catalans, 3(5/4): 3-17.

Colom, G., (1968). Los Nannoconus. historia de su hallazgo y conocimiento. Publ. Depart. Paleont., 5: 1-10.

Colom, G. & Allard, P.L., (1958). Presence au Maroc, des microorganismes de Wanner. Revue de Micropaleontologie, 1(1): 31-32.

Comeau, S.; Gattuso, J.-P.; Nisumaa, A.-M. & Orr, J., (2012). Impact of aragonite saturation state changes on migratory pteropods. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 279: 732-738.

Comeau, S.; Gorsky, G.; Alliouanne, S. & Gattuso, J.-P., (2010). Larvae of the pteropod Cavolinia inflexa exposed to aragonite undersaturation are viable but shell-less. Marine Biology, 157: 2341-2345.

Comeau, S.; Gorsky, G.; Jeffree, R.; Teyssié, J.-L. & Gattuso, J.-P., (2009). Impact of ocean acidification on a key Arctic pelagic mollusc (Limacina helicina). Biogeosciences, 6: 1877-1882.

Comeau, S.; Jeffree, R.; Teyssié, J.-L. & Gattuso, J.-P., (2010). Response of the Arctic Pteropod Limacina helicina to Projected Future Environmental Conditions. PLoS ONE, 5(6): 1-7.

Concheyro, A.; Olivera, A.; Santillana, S.; Marenssi, S. & Rinaldi, C., (1991). Calcareous nannofossils from the Upper Cretaceous of Marambio Island, Antarctica. Congreso Geologico Chileno, Servicio Nacional de Geologia y Mineria Chile, resumenes expandidos, VOL:: 825-828.

Conrad, W., (1914). Contribution à l'etude des flagellates: II. Thallochrysis Pa­scheri, nov. gen., nov. spec., type d'une famille nouvelle (Thallochrysidaceae nob.) de Chrysomonadines. Ann. BioI. Lacustre, 7: 153-154.

Conrad, W., (1926). Recherches sur les flagellates de nos eaux saumâtres. II. Chrysomonadines. Archiv für Protistenkunde, 56: 167-231.

Conrad, W., (1928). Sur les Coccolithophoracées d'eau douce. Archiv für Protistenkunde, 63: 58-66.

Cook, S.S.; Jones, R.C.; Vaillancourt, R.E. & Hallegraeff, G.M., (2013). Genetic differentiation among Australian and Southern Ocean populations of the ubiquitous coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi (Haptophyta). Phycologia, 52(4): 368-374.

Cook, S.S.; Whittock, L.; Wright, S.W. & M., H.G., (2011). Photosynthetic pigment and genetic differences between two Southern Ocean morphotypes of Emiliania huxleyi (Haptophyta). Journal of Phycology, 47: 615-626.

Cooper, M.K.E., (1984/1985). Nannofossils across the Jurassic-Cretaceous boundary in the Tethyan Realm. In: Michelsen, O. and Zeiss, A. (Editors), International Symposium on Jurassic Stratigraphy, Erlangen 1984, Vol. 2. Geological Survey of Denmark, Copenhagen, pp. 429-443.

Cooper, M.K.E., (1987). Calcareous nannofossils across the Jurassic/Cretaceous boundary. Unpublished PhD thesis Thesis, University College London, 517 pp.

Cooper, M.K.E., (1987). New calcareous nannofossil taxa from the Volgian Stage (Upper Jurassic) lectostratotype site at Gorodische, USSR. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Monatshefte, 1987: 606-612.

Cooper, M.K.E., (1989). Nannofossil provincialism in the Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous (Kimmeridgian to Valanginian) period. In: Crux, J.A. and Heck, S.E.v. (Editors), Nannofossils and their applications. British Micropalaeontological Society Series. Ellis Horwood, Chichester, pp. 223-246.

Cope, J.C.W., (1993). The Bolonian Stage: an old answer to an old problem. Newsletters on Stratigraphy, 28: 151-156.

Corstjens, P.L.A.M.; van der Kooij, A.; Linschooten, C.; Brouwers, G.-J.; Westbroek, P. & de Vrind-de Jong, E.W., (1998). GPA, a calcium-binding protein in the coccolithophorid Emiliania huxleyi (Prymnesiophyceae). Journal of Phycology, 34: 622-630.

Cortés, M.Y., (1998). Coccolithophores at the time-series station ALOHA, Hawaii: Population dynamics and ecology. PhD Thesis, ETHZ Zurich, Zurich, 176 pp.

Cortés, M.Y., (2000). Further evidence for the heterococcolith-holococcolith combination Calcidiscus leptoporus-Crystallolithus rigidus. Marine Micropaleontology, 39(1-4): 35-37.

Cortés, M.Y. & Bollmann, J., (2002). A new combination coccosphere of the heterococcolith species Coronosphaera mediterranea and the holococcolith species Calyptrolithophora hasleana. European Journal of Phycology, 37: 145-146.

Cortés, M.Y.; Bollmann, J. & Thierstein, H.R., (2001). Coccolithophore ecology at the HOT station ALOHA Hawaii. Deep-Sea Research. Part 2, Topical studies in oceanography, 48: 1957-1981.

Couapel, M.J.J.; Beaufort, L. & Young, J.R., (2009). A new Helicosphaera - Syracolithus combination coccosphere (Haptophyta) from the Western Mediterranean sea Journal of Phycology, 45(4): 914-916.

Couapel, M.J.J. & Young, J.R., (2009). Coccolithophore biogeography. In: M., W. (Editor), AMT18 Cruise Report. Plymouth Marine Laboratory, Plymouth, pp. 76-84.

Covington, J.M., (1985). New morphologic information on Cretaceous nannofossils from the Niobrara Formation (Upper Cretaceous) of Kansas. Geology, 13(10): 683-686.

Covington, J.M., (1986). Nannofossils of the Niobrara Formation (Upper Cretaceous): biostratigraphy and new taxa. SEPM Annual Midyear Meeting, Abstracts, 3: 25-26.

Covington, J.M. & Wise, S.W., (1987). Calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of a Lower Cretaceous deep-sea fan complex: Deep Sea Drilling Project Leg 93 Site 603, lower continental rise off Cape Hatteras. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 93: 617-660.

Covington, M., (1994). New taxa from the Niobrara Formation (Upper Cretaceous) of Kansas, USA. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 16: 121-131.

Crick, F., (1988). What mad pursuit. A personal view of scientific discovery. Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Series. Weidenfeld and Nicholson, New York, 182 pp.

Cros, L., (1995). Calcareous nannoplankton in surface sediments of the Calano-Balearic Sea. (Northwestern Mediterranean ). In: Flores, J.A. and Sierro, F.J. (Editors), 5th INA Conference in Salamana 1993. Proceedings. Universidad de Salamanca, Salamanca, pp. 47-59.

Cros, L., (2000). Variety of exothecal coccoliths of Syracosphaera. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 22(1): 41-51.

Cros, L., (2002). Planktic coccolithophores of the NW Mediterranean. PhD Thesis, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, 181 pp.

Cros, L. & Estrada, M., (2004). Picarola margalefii, gen. et sp. nov., a new planktonic coccolithophore from NW Mediterranean waters. Scientia Marina, 68(Suppl 1): 243-248.

Cros, L. & Fortuño, J.-M., (2002). Atlas of northwestern Mediterranean coccolithophores. Scientia Marina, 66: 186.

Cros, L.; Fortuno, J.-M. & Estrada, M., (2013). Elemental composition of coccoliths: Mg/Ca relationships. Scientia Marina, 77(S1): 63-67.

Cros, L.; Geisen, M. & Young, J.R., (2003). On Mediterranean Papposphaeraceae Jordan et Young. Gaia, 11: 37-38.

Cros, L.; Kleijne, A. & Young, J.R., (2000). Coccolithophorid diversity in the genus Polycrater and possible relationships with other genera. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 22(2): 92.

Cros, L.; Kleijne, A.; Zeltner, A.; Billard, C. & Young, J.R., (2000). New examples of holococcolith-heterococcolith combination coccospheres and their implications for coccolithophorid biology. Marine Micropaleontology, 39(1-4): 1-34.

Cros, L. & McGrane, P.B., (2014). Anthosphaera origami sp. nov., a planktonic coccolithophore with characteristic paper-boat-shaped structures. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 34(special): 23-25.

Crudeli, D. & Kinkel, H., (2004). Reticulofenestra calicis n. sp., an unusual small reticulofenestrid coccolith from the Lower Pliocene of the South Caribbean Sea. Micropaleontology, 50(4): 369-379.

Crudeli, D.; Kinkel, H.; Steph, S. & Young, J.R., (2004). Oceanic distribution of the biodiversity of very small reticulofenestrids (Lower Pliocene). Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 26(2): 27-28.

Crudeli, D. & Young, J.R., (2003). SEM-LM study of holococcoliths preserved in Eastern Mediterranean sediments (Holocene/Late Pleistocene). Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 25(1): 39-50.

Crudeli, D.; Young, J.R.; Erba, E.; Geisen, M.; Ziveri, P.; de Lange, G.J. & Slomp, C.P., (2006). Fossil record of holococcoliths and selected hetero-holococcolith associations from the Mediterranean (Holocene-late Pleistocene): evaluation of carbonate diagenesis, palaeoecological, and palaeoceanographic implications. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 237: 191-212.

Crudeli, D. & others, (2004). Abnormal carbonate diagenesis in Holocene-Late Pleistocene sapropel-associated sediments from the Eastern Mediterranean; evidence from Emiliania huxleyi coccolith morphology. Marine Micropaleontology, 52: 217-240.

Crux, J.A., (1980). A biostratigraphical study of Upper Cretaceous nannofossils from South-east England and North France, University College London.

Crux, J.A., (1981). New calcareous nannofossil taxa from the Cretaceous of South East England. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Monatshefte, 1981: 633-640.

Crux, J.A., (1982). Upper Cretaceous (Cenomanian to Campanian) calcareous nannofossils. . In: Lord, A.R. (Editor), A Stratigraphical Index of Calcareous Nannofossils. British Micropalaeontological Society Series, Ellis Horwood, Chichester, pp. 81-135.

Crux, J.A., (1984). Biostratigraphy of Early Jurassic calcareous nannofossils from southwest Germany. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Abhandlungen, 169: 160-186.

Crux, J.A., (1985). Crepidolithus pliensbachensis nomen novum pro Crepidolithus ocellatus Crux 1984 non (Bramlette and Sullivan) Nöel 1965. INA Newsletter, 7: 31.

Crux, J.A., (1986). Tegulalithus, a new genus of Early Cretaceous calcareous nannofossils. INA Newsletter, 8: 88-90.

Crux, J.A., (1987). Six new species of calcareous nannofossils from the Lower Cretaceous strata of England and Germany. INA Newsletter, 9: 30-35.

Crux, J.A., (1987). Early Jurassic calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphic events. Newsletters on Stratigraphy, 17: 79-100.

Crux, J.A., (1987). Concerning dimorphism in Early Jurassic coccoliths and the origin of the genus Discorhabdus Noël 1965. Abhandlung der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 39: 51-55.

Crux, J.A., (1989). Biostratigraphy and palaeogeographical applications of Lower Cretaceous nannofossils from north-western Europe. In: Crux, J.A. and Heck, S.E.v. (Editors), Nannofossils and their applications. British Micropalaeontological Society Series. Ellis Horwood, Chichester, pp. 143-211.

Crux, J.A., (1991). Albian calcareous nannofossils from the Gault Clay of Munday’s Hill (Bedfordshire, England). Journal of Micropalaeontology, 10(203-221).

Crux, J.A., (1991). Calcareous nannofossils recovered by Leg 114 in the Subantarctic South Atlantic Ocean. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 114: 155-177.

Crux, J.A.; Hamilton, G.B.; Lord, A.R. & Taylor, R.J., (1982). Tortolithus gen. nov. Crux and new combinations of Mesozoic calcareous nannofossils from England. INA Newsletter, 4: 98-101.

Cruz, J.; Wise, S.W. & Young, J.R., (2014). First observation of Navilithus altivelum in the Gulf of Mexico. . Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 34(special): 27-29.

Cubillos, J.C. & others, (2007). Calcification morphotypes of the coccolithophorid Emiliania huxleyi in the Southern Ocean: changes in 2001 to 2006 compared to historical data. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 348(1): 47–54.

Cunha, A.S.; Antunes, R.L. & Burnett, J.A., (1997). Calcareous nannofossils and the Santonian/Campanian and Campanian/Maastrichtian boundaries on the Brazilian Continental Margin: historical overview and state of the art. Cretaceous Research, 18: 823-832.

Curry, D., (1958). Lexique stratigraphique international. Fascicule 3a XII. Paléogène (d'Angleterre). CNRS, Paris.

Curry, D., (1981). Bartonian, Paris, pp. 23-36.

Curry, D., (1981). Thanetian. In: Pomerol, C. (Editor), Stratotypes of Palaeogene Stages. Mémoire hors série 2 du bulletin d'information des géologues du bassin de Paris, Paris, pp. 255-265.

Curry, D.; Adams, C.G.; Boulter, M.C.; Dilley, F.C.; Eames, F.E.; Funnel, B.M. & Wells, M.K., (1978). A correlation of Tertiary rocks in the British Isles. Geological Society of London; Special Report, 12: 1-72.

D’Hondt, S., (2005). Consequences of the Cretaceous/Paleogene mass extinction for marine ecosystems. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 36: 295-317.

D’Hondt, S.; Pilson, M.E.Q.; Sigurdsson, H.; Hanson, A.K. & Carey, S., (1994). Surface-water acidification and extinction at the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary. Geology, 22: 983-986.

da Gama, R.O.B.P. & Varol, O., (2013). New Late Oligocene to Miocene Species. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 33(1): 1-12.

da Gama, R.O.B.P. & Varol, O., (2014). A new perspective of the central structure and the alignment of neogene discoasters. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 33(1): 23-28.

Dandonneau, Y.; Montel, Y.; Blanchot, J.; Giraudeau, J. & Neveux, J., (2006). Temporal variability in phytoplankton pigments, picoplankton and coccolithophores along a transect through the North Atlantic and tropical southwestern Pacific. Deep-Sea Research. Part 1, Oceanographic research papers, 53: 689-712.

Dangeard, P., (1934). Sur l'épiphytisme d'une Coccolithinée, rencontrée à Roscoff. Actes de la Société Linnéenne de Bordeaux, 1934: 45-47.

Daniels, C.J.; Tyrrell, T.; Poulton, A.J. & Young, J.R., (2014). A mixed life-cycle stage bloom of Syracosphaera bannockii (Borsetti and Cati, 1976) Cros et al. 2000 (Bay of Biscay April 2010). Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 34(special): 31-35.

Darling, K.F.; Thomas, E.; Kasemann, S.A.; Seearse, H.A. & Smart, C.M., (2009). Surviving mass extinction by bridging the benthic/planktic divide. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 106(31): 12629–12633.

Darling, K.F.; Wade, C.M.; Kroon, D. & Leigh Brown, A.J., (1997). Planktonic foraminiferal molecular evolution and their polyphyletic origins from benthic taxa. Marine Micropaleontology, 30: 251-266.

Darling, K.F.; Wade, C.M.; Stewart, I.A.; Kroon, D.; Dingle, r. & Leigh Brown, A.J., (2000). Molecular evidence for genetic mixing of Arctic and Antarctic subpolar populations of planktonic foraminifers. Nature, 405: 43-47.

Davis, C.V.; Badger, M.P.S.; Bown, P.R. & Schmidt, D., (2013). Calcification responset to climate change in the Pliocene? Biogeosciences Discussions, 10: 6840-6860.

Davis, S.A.; Young, J.R. & Mann, S., (1995). Electron Microscopy Studies of Shield Elements of Emiliania huxleyi Coccoliths. Botanica Marina, 38: 493-497.

Day, S. & Maslin, M., (2005). Linking large impacts, gas hydrates, and carbon isotope excursions through widespread sediment liquefaction and continental slope failure: The example of the K-T boundary event, in Kenkmann, T., Hörz, F., and Deutsch, A., eds., Large meteorite impacts III. Geological Society of America Special Paper, 384: 239-258.

Debenay, J.-P.; Guillou, J.-J.; Geslin, E. & Lesourd, M., (2000). Crystallization of calcite in foraminiferal tests. Micropaleontology, 46(1): 87-94.

Dedert, M.; Stoll, H.M.; Kars, S.; Young, J.R.; Kroon, D.; Lourens, L.J. & Ziveri, P., (2014). Temporally variable diagenetic overgrowth on deep-sea nannofossil carbonates across Palaeogene hyperthermals and implications for isotopic analyses. Marine Micropaleontology, 107: 18-31.

Dedert, M.; Stoll, H.M.; Young, J.R.; Ziveri, P. & Kroon, D., Continued productivity and robust calcification of calcareous nannoplankton in the South Atlantic during the Palaeocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum.

Dedert, M.; Stoll, H.M.; Ziveri, P.; Kars, S.; Young, J.R. & Shimizu, N., (in prep). Diagenetic processes affecting nannofossil assemblages: implications for palaeoecological and geochemical analyses.

Deflandre, G., (1934). Les Discoasterides, microfossiles calcaires incertae sedis. Bulletin de la Societe Francaise de Microscopie, 3: 59-67.

Deflandre, G., (1939). Les stéphanolithes, représentants d'un type nouveau de coccolithes Jurassique supérieur. Comptes Rendus (Hebdomadaires des Séances) de l'Académie des Sciences Paris, 208: 1331-1333.

Deflandre, G., (1942). Coccolithophoridés fossiles d'Oranie. Genres Scyphosphaera Lohmann et Thorosphaera Ostenfeld. Société d'Histoire Naturelle de Toulouse; Bulletin, 77: 125-137.

Deflandre, G., (1947). Braarudosphaera nov. gen., type d'une famille nouvelle de Coccolithophorides actuels a elements composites. Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences. Paris, 225: 439-441.

Deflandre, G., (1947). Calciodinellum nov. gen., premier représentant d'une famille nouvelle de Dinoflagellès fossiles à theque calcaire. Comptes Rendus (Hebdomadaires des Séances) de l'Académie des Sciences Paris, 224: 1781-1782.

Deflandre, G., (1948). Les calciodinellidés. Dinoflagellés fossiles à thèque calcaire. Le Botaniste, 34: 191-219.

Deflandre, G., (1950). Observations sur les Coccolithophoridés, à propos d'un nouveau type de Braarudosphaeridé, Micrantholithus, à éléments clastiques. Comptes Rendus (Hebdomadaires des Séances) de l'Académie des Sciences Paris, 231: 1156-1158.

Deflandre, G., (1952). Classe des Coccolithophoridés. (Coccolithophoridae. Lohmann, 1902). In: Grassé, P.P. (Editor), Traite de Zoologie. Masson, Paris, pp. 439-470.

Deflandre, G., (1953). Hétérogénéité intrinsèque et pluralité des éleménts dans les coccolithes actuels et fossiles. Comptes Rendus (Hebdomadaires des Séances) de l'Académie des Sciences Paris, 237: 1785-1787.

Deflandre, G., (1957). Goniolithus nov. gen., type d'une famille nouvelle de Coccolithophoridés, à éléments pentagonaux non composites. Comptes Rendus (Hebdomadaires des Séances) de l'Académie des Sciences Paris, 244: 2539-2541.

Deflandre, G., (1959). Sur les nannofossiles calcaires et leur systématique. Revue de Micropaleontologie, 2: 127-152.

Deflandre, G., (1962). Les nannofossiles des argiles de Limans et leur signification Bull. Cult. Haute-Provence St Michel l'Obsrvatoire, 26: 1-8.

Deflandre, G., (1963). Sur les Microrhabdulidés, famille nouvelle de nannofossiles calcaires. Comptes Rendus (Hebdomadaires des Séances) de l'Académie des Sciences Paris, 256: 3484-3487.

Deflandre, G., (1970). Présence de nannofossiles calcaires (coccolithes et incertae sedis) dans le Siluro-dévonien d'Afrique du Nord. Comptes Rendus (Hebdomadaires des Séances) de l'Académie des Sciences Paris, 270: 2916-2921.

Deflandre, G. & Dangeard, L., (1938). Schizosphaerella, un nouveau microfossile méconnu du Jurassique moyen et supérieur. Comptes Rendus (Hebdomadaires des Séances) de l'Académie des Sciences Paris, 207: 1115-1117.

Deflandre, G. & Deflandre-Rigaud, M., (1956). Micrascidites manip. nov., sclerites de Didemnides (Ascidies, Tuniciers) fossiles due Lutétian du Bassin Parisien et du Balcombien d'Australia. Compte Rendue Sommaire de la Société Géologique de France, 1956: 47-48.

Deflandre, G. & Deflandre-Rigaud, M., (1959). Présence de nannoconidés dans le Crétacé supérieur du Bassin Parisien. Revue de Micropaleontologie, 2: 175-180.

Deflandre, G. & Deflandre-Rigaud, M., (1962). Remarques sur l'évolution des Nannoconidés à propos de quelques nouveaux types du Crétacé inferieur de Haute-Provence. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences, Paris, 255: 2948-2951.

Deflandre, G. & Fert, C., (1954). Observations sur les coccolithophoridés actuels et fossiles en microscopie ordinaire et électronique. Annales de Paléontologie, 40: 115-176.

Delacotte, O.; Renard, M.; Laj, C. & Perch-Nielsen, K., (1985). Magnetostratigraphie et biostratigraphie du passage Cretace-Tertiaire de la coupe de Bidart (Pyrenees Atlantiques). (Magnetostratigraphy and biostratigraphy of the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary from Bidart Section (Atlantic Pyrenees). Geologique de la France, 3: 243-254.

Delgado, M. & Fortuño, J.-M., (1991). Atlas de Fitoplanton del Mar Mediterráneo, Barcelona, 133 pp.

Delille, B. & others, (2005). Response of primary production and calcification to changes of pCO2 during experimental blooms of the coccolithophorid Emiliania huxleyi. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 19: 1-14.

van der Spoel, S.; Bleeker, J. & Kobayasi, H., (1993). From Cavolinia longirostris to twenty four Diacavolinia taxa, with a phylogenetic discussion. Bijdragen tot der Dierkunda, 63(3): 127-166.

van der Wal, P.; de Jong, E.W. & Westbroek, P., (1983). Ultrastructural polysaccharide localization in calcifying and naked cells of the coccolithophorid Emiliania huxleyi. Protoplasma, 118(157-168).

van der Wal, P.; de Jong, E.W.; Westbroek, P.; de Bruijn, W.C. & Mulder-Stapel, A.A., (1983). Polysaccharide localization, coccolith formation, and Golgi dynamics in the coccolithophorid Hymenomonas carterae. Journal of Ultrastructural Research, 85: 139-158.

van der Wal, P.; de Jong, E.W.; Westbroek, P.; de Bruijn, W.C. & Mulder-Stapel, A.A., (1983). Ultrastructural polysaccharide localization in calcifying and naked cells of the coccolithophorid Emiliania huxleyi. Protoplasma, 118: 157-168.

van der Wal, P.; Kempers, R. & Veldhuis, M., (1995). Production and downward flux of organic matter and calcite in a North Sea bloom of the coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 126: 247-265.

Deres, F. & Achéritéguy, J., (1980). Biostratigraphie des Nannoconides. Bulletin des Centres de Recherches Exploration-Production Elf-Aquitaine, 4: 1-53.

Desor, E., (1847). Sur le terrain danien, nouvel étage de la Craie. Bulletin de la Societe Géologique de France, 4: 179-182.

Di Nocera, S. & Scandone, P., (1977). Triassic nannoplankton limestones of deep basin origin in the Central Mediterranean region. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 21: 101-111.

di Stefano, A. & Sturiale, G., (2010). Refinements of calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy at the Miocene/Pliocene Boundary in the Mediterranean region. Geobios, 43: 5-20.

Dias-Brito, D., (2000). Global stratigraphy, palaeobiogeography and palaeoecology of Albian–Maastrichtian pithonellid calcispheres: impact on Tethys configuration. Cretaceous Research, 21: 315-349.

Dickson, A.G., (2010). The carbon dioxide system in seawater: equilibrium chemistry and measurements. In: Riebesell, U. et al. (Editors), Guide to best practices for ocean acidifcation research and data reporting. European Union, Luxembourg, pp. 17-40.

Didymus, J.M. & Young, J.R., (1994). A net for the construction of model calcite rhombohedra. International Nannoplankton Association Newsletter, 16(2).

Didymus, J.M.; Young, J.R. & Mann, S., (1994). Construction and morphogenesis of the chiral ultrastructure of coccoliths from marine alga Emiliania huxleyi. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences, 258: 237-245.

Díez, B.; Pedrós-Alió, C.; Marsh, T.L. & Massana, R., (2001). Application of Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis (DGGE) to study the diversity of marine picoeukaryotic assemblages and comparison of DGGE with other molecular techniques. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 67(7): 2942-2951.

Dimiza, M.D.; Triantaphyllou, M. & Dermitzakis, M., (2004). Seasonality and ecology of living coccolithophores in Eastern Mediterranean coastal environments (Andros Island, Middle Aegean Sea) Micropaleontology, 50(supplement 1): 159-175.

Dimiza, M.D. & others, (2016). The composition and distribution of living coccolithophores in the Aegean Sea (NE Mediterranean). Micropaleontology, 61(6): 521-540.

Dimiza, M.D.; Triantaphyllou, M. & Theodoridis, S., (2005). Sphaerocalyptra dermitzakii and Sphaerocalyptra youngii, two new holococcolithophore species from the Aegean Sea (eastern Mediterranean). Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 27(2): 135-139.

Dimiza, M.D.; Triantaphyllou, M.V. & Malinverno, E., (2014). New evidence for the ecology of Helicosphaera carteri in polluted coastal environments (Elefsis Bay, Saronikos Gulf, Greece). Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 34(special): 37-43.

Dittert, N.; Baumann, K.-H.; Bickert, T.; Henrich, R.; Huber, R.; Kinkel, H. & Meggers, H., (2000). Carbonate dissolution in the deep-sea: Methods, quatification and paleoceanographic application. In: Fischer, G. and Wefer, G. (Editors), Use of Proxies in Paleoceanography: Examples from the South Atlantic. Springer Verlag.

Dixon, H.H., On the structure of coccospheres and the origin of coccoliths. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences, 64: 305-315.

Dockerill, H.J., (1987). Triscutum, a distinctive new coccolith from the Jurassic. Bulletin des Centres de Recherches Exploration-Production Elf-Aquitaine, 11: 127-131.

Doeven, P.H., (1983). Cretaceous nannofossil stratigraphy and paleoecology of the Canadian Atlantic Margin. Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Canada, 356: 1-70.

Dollfus, D. & Beaufort, L., (1999). Fast neural network for recognition of position-normalised objects. Neural Networks, 12: 553-560.

Dong, L.F.; Nimer, N.A.; Okus, E. & Merrett, M.J., (1993). Dissolved inorganic carbon utilization in relation to calcite production in Emiliania huxleyi (Lohmann) Kamptner. New Phytologist, 123: 679-684.

Donovan, D.T.; Curtis, M.T. & Curtis, S.A., (1989). A psiloceratid ammonite from the supposed Triassic Penarth Group of Avon, England. Palaeontology, 32: 231-235.

Downie, C., (1956). Microplankton from the Kimeridge Clay. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society, 112: 413-434.

Dowsett, H.J., (1988). Diachrony of Late Neogene microfossils in the Southwest Pacific Ocean: Application of the Graphic Correlation Method. Paleoceanography, 3: 209-222.

Dowsett, H.J., (1989). Documentation of the Santonian-Campanian and Austinian-Tayloran Stage Boundaries in Mississippi and Alabama Using Calcareous Microfossils. US Geological Survey Bulletin, 1884: 1-34.

Dowsett, H.J., (1989). Application of the graphic correlation method to Pliocene marine sequences. Marine Micropaleontology, 14: 3-32.

Driever, B.W.M., (1988). Calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy and paleoenvironmental interpretation of the Mediterranean Pliocene. Utrecht Micropaleontological Bulletin, 36: 245.

Droop, M.R., (1953). On the ecology of flagellates from some brackish and fresh-water pools of Finland. Acta Botanica Fennica, 51: 3-52.

Droop, M.R., (1955). Some new supra-littoral protista. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 34: 233-245.

Duan, W., (1985). Calcareous nannofossils from two deep-sea cores in the northern South China Sea. Acta Micropalaeontologica Sinica, 2: 92-102.

Dufour, T., (1968). Quelques remarques sur les organismes incertae sedis de la famille des Calcisphaerulidae Bonet (1956). . Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences, 266: 1947-1949.

Dumont, A., (1849). Rapport sur la carte géologique de la Belgique. Bulletin de l'Academia Royale des Sciences des Lettres et des Beaux Artes de Bruxelles, 16: 351-373.

Dunkley Jones, T.; Bown, P.R. & Pearson, P., (2009). Exceptionally well preserved upper Eocene to lower Oligocene calcareous nannofossils (Prymnesiophycidae) from the Pande Formation (Kilwa Group), Tanzania. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 7(4): 359-411.

Durand Delga, M., (1957). Quleques remarques sur les Fibrosphères. Publ. Serv. Carte Géol. Algerie Trav Collab., n.s. Bull, 13: 153-164.

Edvardsen, B.; Eikrem, W.; Green, J.C.; Andersen, R.A.; Moon-Van Der Staay, S.Y. & Medlin, L.K., (2000). Phylogenetic reconstructions of the Haptophyta inferred from 18S ribosomal DNA sequences and available morphological data. Phycologia, 39: 19-35.

Edvardsen, B.; Eikrem, W.; Throndsen, J.; Sáez, A.G.; Probert, I. & Medlin, L.K., (2011). Ribosomal DNA phylogenies and a morphological revision provide the basis for a revised taxonomy of the Prymnesiales (Haptophyta). European Journal of Phycology, 46(3): 202-228.

Edvardsen, B. & Medlin, L.K., (2007). Molecular systematics of Haptophyta. In: Brodie, J. and Lewis, J. (Editors), Unravelling the algae the past, present, and future of algal systematics. Systematics Association Special Volume Series, London, New York, pp. 183-196.

Edvardsen, B. & Vaulot, D., (1996). Ploidy analysis of the two motile forms of Chrysocromulina polylepis (Prymnesiophyceae). Journal of Phycology, 32: 94-102.

Edwards, A.R., (1963). A preparation technique for calcareous nannoplankton. Micropaleontology, 9(1): 103-104.

Edwards, A.R., (1971). A calcareous nannoplankton zonation of the New Zealand Palaeogene. In: Farinacci, A. (Editor), Proceedings of the Second Planktonic Conference Roma 1971. Edizioni Tecnoscienza, Rome, 1, pp. 381-419.

Edwards, A.R., (1973). Key species of New Zealand calcareous nannofossils. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 16: 68-89.

Edwards, A.R. & Perch-Nielsen, K., (1975). Calcareous nannofossils from the southern Southwest Pacific, Deep Sea Drilling Project, Leg 29. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 29: 469-539.

Edwards, L. & others, (2000). Supplement to the preliminary stratigraphic database for subsurface sediments of Dorchester county, South Carolina (http://pubs.usgs.gov/openfile/of00-049/ChapB/T_CN_dat.htm). U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report(00-049-B): 1-2.

Egge, J.K. & Aksnes, D.L., (1992). Silicate as regulating nutrient in phytoplankton competition. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 83: 281-289.

Egge, J.K. & Heimdal, B.R., (1994). Blooms of phytoplankton including Emiliania huxleyi (Haptophyta). Effects of nutrient supply in diferent N : P Ratios. Sarsia, 79: 333-348.

Ehrenberg, C.G., (1836). Bemerkugen über feste mikroscopische anorganische Formen in den erdigen und derben Mineralien. Abhandlungen der Königlich-Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften: 84-85.

Ehrenberg, C.G., (1836). Über das Leuchten des Meeres. Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Berlin(1834): 411–575.

Ehrenberg, C.G., (1843). Über die verbreitung des jetzt wirkenden kleinsten organischen lebens in Asien, Australien und Afrika und über die vorherrschende bildung auch des oolithkalkes der Juraformation aus kleinen polythalamischen thieren. Ber. Verh. Preuss. Akad. Berlin 1843: 100-106.

Ehrenberg, C.G., (1854). Mikrogeologie: Das Erden und Felsen schaffende Wirken des unsichtbar kleinen selbständigen Lebens auf der Erde. Leopold Voss, Leipzig, 374 pp.

Eikrem, W., (1996). Chrysochromulina throndsenii sp. nov. (Prymnesiophyceae). Description of a new haptophyte flagellate from Norwegian waters. Phycologia, 35: 377-380.

Eikrem, W. & Edvardsen, B., (1999). Chrysochromulina fragaria sp. nov. (Prymnesiophyceae), a new haptophyte flagellate from Norwegian waters. Phycologia, 38: 149-155.

Eikrem, W. & Moestrup, Ø., (1998). Structural analysis of the flagellar apparatus and the scaly periplast in Chrysochromulina scutellum sp. nov. (Prymnesiophyceae, Haptophyta) from the Skagerrak and the Baltic. Phycologia, 37: 132-153.

Eikrem, W. & Throndsen, J., (1999). The morphology of Chrysochromulina rotalis sp. nov. (Prymnesiophyceae, Haptophyta), isolated from the Skagerrak. Sarsia, 84: 445-449.

Eldredge, N., (1971). The allopatric model and phylogeny in Paleozoic invertebrates. Evolution : International Journal of Organic Evolution, 25: 156-167.

Eldredge, N. & Gould, S.J., (1972). Punctuated equilibria: an alternative to phyletic gradualism. In: Schopf, T.J.M. (Editor), Models in Paleobiology. Freeman, Cooper, and Co., San Francisco, pp. 82-115.

Ellis, C.H.; Lohman, W.H. & Wray, J.L., (1972). Upper Cenozoic calcareous nannofossils from the Gulf of Mexico (Deep Sea Drilling Project, Leg 1, Site 3). Colorado School of Mines Quarterly, 67: 1-103.

Ellis, C.H. & Lohmann, W.H., (1973). Toweius petalosus new species, a Paleocene calcareous nannofossil from Alabama. Tulane Studies in Geology and Paleontology, 10: 107-110.

van Emburg, P.R.; de Jong, E.W. & Daems, W.T., (1986). Immunochemical localization of a polysaccharide from biomineral structures (coccoliths) of Emiliania huxleyi. J. Ultrastruct. Molecular Struct. Res., 94(246-259).

Emelyanov, E.M. & Shimkus, K.M., (1986). Geochemistry and Sedimentology of the Mediterranean Sea. D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, 553 pp.

Emiliani, C., (1993). Viral extinctions in deep-sea species. Nature, 366: 217-218.

Engel, A., (2002). Direct relationship between CO2 uptake and transparent exopolymer particles production in natural phytoplankton. Journal of Plankton Research, 24(1): 49-53.

Engel, A.; Abramson, L.; Szlosek, J.; Liu, Z.; Stewart, G.; Hirschberg, D. & Lee, C., (2009). Investigating the effect of ballasting by CaCO3 in Emiliania huxleyi, II: Decomposition of particulate organic matter. Deep-Sea Research. Part 2, Topical studies in oceanography, 56: 1408-1419.

Engel, A.; Delille, B.; Jacquet, S.; Riebesell, U.; Rochelle-Newall, E.; Terbrüggen, A. & Zondervan, I., (2004). Transparent exopolymer particles and dissolved organic carbon production by Emiliania huxleyi exposed to different CO2 concentrations: a mesocosm experiment. Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 34: 93-104.

Engel, A.; Dellile, B.; Jacquet, S.; Riebesell, U.; Rochelle-Newall, E.; Terbrüggen, A. & Zondervan, I., (submitted). Excess carbon production and particle aggregation during a bloom experiment with the coccolithophorid Emiliania huxleyi.

Engel, A.; Szlosek, J.; Abramson, L.; Liu, Z. & Lee, C., (2009). Investigating the effect of ballasting by CaCO3 in Emiliania huxleyi: I. Formation, settling velocities and physical properties of aggregates. Deep-Sea Research. Part 2, Topical studies in oceanography, 56: 1396-1407.

Engel, A. & others, (2005). Testing the direct effect of CO2 concentration on a bloom of the coccolithophorid Emiliania huxleyi in mesocosm experiments. Limnology and Oceanography, 50(2): 493-507.

Ennyu, A.; Arthur, M.A. & Pagani, M., (2002-proof). Fine-fraction carbonate isotopes as indicators of seasonal shallow mixed-layer paleohydrography. Marine Micropaleontology, XXX: XXX-XXX.

Epstein, S. & López-García, P., (2008). "Missing" protists: a molecular prospective. Biodiversity and Conservation, 17(2): 261-276.

Erba, E., (1992). Middle Cretaceous calcareous nannofossils from the western Pacific (ODP Leg 129): evidence for palaeoequatorial crossings. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 129: 189-201.

Erba, E., (1994). Nannofossils and superplumes: The Early Aptian "nannoconid crisis". . Paleoceanography, 9(483-501).

Erba, E.; Bottini, C.; Weissert, H.J. & Keller, C.E., (2010). Calcareous Nannoplankton Response to Surface-Water Acidification Around Oceanic Anoxic Event 1a. Science, 329: 428-432.

Erba, E.; Castradori, D.; Guasti, G. & Ripepe, M., (1992). Calcareous nannofossils and Milankovitch cycles: the example of the Albian Gault Clay Formation (Southern England). Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 93: 47-69.

Erba, E. & others, (1999). Integrated stratigraphy of the Cismon APTICORE (southern Alps, Italy): a “reference section” for the Barremian–Aptian interval at low latitudes. Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 29: 371-391.

Erba, E. & Covington, J.M., (1992). Calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of Mesozoic sediments recovered from the Western Pacific, Leg 129. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 129: 179-178.

Erez, J., (2003). The source of ions for biomineralization in foraminifera and their implications for paleoceanographic proxies. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 54.

Eshet, Y., (1996). Obtaining rich nonnofossil assemblages from "barren" samples: Processing organic-rich rocks in Nannofossil investigations. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 18(1): 17-21.

Eshet, Y. & Almogi-Labin, A., (1996). Calcareous nannofossils as palaeoproductivity indicators in Upper Cretaceous organic-rich sequences in Israel. Marine Micropaleontology, 29: 37-62.

Eshet, Y. & Moshkovitz, S., (1995). New nannofossil biostratigraphy for Upper Cretaceous organic-rich carbonates in Israel. Micropaleontology, 41: 321-341.

Estep, K.W.; Davis, P.G.; Hargraves, P.E. & Sieburth, J.M., (1984). Chloroplast containing microflagellates in natural populations of North Atlantic nanoplankton, their identification and distribution, including a description of five new species of Chrysochromulina (Prymnesiophyceae). Protistologica, 20: 613-634.

Estrada, M., (1985). Deep phytoplancton and chorophyll maxima in the Western Mediterranean. In: Kiortsis, V. and Moraitou-Apostolopou, M. (Editors), Mediterraneanean Marine Ecosystems. Plenum Press, London, pp. 247-277.

Estrada, M., (1991). Phytoplankton assemblages across a NW Mediterranean Front: changes from winter mixing to spring stratification. In: Ros, J.D. and Prat, N. (Editors), Homage to Ramón Margalef. Or: Why there is such pleasure in studying nature. Oecologia aquatica, pp. 157-185.

Estrada, M., (2001). Hidrodinàmica i fitoplàncton en el Mar Català. Memòries de la Reial Acadèmia de Ciències i Arts de Barcelona., 58(6): 187-247.

Estrada, M.; Marrasé, C. & Salat, J., (1996). In vivo Fluorescence/chlorophyll a ratio as an ecological indicator in oceanography. Scientia Marina, 60: 317-325.

Estrada, M. & Salat, J., (1989). Phytoplankton assemblages of deep and surface water layers in a Mediterranean frontal zone. Scientia Marina, 53: 203-214.

Eynaud, F.; Giraudeau, J.; Pichon, J.-J. & Pudsey, C.J., (1999). Sea-surface distribution of coccolithophores, diatoms, silicoflagellates and dinoflagellates in the South Atlantic Ocean during the late austral summer 1995. Deep-Sea Research. Part 1, Oceanographic research papers, 46(451-482).

Fabry, V.; McClintock, J.B.; Mathis, J.T. & Grebmeier, J.M., (2009). Ocean acidification at High latitudes: The Bellwether. Oceanography, 22(4).

Fadiya, L.S., (2013). Two new short-ranged Calcidiscus species from the offshore marine Neogene Niger Delta sequences. Micropaleontology, 58(6): 539-542.

Fagerbakke, K.M.; Heldal, M.; Norland, S.; Heimdal, B.R. & Batvik, H., (1994). Emiliania huxleyi. Chemical composition and size of coccoliths from enclosure experiments and Norwegian fjord. Sarsia, 79: 349-355.

Falkowski, P.G., (2000). Rationalizing elemental ratios in unicellular algae. Journal of Phycology, 36: 3-6.

Falkowski, P.G., (2002). The ocean´s invisible forest. Scientific American(August): 54-61.

Falkowski, P.G.; Barber, R.T. & Smetacek, V., (1998). Biogeochemical Controls and Feedbacks on Ocean Primary Production. Science, 281: 200-206.

Falkowski, P.G. & Knoll, A.H., (2007). Evolution of primary produrs in the sea. Academic Press, 1-441 pp.

Falkowski, P.G.; Knoll, A.H.; Quigg, A.; Raven, J.A.; Schofield, O. & Taylor, F.J.R., (2004). The Evolution of Modern Eukaryotic Phytoplankton. Science, 354-360.

Falkowski, P.G. & others, (2000). The global Carbon cycle: A test of our knowledge of earth as a system. Science, 290: 291-296.

Falkowski, P.G. & de Vargas, C., (2004). Shotgun sequencing in the sea: A blast from the past? Science, 304: 58-60.

Farhan, A., (1987). Evolutionary Trend of the Genus Lithastrinus to the Genus Uniplanarius. Abhandlungen der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 39: 57-65.

Farhan, A.J.; Burnett, J.A.; Bown, P.R. & Lord, A.R., (1994). Holococcoliths from the Upper Cretaceous of Alabama and Mississippi (USA). Cahiers de Micropaleontologie, 9(57-73).

Farinacci, A., (1969). The smallest planktonic calcareous forms of Jurassic micrites. In: Bronnimann, P. and Renz, H.H. (Editors), Proceedings of the First International Conference on Planktonic Microfossils. E. J. Brill, Leiden, Geneva, pp. 224-228.

Farinacci, A., (1969 et seq.). Catalogue of calcareous nannofossils. Edizioni Tecnoscienza, Roma.

Farinacci, A., (1971). Round Table on calcareous Nannoplankton.Roma, September 23-28, 1970. In: Farinacci, A. (Editor), Procedings of the II Planktonic Conference. Roma 1.970. Ed. Tecnoscienza, Roma, pp. 1343-1369.

Feely, R.A.; Sabine, C.L.; Lee, K.; Berelson, W.; Jleypas, J.; Fabry, V.J. & Millero, F.J., (2004). Impact of Anthropogenic CO2 on the CaCO3 System in the Oceans. Science, 305: 362-366.

Felsenstein, J., (1985). Confidence limits on phylogenies: an approach using the bootstrap. Evolution, 39: 783-791.

Feng, Y.; Warner, M.E.; Y., Z.; J., S.; F., F.; Rose, J.M. & Hutchins, D.A., (2008). Interactive effects of increased pCO2, temperature and irradiance on the marine coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi (Prymnesiophyceae). European Journal of Phycology, 43(1): 87-98.

Fensome, R.A.; Taylor, F.J.R.; Norris, G.; Sarjeant, W.A.S.; Wharton, D.I. & Williams, G.L., (1993). A classification of living and fossil dinoflagellates. Micropaleontology; Special Publication, 7: 1-351.

Fernandez, E.; Boyd, P.; Holligan, P. & Harbour, D.S., (1993). Production of organic and inorganic carbon within a large-scale coccolithophore bloom in the northeast Atlantic Ocean. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 97: 271-285.

Fernandez, E.; Marañon, E. & Balch, W.M., (1996). Intracellular partitioning in the coccoccolithophorid Emiliania huxleyi. Journal of Marine Systems, 9: 57-66.

Fernando, A.G.S., (2014). Taxonomic note: Watznaueria okadai, a newspecies of calcareous nannofossil from the Vocontian Basin, southeastern France. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 1(47): 48.

Fernando, A.G.S. & Okada, H., (2007). New calcareous nannofossil species from the Cretaceous Budden Canyon Formation, Great Valley Sequence, northern California (USA). Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 29(1): 1-4.

Fileman, E.S.; Cummings, D.G. & Llewellyn, C.A., (2002). Microplankton community structure and the impact of microzooplankton grazing during an Emiliania huxleyi bloom, off the Devon coast. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 82: 359-368.

Filewicz, M.V., (1985). Calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of the Middle America Trench and slope, Deep Sea Drilling Project Leg 84. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 84: 339-361.

Filipescu, M. & Dragastan, O., (1963). Asupra prezentei unor depozite cu Nannoconus in sedimentele Jurasico-Cretacice din R. P. Romina. [On the presences of deposits of Nannoconus in the Jurassic-Cretaceous sediments of Romania]. Acad. Rep. Pop. Romine, Inst. Geol. si Geogr., Stud. si Cerc. Geol, 8: 185-193.

Filipescu, M. & Hanganu, E., (1960). Sur les Discoastérides du Tertiare du N-O de l'Olténie. Rev. Géol Géogr. Acad. Rep. Pop. Roumanie, 4(2): 217-232.

Findlay, C.S., (1998). Living and fossil calcareous nannoplankton from the Australian sector of the Southern Ocean: Implications for paleoceanography. PhD Thesis, Tasmania.

Findlay, C.S. & Flores, J.A., (2001). Subtropical front fluctuations south of Australia (45°09'S, 146°17'E) for the last 130ka years based on calcareous nannoplankton. Marine Micropaleontology, 40(4): 403-416.

Findlay, C.S. & Giraudeau, J., (2001). Extant calcareous nannoplankton in the Australian sector of the Southern Ocean (austral summers 1994 and 1995). Marine Micropaleontology, 40(4): 417-439.

Findlay, C.S.; Young, J.R. & Scott, F.J., (2005). Haptophtyes: Order Coccolithophorales. In: Scott, F.J. and Marchant, H.J. (Editors), Antartcic Marine Protists. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra, pp. 276-294.

Finkel, Z.V.; Sebbo, J.; Feist-Burkhardt, S.; Irwin, A.J.; Katz, M.E.; Schofield, O. & Young, J.R., (2007). A universal driver of macroevolutionary change in the size of marine phytoplankton over the Cenozoic Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America, 104(51): 20416-20420.

Fiorini, S.; Middelburg, J.J. & Gattuso, J.-P., (2011). Effects of elevated CO2 partial pressure and temperature on the coccolithophore Syracosphaera pulchra. Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 64: 221-232.

Fiorini, S.; Middelburg, J.J. & Gattuso, J.-P., (2011). Testing the effects of elevated pCO2 on coccolithophores (Prymnesiophyceae): comparison between haploid and diploid life stages. Journal of Phycology, 47: 1281-1291.

Firth, J.V., (1989). Eocene and Oligocene calcareous nannofossils from the Labrador Sea, ODP Leg 105. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 105: 263-286.

Firth, J.V. & Wise, S.W., (1992). A preliminary study of the evolution of Chiasmolithus in the Middle Eocene to Oligocene of sites 647 and 748. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 120: 494-508.

Fischer, A.G.; Honjo, S. & Garrison, R.E., (1967). Electron micrographs of limestones and their nannofossils. Princeton University Press, Princeton.

Fisher, C.G.; Hay, W.W. & Eicher, D.L., (1994). Oceanic front in the Greenhorn Sea (late middle through late Cenomanian). Paleoceanography, 9: 879-892.

Fisher, N.S. & Honjo, S., (1989). Intraspecific differences in temperature and salinity responses in the coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi. Biological Oceanography, 6: 355-361.

Flores, J.A.; Gersonde, R. & Sierro, F.J., (1999). Pleistocene fluctuations in the Agulhas Current retroflections based on the calcareous plankton record. Marine Micropaleontology, 37: 1-22.

Flores, J.A.; Gersonde, R.; Sierro, F.J. & Niebler, H.-S., (2001). Southern Ocean Pleistocene calcareous nannofossil events: calibration with isotope and geomagnetic stratigraphies. Marine Micropaleontology, 40: 377-402.

Flores, J.A. & Sierro, F.J., (1997). revised technique for calculation of calcreous nannofossil accumulation rates. Micropaleontology, 43(3): 321-324.

Flores, J.A.; Sierro, F.J.; Francés, G.; Vázquez, A. & Zamarreño, I., (1997). The last 100.000 years in the western Mediterranean: sea surface water and frontal dynamics as revealed by coccolithophores. Marine Micropaleontology, 29: 351-366.

Fonseca, B., (1976). Coccolithus taganus, nouvelle espece de Coccolithopohride du Miocene de Lisbonne. Boletim de Sociedade Geologica de Portugal, 20: 29-32.

Font, J.; Julià, A.; Rovira, J.; Salat, J. & Sánchez-Pardo, J., (1986-1987). Circulación marina en la plataforma continental del Ebro determinada a partir de la distribución de masas de agua y los microcontaminantes orgánicos en el sedimento. Acta Geològica Hispànica, 21-22: 483-489.

Font, J.; Salat, J. & Tintoré, J., (1988). Permanent features of the circulation in the Catalan Sea. Oceanologica Acta, 9: 51-57.

Forchheimer, S., (1968). Die Coccolithen des Gault-Cenoman, Cenoman und Turon in der Bohrung Höllviken I, Süd-west-Schweden. Sveriges Geologiska Undersokning, ser C635, 62(6): 1-64.

Forchheimer, S., (1970). Scanning electron microscope studies of some Cenomanian coccospheres and coccoliths from Bornholm (Denmark) and Köpingsberg (Sweden). Sveriges Geologiska Undersokning, Arsbok, 64(4): 1-43.

Forchheimer, S., (1972). Scanning electron microscope studies of Cretaceous coccoliths from the Köpingsberg Borehole No. 1, SE Sweden. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning; Series C, #668, 65: 1-141.

Forchheimer, S. & Stradner, H., (1973). Scampanella, a new genus of Cretaceous nannofossils. Verhandlungen der Geologischen Bundesanstalt (Wien), 2: 286-289.

Forey, P.L., (2001). The PhyloCode: description and commentary. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, 58(2): 81-96.

Fornaciari, E. & Agnini, C., (2009). Taxonomic note: Sphenolithus pseudoheteromorphus, a new Miocene calcareous nannofossil species from the equatorial Indian Ocean. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 30(2): 97-101.

Fornaciari, E.; Agnini, C.; Catanzariti, R.; Rio, D.; Bolla, E.M. & Valvasoni, E., (2010). Mid- Latitude calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy and biochronology across the middle to late Eocene transition. Stratigraphy, 7(4): 229-264.

Fornaciari, E.; di Stefano, A.; Rio, D. & Negri, A., (1996). Middle Miocene quantitative calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy in the Mediterranean region. Micropaleontology, 42: 38-64.

Fornaciari, E.; Raffi, I.; Rio, D.; Villa, G.; Backman, J. & Olafsson, G., (1990). Quantitative distribution patterns of Oligocene and Miocene calcareous nannofossils from the western equatorial Indian Ocean. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 115: 237-254.

Fornaciari, E. & Rio, D., (1996). Latest Oligocene to early Middle Miocene quantitative calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy in the Mediterranean region. Micropaleontology, 42: 1-37.

Fournier, R.O., (1971). Chrysocampanula spinifera gen. et sp. nov. (Prymnesiophyceae), a new marine haptophyte from the Bay of Chaleurs, Quebec. Phycologia, 10: 89-92.

Frada, M.; Not, F.; Probert, I. & de Vargas, C., (2006). CaCO3 optical detection with fluorescent in situ hybridization: a new method to identify and quantify calcifying microorganisms from the oceans. Journal of Phycology, 42(1): 1162-1169.

Frada, M.; Percopo, I.; Young, J.R.; Zingone, A.; de Vargas, C. & Probert, I., (2009). First observations of heterococcolithophore-holococcolithophore life cycle combinations in the family Pontosphaeraceae (Calcihaptophycideae, Haptophyta). Marine Micropaleontology, 71(1): 20-27.

Frada, M.; Probert, I.; Allen, M.J.; Wilson, W.H. & de Vargas, C., (2009). The “Cheshire Cat” escape strategy of the coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi in response to viral infection. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 105(41): 15944-15949.

Frada, M. & others, (2010). A guide to extant coccolithophores (Calcihaptophycidae, Haptophyta) using light microscopy. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 31(3): 58-112.

Fraguas, A., (2014). Crepidolithus cantabriensis nov. sp., a new calcareous nannofossil (Prymnesiophyceae) from the Lower Jurassic of northern Spain. Geobios, 47: 31-38.

Fraguas, A. & Young, J.R., (2011). Evolution of the coccolith genus Lotharingius during the Late Pliensbachian - Early Toarcian interval in Asturias (N Spain). Consequences of the Early Toarcian extinction event. Geobios, 44(4): 361-375.

Franklin, D.C. & Marchant, H.J., (1995). Parmales in sediments of Prydz Bay, East Antarctica: a new biofacies and paleoenvironmental indicator of cold water deposition? Micropaleontology, 41: 89-94.

Franklin, D.J.; Poulton, A.J.; Steinke, M.; Young, J.R.; Peeken, I. & Malin, G., (2009). Dimethylsulphide, DMSP-lyase activity and microplankton community structure inside and outside of the Mauritanian upwelling. Progress in Oceanography, 83(1-4): 134-142.

Franklin, D.J.; Steinke, M.; Young, J.R.; Probert, I. & Malin, G., (2010). Dimethylsulphoniopropionate (DMSP), DMSP-lyase activities (DLAs) and dimethylsulphide (DMS) in 10 species of coccolithophore. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 410(1): 13-23.

Fresnel, J., (1986). Nouvelles observations sur une Coccolithacée rare: Cruciplacolithus neohelis (McIntyre et Bé) Reinhardt (Prymnesiophyceae). Protistologica, 22(2): 193-204.

Fresnel, J., (1989). Les Coccolithophorides (Prymnesiophyceae) du littoral: Genres: Cricosphaera, Pleurochrysis, Cruciplacolithus, Hymenomonas et Ochrosphaera.Ultraestructure, cycle biologique, systenatique, Caen.

Fresnel, J., (1994). A heteromorphic life cycle in two coastal coccolithophorids, Hymenomonas lacuna and Hymenomonas coronata (Prymnesiophyceae). Canadian Journal of Botany, 72: 1455-1462.

Fresnel, J. & Billard, C., (1991). Pleurochrysis placolithoides sp. nov. (Prymnesiophiceae), a new marine coccolithophorid with remarks on the status of cricolith-bearing species. British Phycological Journal, 26: 67-80.

Fresnel, J. & Probert, I., (2005). The ultrastructure and life cycle of the coastal coccolithophorid Ochrosphaera neapolitana (Prymnesiophyceae). European Journal of Phycology, 40(1): 105-122.

Fresnel, J.; Probert, I. & Billard, C., (2001). Prymnesium faveolatum sp. nov. (Prymnesiophyceae), a new toxic species from the Mediterranean Sea. Vie et Milieu, 51: 89-97.

Friedinger, P.J.J. & Winter, A., (1987). Distribution of modern coccolithophore assemblages in the Southwest Indian Ocean off Southern Africa. . Journal of Micropalaeontology, 6(1): 49-56.

Fritz, J.J., (1999). Carbon fixation and coccolith detachment in the coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi in nitrate-limited cyclostats. Marine Biology, 133: 509-518.

Frydas, D.; Hemleben, C. & Bellas, S.M., (2002). Distribution of calcareous nannofossils in the sparopel layers of hole 69-2SL, Meteor cruise 40/4, Eastern Mediterranean Sea. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 24(3): 203-211.

Fuchs, R. & Stradner, H., (1977). Uber Nannofossilien im Badenien (Mittelmiozan) der zentralen Paratethys. Beiträge zur Paläontologie von Österreichs, 2: 1-58.

Fuchs, T., (1894). Tertiaerfossilien aus den kohlefuhrenden Miocaenablagerungen der Umgebung von Krapina und Radoboj und uber die Stellung der sogennanten 'Aquitanischen Stufe'. Min Jb Kung geol Anst, 10: 161-175.

Fuertes, M.A.; Flores, J.A. & Sierro, F.J., (2013). A new technique for observing calcreous nannofssolis: methodology and applications. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 33(INA 14 Abstracts): 59.

Fujiwara, S. & others, (2007). Gene expression profiling of coccolith-bearing cells and naked cells in haptophyte Pleurochrysis haptonemofera with a cDNA macroarray system. Mar Biotechnol (NY), 9(5): 550-60.

Fujiwara, S.; Tsuzuki, M.; Kawachi, M.; Minaka, N. & Inouye, I., (2001). Molecular phylogeny of the haptophyta based on the rbcL gene and sequence variation in the spacer region of the RUBISCO operon. Journal of Phycology, 37: 121-129.

Funnell, B.M. & Riedel, W.R., (1971). The micropalaeontology of oceans. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 828 pp.

Furrazola, G. & Iturralde, M.A., (1967). Estudio micropaleontologico del Oligoceno superior de Cuba, en el Pozo Pijuan No. 47. Rev. Technologica (Havana), 5: 3-11.

Furrazola, G. & Kriesel, K., (1972). Disocasteridosy Braarudosferidos de la formacion Universidad Eoceno Inferior de Cuba. Ministerio de Minerias, Combustibles y Metalurgia, Publicacion Especial, 6: 1-51.

Fütterer, D.K., (1976). Kalkige Dinoflagellaten ("Calciodinelloideae") und die systematische Stellung der Thoracosphaeroideae. Calcareous dinoflagellates ("Calciodinelloideae") and the taxonomic position of the Thoracosphaeroideae. . Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen, 151(2): 119-141.

Fütterer, D.K., (1977). Distribution of calcareous dinoflagellates in Cenozoic sediments of Site 366, eastern North Atlantic. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 41: 709-737.

Fütterer, D.K., (1978). Kalkige Dinoflagellaten ("Calciodinelloideae") und die systematische Stellung der Thoracosphaeroideae. Neues Jahrbuch fuer Geologie und Palaontologie, Monatschefte, 9: 513-524.

Fütterer, D.K., (1984). Pithonelloid calcareous dinoflagellates from the Upper Cretaceous and Cenozoic of the southeastern Atlantic Ocean, Deep Sea Drilling Project Leg 74. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 74: 533-541.

Fütterer, D.K., (1990). Distribution of calcareous dinoflagellates at the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary of Queen Maud Rise, eastern Weddell Sea, Antarctica (ODP Leg 113). Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 113: 533-548.

Gaarder, K.R., (1954). Coccolithineae, Silicoflagellatae, Pterospermataceae and other forms from the Michael Sars North Atlantic Deep Sea Expedition 1910. Report on the Scientific Results of the ‘‘Michael Sars’’ North Atlantic Deep Sea Expedition 1910, 2: 1-20.

Gaarder, K.R., (1962). Electron Microscope Studies on Holococcolithophorids. Nytt Magasin for Botanikk, 10: 35-51.

Gaarder, K.R., (1967). Observations on the genus Ophiaster Gran (Coccolithineae). Sarsia, 29: 183-192.

Gaarder, K.R., (1970). Three new taxa of Coccolithineae. Nytt Magasin for Botanikk, 17(2): 113-126.

Gaarder, K.R., (1973). Light and scanning electron microscope observations on Rhabdothorax regale (GAARDER) GAARDER nov. comb. Norwegian Journal of Botany, 20: 89-97.

Gaarder, K.R., (1983). Validation of Homozygosphaera halldalii. Newsletter of the International Nannoplankton Association, 5(2): 50.

Gaarder, K.R. & Hasle, G.R., (1971). Coccolithophorids of the Gulf of Mexico. Bulletin of Marine Science, 21: 519-544.

Gaarder, K.R. & Heimdal, B.R., (1977). A revision of the genus Syracosphaera Lohmann (Coccolithineae). "Meteor" Forschungsergebnisse. Reihe D, Biologie, 24: 54-71.

Gaarder, K.R. & Markali, J., (1956). On the coccolithophorid Crystallolithus hyalinus n. gen, n. sp. Nytt Magasin for Botanikk, 5: 1-5.

Gaarder, K.R.; Markali, J. & Ramsfjell, E., (1954). Further observations on the coccolithophorid Calciopappus caudatus. Avhandlinger utgitt av det Norske Videnskapsakademi i Oslo. Mat.- Naturvid. Klasse, 1: 1-9.

Gaarder, K.R. & Ramsfjell, E., (1954). A new coccolithophorid from northern waters, Calciopappus caudatus. n. gen., n. sp. Nytt Magasin for Botanikk, 2: 155-156.

Gale, A.S. & others, (2011). The uppermost Middle and Upper Albian succession at the Col de Palluel, Hautes-Alpes, France: An integrated study (ammonites, inoceramid bivalves, planktonic foraminifera, nannofossils, geochemistry, stable oxygen and carbon isotopes, cyclostratigraphy). Cretaceous Research, 32: 59-130.

Gale, A.S.; Kennedy, W.J.; Burnett, J.A.; Caron, M. & Kidd, B.E., (1996). The Late Albian to Early Cenomanian succession at Mont Risou, near Rosans (Drôme, SE France): an integrated study (ammonites, inoceramids, planktonic foraminifera, nannofossils, oxygen and carbon isotopes). Cretaceous Research, 17: 515-606.

Gale, A.S.; Montgomery, P.; Kennedy, W.J.; Hancock, J.M.; Burnett, J.A. & McArthur, J.M., (1995). Definition and global correlation of the Santonian-Campanian boundary. Terra Nova, 7: 611-622.

Gale, A.S.; Smith, A.B.; Monks, N.; Young, J.R.; Howard, A.; Wray, D.S. & Huggett, J.M., (2000). Marine biodiversity through the Late Cenomanian - Early Turonian: palaeoceanographic controls and sequence stratigraphic biases. Journal of the Geological Society of London, 157(745-757).

Gale, A.S.; Young, J.R.; Shackleton, N.J.; Crowhurst, S. & Wray, D.S., (1999). Orbital tuning of Cenomanian marly chalk successions; towards a Milankovitch timescale for the Late Cretaceous. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London (B), 357: 1815-1830.

Gale, A.S.G.; Hardenbol, J.; Hathway, B.; Kennedy, W.J.; Young, J.R. & Phansalkar, V., (2002). Global correlation of Cenomanian (Upper Cretaceous) sequences: Evidence for Milankovitch control on sea level. Geology (Geological Society of America), 30(4): 291-294.

Gallagher, L.T., (1988). A technique for viewing the same nannofossil specimen in light microscope and scanning electron microscope using standard preparation materials. Journal of Micropalaeontology, 7(1): 53-57.

Gallagher, L.T., (1989). Reticulofenestra : A critical review of taxonomy, structure and evolution. In: Crux, J.A. and Heck, S.E.v. (Editors), Nannofosils and their applications. Ellis Horwood, Chichester, pp. 41-75.

Gallagher, L.T., (1990). Calcareous nannofossil biozonation of the Tertiary of the North Sea Basin. Newsletters on Stratigraphy, 22: 21-41.

Gallois, R.W., (1976). Coccolith blooms in the Kimmeridge Clay and origin of North Sea oil. Nature, 259: 473-475.

Gallois, R.W. & Medd, A.W., (1979). Coccolith-rich marker bands in the English Kimmeridge Clay. Geological Magazine, 116(4): 247-334.

Galovic, I. & Young, J.R., (2012). Revised taxonomy of some Middle Miocene calcareous nannofossils in the Paratethys. Micropaleontology, 58(4).

Ganssen, G.M. & Wefer, G., (2000). Particle fluxes and their preservation in deep sea sediments. Deep-Sea Research. Part 2, Topical studies in oceanography, 47(1-2279).

Gao, X. & Dodge, J.D., (1991). The taxonomy and ultrastructure of a marine dinoflagellate, Scrippsiella minima sp. nov. British Phycological Journal,, 26: 21-31.

Gard, G., (1986). Calcareous Nannofossil Biostratigraphy of Late Quaternary Arctic Sediments. Boreas, 15: 217-229.

Gard, G., (1987). Observation of a dimorphic coccosphere. Abhandlungen der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 39: 85-87.

Gard, G., (1988). Late Quaternary Calcareous Nannofossil Biozonation, Chronology and Palaeooceanography in areas north of the Faeroe-Iceland Ridge. Quaternary Science Reviews, 7: 65-78.

Gard, G., (1989). Variations in coccolith assemblages during the Last Glacial Cycle in the High and Mid-Latitude Atlantic and Indian Oceans. In: Crux, J.A. and Heck, S.E.v. (Editors), Nannofossils and their applications. British Micropalaeontological Society Series. Ellis Horwood, Chichester, pp. 108-121.

Gard, G. & Backman, J., (1990). Synthesis of Arctic and Sub-Arctic coccolith biochronology and history of North Atlantic water influx during the last 500,000 years, Geologic History of the Polar Oceans: Arctic versus Antarctic. NATO Advanced Workshops; ASI Series. Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp. 417-436.

Gardet, M., (1955). Contribution à l'étude des coccolithes des terrains néogènes de l'Algérie. Publications du Service de la Carte Géologique de l'Algérie (Nouvelle Série), 5: 477-550.

Gartner, S., (1967). Calcareous nannofossils from Neogene of Trinidad, Jamaica, and Gulf of Mexico. Paleontological Contributions. University of Kansas, 29: 1-7.

Gartner, S., (1967). Nannofossil species related to Cyclococcolithus leptoporus (Murray and Blackman). . University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Paper 28: 1-4.

Gartner, S., (1968). Coccoliths and related calcareous nannofossils from Upper Cretaceous deposits of Texas and Arkansas. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Article 48 (Protista 1): 1-56.

Gartner, S., (1969). Two new calcareous nannofossils from the Gulf Coast Eocene. Micropaleontology, 15: 31-34.

Gartner, S., (1969). Hayella Roth and Hayella Gartner. Micropaleontology, 15: 490.

Gartner, S., (1969). Correlation of Neogene planktonic foraminifera and calcareous nannofossil zones. Transactions of the Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies, 19: 585-599.

Gartner, S., (1970). Phylogenetic lineages in the Lower Tertiary genus Chiasmolithus. . Proceedings of the North American Paleontological Convention, September 1969, G(930-957).

Gartner, S., (1971). Calcareous nannofossils from the JOIDES Blake Plateau cores and revision of the Paleogene nannofossil zonation. Tulane Studies in Geology and Paleontology, 8: 101-121.

Gartner, S., (1977). Calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy and revised zonation of the Pleistocene. Marine Micropaleontology, 2: 1-25.

Gartner, S., (1980). Validation of Helicopontosphaera inversa. INA Newsletter, 2: 35.

Gartner, S., (1988). Paleoceanography of the Mid-Pleistocene. Marine Micropaleontology, 13: 23-46.

Gartner, S., (1992). Miocene nannofossil chronology in the North Atlantic, DSDP Site 608. Marine Micropaleontology, 18: 307-331.

Gartner, S. & Bukry, D., (1969). Tertiary holococcoliths. Journal of Paleontology, 43: 1213-1221.

Gartner, S. & Bukry, D., (1974). Ceratolithus acutus Gartner and Bukry n. sp. and Ceratolithus amplificus Bukry and Percival - nomenclatural clarification. Tulane Studies in Geology and Paleontology, 11: 115-118.

Gartner, S. & Bukry, D., (1975). Morphology and phylogeny of the coccolithophycean family Ceratolithaceae. Journal of Research of the United States Geological Survey., 3: 451-465.

Gartner, S. & Emiliani, C., (1976). Nannofossil Biostratigraphy and Climatic Stages of Pleistocene Brunhes Epoch. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 60: 1562-1564.

Gartner, S. & Gentile, R., (1972). Problematic Pennsylvanian coccoliths from Missouri. Micropaleontology, 18: 401-404.

Gartner, S. & Smith, L.A., (1967). Coccoliths and related calcareous nannofossils from the Yazoo Formation (Jackson, Late Eocene) of Louisiana. University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, 20: 1-7.

Gayral, P. & Fresnel, J., (1976). Nouvelles observations sur deux Coccolithophoracées marines: Cricosphaera roscoffensis (P. Dangeard) comb. nov. et Hymenomonas globosa (F. Magne) comb nov. Phycologia, 15(339-355).

Gayral, P. & Fresnel, J., (1979). Revision du genre Hymenomonas Stein. A propos de l'étude comparative de deux Coccolithacées: Hymenomonas globosa (Magne) Gayral et Fresnel et Hymenomonas lacuna Pienaar. Revue Algologique N.S., 14(2): 117-125.

Gayral, P. & Fresnel, J., (1983). Description, sexualité et cycle de développment d'une nouvelle coccolithophoracée (Prymnesiophyceae): Pleurochrysis pseudoroscoffensis sp. nov. Protistologica, 19(2): 245-261.

Gayral, P. & Fresnel, J., (1983). Platychrysis pienaarii sp. nov. et P. simplex sp. nov. (Prymnesiophyceae): description et ultrastructure. Phycologia, 22: 29-45.

Gayral, P. & Fresnel-Morange, J., (1971). Resultats preliminaires sur la structure et la biologie de la coccolithacee Ochrosphaera neapolitana Schussnig. Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences. Paris. Série D - Sciences Naturelles, 273: 1683-1686.

Gazdzicka, E., (1978). Calcareous nannoplankton from the uppermost Cretaceous and Paleogene deposits of the Lublin Upland. Acta Geologica Polonica, 28: 335-375.

Geider, R.J. & La Roche, J., (2002). Redfield revisited: variability of C:N:P in marine microalgae and its biochemical basis. European Journal of Phycology, 37: 1-17.

Geisen, M., (2003). Species level variation of selected coccolithophores. PhD Thesis, University College London, London, 171 pp.

Geisen, M.; Billard, C.; Broerse, A.T.C.; Cros, L.; Probert, I. & Young, J.R., (2002). Life-cycle associations involving pairs of holococcolithophorid species: intraspecific variation or cryptic speciation? European Journal of Phycology, 37: 531-550.

Geisen, M.; Bollmann, J.; Herrle, J.O.; Mutterlose, J. & Young, J.R., (1999). Calibration of the random settling technique for calculation of absolute abundances of calcareous nannoplankton. Micropaleontology, 45(4): 437-442.

Geisen, M.; Cros, L.; Probert, I. & Young, J.R., (2000). Life-cycle associations involving pairs of holococcolithophorid species: Complex life-cycles or cryptic speciation? Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 22(2): 99-100.

Geisen, M.; Hamm, C. & Young, J.R., (2003). Material properties and functional morphology of coccoliths - Testing old hypotheses. Gaia, 11: 56.

Geisen, M.; Langer, G. & Young, J.R., (2004). Coccolithophore calcification response to marine pCO2 - where reality confronts models. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 26(2): 45.

Geisen, M.; Probert, I. & Young, J.R., (2002). Coccolithophores for exhibition: A note. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 24(1): 3-7.

Geisen, M. & others, (2004). Species level variation in coccolithophores. In: Thierstein, H.R. and Young, J.R. (Editors), Coccolithophores - From molecular processes to global impact. Springer, pp. 327-366.

Geitler, L., (1930). Ein grunes Filarplasmodium und andere neue Protisten. Archiv für Protistenkunde, 69: 615-636.

Geitzenauer, K.R., (1972). An upper-Pliocene-Pleistocene calcareous nannoplankton flora from a subantarctic Pacific dep-sea core. Micropaleontology, 18(4): 405-409.

Geitzenauer, K.R.; Roche, M.B. & McIntyre, A., (1977). Coccolith biogeography from North Atlantic and Pacific surface sediments. Oceanic Micropaleontology. Acad. Press, London, New York, San Francisco, 973-1008 pp.

Geslin, E.; Debenay, J.-P. & Lesourd, M., (1998). Abnormal wall textures and test deformation in Ammonia (Hyaline Foraminifer). Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 28(2): 148-156.

Gheta, N., (1981). A new species of the calcareous nannofossil genus Helicosphaera, Kamptner Dari de Seana, Inst. Geol. Geof, 68(3): 1-4.

Gheta, N., (1982). The Eocene of NW Transylvania. A new biochronostratigraphic zonation based on calcareous nannoplankton. Dari de Seama ale sedintelor institutului de geologie si geofizica, 69: 95-106.

Gibbs, S.J., (2002). Variability of Pliocene nannoplankton populations. PhD Thesis, Cambridge University, Cambridge, 217 pp.

Gibbs, S.J.; Bralower, T.J.; Bown, P.R.; Zachos, J.C. & Bybell, L.M., (2006). Shelf and open-ocean calcareous phytoplankton assemblages across the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum: Implications for global productivity gradients. Geology, 34(4): 233-236.

Gibbs, S.J. & others, (2013). Species-specific growth response of coccolithophores to Palaeocene–Eocene environmental change. Nature Geoscience, 6(3): 218-222.

Gibbs, S.J.; Robinson, S.A.; Bown, P.R.; Dunkley Jones, T. & Henderiks, J., (2011). Comment on “Calcareous Nannoplankton Response to Surface-Water Acidification Around Oceanic Anoxic Event 1a”. Science, 332: 175b.

Gibbs, S.J.; Shackleton, N.J. & Young, J.R., (2004). Identification of dissolution patterns in nannofossil assemblages: A high-resolution comparison of synchronous records from Ceara Rise, ODP Leg 154. Paleoceanography, 19(1).

Gibbs, S.J.; Young, J.R. & Shackleton, N.J., (2004). Orbitally-forced climate signals in mid Pliocene nannofossil assemblages. Marine Micropaleontology, 51(1): 39-56.

Gibbs, S.J.; Young, J.R. & Shackleton, N.J., (2005). Nannoplankton evolutionary events in the mid Pliocene: an assessment of the degree of synchrony in the extinctions of Reticulofenestra pseudoumbilicus and Sphenolithus. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology(217): 155-172.

Gilbert, M.W. & Clark, D.L., (1983). General Arctic Oean palaeoceanographic interpretations based on Late Cenozoic calcareous dinoflagellates. Marine Micropaleontology, 7(5): 385-401.

Giraud, F. & others, (2005). Palynofacies and calcareous nannofossils in the Upper Kimmeridgian, southeastern Paris basin (France). Bulletin de la Societe Géologique de France, 176(5): 457-466.

Giraudeau, J., (1992). Distribution of Recent nannofossils beneath the Benguela system: southwest African continental margin. Marine Geology, 108: 219-237.

Giraudeau, J., (1992). Coccolith paleotemperature and paleosalinity estiates in the Caribbean Sea for the Middle-Late Pleistocene (DSDP Leg 68 - Hole 502B). Memorie di Scienze Geologiche, 43: 375-387.

Giraudeau, J. & Bailey, G.W., (1995). Spatial dynamics of coccolithophore communities during an upwelling event in the Southern Benguela system. Continental Shelf Research, 15(1825-1852).

Giraudeau, J.; Hulot, V.; Hanquiez, V.; Devaux, L.; Howa, H. & Garlan, T., (2016). A survey of the summer coccolithophore community in the western Barents Sea. Journal of Marine Systems, 158: 93-105.

Giraudeau, J.; Monteiro, P.M.S. & Nikodemus, K., (1993). Distribution and malformation of living coccolithophores in the northern Benguela upwelling system off Namibia. Marine Micropaleontology, 22: 93-110.

Giraudeau, J. & Pujos, A., (1990). Fonction de transfert basée sur les nannofossiles calcaires du Pleistocène des Caraibes. Oceanologica Acta, 13: 453-469.

Girgis, M., (1986). A new preparation technique for calcareous nannofossils from organic-rich argillaceous sediments. INA Newsletter, 8: 93-95.

Glasgow, H.B.; Burkholder, J.M.; Morton, S.L. & Springer, J., (2001). A second species of ichtyotoxic Pfiesteria (Dinamoebales, Dinophyceae). Phycologia, 40: 234-245.

Godfrey, A. & Lord, A.R., (1984). Discoaster multiradiatus in the Paleocene of SE England. INA Newsletter, 6: 82-83.

Goerges, J., (1957). Die Mollusken der oberoligozänen Schichten des Doberges bei Bunde in Westfalen. Paläontologisches Zeitschrift, 31: 116-134.

Gohrbandt, K., (1963). Zur Gliederung des Palaogen im Helvetikum nordlich Salzburg nach planktonischen Foraminiferen. Mitt. Geol. Ges. Wien, 56: 1-116.

Gooday, A.J.; Uematsu, K.; Kitazato, H.; Toyofuku, T. & Young, J.R., (2010). Traces of dissolved particles, including coccoliths, in the tests of agglutinated foraminifera from the Challenger Deep (10,897 m water depth, western equatorial Pacific). Deep-Sea Research. Part 1, Oceanographic research papers, 57(2): 239-247.

Górka, H., (1957). Les Coccolithophoridés du Maestrichtien supérieur de Pologne. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 2: 239-284.

Górka, H., (1963). Coccolithophoridés, Dinoflagellés, Hystrichosphaeridés et Microfossiles Incertae Sedis du Crétacé Supérieur de Pologne. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 8(1): 3-87.

Gottschling, M.; Renner, S.S.; Meier, K.J.S.; Willems, H. & Keupp, H., (2008). Timing deep divergence events in calcareous dinoflagellates. Journal of Phycology, 44: 429-438.

Gould, S.J., (1978). Bathybius meets Eozoon. Natural History, 87(4): 16-22.

Gould, S.J. & Eldredge, N., (1977). Punctuated equilibria: the tempo and mode of evolution reconsidered. Paleobiology, 3: 115-151.

Gowen, R.J. & Stewart, B.M., (2005). The Irish Sea: Nutrient status and phytoplankton. Journal of Sea Research, 54: 36-50.

Goy, G., (1981). Nannofossiles calcaires des schistes carbon (Toarcien Inferieur) du Bassin de Paris. Doc. de la RCP 459, Nature et genese des facies confines, (Editions du BRGM), 1: 86.

Goy, G.; Noël, D. & Busson, G., (1979). Les conditions de sédimentation des schistes-carton (Toarcien inf.) du bassin de Paris déduites de l'étude des nannofossiles calcaires et des diagraphies. Documents de Géologie de la Faculté des Sciences de Lyon, 75: 33-57.

Gradstein, F.M.; Agterberg, F.P.; Ogg, J.G.; Hardenbol, J.; van Veen, P.; Thierry, J. & Huang, Z., (1994). A Mesozoic time scale. Journal of Geophysical Research, 99: 24051-24074.

Gradstein, F.M.; Ogg, J.G.; Schmitz, M.D. & Ogg, G.M., (2012). The Geological Time Scale 2012. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Gran, H.H., (1912). Pelagic plant life. In: Murray, J. and Hjort, J. (Editors), The Depths of the Ocean. Macmillan, London, pp. 307-386.

Gran, H.H. & Braarud, T., (1935). A quantitative study of the phytoplankton in the Bay of Fundy and the Gulf of Maine (including observations on hydrography, chemistry and turbidity). Journal of the Biological Board of Canada, 1: 279-467.

Green, J.C., (1967). A new species of Pavlova from Madeira. British Phycological Bulletin, 3: 299-303.

Green, J.C., (1973). Studies in the fine structure and taxonomy of flagellates in the genus Pavlova. II. A freshwater representative, Pavlova granifera (Mack) comb. nov. British Phycological Journal, 8: 1-12.

Green, J.C., (1975). The fine-structure and taxonomy of the haptophycean flagellate Pavlova lutheri (Droop) comb. nov. (= Monochrysis lutheri Droop). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 55: 785-793.

Green, J.C., (1976). Notes on the flagellar apparatus and taxonomy of Pavlova mesolychnon van der Veer, and on the status of Pavlova Butcher and related genera within the Haptophyceae. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 56: 595-602.

Green, J.C., (1976). Corymbellus aureus gen. et sp. nov., a new colonial member of the Haptophyceae. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 56: 31-38.

Green, J.C., (1980). The fine structure of Pavlova pinguis Green and a preliminary survey of the order Pavlovales (Prymnesiophyceae). British Phycological Journal, 15: 151-191.

Green, J.C.; Course, P.A. & Tarran, G.A., (1996). The life-cycle of Emiliania huxleyi: A brief review and a study of relative ploidy levels analysed by flow cytometry. Journal of Marine Systems, 9: 33-44.

Green, J.C. & Hibberd, D.J., (1977). The ultrastructure and taxonomy of Diacronema vlkianum (Prymnesiophyceae) with special reference to the haptonema and flagellar apparatus. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 57: 1125-1136.

Green, J.C.; Hibberd, D.J. & Pienaar, R.N., (1982). The taxonomy of Prymnesium (Prymnesiophyceae) including a description of a new cosmopolitan species, P. patellifera sp. nov., and further observations on P. parvum N. Carter. British Phycological Journal, 17: 363-382.

Green, J.C. & Hori, T., (1986). The ultrastructure of the flagellar root system of Imantonia rotunda Prymnesiophyceae. British Phycological Journal, 21: 5–18.

Green, J.C. & Jordan, R.W., (1994). Systematic history and taxonomy. In: Green, J.C. and Leadbeater, B.S.C. (Editors), The Haptophyte Algae. Systematics Association Special Volumes. Clarendon Press, Oxford, pp. 1-21.

Green, J.C. & Leadbeater, B.S.C., (1972). Chrysochromulina parkeae sp. nov. [Haptophyceae] a new species recorded from S.W. England and Norway. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 52: 469-474.

Green, J.C. & Leadbeater, B.S.C., (1994). The Haptophyte Algae. Systematics Association Special Volumes, 51. Clarendon Press, Oxford, 446 pp.

Green, J.C. & Manton, I., (1970). Studies in the fine structure and taxonomy of flagellates in the genus Pavlova. I. A revision of Pavlova gyrans, the type species. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 50: 1113-1130.

Green, J.C. & Parke, M., (1975). New observations upon members of the genus Chrysotila Anand, with remarks upon their relationships within the Haptophyceae. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 55: 109-121.

Green, J.C.; Perch-Nielsen, K. & Westbroek, P., (1989). Phylum Prymnesiophyta. Handbook of Protoctista, 1. Jones and Bartlett, Boston, 293-317 pp.

Green, J.C.; Perch-Nielsen, K. & Westbroek, P., (1990). Phylum Prymnesiophyta. In Margulis, L., Corliss, J.O., Melkonian, M. & Chapman, D.J., (eds.), Handbook of Protoctista. Jones & Bartlett, Boston: 293-317.

Green, J.C. & Pienaar, R.N., (1977). The taxonomy of the order Isochrysidales (Prymnesiophyceae) with special reference to the genera Isochrysis Parke, Dicrateria Parke and Imantonia Reynolds. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 57: 7-17.

Gregson, A.J.; Green, J.C. & Leadbeater, B.S.C., (1993). Structure and physiology of the haptonema in Chrysochromulina Prymnesiophyceae. I. Fine structure of the flagellar/haptonematal root system in C. acantha and C. simplex. Journal of Phycology, 29: 674–686.

Greig, D.J., (1983). A method of examining the same nannofossil specimens from the light micrscope to the SEM. Tulane Studies in Geology and Paleontology, 17: 121-122.

Grelaud, M.; Schimmelman, A. & Beaufort, L., (2009). Coccolithophore response to climate and surface hydrography in Santa Barbara Basin, California, AD 1917–2004. Biogeosciences, 6: 2025-2039.

Grün, W. & Allemann, F., (1975). The Lower Cretaceous of Caravaca (Spain): Berriasian Calcareous Nannoplankton of the Miravetes Section (Subbetic Zone, Prov. of Murcia). Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 68: 147-211.

Grün, W.; Prins, P. & Zweili, F., (1974). Coccolithophoriden aus dem Lias epsilon von Holzmaden (Deutschland). Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Abhandlungen, 147: 294-328.

Grün, W. & Zweili, F., (1980). Das kalkige Nannoplankton der Dogger-Malm-Grenze im Berner Jura bei Liesberg (Schweiz). Jahrbuch Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 123: 231-341.

Guillard, R.R.L., (1973). Division rates. In: Stein, J.R. (Editor), Handbook of phycological Methods. Culture Methods & Growth Measurements. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 289-311.

Guillard, R.R.L., (1973). Methods for microflagellates and nanoplankton. In: Smith, W.L. and Chanely, M.L. (Editors), Handbook of Phycological Methods. Culture methods and growth measurements. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 29-60.

Guillard, R.R.L., (1975). Culture of phytoplankton for feeding marine invertebrates. In: Smith, W.L. and Chanley, M.H. (Editors), Culture of marine invertebrate animals. Plenum, New York, pp. 338.

Guillou, L.; Chrétiennot-Dinet, M.-J.; Medlin, L.K.; Claustre, H.; Loiseaux-de Goér, S. & Vaulot, D., (1999). Bolidomonas: A new genus with two species belonging to a new algal class, the Bolidophyceae. Journal of Phycology, 35: 368-381.

Gümbel, C.W., (1870). Vorläufige Mittheilungen uber Tiefseeschlamm. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Geologie und Paläontologie: 753-767.

Guptha, M.V.S., (1979). New genus and new species of coccoliths in a deep sea sediment core from South Eastern Arabian Sea 4th International Palynological Conference, Lucknow, pp. 115-116.

Guptha, M.V.S.; Mergulhao, L.P.; Murty, V.s.N. & Shenoy, D.M., (2005). Living coccolithophores during the northeast monsoon from the Equatorial Indian Ocean: Implications on hydrography. Deep-Sea Research II, 52: 2048-2062.

Guptha, M.V.S.; Mohan, R. & Muralinath, A.S., (1995). Living coccolithophorids from the Arabian Sea. Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, 100(4): 551-574.

Gvirtzman, G.; Almogi-Labin, A.; Moshkovitz, S. & Lewy, Z., (1989). Upper Cretaceous high-resolution multiple stratigraphy, northern margin of the Arabian platform, central Israel. Cretaceous Research, 10: 107-135.

H.H., G., (1912). Pelagic plant life. In: Murray, J. and Hjort, J. (Editors), The Depths of the Ocean. Macmillan, London, pp. 307-386.

Hadavi, F., (2000). Calcareous nannofossils from the Konarak area of the Makran, Iran: A note. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 22(3): 195-197.

Hadavi, F., (2002). Biostratigraphy and palaeobiogeography of the Gregory Member (Campanian) of the Western Interior Basin, South Dakota. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 24(1): 9-13.

Haeckel, E., (1866). Generelle Morphologie der Organismen. Reimer, Berlin.

Haeckel, E., (1894). Systematische Phylogenie der Protisten und Pflanzen. Reimer, Berlin.

Haggart, J.W.; Burnett, J.A. & Bown, P.R., (1994). Notes on Cretaceous calcareous nannoflora biostratigraphy and paleobiogeography, Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia. Current Research Geological Survey of Canada, 1994E: 39-44.

Hagino, K., (1997). Population of living coccolithophores in the western Pacific Ocean off the coast of Northeast Japan. Fossils, 63(1-19).

Hagino, K. & others, (2011). New evidence for morphological and genetic variation in a cosmopolitan coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi (Prymnesiophyceae) from the cox1b-ATP4 genes. Journal of Phycology, 47: 1164-1176.

Hagino, K. & Okada, H., (1998). Gladiolithus striatus sp. nov. (Prymnesiophyceae), a living coccolithophore from the lower photic zone of the Pacific Ocean. Phycologia, 37(4): 246-250.

Hagino, K. & Okada, H., (2001). Morphological observations of living Gephyrocapsa crassipons. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 23(1): 3-7.

Hagino, K. & Okada, H., (2004). Floral response of coccolithophores to progressive oligotrophication in the south equatorial current, Pacific Ocean. . In: Kawahata, H. (Editor), Global Environmental Change in the Ocean and on Land. Terra-Pub, pp. 121-132.

Hagino, K. & Okada, H., (2006). Intra- and infra-specific morphological variation in selected coccolithophore species in the equatorial and subequatorial Pacific Ocean. Marine Micropaleontology, 58: 184-206.

Hagino, K.; Okada, H. & Matsuoka, H., (2000). Spatial dynamics of coccolithophore assemblages in the Equatorial Western-Central Pacific Ocean. Marine Micropaleontology, 39: 53-72.

Hagino, K.; Okada, H. & Matsuoka, H., (2005). Coccolithophore assemblages and morphotypes of Emiliania huxleyi in the boundary zone between the cold Oyashio and warm Kuroshio currents off the coast of Japan Marine Micropaleontology, 55: 19-47.

Hagino, K.; Onuma, R.; Kawachi, M. & Horiguchi, T., (2013). Discovery of an Endosymbiotic Nitrogen-Fixing Cyanobacterium UCYN-A in Braarudosphaera bigelowii (Prymnesiophyceae). PLoS ONE, 8(12): 1-11.

Hagino, K.; Takano, Y. & Horiguchi, T., (2009). Pseudo-cryptic speciation in Braarudosphaera bigelowii (Gran and Braarud) Deflandre. Marine Micropaleontology, 72: 210-221.

Hagino, K.; Tomioka, N.; Young, J.R.; Takano, Y.; Onuma, R. & Horiguchi, T., (2016). Extracellular calcification of Braarudosphaera bigelowii deduced from electron microscopic observations of cell surface structure and elemental composition of pentaliths. Marine Micropaleontology, 125(1): 85-94.

Hagino, K. & Young, J.R., (2012). Haptophytes (Coccoliths). In: Tanimura, Y. and Tuji, A. (Editors), Microfossls: Their microscopic world explored. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, pp. 100-105.

Hagino, K. & Young, J.R., (2015). Biology and paleontology of coccolithophores (Haptophytes). In: Ohtsuka, S. et al. (Editors), Marine Protists: Diversity and Dynamics. Springer, Tokyo, pp. 637.

Hagino, K.; Young, J.R.; Bown, P.R.; Godrijan, J.; Kulhanek, D.K.; Kogane, K. & Horiguchi, T., (2015). Re-discovery of a “living fossil” coccolithophore from the coastal waters of Japan and Croatia. Marine Micropaleontology, 116(1): 28-37.

Haidar, A.T. & Thierstein, H.R., (2001). Coccolithophore dynamics off Bermuda (N. Atlantic) Deep-Sea Research. Part 2, Topical studies in oceanography, 48: 1925-1956.

Hallam, A., (1975). Jurassic Environments. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge,.

Hallam, A. & Perch-Nielsen, K., (1990). The biotic record of events in the marine realm at the end of the Cretaceous: calcareous, siliceous and organic-walled microfossils and macroinvertebrates. Tectonophysics, In Nicolaysen, L.O., & Reimold, W.U. (eds.), Cryptoexplosions and catastrophes in the geological record, with special focus on the Vredefort structure, 171: 347-357.

Halldal, P., (1953). Phytoplankton investigations from Weather Ship M in the Norwegian Sea, 1948-1949. Hvalrådets Skrifter. [Scientific results of Marine Biological research. Oslo], 38: 1-91.

Halldal, P. & Markali, J., (1954). Observations on Coccoliths of Syracosphaera mediterranea Lohm., S. pulchra Lohm. and S. molischii in the Electron Microscope. Journal du Conseil : the ICES journal of marine science, 19(3): 329-336.

Halldal, P. & Markali, J., (1954). Morphology and microstructure of coccoliths studied in the electron microscope. Observations on Anthosphaera robusta and Calyptrosphaera papillifera. Nytt Magasin for Botanikk, 2: 117-121.

Halldal, P. & Markali, J., (1955). Electron microscope studies on coccolithophorids from the Norwegian Sea, the Gulf Stream and the Mediterranean. Avhandlinger utgitt av det Norske Videnskapsakademi i Oslo. Mat.- Naturvid. Klasse, 1: 1-30.

Hallegraeff, G.M., (1984). Coccolithophorids (Calcareous Nanoplankton) from Australian waters. Botanica Marina, 27: 229-247.

Hällfors, G. & Niemi, A., (1974). A Chrysochromulina (Haptophyceae) bloom under the ice in the Tvärminne archipelago, southern coast of Finland. Memoranda Societas Fauna et Flora Fennica, 50: 89-104.

Hällfors, S. & Thomsen, H.A., (1985). Chrysochromulina brachycylindra sp. nov. (Prymnesiophyceae) from the Finnish coastal waters. Nordic Journal of Botany, 5: 499-504.

Halloran, P.R.; Hall, I.R.; Colmenero-Hidalgo, E. & Rickaby, R.E.M., (2008). Evidence for a multi-species coccolith volume change over the past two centuries: understanding a potential ocean acidification response. Biogeosciences, 5: 1651-1655.

Hamilton, G.B., (1977). Early Jurassic calcareous nannofossils from Portugal and their biostratigraphic use. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 70: 575-597.

Hamilton, G.B., (1979). Lower and Middle Jurassic calcareous nannofossil from Portugal. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 72: 1-17.

Hamilton, G.B., (1982). Triassic and Jurassic calcareous nannofossils. In: Lord, A.R. (Editor), A Stratigraphical Index of Calcareous Nannofossils. British Micropalaeontological Society Series, Ellis Horwood, Chichester, pp. 17-39.

Hamilton, G.B. & Hojjatzadeh, M., (1982). Cenozoic calcareous nannofossils - a reconnaissance. In: Lord, A.R. (Editor), A Stratigraphical Index of Calcareous Nannofossils. British Micropalaeontological Society Series, Ellis Horwood, Chichester, pp. 136-167.

Hamm, C.; Merkel, R.; Springer, O.; Jurkojc, P.; Maier, C.; Prechtel, K. & Smetacek, V., (2003). Architecture and material properties of diatom shells provide effective mechanical protection. Nature, 421: 841-843.

Hamm, C. & Smetacek, V., (2007). Armor: Why, when, and how? . In: Falkowski, P.G. and Knoll, A.H. (Editors), Evolution of Primary Producers in the Sea. Elsevier, Boston, pp. 311-332.

Hampton, M.J.; Bown, P.R. & Burnett, J.A., (in prep.). The morphology, classification and morphometrics of the Late Cretaceous coccolith genus Gartnerago Bukry, 1969. Journal of Micropalaeontology: ,.

Hamrsmíd, B.; Khrovsky, J. & Svábenická, L., (1990). Biostratigraphic evaluation of calcareous nannoplankton from the autochthonous Upper Cretaceous and Paleogene of the Nesvacilka and Vranovice Grabens, SE margin of the Bohemian Massif. Bulletin of the Geological Survey Prague, 65: 129-141.

Hamrsmid, B. & Young, J.R., (1992). Nannoplankton Research, I: General topics; Mesozoic Biostratigraphy. Proceedings of the 4th INA Conference, Prague 1991. Knihovnicka ZPN, 14a. HND, Hodonin, 1-214 pp.

Hamrsmid, B. & Young, J.R., (1993). Nannoplankton Research, II: Tertiary Biostratigraphy and Palaeoecology; Quaternary coccoliths. Proceedings of the 4th INA Conference, Prague 1991. Knihovnicka ZPN, 14b. HND, Hodonin, 1-330 pp.

Hancock, J.M., (1991). Ammonite scales for the Cretaceous System. Cretaceous Research, 12: 259-291.

Hancock, J.M.; Kennedy, W.J. & Cobban, W.A., (1993). A Correlation of the Upper Albian to Basal Coniacian Sequences of Northwest Europe, Texas and the United States Western Interior. In: Caldwell, W.G.E. and Kauffman, E.G. (Editors), Evolution of the Western Interior Basin. Geological Association of Canada; Special Paper, pp. 453-476.

Hancock, J.M.; Peake, N.B.; Burnett, J.; Dhondt, A.V.; Kennedy, W.J. & Stokes, R.B., (1993). High Cretaceous biostratigraphy at Tercis, south-west France. Bulletin de l'Institute Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique. Sciences de la Terre, 63: 133-148.

Hannisdal, B.; Henderiks, J. & Liow, L., (2012). Long-term evolutionary and ecological responses of calcifying phytoplankton to changes in atmospheric CO2. Global Change Biology, 18(12): 3504-3516.

Haq, B.U., (1966). Electron microscope studies on some upper Eocene calcareous nannoplankton from Syria. Stockholm Contributions in Geology, 15: 23-37.

Haq, B.U., (1968). Studies on upper Eocene calcareous nannoplankton from NW Germany. Stockholm Contributions in Geology, 18: 13-74.

Haq, B.U., (1969). The structure of Eocene coccoliths and discoasters from a Tertiary deep-sea core in the Cenral Pacific. Stockholm Contributions in Geology, 21(1): 1-19.

Haq, B.U., (1971). Paleogene calcareous nannoflora. Parts I-IV. Stockholm Contributions in Geology, 25: 1-158.

Haq, B.U., (1973). Evolutionary trends in the Cenozoic coccolithophore genus Helicopontosphaera. Micropaleontology, 19(32-52).

Haq, B.U., (1973). Evolutionary trends in the Cenozoic coccolithophore genus Helicopontosphaera. Micropaleontology, 19(1): 32-52.

Haq, B.U., (1976). Coccoliths in cores from the Bellinghausen abyssal plain and Antarctic continental rise (DSDP Leg 35). Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 35: 557-567.

Haq, B.U., (1978). Calcareous nannoplankton. In: Haq, B.U. and Boersma, A. (Editors), Introduction to marine micropaleontology. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 79-108.

Haq, B.U., (1980). Biogeographic history of Miocene calcareous nannoplankton and paleoceanography of the Atlantic Ocean. Micropaleontology, 26(4): 414-443.

Haq, B.U., (1983). Nannofossil Biostratigraphy. Benchmark papers in Geology (Hutchinson and Ross Pennsylvania), 78.

Haq, B.U., (1983). Calcareous Nannofossils. Benchmark papers in Geology (Hutchinson and Ross, Pennsylvania), 79.

Haq, B.U. & Aubry, M.-P., (1980). Early Cenozoic calcareous nannoplankton biostratigraphy and palaeobiogeography of North Africa and the Middle East and trans-Tethyan correlations. In: Salem, M.J. and Busrewil, M.T. (Editors), The geology of Libya. Academic Press, London, pp. 271-304.

Haq, B.U. & Berggren, W.A., (1978). Late Neogene calcareous plankton biochronology of the Rio Grande Rise (South Atlantic Ocean). Journal of Paleontology, 52: 1167-1194.

Haq, B.U. & Boersma, A., (1978). Introduction to marine micropaleontology. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 376 pp.

Haq, B.U.; Hardenbol, J. & Vail, P.R., (1987). Chronology of Fluctuating Sea Levels Since the Triassic. Science, 235: 1156-1167.

Haq, B.U. & Lohmann, G.P., (1976). Early Cenozoic calcareous nannoplankton biogeography of the Atlantic Ocean. Marine Micropaleontology, 1: 119-194.

Haq, B.U.; Perch-Nielsen, K. & Lohmann, G.P., (1977). Contribution to the Paleocene calcareous nannofossil biogeography of the Central and Southwest Atlantic Ocean (Ceara Rise and Sao Paulo Plateau, DSDP Leg 39). Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 39: 841-848.

Harlay, J. & others, (2009). Abundance and size distribution of transparent exopolymer particles (TEP) in a coccolithophorid bloom in the northern Bay of Biscay. Deep-Sea Research. Part 1, Oceanographic research papers, 56: 1251-1265.

Harlay, J. & others, (2010). Biogeochemical study of a coccolithophore bloom in the northern Bay of Biscay (NE Atlantic Ocean) in June 2004. Progress in Oceanography, 86: 317-336.

Harold, F.M., (2001). The Way of the Cell: Molecules, Organisms, and the Order of Life. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 320 pp.

Hart, M.B.; Bailey, H.W.; Crittenden, S.; Fletcher, B.N.; Price, R.J. & Swiecicki, A., (1989). Cretaceous. In: Jenkins, D.G. and Murray, J.W. (Editors), Stratigraphical Atlas of Fossil Foraminifera. Ellis Horwood, Chichester, pp. 273-371.

Harwood, D.M., (1988). Upper Cretaceous and lower Paleocene diatom and silicoflagellate biostratigraphy of Seymour Island. Eastern Antarctic peninsula. In: Feldmann, R. and Woodburne, M.D. (Editors), Geology and Paleontology of Seymour Island. Geological Society of America Memoir, pp. 55-129.

Harz, H. & Hegemann, P., (1991). Rhodopsin-regulated calcium currents in Chlamydomonas. Nature, 351: 489-491.

Hasle, G.R., (1969). Plankton coccolithophorids from the Subantarctic and Equatorial Pacific. Nytt Magasin for Botanikk, 8: 77-88.

Hassenkam, T.; Johnsson, A.; Bechgaard, K. & Stipp, S.L., (2011). Tracking single coccolith dissolution with picogram resolution and implications for CO2 sequestration and ocean acidification. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 108(21): 8571-6.

Hattner, J.G.; Wind, F.H. & Wise, S.W., (1980). The Santonian-Campanian boundary: comparison of nearshore-offshore calcareous nannofossil assemblages. Cahiers de Micropaleontologie, 3: 9-26.

Hattner, J.G. & Wise, S.W., (1980). Upper Cretaceous calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of South Carolina. South Carolina Geology, 24: 41-117.

Hay, W.W., (1970). Calcareous nannofossils from cores recovered on Leg 4. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 4: 455-501.

Hay, W.W., (1977). Calcareous nannofossils. In: Ramsay, A.T.S. (Editor), Oceanic Micropalaentology. Academic Press, London, pp. 1055-1200.

Hay, W.W., (1995). Oceanic fronts in the Mesozoic - abstract. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 17: 61-62.

Hay, W.W., (2004). Carbonate fluxes and calcareous nannoplankton. In: Thierstein, H.R. and Young, J.R. (Editors), Coccolithophores - From molecular processes to global impact. Springer, pp. 509-528.

Hay, W.W. & Beaudry, F.M., (1973). Calcareous nannofossils - Leg 15. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 15: 625-684.

Hay, W.W. & Mohler, H.P., (1967). Calcareous nannoplankton from Early Tertiary rocks at Point Labau, France and Paleocene-Early Eocene correlations. Journal of Paleontology, 41(6): 1505-1541.

Hay, W.W.; Mohler, H.P.; Roth, P.H.; Schmidt, R.R. & Boudreaux, J.E., (1967). Calcareous nannoplankton zonation of the Cenozoic of the Gulf Coast and Caribbean-Antillean area, and transoceanic correlation. Transactions of the Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies, 17: 428-480.

Hay, W.W.; Mohler, H.P. & Wade, M.E., (1966). Calcareous nannofossils from Nal'chik (northwest Caucasus). Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 59: 379-399.

Hay, W.W. & Sandberg, P.A., (1967). The scanning electron microscope, a major break-through for micropaleontology. Micropaleontology, 13(4): 407-418.

Hay, W.W. & Schmidt, R.R., (1968). Calcareous nannofossils in the Pliocene of Italy. Giornale di Geologia (Bologna), 35: 153-162.

Hay, W.W. & Towe, K.M., (1962). Electron microscope examination of some coccoliths from Donzacq (France). Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 55: 497-517.

Hay, W.W. & Towe, K.M., (1963). Microrhabdulus belgicus, a new species of nannofossil. Micropaleontology, 9: 95-96.

Head, M.J., (1996). Modern dinoflagellate cysts and their biological affinities. In: Jansonius, J. and McGregor, D.C. (Editors), Palynology: Principles and Applications. Vol. 3 New directions, other applications and floral history. American Association of Stratigraphic Palynologists, College Station, Texas, pp. 1197-1248.

Head, M.J., (1996). Modern dinoflagellate cysts and their biological affinities In: Jansonius, J. and McGregor, D.C. (Editors), Palynology: Principles and Applications. American Association of Stratigraphic Palynologists Foundation, College Station, Texas., pp. 1197–1248.

Head, R.N. & others, (1998). The hydrography and biology of a bloom of the coccolithophorid Emiliania huxleyi in the northern North Sea. Journal of Sea Research, 39: 255-266.

Hebbeln, D.; Henrich, R. & Baumann, K.-H., (1998). Paleoceanography of the last interglacial/glacia cycle in the Polar North Atlantic. Quaternary Science Reviews, 17: 125-153.

van Heck, S.E., (1980). Bibliography and taxa of calcareous nannoplankton. Newsletter of the International Nannoplankton Association, 2(1): 5-34.

van Heck, S.E., (1990). On the validity of Pseudoemiliania lacunosa Kamptner 1963 ex Gartner 1967. Newsletter of the International Nannoplankton Association, 12(2): 11-12.

van Heck, S.E., (1996). Results of the survey on mounting media. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 18: 15-16.

van Heck, S.E. & Perch-Nielsen, K., (1987). Validation of Chiasmolithus danicus (Brotzen 1959). Abhandlung der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 39: 279-283.

van Heck, S.E. & Prins, B., (1987). A refined nannoplankton zonation for the Danian of the Central North Sea. Abhandlungen der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 39: 285-303.

Heer, O., (1865). Die Urwelt der Schweiz. Friedrich Schulthess, Zürich, 622 pp.

Heimdal, B.R., (1973). Two new taxa of Recent coccolithophorids. "Meteor" Forschungsergebnisse. Reihe D, Biologie(13): 70-75.

Heimdal, B.R., (1982). Validation of the names of some species of Zygosphaera Kamptner. International Nannoplankton Association Newsletter, 4: 52-56.

Heimdal, B.R., (1993). Modern Coccolithophorids. A Guide to Naked Flagellates and Coccolithophorids. In: Tomas, C.R. (Editor), Marine Phytoplankton. Academic Press, London, pp. 147-243.

Heimdal, B.R.; Egge, J.K.; Veldhuis, M.J.W. & Westbroek, P., (1994). The 1992 Norwegian Emiliania huxleyi experiment an overview. Sarsia, 79: 285-290.

Heimdal, B.R. & Gaarder, K.R., (1980). Coccolithophorids from the northern part of the eastern central Atlantic I. Holococcolithophorids. "Meteor" Forschungsergebnisse. Reihe D, Biologie, 32: 1-14.

Heimdal, B.R. & Gaarder, K.R., (1981). Coccolithophorids from the northern part of the eastern central Atlantic II. Heterococcolithophorids. "Meteor" Forschungsergebnisse. Reihe D, Biologie, 33: 37-69.

Henderiks, J., (2001). Coccolith studies in the Canary Basin: Glacial-interglacial palaeoceanography of the Eastern Boundary Current system. PhD Thesis, ETH Zurich, Zurich, 175 pp.

Henderiks, J. & Bollmann, J., (2001). Global calibration of Gephyrocapsa coccolith abundance and morphology for paleotemperature assessment during the last glacial maximum in the Canary Islands region. Geophysical Research Abstracts, 3.

Henderiks, J. & Bollmann, J., (2004). The Gephyrocapsa sea surface palaeothermometer put to the test: comparison with alkenone and foraminifera proxies off NW Africa. Marine Micropaleontology, 50(3/4): 161-184.

Henderiks, J. & Renaud, S., (2001). Coccolith size increase of Calcidiscus leptoporus off-shore Morocco during the last glacial maximum: An expression of enhanced glacial productivity? In: Henderiks, J. (Editor), Coccolith studies in the Canary Basin: Glacial-inter-glacial paleoceanography of the eastern boundary current system. PhD thesis, ETH-Zurich.

Henderiks, J. & Rickaby, R.E.M., (2007). A coccolithophore concept for constraining the Cenozoic carbon cycle. Biogeosciences, 4: 323-329.

Henderiks, J. & Ziveri, P., (1997). Orastrum colligatum, a new holococcolith species from the Upper Albian-Cenomanian of the Russian Craton (Ukraine). Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 19(2): 109-111.

Hennige, S. & others, (2014). An updated synthesis of the impacts of Ocean Acidification on Marine Biodiversity. CBD Technical Series, 75: 1-99.

Henriksen, K.; Stipp, S.L.S.; Marsh, M.E. & Young, J.R., (2004). Coccolith polysacchardes: influence on genesis and diagenesis. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 26(2): 57.

Henriksen, K.; Stipp, S.L.S.; Young, J.R. & Bown, P.R., (2003). Tailoring calcite: Nanoscale AFM of coccolith biocrystals. American Mineralogist, 88: 2040-2044.

Henriksen, K.; Young, J.R.; Bown, P.R. & Stipp, S.L.S., (2004). Coccolith biomineralisation studied with atomic force microscopy. Palaeontology, 47(3): 725-743.

Henriksen, K.; Young, J.R.; Stipp, S.L.S. & Marsh, M.E., (2004). Biological control on calcite crystallization: AFM investigation of coccolith polysaccharide function. American Mineralogist, 89(3): 1709-1716.

Henriksson, A., (1993). A quick and easy method for estimating absolute abundances of calcareous nannofossils. INA Newsletter, 15: 68.

Henriksson, A.S., (1995). A quick and easy technique for estimating absolute abundances of calcareous nannofossils. In: Flores, J.A. and Sierro, F.J. (Editors), 5th INA Conference Proceedings 1993. Proceedings. Universidad de Salamanca, Salamanca, pp. 61-65.

Henriksson, A.S., (2000). Coccolithophore response to oceanographic changes in the equatorial Atlantic during the last 200,000 years. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 156: 161-173.

Henriksson, A.S.; Widmark, J.G.V.; Holbourn, A.E.L.; Thies, A. & Kuhnt, W., (1998). Coccoliths as test-building material for foraminfera ("Coccolithofera"). Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 20(1): 15-19.

Henson, S.A.; Sanders, R. & Madsen, E., (2012). Global patterns in efficiency of particulate organic carbon export and transfer to the deep ocean. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 26: 1-14.

Hentschel, E., (1932). Die biologischen Methoden und das Beobachts material. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Atlantischen Expedition auf dem Forschungs-und Vermessungsschiff "Meteor" 1925-1927, 10: 1-274.

Herm, D.; Hillebrandt, A.v. & Perch-Nielsen, K., (1981). Die Kreide/Tertiar - Grenze im Lattengebirge (Nordliche Kalkalpen) in mikropalaontologischer Sicht. Geologica Bavarica, 82: 319-344.

Herman, Y.; Bhattacharya, S.K.; Perch-Nielsen, K. & al., e., (1988). Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary marine extinctions: the Russian Platform record. Revista Espanola de Paleontologia, No. Extraordinario: 31-40.

Herngreen, G.F.W.; Brinkhuis, H.; Burnett, J.A.; Felder, W.M.; Kedves, M.; Schuurman, H.A.H.M. & Verbeek, J.W., (1998). Biostratigraphy of Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary strata in the Curfs Quarry, The Netherlands, and comparison with the type Maastrichtian. Mededelingen Rijks Geologische Dienst, 61: 3-57.

Herngreen, G.F.W.; Randrianasolo, A. & Verbeek, J.W., (1982). Micropaleontology of Albian to Danian strata in Madagascar. Micropaleontology, 28: 97-109.

Herold-Vieuxblé, I., (1979). A new preparation technique for calcareous nannoplankton from bituminous rocks. Micropaleontology, 25: 438-439.

Herrle, J.O. & Mutterlose, J., (2003). Calcareous nannofossils from the Aptian–Lower Albian of southeast France: palaeoecological and biostratigraphic implications. Cretaceous Research, 24: 1-22.

Hibberd, D.J., (1972). Chrysophyta: definition and interpretation. British Phycological Journal, 7: 281.

Hibberd, D.J., (1976). The ultrastructure and taxonomy of the Chrysophyceae and Prymnesiophyceae (Haptophyceae): a survey with some new observations on the ultrastructure of the Chrysophyceae. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 72: 55-80.

Hibberd, D.J., (1980). Prymnesiophytes (=Haptophytes). In: Cox, E.R. (Editor), Phytoflagellates. Developments in Marine Biology. Elsevier, New York, pp. 273-317.

Hilbrecht, H. & Thierstein, H.R., (1996). Benthic behaviour of planktic foraminifera. Geology (Geological Society of America), 24(3): 200-202.

Hildebrand-Habel, T. & Mai, H., (1999). External and internal views of coccospheres: Notes on a new cracking technique. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 21(1): 27-29.

Hildebrand-Habel, T. & Streng, M., (2003). Calcareous dinoflagellate associations and Maastrichtian-Tertiary climatic change in a high latitude core (ODP Hole 689B, Maud Rise, Weddell Sea). . Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 197: 293-321.

Hildebrand-Habel, T. & Willems, H., (1999). New calcareous dinoflagellates from the Paleogene of the South Atlantic Ocean (DSDP Site 357, Rio Grand Rise). Journal of Micropalaeontology, 18: 89-95.

Hildebrand-Habel, T. & Willems, H., (2000). Distribution of calcareous dinoflagellates from the Maastrichtian to early Miocene of DSDP Site 357 (Rio Grande Rise, western South Atlantic Ocean). International Journal of Earth Sciences, 88: 694-707.

Hildebrand-Habel, T.; Willems, H. & Versteegh, G.J.M., (1999). Variations in calcareous dinoflagellate associations from the Maastrichtian to Middle Eocene of the western South Atlantic Ocean (São Paulo Plateau, DSDP Leg 39, Site 356). Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 106: 57-87.

Hill, M.E., (1976). Lower Cretaceous calcareous nannofossils from Texas and Oklahoma. Palaeontographica Abteilung B, 156: 103-179.

Hine, N., (1990). Late Cenozoic Calcareous Nannoplankton from the Northeast Atlantic, University of East Anglia.

Hine, N. & Weaver, P.P.E., (1998). Quaternary. In: Bown, P.R. (Editor), Calcareous Nannofossil Biostratigraphy. British Micropalaeontological Society Publications Series. Chapman & Hall, London, pp. 266-283.

Hinga, K.R., (2002). Effects of pH on coastal marine phytoplankton. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 236: 281-300.

van Hinte, J.E., (1976). A Cretaceous time scale. Bulletin of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists, 60: 498-516.

van Hinte, J.E., (1976). A Jurassic time scale. Bulletin of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists, 60: 489-497.

Hirokawa, Y.; Fujiwara, S. & Tsuzuki, M., (2005). Three types of acidic polysaccharides associated with coccolith of Pleurochrysis haptonemofera: comparison with Pleurochrysis carterae and analysis using fluorescein-isothiocyanate-labeled lectins. Mar Biotechnol (NY), 7(6): 634-44.

Hockfield, M., (2000). Blooms and morphometrics: a study of plankton from SW of Iceland and of coccolithophores from the English Channel and the Southern Ocean. MSc Thesis, University College London, London, 67 pp.

Hodell, D.A. & Venz, K., (1992). Toward a high-resolutiom stable isotope record of the Southern Ocean during the Pliocene-Pleistocene (4.8 to 0.8 Ma). Antarctic Research Series, 56: 265-310.

Hodgkinson, R.L., (1991). Microfossil processing: a damage report. Micropaleontology, 37(3): 320-326.

Hodson, F. & West, I.M., (1970). Calcareous nannoplankton from an Upper Bracklesham horizon at Fawley, Hampshire. Revue de Micropaleontologie, 13: 165-187.

Hoffmann, N., (1970). Placozygus n. gen. (Coccolithineen) aus der Oberkreide des nordlichen Mitteleuropas. Geologie, 19: 1004-1009.

Hoffmann, N., (1970). Taxonomische Untersuchungen an Coccolithen aus der Kreide Norddeutchlands anhand elektronenmikroskopischer Aufnamen. Hercynia, 7(1-3): 163-198.

Hoffmann, N., (1970). Elektronenmikroskopische Untersuchungen an Discoasteriden aus dem Ober-Eozän der Bohrung Salzwedel 202/64 (Altmark). Hall. Jb. f. Mitteldt. Erdg., 10: 7-26.

Hoffmann, N. & Vetter, J., (1971). Coccolithen aus der Turonscholle von Johanisberg, nordwestlich von Pasewalk. Geologie, 20(10): 1170-1211.

Hoffmann, R. & others, (2014). Nanoprobe crystallographic orientation studies of isolated shield elements of the coccolithophore species Emiliania huxleyi. European Journal of Mineralogy, 26(4).

Hofmann, G.E.; Barry, J.P.; Edmunds, P.J.; Gates, R.D.; Hutchis, D.A.; Klinger, T. & Sewell, M.A., (2010). The Effect of Ocean Acidification on Calcifying Organisms in Marine Ecosystems: An Organism- to-Ecosystem Perspective. Annual Review of Ecology Evolution and Systematics, 41: 127-147.

Hojjatzadeh, M., (1978). Discoasters of the Blue Clay (Middle Miocene) of Malta and Gozo. Geological Magazine, 115: 1-19.

Holcová, K., (2013). Oligocene–Miocene small reticulofenestrid coccolites and its paleoecological and paleogeographical implications. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 58(3): 651-668.

Holligan, P. & Harbour, D.S., (1977). The vertical distribution and succession of phytoplankton in the western English Channel in 1975 and 1976. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 57: 1075-1093.

Holligan, P.; Harbour, D.S. & Groom, S.B., (1993). What controls the distribution of the coccolithophore, Emiliania huxleyi, in the North Sea? Fisheries Oceanography, 2(3/4): 175-183.

Holligan, P.M., (1987). The physical environment of exceptional phytoplankton blooms in the Northeast Atlantic. Rapports et procès-verbaux des réunions / Conseil International pour l'Exploration de la Mer, 187: 9-18.

Holligan, P.M., (2004). Atlantic Meridional Transect AMT 14 cruise report RRS James Clark Ross 28 April – 1 June 2004 Plymouth Marine Laboratory, Plymouth.

Holligan, P.M.; Fernandez, E. & et al., (1993). A biogeochemical study of the coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi in the north Atlantic. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 7: 879-900.

Holligan, P.M. & others, (1993). A biogeochemical study of the coccolithophore, Emiliania huxleyi, in the North Atlantic. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 7(4): 879-900.

Holligan, P.M.; Viollier, M.; Harbour, D.S.; Camus, P. & Champagne-Philippe, M., (1983). Satellite and ship studies of coccolithophore production along a continental shelf edge. Nature, 304: 339-342.

Hollis, C.J., (2003). The Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary event in New Zealand: profiling mass extinction. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 46: 307-321.

Hollis, C.J.; Strong, C.P.; Rodgers, K.A. & Rogers, K.M., (2003). Paleoenvironmental changes across the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary at Flaxbourne River and Woodside Creek, eastern Marlborough, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 46(2): 177-197.

Holmes, M.A. & Watkins, D.K., (1992). Middle and Late Cretaceous history of the Indian Ocean. Synthesis of Results from Scientific Drilling in the Indian Ocean. Geophysical Monograph, 70: 225-244.

Honjo, S., (1976). Coccoliths: Production,Transportation and Sedimentation. Marine Micropaleontology, 1: 65-79.

Honjo, S. & Okada, H., (1974). Community structure of coccolithophores in the photic layer of the mid-Pacific. Micropaleontology, 20(2): 209-230.

Hopkins, J. & Archer, S.D., (2014). Consistent increase in dimethyl sulphide (DMS) in response to high CO2 in five shipboard bioassays from contrasting NW European waters. Biogeosciences Discussions, 11: 2267-2303.

Hoppe, C.J.M.; Langer, G. & Rost, B., (2011). Emiliania huxleyi shows identical responses to elevated pCO2 in TA and DIC manipulations. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 406: 54-62.

Hori, T. & Green, J.C., (1985). An ultrastructural study of mitosis in non-motile coccolith-bearing cells of Emiliania huxleyi (Lohm) Hay and Mohler (Prymnesiophceae). Protistologica, 21: 107-20.

Hori, T. & Green, J.C., (1994). Mitosis and cell division. In: Green, J.C. and Leadbeater, B.S.C. (Editors), The Haptophyte Algae. Systematics Association Special Volume. Clarendon Press, Oxford, pp. 47-71.

Hori, T. & Inouye, I., (1981). The ultrastructure of mitosis in Cricosphaera roscoffensis var. haptonemifera (Prymnesiophyceae). Protoplasma, 106: 121-135.

Horiguchi, T.; Yoshizawa-Ebata, J. & Nakayama, T., (2000). Halostylodinium arenarium, Gen et sp. nov. (Dinophyceae), A coccoid sand-dwelling dinoflagellate from subtropical Japan. Journal of Phycology, 36: 960-971.

Houdan, A.; Billard, C.; Marie, D.; Not, F.; Sáez, A.G.; Young, J.R. & Probert, I., (2004). Flow cytometric analysis of relative ploidy levels in holococcolithophore-heterococcolithophore (Haptophyta) life cycles. Systematics and Biodiversity, 1(4): 453-465.

Houghton, S.D., (1988). Thermocline control on coccolith diversity and abundance in Recent sediments from the Celtic Sea and English Channel. Marine Geology, 83(1-4): 313-319.

Houghton, S.D., (1989). Coccolith sedimentation and transport in the Irish Sea. Marine Geology, 86: 67-74.

Houghton, S.D., (1991). Coccolith sedimentation and transport in the North Sea. Marine Geology, 99: 267-274.

Houghton, S.D., (1993). Recent coccolith sedimentation patterns and transport in the North Sea: Implications for palaeoceanographic studies of marginal and continental shelf seas. In: Jenkins, D.G. (Editor), Applied Micropalaeontology. Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp. 1-39.

Houghton, S.D. & Guptha, M.V.S., (1991). Monsoonal and fertility controls on Recent marginal sea and continental shelf coccolith assemblages from the western Pacific and northern Indian oceans. Marine Geology, 97(252-259).

Hovasse, R., (1922). Endodinium chattoni (nov. gen. et sp.). Son cycle de multiplication endogène. Variation du nombre de ses chromosomes. Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances et mémoires de la société de biologie et de ses filiales,, 87: 845-846.

Howe, R., (1995). Mid-Late Cretaceous nannofossil biostratigraphy of the Papuan Basin, Papua, New Guinea. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 17: 64.

Howe, R.W., (2017). Acadialithus, a new nannofossil genus from offshore Eastern Newfoundland, Canada. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 37(1): 61-66.

Howe, R.W.; Campbell, R.J. & Rexilius, J.P., (2003). Integrated uppermost Campanian– Maastrichtian calcareous nannofossil and foraminiferal biostratigraphic zonation of the northwestern margin of Australia. Journal of Micropalaeontology, 22(29-62).

Hradecká, L. & Svábenická, L., (1995). Foraminifera and calcareous nannoplankton assemblages from the Cenomanian-Turonian boundary interval of the Knovíz section, Bohemian Cretaceous Basin. Geologica Carpathica, 46: 267-276.

Huber, B.T.; Bijma, J. & Darling, K.F., (1997). Cryptic speciation in the living planktonic foraminifer Globigerinella siphonifera (d´Orbigny). Paleobiology, 23(1): 33-62.

Huber, B.T.; Petrizzo, M.R.; Watkins, D.K.; Haynes, S.J. & MacLeod, K.G., (2017). Correlation of Turonian continental margin and deep-sea sequences in the subtropical Indian Ocean sediments by integrated planktonic foraminiferal and calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy. Newsletters on Stratigraphy, 50: 141-185.

Huber, B.T. & Watkins, D.K., (1992). Biogeography of Campanian-Maastrichtian calcareous plankton in the region of the Southern Ocean: paleogeographic and paleoclimatic implications. The Antarctic Paleoenvironment: a Perspective on Global Change. Antarctic Research Series, 56: 31-60.

Huh, J.M. & Smith, C.I., (1972). Coccoliths and related calcareous nannofossils from the Upper Cretaceous Fencepost Limstone of Northwestern Kansas. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan, 24(3): 17-22.

Hultberg, S.U., (1985). Pithonella organica—a new calcareous dinoflagellate with an inner organic wall. Grana, 24: 1150120.

Humboldt, F.W.H.A.v., (1795). Ueber die unterirdischen Gasarten und die Mittel ihren Nachtheil zu vermindern. Ein Beytrag zur Physik der praktischen Bergbaukunde. F. Wiewag, Braunschweig.

Hunt, B.P.V.; Pakhomov, E.A.; Hosie, G.W.; Siegel, V.; Ward, P. & Bernard, K., (2008). Pteropods in Southern Ocean ecosystems. Progress in Oceanography, 78: 193-221.

Huxley, T., (1858). Appendix A. In: Dayman, J. (Editor), Deep sea soundings in the North Atlantic Ocean between Ireland and Newfoundland made in H.M.S. Cyclops. The Admiralty Commissioners, London, pp. 63-68.

Huxley, T.H., (1868). On some organisms living at great depths in the North Atlantic Ocean. Quarterly journal of microscopical science, 8: 203-212.

Iglesias-Rodríguez, M.D. & others, (2002). Representing key functional groups in ocean carbon cycle models: Coccolithophorids. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 16: 47/1-47/20.

Iglesias-Rodríguez, M.D. & others, (2008). Phytoplankton calcification in a high-CO2 world. Science, 320: 336-340.

Iglesias-Rodríguez, M.D.; Sáez, A.G.; Groben, R.; Edwards, K.J.; Batley, J.; Medlin, L.K. & Hayes, P.K., (2002). Polymorphic microsatellite loci in global populations of the marine coccolithophorid Emiliania huxleyi. Molecular Ecology Notes, 2: 495-497.

Iglesias-Rodríguez, M.D.; Schofield, O.; Batley, J.; Medlin, L.K. & Hayes, P.K., (2006). Intraspecific genetic diversity in the marine coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi (Prymnesiophyceae): the use of microsatellite analysis in marine phytoplankton population studies. Journal of Phycology, 42: 526-536.

Imbrie, e.a., (1984). The orbital theory of Pleistocene climate: support from a revised chronology of the marine d18O record. In: Berger, A.L. and et al. (Editors), Milankovitch and Climate, pp. 269-305.

Indelicato, S.R. & Loeblich, A.R.I., (1986). A revision of the marine peridinioid genera (Pyrrhophyta) utilizing hypothecal-cingular plate relationships as a taxonomic guideline. . Japanese Journal of Phycology, 34: 153-162.

Inouye, I. & Chihara, M., (1979). Life history and taxonomy of Cricosphaera roscoffensis var. haptonemofera, var. nov. (Class Prymnesiophyceae) from the Pacific. . Botanical Magazine. Tokyo, 92: 75-87.

Inouye, I. & Chihara, M., (1980). Laboratory culture and taxonomy of Hymenomonas coronata and Ochrosphaera verrucosa (Class Prymnesiophyceae) from the Northwest Pacific. Botanical Magazine. Tokyo, 93: 195-208.

Inouye, I. & Chihara, M., (1983). Ultrastructure and taxonomy of Jomonlithus littoralis gen. et sp. nov. (Class Prymnesiophyceae), a coccolithophorid from the Northwest Pacific. Botanical Magazine. Tokyo, 96: 365-376.

Inouye, I. & Kawachi, M., (1994). The haptonema. In: Green, J.C. and Leadbeater, B.S.C. (Editors), The Haptophyte Algae. Systematics Association Special Volumes. Clarendon Press, Oxford, pp. 73-89.

Inouye, I. & Pienaar, R.N., (1984). New observations on the coccolithophorid Umbilicosphaera sibogae var. foliosa (Prymnesiophyceae) with reference to cell covering, cell structure and flagellar apparatus. British Phycological Journal, 19: 357-369.

Inouye, I. & Pienaar, R.N., (1985). Ultrastructure of the flagellar apparatus in Pleurochrysis (Class Prymnesiophyceae). Protoplasma, 125: 24-35.

Inouye, I. & Pienaar, R.N., (1988). Light and electron microscope observations of the type species of Syracosphaera, S. pulchra (Prymnesiophyceae). British Phycological Journal, 23: 205-217.

Iturralde Vinent, M.A., (1967). Kainoconus ovalis, nuevo microfosile insertae sedis del Eoceno y Paleoceno Cubana. Rev. Tecnologica, 5(5): 12-16.

Iwai, T. & Nishida, S., (1976). The distribution of modern coccolithophores in the North Pacific. News of the Osaka Micropaleontologists, 5: 1-11. (In Japanese).

Jafar, A.S., (1983). Significance of Late Triassic calcareous Nannoplankton from Austria and Southern Germany. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Abhandlungen, 166: 218-259.

Jafar, S.A., (1975). Calcareous nannoplankton from the Miocene of Rotti, Indonesia. Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen; Afdeling Natuurunde Verhandelingen, 28: 1-99.

Jafar, S.A. & Martini, E., (1975). On the validity of the calcareous nannoplankton genus Helicosphaera. Senckenbergiana lethaea, 56: 381-397.

Jagt, J.W.M.; Burnett, J. & Kennedy, W.J., (1995). Campanian ammonites and nannofossils from southern Limburg, the Netherlands. Mededelingen Rijks Geologische Dienst, 53: 49-63.

Jagt, J.W.M.; Kennedy, W.J.; Burnett, J.A.; Christensen, W.K. & Dhondt, A.V., (1995). Santonian macrofauna and nannofossils from northeast Belgium. Bulletin de l'Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique. Sciences de la Terre, 65: 127-137.

Jakubowski, M., (1986). New calcareous nannofossil taxa from the Lower Cretaceous of the North Sea. INA Newsletter, 8: 38-42.

Jakubowski, M., (1987). A proposed Lower Cretaceous calcareous nannofossil zonation scheme for the Moray Firth area of the North Sea. Abhandlungen der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 39: 99-119.

Jan du Chene, R.E.; Perch-Nielsen, K. & Petters, S.W., (1978). New stratigraphic data on the Paleogene Ewekoro and Akinbo Formations (Southwestern Nigeria). Archives des Sciences, 31(3): 205-212.

Janin, M.-C., (1987). Micropaleontologie de concretions polymetalliques du Pacifique central: zone Clarion-Clipperton, chaine Centre-Pacifique, lles de la Ligne et archipel des Tuoamotou (Eocene-Actuel). Mémoires de la Société géologique de France. Paris, 152: 1-315.

Janin, M.-C., (1992). Miocene variability of Calcidiscus gr. leptoporus and possible evolutionary relationsip with another Coccolithaceae: Umbiliosphaera gr. sibogae. Bio Systems, 28: 169-178.

Janin, M.-C., (1995). Biological affinities of the calcareous nannofossils: comparison with the organic scales secreted by living algae. In: Flores, J.A. and Sierro, F.J. (Editors), 5th INA Conference in Salamanca 1993 Proceedings. Universidad de Salamanca, Salmanca, pp. 67-86.

Janin, M.-C. & Bignot, G., (1993). Nouvelle subdivision biostratigraphique du Thanétien du Bassin de Paris, fondée sur les nannofossiles calcaires. Comptes Rendus (Hebdomadaires des Séances) de l'Académie des Sciences Paris, 317: 927-934.

Janofske, D., (1987). Kalkige Nannofossilien aus der Ober-Trias (Rhät) der Nördlichen Kalkalpen. Berliner Geowissenschaftlichen Abhandlungen A, 86: 45-67.

Janofske, D., (1990). Eine neue "Calcisphaere", Carnicalyxia tabellata n.g. n.sp. aus den Cassianer Schichten (Cordevol, unteres Karn) der Dolomiten. Berliner Geowissenschaftlichen Abhandlungen A, 124: 259-269.

Janofske, D., (1992). Calcareous nannofossils of the Alpine Upper Triassic. In: Hamrsmid, B. and Young, J.R. (Editors), Nannoplankton Research (Procs INA Conf). Knihovnicka ZPN, Hodonin, Cz, pp. 87-109.

Janofske, D., (1996). Ultrastructure types in recent "calcispheres". Bulletin de l'Institut Oceanographique Monaco Numero Special, 14/4: 295-204.

Janofske, D., (2000). Scrippsiella trochoidea and Scrippsiella regalis, nov. comb. (Peridiniales, Dinophyceae): a comparison. . Journal of Phycology, 36: 178-189.

Jarvis, I. & others, (1988). Microfossil Assemblages and the Cenomanian-Turonian (late Cretaceous) Oceanic Anoxic Event. Cretaceous Research, 9: 3-103.

Jeletzky, J.A., (1951). Die Stratigraphie und Belemnitenfauna des Obercampan und Maastricht Westfalens, Nordwestdeutschlands und Dänemarks sowie einige allgemeine Gliederungs-Probleme der jüngeren borealen Oberkreide Eurasiens. Beihefte zum Geologischen Jahrbuch, 1: 1-142.

Jeletzky, J.A., (1958). Die jüngere Oberkreide (Oberconiac bis Maastricht) Südwestrußlands und ihr Vergleich mit der Nordwest- und Westeuropas. Beihefte zum Geologischen Jahrbuch, 33: 1-157.

Jenkins, D.G., (1985). Southern mid-latitude Paleocene to Holocene planktic foraminifera. In: Bolli, H.M., Saunders, J.B. and Perch-Nielsen, K. (Editors), Plankton stratigraphy. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 263-282.

Jenkins, G. & Luterbacher, H., (1992). Paleogene stages and their boundaries (introductory remarks). Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Abhandlungen, 186: 1-5.

Jensen, M.Ø. & Moestrup, Ø., (1999). Ultrastructure of Chrysochromulina ahrengotii sp. nov. (Prymnesiophyceae), a new saddle-shaped species of Chrysochromulina from Danish coastal waters. Phycologia, 38: 195-207.

Jeremiah, J., (1996). A proposed Albian to Lower Cenomanian nannofossil biozonation for England and the North Sea Basin. Journal of Micropalaeontology, 15(97-129).

Jeremiah, J., (2001). A Lower Cretaceous nannofossil zonation for the North Sea Basin. Journal of Micropalaeontology, 20: 45-80.

Jerkovic, L., (1970). Noëlaerhabdus nov. gen. type d'un nouvelle famille de Coccolithophoridés fossiles: Noëlaerhabdaceae du Miocène supérieur de Yugoslavie. Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences. Paris. Série D - Sciences Naturelles, 270: 468-470.

Jerkovic, L., (1971). Une nouvelle espece de Coccolithophorales des sediments du Tortonien Moyen de la Yougoslavie. Bull. Sci. Yougoslavie, A16: 202.

Jerkovic, L., (1971). Syracosphaera cohenii nov. sp. des coccolithophorides du Miocene de la Yougoslavie. Bull. Sci. Yougoslavie, A16: 203.

Jerkovic, L., (1971). Zygosphaera bonai nov. sp. des coccolithophorides du Tortonien de Belgrade. Bull. Sci. Yougoslavie, A16: 203.

Jerkovic, L., (1971). Cyclococcolithus marginatus nov. sp. des coccolithophorides du Tortonien moyen des environs de Prijedor (Yougoslavie). Bull. Sci. Yougoslavie, A16: 204.

Jerkovic, L., (1971). Zygolithus splendens nov. sp. de nannoplancton calcaire du Miocene de Belgrade. Bull. Sci. Yougoslavie, A16: 204.

Jerkovic, L., (1971). Rhabdosphaera prijedorensis nov. sp. des coccolithophorides du Tortonien moyen des environs de Prijedor(Yougoslavie). Bull. Sci. Yougoslavie, A16: 205.

Jerkovic, L., (1971). Blackites balcanicius nov. sp. des coccolithophorides du Tortonien de Belgrade. Bull. Sci. Yougoslavie, A16(205-206).

Jerkovic, L., (1971). Noelaerhabdus bekei nov. sp. des coccolithophorides de Pannonien de Belgrade. Bull. Sci. Yougoslavie, A16: 206.

Jerkovic, L., (1971). Syracosphaera beogradiensis nov. sp. des coccolithophorides du Sarmatien des environs de Pancevo (Yougoslavie). Bull. Sci. Yougoslavie, A16: 206-207.

Jerkovic, L., (1971). Noelaerhabdus braarudii nov. sp. des coccolithophorides du Pannonien de Belgrade. Bull. Sci. Yougoslavie, A16: 207.

Jiang, M.-J. & Gartner, S., (1984). Neogene and Quarternary calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of the Walvis Ridge. In: Moore, T.C. et al. (Editors), Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, pp. 561-595.

Jiang, M.-J. & Gartner, S., (1986). Calcareous nannofossil succession across the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary in east-central Texas. Micropaleontology, 32(3): 232-255.

Jiang, M.J. & Gartner, S., (1984). Neogene and Quaternary calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of the Walvis Ridge. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 74: 561-595.

Jiang, S.; Bralower, T.J.; Patzkowsky, M.E.; Kump, L.R. & Schueth, J.D., (2010). Geographic controls on nannoplankton extinction across the Cretaceous/Palaeogene boundary. Nature Geoscience, 3(4).

Jiang, S.; Wang, Y.; Varol, O.; da Gama, R.O.B.P. & Blaj, T., (2016). A new early Miocene Sphenolithus species from the South China Sea. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 36(1): 61-63.

Jiang, S. & Wise, S.W., (2007). Taxonomic note: A new Coccolithus species that thrived during the Paleocene/Eocene Thermal Maximum. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 29(2): 88-91.

Johansen, J.R.; Doucette, G.J.; Barclay, W.R. & Bull, J.D., (1988). The morphology and ecology of Pleurochrysis carterae var. dentata var. nov. (Prymnesiophyceae), a new coccolithophorid from an inland saline pond in New Mexico. Phycologia, 27(1): 78-88.

Johnson, K.G. & others, (2011). Climate change and biosphere response: unlocking the collections vault. Bioscience, 61(2): 147-153.

Jones, B.M. & others, (2013). Responses of the Emiliania huxleyi Proteome to Ocean Acidification. PLoS ONE, 8(4): 1-13.

Jones, H.L.J.; Leadbeater, B.S.C. & Green, J.C., (1994). Mixotrophy in prymnesiophytes. In: Green, J.C. and Leadbeater, B.S.C. (Editors), The Haptophyte Algae. Systematics Association Special Volume. Clarendon Press, Oxford, pp. 247-263.

Jordan, R.W., (1988). Coccolithophore communities in the North East Atlantic. Unpublished PhD Thesis, University of Surrey, Guildford, 350 pp.

Jordan, R.W., (1991). Problems in the taxonomy and terminology of living coccolithophorids. International Nannoplankton Association Newsletter, 13(2): 52-53.

Jordan, R.W., (2002). Environmental application of calcareous nannofossils. In: Haslett, S.K. (Editor), Quaternary environmental micropalaeontology. Arnold, London, pp. 185-206.

Jordan, R.W. & others, (2016). Observations on the morphological diversity and distribution of two siliceous nannoplankton genera, Hyalolithus and Petasaria. Micropaleontology, 61(6): 439-455.

Jordan, R.W.; Broerse, A.T.C.; Hagino, K.; Kinkel, H.; Sprengel, S.; Takahashi, K. & Young, J.R., (2000). Taxon lists for studies of modern nannoplankton. Marine Micropaleontology, 39(309-314).

Jordan, R.W. & Chamberlain, A.H.L., (1992). Vexillarius cancellifer gen. et sp. nov., and its possible affinities with other living coccolithophorids. In: Hamrsmid, B. and Young, J.R. (Editors), Nannoplankton Research (Procs INA Conf). Knihovnicka ZPN, Hodonin, Cz, pp. 305-325.

Jordan, R.W. & Chamberlain, A.H.L., (1993). Canistrolithus valliformis gen. et sp. nov. (Syracosphaeraceae, Prymnesiophyta), a comparison with the genus Alisphaera. Phycologia, 32(5): 373-378.

Jordan, R.W. & Chamberlain, A.H.L., (1997). Biodiversity among haptophyte algae. Biodiversity and Conservation, 6: 131-152.

Jordan, R.W.; Cros, L. & Young, J.R., (2003). A revised classification scheme for living coccolithophores. Gaia, 11: 60.

Jordan, R.W.; Cros, L. & Young, J.R., (2004). A revised classification scheme for living Haptophytes. Micropaleontology, 50(supplement 1): 55-79.

Jordan, R.W. & Green, J.C., (1994). A check-list of the extant haptophyta of the world. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 74: 149-174.

Jordan, R.W. & Kleijne, A., (1994). A classification system for living coccolithophores. In: Winter, A. and Siesser, W.G. (Editors), Coccolithophores. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 83-105.

Jordan, R.W.; Kleijne, A. & Heimdal, B.R., (1993). Proposed changes to the classification system of coccolithophorids. III. International Nannoplankton Association Newsletter, 15(1): 18-22.

Jordan, R.W.; Kleijne, A.; Heimdal, B.R. & Green, J.C., (1995). A glossary of the extant Haptophyta of the world. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 75: 769-814.

Jordan, R.W.; Knappertsbusch, M.; Simpson, W.R. & Chamberlain, A.H.L., (1991). Turrilithus latericioides gen. et sp. nov., a new coccolithophorid from the deep photic zone. British Phycological Journal, 26: 175-183.

Jordan, R.W. & McCartney, K., (2015). Stephanocha nom. nov., a replacement name for the illegitimate silicoflagellate genus Distephanus (Dictyochophyceae). Phytotaxa, 201(3): 177-187.

Jordan, R.W. & Stickley, C.E., (2010). Diatoms as indicators of paleoceanographic events. In: Smol, J.P. and Stoermer, E.F. (Editors), The Diatoms: Applications for the Environmental and Earth Sciences. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 423-452.

Jordan, R.W. & Winter, A., (2000). Assemblages of coccolithophorids and other living microplankton off the coast of Puerto Rico during January-May 1995. Marine Micropaleontology, 39(1-4): 113-130.

Jordan, R.W. & Young, J.R., (1990). Proposed changes to the classification system of living Coccolithophorids. International Nannoplankton Association Newsletter, 12(1): 15-18.

Jordan, R.W.; Zhao, M.; Eglinton, G. & Weaver, P.P.E., (1996). Coccolith and alkenone stratigraphy and palaeoceanography at an upwelling site off NW Africa (ODP 658C) during the last 130,000 years. Microfossils and oceanic environments: 111-130.

Jossen, J.A., (1982). Les nannofossiles calcaires de Priabona. Revue de Paleobiologie, 1: 39-51.

Jukes-Brown, A.J. & Hill, W., (1900). The Cretaceous Rocks of Britain. 1. The Gault Clay and Upper Greensand of England. Memoir of the Geological Survey of Great Britain: 1-499.

Jurasova, F., (1974). Nannoplankton from the Menilitic Formation (Lower Oligocene) at Dolní Těšice. Věstník Ústředního ústavu geologického, 49: 91-96.

Jutson, D., (1995). The case of the missing nannofossil or "now you see it, now you don't". Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 17: 66.

de Kaenel, E. & Bergen, J.A., (1993). New Early and Middle Jurassic coccolith taxa and biostratigraphy from the eastern proto-Atlantic (Morocco, Portugal and DSDP Site 547B). . Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 86(861-907).

de Kaenel, E. & Bergen, J.A., (1996). Mesozoic calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy from sites 897, 899, and 901, Iberia Abyssal Plain: New biostratigraphic evidence. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 149: 27-59.

de Kaenel, E.; Bergen, J.A. & von Salis Perch-Nielsen, K., (1996). Jurassic calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of western Europe. Compilation of recent studies and calibration of bioevents. Bulletin de la Societe Géologique de France, 1996: 15-28.

de Kaenel, E.; von Salis Perch-Neilsen, K. & Lindinger, M., (1989). The Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary in the GurnigelFlysch (Switzerland). Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 82(2): 555-581.

de Kaenel, E. & Villa, G., (1996). Oligocene-Miocene calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy and paleoeecology from the Iberian Abyssal Plain Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 149: 79-145.

Kahn, A. & Aubry, M.-P., (2006). Intraspecific morphotypic variability in the Family Rhabdosphaeraceae. Micropaleontology, 52(4): 317-342.

Kahn, A. & Aubry, M.-P., (2012). New speciesof the coccolithophore Florisphaera Okada and Honjo 1973 Micropaleontology, 58(3): 209-215.

Kalina, T., (1970). Corcontochrysis noctivaga gen. et sp. nov. (Chrysophyceae). Preslia, 42: 297-302.

Kameo, K. & Bralower, T.J., (2000). Neogene calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of sites 998, 999, and 1000, Caribbean Sea. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 165: 3-17.

Kamptner, E., (1927). Beitrag zur Kenntnis adriatischer Coccolithophoriden. Archiv für Protistenkunde, 58: 173-184.

Kamptner, E., (1928). Über eine Coccolithophoride sua der "Alten Donau" bei Wien, nebst einigen systematischen Bemerkungen. Archiv für Protistenkunde, 61: 38-44.

Kamptner, E., (1928). Über das System und die Phylogenie der Kalkflagellaten. Archiv für Protistenkunde, 64: 19-43.

Kamptner, E., (1930). Der Kalkflagellaten der Süsswaters und ihre Beziehungen zu jenen des Brackwassers und des Meeres. International review der gesamten Hydrobiologie und Hydrographie, 24: 147-163.

Kamptner, E., (1931). Nannoconus steinmanni novo gen., novo spec., ein merkwurdiges gesteinbildendes Mikrofossil aus dem jungeren Mesozoikum der Alpen. Paläontologische Zeitschrift, 13: 288-298.

Kamptner, E., (1936). Über die Coccolithineen der Südwestküste von Istrien. Anzeiger der (Kaiserlichen) Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematische-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse. Wien, 73: 243-247.

Kamptner, E., (1937). Neue und bemerkenswerte Coccolithineen aus dem Mittelmeer. Archiv für Protistenkunde, 89: 279-316.

Kamptner, E., (1938). Einige Bemerkungen über Nannoconus Palaeontologische Zeitschrift, 20(2): 249-257.

Kamptner, E., (1941). Die Coccolithineen der Südwestküste von Istrien. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, 51: 54-149.

Kamptner, E., (1943). Zur Revision der Coccolithineen-Spezies Pontosphaera huxleyi Lohm. Anzeiger der (Kaiserlichen) Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematische-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse. Wien, 80: 73-49.

Kamptner, E., (1948). Coccolithen aus dem Torton des Inneralpinen Wiener Beckens. Anzeiger. Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematische-Naturwissenschafliche Klasse. Wien, 157: 1-16.

Kamptner, E., (1949). Fossile Coccolithineen-Skelettreste aus dem Molukken-Archipel. Anz. Osterr. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Naturw. KI., 86(4): 77-80.

Kamptner, E., (1950). Über den submikroskopischen Aufbau der Coccolithen. Anzeiger. Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematische-Naturwissenschafliche Klasse. Wien, 87: 152-158.

Kamptner, E., (1952). Das mikroskopische Studium des Skelettes der Coccolithineen (Kalkflagellaten). Übersicht der Methoden und Ergebnisse. I. Die Gestalt des Gehauses und seiner Bauelements. II. Der Feinbau der Coccolithen. Mikroskopie, 7: 375-386.

Kamptner, E., (1954). Untersuchungen über den Feinbau der Coccolithen. Anzeiger. Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematische-Naturwissenschafliche Klasse. Wien, 87: 152-158.

Kamptner, E., (1955). Fossile Coccolithineen-Skelettreste aus Insulinde. Eine mikropaläontologische Untersuchung. Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen; Afdeling Natuurkunde Verhandelingen, ser 2, 50: 1-105.

Kamptner, E., (1956). Das Kalkskelett von Coccolithus huxleyi (Lohmann) Kamptner und Gephyrocapsa oceanica Kamptner (Coccolithineae). Archiv für Protistenkunde, 101: 171-202.

Kamptner, E., (1956). Thoracosphaera Deflandrei nov. spec., ein bemerkenswertes Kalkflagellaten-Gehäuse aus dem Eocän von Donzacq (Dep. Landes, Frankreich). . Österreichische Botanische Zeitschrift, 103: 448-456.

Kamptner, E., (1956). Zur Systematik und Nomenklatur der Coccolithineen. . Anz. Osterr. Akad. Wiss. Math.-Nat. Kl., 93: 4-11.

Kamptner, E., (1958). Betrachtungen zur Systematik der Kalkflagellaten, nebst Versuch einer neuen Gruppierung der Chrysomonadales. Archiv für Protistenkunde, 103: 54-116.

Kamptner, E., (1963). Coccolithineen-Skelettreste aus Tiefseeablagerungen des Pazifischen Ozeans. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, 66: 139-204.

Kamptner, E., (1967). Kalkflagellaten - Skelettreste aus Tiefseeschlamm des Südatlantischen Ozeans. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, 71: 117-198.

Kanungo, S.; Bown, P.R.; Gale, A.S. & Young, J.R., (2004). A significant paleoclimatic/palaeotemperature shift around the Middle/late Albian boundary in the Gault Clay Formation , Folkestone, SE England. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 26(2): 63.

Kapellos, C. & Schaub, H., (1973). Zur Korrelation von Biozonierung mit Grossforaminiferen und Nannoplankton im Paläogen der Pyrenaen. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 66: 687-737.

Kaplan, U. & Kennedy, W.J., (1996). Upper Turonian and Coniacian Ammonite Stratigraphy of Westphalia, NW-Germany. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 46(305-352).

Karatsolis, B.; Dimiza, M.D. & Triantaphyllou, M.V., (2014). Verification of the Coronosphaera mediterranea – “Zygosphaera hellenica” life-cycle association. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 34(special): 45-46.

Karsten, G., (1905). Das Phytoplankton des Antarktischen Meeres nach dem Material der deutschen Tiefsee-Expedition 1898-1899. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Tiefsee-Expedition auf dem Dampfer ‘Valdivia’ 1898-1899, II, 2: 1-136.

Karwath, B., (2000). Ecological studies on living and fossil calcareous dinoflagellates of the equatorial and tropical Atlantic Ocean. Berichte, Fachbereich Geowissenschaften, Universitiit Bremen 152: 1-175 Berichte aus dem Fachbereich Geowissenschaften, Universitat Bremen, 152: 1-107.

Katagiri, F.; Takatsuka, Y.; Fujiwara, S. & Tsuzuki, M., (2010). Effects of Ca and Mg on growth and calcification of the coccolithophorid Pleurochrysis haptonemofera: Ca requirement for cell division in coccolith-bearing cells and for normal coccolith formation with acidic polysaccharides. Mar Biotechnol (NY), 12(1): 42-51.

Katz, B.J., (1978). Preparation of calcareous nannofossil assemblages for chemical examination. Journal of Paleontology, 52: 497-500.

Kauffman, E.G.; Kennedy, W.J. & Wood, C.J., (1996). The Coniacian stage and substage boundaries. Bulletin de l'Institut royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique; Sciences de la Terre, 66 supplement: 81-94.

Kawachi, M. & Inouye, I., (1993). Chrysochromulina quadrikonta sp. nov., a quadriflagellate member of the genus Chrysochromulina (Prymnesiophyceae = Haptophyceae). Japanese Journal of Phycology, 41: 221-230.

Kawachi, M. & Inouye, I., (1994). Observations on the flagellar apparatus of a coccolithophorid, Cruciplacolithus neohelis (Prymnesiophyceae). Journal of Plant Research, 107: 53-62.

Kawai, H. & Kreimer, G., (2000). Sensory mechanisms. Phototaxis and light perception in algae. In: Leadbeater, B.S.C. and Green, J.C. (Editors), The flagellates: unity, diversity and evolution. Clarendon Press, Oxford, pp. 124-146.

Kayano, K.; Saruwatari, K.; Kogure, T. & Shiraiwa, Y., (2011). Effect of coccolith polysaccharides isolated from the coccolithophorid, Emiliania huxleyi, on calcite crystal formation in in vitro CaCO3 crystallization. Mar Biotechnol (NY), 13(1): 83-92.

Kayano, K. & Shiraiwa, Y., (2009). Physiological regulation of coccolith polysaccharide production by phosphate availability in the coccolithophorid Emiliania huxleyi. Plant Cell Physiol, 50(8): 1522-31.

Keller, B.M., (1946). The foraminifera of the Upper Cretaceous deposits, in the Sotchi region. Bulletin de la Societe des Naturalistes de Moscou. Section geologique, 51(3): 83-108.

Keller, M.D.; Selvin, R.C.; Claus, W. & Guillard, R.R.L., (1987). Media for the culture of oceanic ultraphytoplankton. Journal of Phycology, 23: 633-637.

Kelly, D.C.; Norris, R.D. & Zachos, J.C., (2003). Deciphering the paleoceanographic signi¢cance of Early Oligocene Braarudosphaera chalks in the South Atlantic. Marine Micropaleontology, 49: 49-63.

Kennedy, W.J., (1984). Ammonite faunas and the 'standard zones' of the Cenomanian to Maastrichtian Stages in their type areas, with some proposals for the definition of the stage boundaries by ammonites. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark, 33: 147-162.

Kennedy, W.J. & Cobban, W.A., (1991). Coniacian ammonite faunas from the United States Western Interior. Special Papers in Palaeontology, 45: 1-96.

Kennedy, W.J.; Cobban, W.A. & Scott, G.R., (1992). Ammonite correlation of uppermost Campanian of Western Europe, the U.S. Gulf Coast, Atlantic Seaboard and Western Interior, and the numerical age of the base of the Maastrichtian. Geological Magazine, 129: 497-500.

Kennedy, W.J.; Gale, A.S.; Bown, P.R.; Caron, M.; Davey, R.J.; Grocke, D. & Wray, D.S., (2000). Integrated stratigraphy across the Aptian-Albian boundary in the Marnes Bleues, at the Col de Pre ́-Guittard, Arnayon (Drome), and at Tartonne (Alpes-de-Haute-Provence), France: a candidate Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Boundary Point for the base of the Albian Stage. Cretaceous Research, 21(591-720).

Kennington, K.; Allen, J.R.; Shammon, T.M. & Hartnoll, R.G., (1999). Phytoplankton and nutrient dynamics in the north-east Irish Sea. Hydrobiologia. Acta Hydrobiologica. Limnologica et Protistologica, 393: 57-67.

Kessler, J.O., (1985). Separation and concentration of swimming microorganisms by gyrotaxis and spontaneous generation of descending streamers. Applied Phycology Forum, 2(1): 1.

Keupp, H., (1976). Kalkiges Nannoplankton aus den Solenhofener Schichten (Unter-Tithon, Sudliche Krnkenalb). Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Monatshefte, 1976-6: 361-381.

Keupp, H., (1977). Ultrafazies und Genese der Solnhofener Plattenkalke (Oberer Malm, Südliche Frankenalb). Abhandlung der Naturhistorischen Gesellschaft Nürnberg, 37: 128.

Keupp, H., (1978). Calcisphaeren des Untertithons der Südlichen Frankenalb und die systematische Stellung von Pithonella Lorenz 1901. Neues Jahrbuch fuer Geologie und Palaontologie, Monatschefte, 1978(2): 87-98.

Keupp, H., (1979). Alasphaera caudata n.g. n.sp., eine neue Calciodinelloidee aus der Unterkreide (Hauterivium) Nordwestdeutschlands. . Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Monatshefte, 5: 284-290.

Keupp, H., (1979). Die Blätterton-Fazies der nordwestdeutschen Unterkreide - Teil 1. Calciodinelloidea aus der Blätterton-Fazies des nordwestdeutschen Unter-Barremium. Berichte der Naturhistorischen Gesellschaft Hannover 122: 21., 122: 7-69.

Keupp, H., (1980). Calcigonellum Deflandre 1948 und Echinodinella n. gen. (kalkige Dinoflagellaten-Zysten) aus der nordwestdeutschen Unter-Kreide. Calcigonellum Deflandre 1948 and Echinodinella n. gen. (calcareous dinoflagellate cysts) from the Lower Cretaceous of northwest Germany. Facies, no.2, p.123-148, pl.14-17. Facies, 2: 123-148.

Keupp, H., (1980). Pithonella paratabulata n.sp., eine unterkretazische Calcisphaere mit äusserer Paratabulation. Facies, 3: 239-249.

Keupp, H., (1980). Pithonella patriciagreeleyae Bolli 1974, eine kalkige Dinoflagellaten-Zyste mit interner Paratabulation (Unter-Kreide, Speeton/SE-England). Pithonella patriciagreeleyae Bolli 1974, a calcareous dinoflagellate cyst with an inside paratabulation (Lower Cretaceous, Speeton/se England). . Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Monatshefte, 9: 513-524.

Keupp, H., (1981). Die kalkigen Dinoflagellaten-Zysten der borealen Unter-Kreide (Unter-Hauterivium bis Unter-Albium). Facies, 5: 1-190.

Keupp, H., (1982). Die kalkigen Dinoflagellaten-Zysten des späten Apt und frühen Alb in Nordwestdeutschland. . Geologisches Jahrbuch, A65: 307-363.

Keupp, H., (1984). Revision der kalkigen Dinoflagellaten-Zysten G. Deflandre, 1948. A restudy of the calcareous dinoflagellate cysts established by G. Deflandre, 1948. Paläontologische Zeitschrift, 58(1-2): 9-31.

Keupp, H., (1987). Die kalkigen Dinoflagellatenzysten des Mittelalb bis Untercenoman von Escalles/Boulonnais (N- Frankreich). Facies, 17(37-38).

Keupp, H., (1990). Eine neue pithonelloide Dinoflagellaten-Kalkzyste aus der Oberkreide von South Dakota/U.S.A. A new pithonellid calcareous dinoflagellate cyst from the Upper Cretaceous of South Dakota/U.S.A. Facies, 22: 47-58.

Keupp, H., (1991). Fossil calcareous dinoflagellate cysts. In: Riding, R. (Editor), Calcareous Algae and Stromatolites. Springer, Berlin, pp. 267-286.

Keupp, H., (1991). Kalkige Dinoflagellaten-Zysten aus dem Eibrunner Mergel (Cenoman-Turon-Grenzbereich) bei Bad Abbach/Süddeutschland. Berliner Geowissenschaftliche Abhandlungen, A134: 127-145.

Keupp, H., (1992). Calcareous dinoflagellate cysts from the Lower Cretaceous of Hole 761C, Wombat Plateau, eastern Indian Ocean. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 122(497-509).

Keupp, H., (1992). Die Flora kalkiger Dinoflagellaten-Zysten im mittleren Apt (Gargas) der Kernbohrung Himstedt 3 bei Hoheneggelsen/Niedersachsen. Berliner Geowissenschaftliche Abhandlungen, E3: 121-169.

Keupp, H., (1993). Kalkige Dinoflagellaten-Zysten in Hell-Dunkel-Rhythmen des Ober-Hauterive/Unter-Barreme NW-Deutschlands. Zitteliana, 20: 25-39.

Keupp, H., (1995). Die kalkigen Dinoflagellaten-Zysten aus dem Ober-Alb der Bohrung Kirchrode 1/91 (zentrales Niedersa ̈chsisches Becken, NW Deutschland). Berliner Geowissenschaftliche Abhandlungen, E16: 155-199.

Keupp, H. & Ilg, A., (1989). Die kalkigen Dinoflagellaten im OberCallovium und Oxfordium der Normandie/ Frankreich. Berliner Geowissenschaftliche Abhandlungen, A 106:165–205. Berliner Geowissenschaftliche Abhandlungen, A106: 165-205.

Keupp, H. & Kienel, U., (1994). Wandstrukturen bei Pithonelloideae (Kalkige Dinoflagellaten-Zysten): Biomineralisation und systematische Konsequenzen. . Abhandlung der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 50: 197-217.

Keupp, H. & Kohring, R., (1993). Kalkige Dinoflagellaten-Zysten aus dem Ober-Miozän von El Medhi (Algerien). Berliner Geowissenschaftliche Abhandlungen, E9: 25-43.

Keupp, H.; Kohring, R. & Kowalski, F.-U., (1992). Neue Arten der Gattung Ruegenia Willems 1992 (kalkige Dinoflagellaten-Zysten) aus Kreide und Tertiär. Berliner Geowissenschaftliche Abhandlungen, E3: 191-209.

Keupp, H. & Kowalski, F.-U., (1992). Die kalkigen Dinoflagellaten- Zysten aus dem Alb von Folkestone/SE-England. Berliner Geowissenschaftliche Abhandlungen, E3: 211-251.

Keupp, H.; Kowalski, F.-U. & Willems, H., (1992). Die kalkigen Dinoflagellaten Zysten aus dem Alb von Folkestone/SE-England. Berliner Geowissenschaftliche Abhandlungen, E3: 211-251.

Keupp, H.; Monnet, B. & Kohring, R., (1991). Morphotaxa bei kalkigen Dinoflagellaten-Zysten und ihre problematische Systematisierung. Problems with the systematics of calcareous dinoflagellate cysts based on morphologically defined taxa. Berliner Geowissenschaftliche Abhandlungen, A134: 161-185.

Keupp, H. & Mutterlose, J., (1984). Organismen-Verteilung in den D-Beds von Speeton (Unterkreide, England) unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der kalkigen Dinoflagellaten-Zysten. Facies, 10: 153-178.

Keupp, H. & Mutterlose, J., (1994). Calcareous phytoplankton from the Barremian/Aptian boundary interval from NW Germany. Cretaceous Research, 15(6): 739-763.

Keupp, H. & Versteegh, G.J.M., (1989). Ein neues systema-tisches Konzept fuer kalkige Dinoflagellaten-Zysten der Subfamilie Orthopithonelloideae Keupp 1987. Berliner Geowissenschaftliche Abhandlungen, A106(207-219).

Khan, M.R.; Pavlovec, R. & Pavsic, J., (1975). Eocene microfossils from Podgrad. Geologija, 18: 9-60.

Kidd, R.B. & et al., (1983). Kings Trough Flank: Geological and Geophysical investigations of its suitability for high level radioactive waste disposal. Institute of Oceanographic Sciences Report, 166, XII: 1-99.

Kienel, U., (1994). Die Entwicklung der kalkigen Nannofossilien und der kalkigen Dinoflagellaten-Zystean der Kreide/Tertiär-Grenze in Westbrandenburg im Vergleich mit Profilen in Nordjütland und Seeland (Dänemark). Berliner Geowissenschaftliche Abhandlungen, 12: 87.

Kimura, M., (1980). A simple method for estimating rate of base substitutions through comparative studies of nucleotide sequences. Journal of Molecular Evolution, 16: 111-120.

Kinkel, H.; Baumann, K.-H. & Cepek, M., (2000). Coccolithophores in the equatorial Atlantic ocean: response to seasonal and Late Quaternary surface water variability. Marine Micropaleontology, 39(1-4): 87-112.

Kirschvink, J.L. & Hagadorn, J.W., (2000). A grand unified theory of biomineralization. In: Bäuerlein, E. (Editor), Biomineralization: from Biology to Biotechnology and Medical Application. Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, pp. 139-149.

Kita, Z.A. & Watkins, D.K., (2016). A new calcareous nannofossil species of the genus Helicolithus from the Santonian and its biostratigraphic signi cance in the Cretaceous Western Interior Seaway. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 36(1): 77-82.

Kitchell, J.A.; Clark, D.L. & Gombos, A.M., (1986). Biological selectivity of extinction: A link between background and mass extinctions. Palaios, 1: 504-511.

Klaas, C. & Archer, D., (2002). Association of sinking organic matter with various types of mineral ballast in the deep sea: Implications for the rain ratio. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 16(4): 1-14.

Klaveness, D., (1972). Coccolithus huxleyi (Lohmann) Kamptner. I.- Morphological investigations on the vegetative cell and the process of coccolith formation. Protistologica, 8(3): 335-346.

Klaveness, D., (1972). Coccolithus huxleyi (Lohmann) Kamptner. II. - The flagellate cell, aberrant cell types, vegetative propagation and life cycles. British Phycological Journal, 7: 309-318.

Klaveness, D., (1973). The microanatomy of Calyptrosphaera sphaeroidea, with some supplementary observations on the motile stage of Coccolithus pelagicus. Norwegian Journal of Botany, 20: 151-162.

Klaveness, D., (1976). Emiliania huxleyi (Lohmann) Hay & Mohler. III. Mineral deposition and the origin of the matrix during coccolith formation. Protistologica, 12: 217-224.

Klaveness, D. & Paasche, E., (1971). Two different Coccolithus huxleyi cell types incapable of coccolith formation. Archiv für Mikrobiologie, 75: 382-385.

Klebs, G., (1892). Flagellatenstudien Thiel II. Wiss. Zool., 55: 353-445.

Kleijne, A., (1991). Holococcolithophorids from the Indian Ocean, Red Sea, Mediterranean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean. Marine Micropaleontology, 17: 1-76.

Kleijne, A., (1992). Extant Rhabdosphaeraceae (coccolithophorids, class Prymnesiophyceae) from the Indian Ocean, Red Sea, Mediterranean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean. Scripta Geologica, 100: 1-63.

Kleijne, A., (1993). Morphology, Taxonomy and distribution of extant coccolithophorids (Calcareous nannoplankton). Drukkerij FEBO B.V., Katwijk, 321 pp.

Kleijne, A. & Cros, L., (2009). Ten new extant species of the coccolithophore Syracosphaera and a revised classification scheme for the genus. Micropaleontology, 55(5): 425-462.

Kleijne, A. & Jordan, R.W., (1990). Proposed changes to the classification system of living coccolithophorids II. International Nannoplankton Association Newsletter, 12(1): 13.

Kleijne, A.; Jordan, R.W. & Chamberlain, A.H.L., (1991). Flosculosphaera calceolariopsis gen. et sp. nov. and F. sacculus sp. nov., new coccolithophorids (Prymnesiophyceae) from the NE Atlantic. British Phycological Journal, 26: 185-194.

Kleijne, A.; Jordan, R.W.; Heimdal, B.R.; Samtleben, C.; Chamberlain, A.H.L. & Cros, L., (2002). Five new species of the coccolithophorid genus Alisphaera (Haptophyta) with notes on their distribution, coccolith structure and taxonomy. Phycologia, 40(6): 583-601.

Kleijne, A.; Kroon, D. & Zevenboom, W., (1989). Phytoplankton and foraominiferal frequencies in Northern Indian Ocean and Red Sea Surface waters. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, 24(4): 531-539.

Kleypas, J.A.; Buddemeier, R.W.; Archer, D.; Gattuso, J.-P.; Langdon, C. & Opdyke, B.N., (1999). Geochemical consequences of increased atmospheric carbon dioxide on coral reefs. Science, 284: 118-120.

Kling, H.J., (1981). Chrysochromulina laurentiana: an electron microscopic study of a new species of Prymnesiophyceae from Canadian Shield lakes. Nordic Journal of Botany, 1: 551-555.

Klumpp, B., (1953). Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Mikrofossilien des Mittleren und Oberen Eozän. Palaeontographica A, 103: 377-406.

Knappertsbusch, M., (1989). Morphological evolution of the Neogene coccolith group Calcidiscus macintyrei. International Nannoplankton Association Newsletter, 11(2): 74-75.

Knappertsbusch, M., (1990). Geographic distribution of modern coccolithophorids in the Mediterranean Sea and morphological evolution of Calcidiscus leptoporus. 9169, Diss. ETH, Zurich.

Knappertsbusch, M., (1993). Syracosphaera noroiticus sp. nov., and S. marginaporata sp. nov., (Syracosphaeraceae, Prymnesiophyta), new coccolithophorids from the Mediterranean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean. Journal of Micropalaeontology, 12(1): 71-76.

Knappertsbusch, M., (1993). Geographic distribution of living and Holocene coccolithophores in the Mediterranean Sea. Marine Micropaleontology, 21: 219-247.

Knappertsbusch, M., (1997). Morphologic variability of the coccolithophorid Calcidiscus leptoporus in the plankton, surface sediments and from the Early Pleistocene. Marine Micropaleontology, 30: 293-317.

Knappertsbusch, M., (1998). A simple Fortran 77 program for outline detection. Computers & Geosciences, 24: 897-900.

Knappertsbusch, M., (1999). Grid 2.1. public domain.

Knappertsbusch, M., (2000). Morphological evolution of the coccolithophorid Calcidiscus leptoporus from the Early Miocene to recent. Journal of Paleontology, 74(4): 712-730.

Knappertsbusch, M. & Brummer, G.-J.A., (1995). A sediment trap investigation of sinking coccolithophorids in the North Atlantic. Deep-Sea Research, 42(7): 1083-1109.

Knauer, J., (1970). Calcisphaerula, Pithonella and Stomiosphaera from middle Cretaceous beds of the Rakony Mountains. Földtani Közlöny, 100(1): 88-90.

Knoll, A.H., (1989). Evolution and extinction in the marine realm: Some constraints imposed by phytoplankton. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London (B), 325: 279-290.

Knowlton, N., (1993). Sibling species in the sea. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 24: 189-216.

Knox, R.W.O.B.; N.M., H. & Ali, J.R., (1994). New information on the age and sequence stratigraphy of the type Thanetian of Southeast England. Newsletters on Stratigraphy, 30: 45-60.

Knuttel, S., (1986). Calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of the Central East Pacific Rise, Deep Sea Drilling Project Leg 92: evidence for downslope transport of sediments Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 92: 255-290.

Knuttel, S.; Russell, M.D. & Firth, J.V., (1989). Neogene calcareous nannofossils from Leg 105: Implications for Pleistocene paleoceanographic trends. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 105: 245-262.

Kohring, R., (1993). Kalkdinoflagellaten aus dem Mittel- und Obereozan von Jutland (Danemark) und dem Pariser Becken (Frankreich) im Vergleich mit anderen Tertiar- Vorkommen. . Berliner Geowissenschaftliche Abhandlungen, E6(1-164).

Kohring, R., (1993). Kalkdinoflagellaten-Zysten aus dem unteren Pliozän von E-Sizilien. Berliner Geowissenschaftliche Abhandlungen, E9: 15-23.

Komuro, C.; Narita, H.; Imai, K.; Nojiri, Y. & Jordan, R.W., (2005). Microplankton assemblages at Station KNOT in the subarctic western Pacific, 1999-2000. Deep-Sea Research II, 52: 2206-2217.

Konno, S. & Jordan, R.W., (2006). Lagoon coccolithophorids from the Republic of Palau, NW Equatorial Pacific. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 28(2): 95-110.

Konno, S. & Jordan, R.W., (2007). An amended terminology for the Parmales (Chrysophyceae). Phycologia, 46(6): 612-616.

Konno, S.; Ohira, R.; Komuro, C.; Harada, N. & Jordan, R.W., (2007). Six new taxa of subarctic Parmales (Chrysophyceae). Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 29(2): 108-128.

Kosman, C.A.; Thomsen, H.A. & Østergaard, J.B., (1993). Parmales (Chrysophyceae) from Mexican, Californian, Baltic, Arctic and Antarctic waters with the description of a new subspecies and several new forms. Phycologia, 32(2): 116-128.

Köthe, A., (1981). Kalkiges Nannoplankton aus dem Unter-Hauterivum bis Unter-Barremium der Tongrube Moorberg/ Sarstedt (Unter-Kreide, NW-Deutschland). Mittheilungen der geologischen Institut Universitat Hannover, 21: 1-95.

Köthe, A., (1986). Kalkiges nannoplankton aus dem Paläogen Northwestdeutschland. Geologisches Jahrbuch, A89: 3-114.

Krasheninnikov, V.A. & Basov, I.A., (1983). Cretaceous calasphaerulids of the Falkland Plateau, D.S.D.P. Leg 71. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 71: 977-997.

Kreimer, G., (1994). Cell biology of phototaxis in flagellate algae. International Review of Cytology, 148: 229-310.

Kretschmann, J.; Elbrächter, M.; Zinssmeister, C.; Soehner, S.; Kirsch, M.; Kusber, W.-H. & Gottschling, M., (2015). Taxonomic clarification of the dinophyte Peridinium acum­inatum Ehrenb., ≡ Scrippsiella acuminata, comb. nov. (Thoracosphaeraceae, Peridiniales). Phytotaxa, 220: 239-256.

Krhovsky, J., (1979). Calcareous nannoplankotn from the Eocene/Oligocene boundary of some localities of the Pozdrany and Zdanice units (the West Carpathians, Czechoslovakia). In: V., P. (Editor), Palaeontological Conference 1977, University Karlova Praha. University Karlova Praha, Prague, pp. 775-91.

Kring, D.A., (2007). The Chicxulub impact event and its environmental consequences at the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 255(4-21).

Kristan-Tollmann, E., (1988). Coccolithen aus den Älteren Allgäuschichten (Alpiner Lias, Sinemur) von Timor, Indonesien. Geologische und Paläontogische Mitteilungen Innsbruck, 15: 71-83.

Kristan-Tollmann, E., (1988). Coccolithen aus dem Pliensbach (Ältere Allgäuschichten) von Timor, Indonesien. Geologische und Paläontogische Mitteilungen Innsbruck, 15: 109-133.

Kristan-Tollmann, E.; Barkham, S. & Gruber, B., (1987). Pötshenschichten, Zlambachmergel (Hallstatter Obertrias) und Liasfleckenmergel in Zentraltimor, nebst ihren Faunenelementen. Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Geologischen Gesellschaft, 80: 229-285.

Kristiansen, J. & Preisig, H.R.E., (2001). Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica, 110: 1-260.

Kroon, D.; Wouters, P.; Moodley, L.; Ganssen, G. & Troelstra, S.R., (1988). Phenotypic variation of Turborotalita quinqueloba (Natland) tests in living populations and in the Pleistocene of an eastern Mediterranean piston core. In: Brummer, G.J.A. and Kroon, D. (Editors), Planktonic Foraminifers as Tracers of Ocean-Climate History. Free Univ. Press, Amsterdam, pp. 131-143.

Krueger-Hadfield, S.A. & others, (2014). Genotyping an Emiliania huxleyi (Prymnesiophyceae) bloom event in the North Sea reveals evidence of asexual reproduction. Biogeosciences, 11: 5215-5234.

Kucera, M. & Darling, K.F., (2002). Cryptic species of planktonic foraminifera: their effect on palaeoceanographic reconstructions. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London (A), 360(695-718).

Lackey, J.B., (1939). Notes on plankton flagellates from the Scioto River. Lloydia, 2: 128-143.

Lagerheim, G., (1893). Phaeocystis nov. gen., grundadt på Tetraspora Poucheti Har. Botaniska Notiser, 1893: 32-33.

Lagerheim, G., (1896). Über Phaeocystis Poucheti (Har.) Lagerh.; eine Planktonflagellate. Öfversigt af Kongl. Vetenskapakademiens Förhandlingar, 53: 277-288.

Laguna, R.; Romo, J.; Read, B.A. & Wahlund, T.M., (2001). Induction of phase variation events in the life cycle of the marine coccolithophorid Emiliania huxleyi. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 67(9): 3824-3831.

Lake, R.D.; Young, B.; Wood, C.J. & Mortimore, R.N., (1987). Geology of the Country around Lewes. Memoir of the BGS.

Lalii, C.M. & Gilmer, R.W., (1989). Pelagic snails: The biology of holoplanktonic gastropod mollusks. Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA, 259 pp.

Lambert, B., (1986). La notion d'espèce chez le genre Braarudosphaera Deflandre, 1947: mythe et réalité. Revue de Micropaleontologie, 28(4): 255-264.

Lambert, B., (1987). Nannofossiles calcaires de l'Albien supérieur et du Vraconnien du Cameroun méridional. Cahiers de Micropaleontologie, 2(2): 33-60.

Lambert, B., (1993). Nannofossiles calcaires de l'Albien supérieur et du Vraconnien du Cameroun méridional (Deuxième Partie). Cahiers de Micropaleontologie, 8(2): 183-225.

Lambert, B., (2005). Discoaster zonation of the Miocene of the Kutei Basin, East Kalimantan, Indonesia (Mahakam Delta Offshore). Carnets de Géologie - Memoir, 2005(1): 1-63.

Lamolda, M.A.; Gorostidi, A.; Martínez, R.; López, G. & Peryt, D., (1997). Fossil occurrences in the Upper Cenomanian-Lower Turonian at Ganuza, northern Spain: an approach to Cenomanian/Turonian boundary chronostratigraphy. Cretaceous Research, 18: 331-353.

Lamolda, M.A.; Gorostidi, A. & Paul, C.R.C., (1994). Quantitative estimates of calcareous nannofossil changes across the Plenus Marls (latest Cenomanian), Dover, England - implications for the generation of the Cenomanian-Turonian boundary event. Cretaceous Research, 15: 143-164.

Lamolda, M.A. & Proto Decima, F., (1986). The Turonian-Coniacian Boundary in Ollogoyen (Basque Country); Foraminifers and Nannoplankton. Cretaceous Research, 7: 63-75.

Lancis, C. & Flores, J.A., (2007). A new biostratigraphically significant calcareous nannofossil species in the Early Pliocene of the Mediterranean. Micropaleontology, 52: 477-481.

Langer, G.; Geisen, M.; Baumann, K.-H.; Klas, J.; Riebesell, U.; Thoms, S. & Young, J.R., (2006). Species-specific responses of calcifying algae to changing seawater carbonate chemistry. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 7(9): 1-12.

Langer, G. & others, (2006). Coccolith strontium to calcium ratios in Emiliania huxleyi: The dependence on seawater strontium and calcium concentrations. Limnology and Oceanography, 51(1): 310-320.

Langer, G.; Nehrke, G.; Probert, I.; Ly, J. & Ziveri, P., (2009). Strain-specific responses of Emiliania huxleyi to changing seawater carbonate chemistry. Biogeosciences Discussions, 6(4361-4383).

Langer, G.; Nehrke, G.; Probert, I.; Ly, J. & Ziveri, P., (2010). Strain-specific responses of Emiliania huxleyi to changing seawater carbonate chemistry. Biogeosciences, 6: 2637-2646.

Langer, G.; Nehrke, G.; Probert, I. & Ziveri, P.

de Lapparent, A., (1881-3). Traité de Géologie (1st edn). F. Savy, Paris.

de Lapparent, J., (1931). Sur les prétendus "embryons" de Lagena. Comptes Rendu Soc. Géol. Fr., 15: 222-223.

Latasa, M.; van Lenning, K.; Garrido, J.L.; Scharek, R.; Estrada, M.; Rodriguez, F. & Zapata, M., (2001). Losses of chlorophylls and carotenoids in aqueous acetone and methanol extracts prepared for RPHPLC analysis of pigments., 53, pp. 385-391. Chromatographia, 53(385-391).

Lauer, G., (1972). Nannofossilien aus dem Wienerwald. Jahrbuch der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 115: 103-186.

Lazarus, D.; Hilbrecht, H.; Spencer-Cervato, C. & Thierstein, H.R., (1995). Sympatric speciation and phyletic change in Globorotalia truncatulinoides. Paleobiology, 21(1).

Lazarus, D.B., (1994). Neptune: A marine Micropaleontology Database. Mathematical Geology,, 26(7): 817-832.

Le Moigne, F.A.C. & others, (2015). Carbon export efficiency and phytoplankton community composition in the Atlantic sector of the Arctic Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans, 120: 3896-3912.

Leadbeater, B.S.C., (1970). Preliminary observations on differences of scale morphology at various stages in the life cycle of Apistonema-Syracosphaera sensu Von Stosch. British Phycological Journal, 5: 57-69.

Leadbeater, B.S.C., (1971). Observations on the life-history of the haptophycean algae Pleurochrysis scherffelii with special reference to the micro-anatomy of the different types of motile cell. Annals of Botany. London, 35(140): 429-439.

Leadbeater, B.S.C., (1972). Fine structural observations on six new species of Chrysochromulina (Haptophyceae) from Norway with preliminary observations on scale production in C. microcylindra sp. nov. Sarsia, 49: 65-80.

Leadbeater, B.S.C., (1974). Ultrastructural observations on nanoplankton collected from the coast of Jugoslavia and the Bay of Algiers. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 54: 179-196.

Leadbeater, B.S.C. & Manton, I., (1969). New observations on the fine structure of Chrysochromulina strobilus Parke and Manton with special reference to some unusual features of the haptonema and scales. Archives of Microbiology, 66: 105–120.

Leadbeater, B.S.C. & Manton, I., (1969). Chrysochromulina camella sp. nov. and C. cymbium sp. nov., two new relatives of C. strobilus Parke and Manton. Archiv für Mikrobiologie, 68: 116-132.

Leadbeater, B.S.C. & Manton, I., (1971). Fine structure and light microscopy of a new species of Chrysochromulina (C. acantha). Archiv für Mikrobiologie, 78: 58-69.

Leadbeater, B.S.C. & Morton, C., (1973). Ultrastructural observations on the external morphology of some members of the Haptophyceae from the coast of Jugoslavia. Nova Hedwigia, 24(1): 207-233.

Lebour, M.V., (1923). Coccolithophora pelagica (Wallich) from, the Channe. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 13(1): 271-275.

Lecal, J., (1952). Richesse en microplancton estival des eaux Méditerranéennes de Port-Vendres a Oran. Vie et Milieu, 3: 13-95.

Lecal, J., (1952). Sur une protiste pelagique rattachable aux Discoasterides. Arch. Zoo!. Exper. et Gen. 89 (Notes et Revue), 8: 51-55.

Lecal, J., (1965). A propos des modalités d'élaboration des formations épineuses des Coccolithophoridés. Protistologica, 1: 63-70.

Lecal, J., (1965). Un nouvel Hymenomonas: H. prenantii n. sp. [Coccolithophoridés]. Annales de Limnologie, 1: 155-162.

Lecal, J., (1965). Navisolenia n. g. aprili n. sp. Bulletin de Histoire Naturelle Toulouse, 100: 422-426.

Lecal, J., (1966). Coccolithophorides littoraux de Banyuls. Vie et Milieu, 16: 251-270.

Lecal, J., (1967). Le nannoplancton des Côtes d'Israel. Hydrobiologia. Acta Hydrobiologica. Limnologica et Protistologica, 29: 305-387.

Lecal, J. & Bernheim, A., (1960). Microstructure du squelette de quelques Coccolithophorides. Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord, 51: 273-297.

Lecal, J. & Bernheim, A., (1964). Structure et biologie de quelques Coccolithophorides apres observations au microscope electronique. Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Toulouse, 99: 450-458.

Lecal-Schlauder, J., (1949). Notes preliminaires sur les coccolithophorides d'Afrique duNord. Bulletin de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de l'Afrique du Nord, 4-(5-6): 160-167.

Lecal-Schlauder, J., (1950). Notes preliminaires sur les Coccolithophorides d'Afrique du Nord. Bulletin de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de l'Afrique du Nord, 40: 160-167.

Lecal-Schlauder, J., (1951). Recherches morphologiques et biologiques sur les Coccolithophorides Nord-Africains. Annales de l'Institut Océanographique. Monaco & Paris, 26: 255-362.

Lecal-Schlauder, J., (1961). Anomalies dans la composition des coques de flagelles calcaires. Bulletin de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de l'Afrique du Nord, 52: 63-66.

Lees, J.A., (2007). New and rarely reported calcareous nannofossils from the Late Cretaceous of coastal Tanzania: outcrop samples and Tanzania Drilling Project Sites 5, 9 and 15. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 29(1): 39-65.

Lees, J.A., (2010). Taxonomic note- Pearsonia ecclesiata Lees, 2007 Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 31(2): 122.

Lees, J.A. & Bown, P.R., (2005). Upper Cretaceous calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy, ODP Leg 198 (Shatsky Rise, Northwest Pacific Ocean). Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 198: 1-60.

Lees, J.A. & Bown, P.R., (2016). New and intriguing calcareous nannofossils from the Turonian (Upper Cretaceous) of Tanzania. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 36(1): 83-95.

Lees, J.A.; Bown, P.R. & Young, J.R., (2006). Photic zone palaeoenvironments of the Kimmeridge Clay Formation (Upper Jurassic, UK) suggested by calcareous nannoplankton palaeoecology. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 235(1-3): 110-134.

Lees, J.A.; Bown, P.R.; Young, J.R. & Riding, J.B., (2004). Evidence for annual records of phytoplankton productivity in the Kimmeridge Clay Formation coccolith stone bands (Upper Jurassic,Dorset, UK). Marine Micropaleontology, 52(1-4): 29-49.

Lefort, F., (1972). Quelques caracteres morphologiques de deux especes actuelles de Braarudosphaera (Chrysophycees, Coccolithophoracees). Botaniste, 20(3): 13.

Lehotayova, R., (1985). Helicosphaera porosa - a new species of calcareous nannoflora from Oligocene/Miocene boundary. Zapadne Karpaty Seria Paleontologia, 10: 103-104.

Lehotayová, R., (1975). Reticulofenestra excavata n. sp. from the Eggenburgian to Karpatian of Central Slovakia. . Západné Karpaty, séria paleontológia, 1: 39-40.

Lehotayova, R. & Priewalder, H., (1978). Cycloperfolithus, eine neue Nannofossil-Gattung aus dem Badenien der Zentralen Paratethys. In: Papp, A. et al. (Editors), Chronostratigraphie und Neostratotypen -Miozan N, BadenieM-4: IGCP Proj. 25, pp. 486-489.

Lemmermann, E., (1903). Das Phytoplankton des Meeres. II. Naturwissenschaftlicher Verein zu Bremen, Abhandlungen, 17: 341-418.

Lemmermann, E., (1908). Flagellatae, Chlorophyceae, Coccosphaerales und Silicoflagellatae. In: Brandt, K. and Apstein, C. (Editors), Nordisches Plankton. Botanischer Teil. Lipsius & Tischer, Kiel & Leipzig, pp. 1-40.

van Lenning, K. & others, (2003). Pigment signatures and phylogenetic relationships of the Pavlovophyceae (Haptophyta). Journal of Phycology, 39: 379-389.

van Lenning, K.; Probert, I.; Latasa, M.; Estrada, M. & Young, J.R., (2004). Pigment diversity of coccolithophores in relation to taxonomy, phylogeny and ecolgical preferences. In: Thierstein, H.R. and Young, J.R. (Editors), Coccolithophores - From molecular processes to global impact. Springer, Berlin, pp. 51-73.

Lentin, J.K. & Williams, G.L., (1976). A monograph of fossil peridinioid dinoflagellate cysts. Bedford Institute of Oceanography, Report Series, BI-R-75-16: 1-237.

Lentin, J.K. & Williams, G.L., (1985). Fossil dinoflagellates: index to genera and species 1985 edition. Canadian Technical Report of Hydrography and Ocean Sciences, 60: 1-449.

Lentin, J.K. & Williams, G.L., (1989). Fossil dinoflagellates: index to genera and species, 1989 edition. American Association of Stratigraphic Palynologists, Contributions Series, 20: 1-473.

Lentin, J.K. & Williams, G.L., (1993). Fossil dinoflagellates: index to genera and species. 1993 edition. American Association of Stratigraphic Palynologists, Contributions Series, 28: 1-856.

Leonardos, N. & Geider, R.J., (2005). Elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide increases organic carbon fixation by Emiliania huxleyi (Haptophyta), under nutrient-limited high-light conditions. Journal of Phycology, 41: 1196-1205.

Leonardos, N.; Read, B.A.; Thake, B. & Young, J.R., (2009). No mechanistic dependance of photosynthesis on calcification in the cocolithophorid Emiliania huxleyi (Haptophyta). Journal of Phycology, 45(5): 1046-1051.

Lepailleur, H., (1970). Sur un nouveau genre de Chrysophycées: Exanthemachrysis nov. gen. (E. gayralii nov. sp.). Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l`Académie des Sciences, Paris,, 270: 928-931.

Levin, H.L., (1965). Coccolithophoridae and related microfossils from the Yazoo Formation (Eocene) of Mississippi. Journal of Paleontology, 39(2): 265-272.

Levin, H.L. & Joerger, A.P., (1967). Calcareous nannoplankton from the Tertiary of Alabama. Micropaleontology, 13: 163-182.

Levin, H.L. & Sherwood, R.W., (1971). A new Eocene species of Discolithina from Texas. Journal of Paleontology, 45(4): 731-733.

Lewin, R.A., (1995). Bioconvection. Algolocical Studies, 77: 67-73.

Lewis, J., (1991). Cyst-theca relationship in Scrippsiella (Dinophyceae) and related orthoperidinioid genera. Botanica Marina, 34: 91-106.

Lewis, W.M.j., (1985). Nutrient scacity as an evolutionary cause of haploidy. The American Naturalist, 125: 692-701.

Lezaud, L., (1967). Les nannofossiles calcaires de la Formation de Varengeville (Cuisien, Cap d'Ailly, Seine-Maritime). Bulletin de la Société Géologique de Normandie, 56: 41-44.

Lezaud, L., (1968). Espèces nouvelles de nannofossiles calcaires (Coccolithopohridés) d'Aquitaine sud-ouest. Revue de Micropaleontologie, 2(1): 22-28.

Linnert, C. & Mutterlose, J., (2009). Biometry of the Late Cretaceous Arkhangelskiella group: ecophenotypes controlled by nutrient flux. Cretaceous Research, 30: 1193-1204.

Linnert, C.; Mutterlose, J. & Bown, P.R., (2014). Biometry of Upper Cretaceous (Cenomanian–Maastrichtian) coccoliths–a record of long-term stability and interspecies size shifts. Revue de Micropaleontologie, 57(4): 125-140.

Linnert, C.; Mutterlose, J. & Erbacher, J., (2010). Calcareous nannofossils of the Cenomanian/Turonian boundary interval from the Boreal Realm (Wunstorf, northwest Germany). Marine Micropaleontology, 74: 38-58.

Lipps, J.H., (1969). Triquetrorhabdulus and similar calcareous nannoplankton. Journal of Paleontology, 43: 1029-1032.

Lipps, J.H. & Young, J.R., (1995). Marine Micropaleontology provides inspired interpretation. Ocean News, 4(1-3).

Liss, P.S. & Lovelock, J.E., (2007). Climate change: the effect of DMS emissions. Environmental Chemistry, 4: 377-378.

Litaker, R.W. & others, (2005). The reclassification of Pfiesteria shumayae (Dinophyceae): Pseudopfiesteria, gen. nov. Journal of Phycology, 41: 643-651.

Liu, C. & Olsson, R.K., (1992). Evolutionary radiation of microperforate planktonic foraminifera the K/T mass extinction event. Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 22: 328 –346.

Lloyd, G.T.; Pearson, P.N.; Young, J.R. & Smith, A.B., (2012). Sampling bias and the fossil record of planktonic foraminifera on land and in the deep sea Paleobiology, 38: 569-584.

Lloyd, G.T.; Smith, A.B. & Young, J.R., (2011). Quantifying the deep-sea rock and fossil record bias using coccolithophores. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 358: 167-177.

Lloyd, G.T.; Young, J.R. & Smith, A.B., (2012). Taxonomic structure of the fossil record is shaped by sampling bias. Systematic Biology, 61: 80-89.

Lloyd, G.T.; Young, J.R. & Smith, A.B., (2012). Comparative quality and fidelity of deep-sea and land-based nannofossil records. Geology, 40: 155-158.

van de Locht, R.; Slater, T.J.A.; Verch, A.; Young, J.R.; Haigh, S.J. & Kröger, R., (2014). Ultrastructure and crystallography of nanoscale calcite building blocks in Rhabdosphaera clavigera coccolith spines. Crystal Growth & Design, 14(4): 1710-1718.

Locker, S., (1965). Coccolithophoriden aus Eozanschollen Mecklenburgs. Geologie Jg., 14(10): 1252-1265.

Locker, S., (1967). Neue Coccolithophoriden (Flagellata) aus dem Alttertiär Norddeutschlands. Geologie (Berlin), 16: 361-364.

Locker, S., (1967). Die Sphaeren der Oberkreide und die sogenannte Orbulinaritfazies. Geologie, Berlin, 16(7): 761-864.

Locker, S., (1967). Neue, statigraphisch wichtige Coccolithophoriden (Flagellata aus dem norddeutschen Altetiar). Monatsber. Deutsch. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 9(9/10): 758-769.

Locker, S., (1968). Biostratigraphiedes des Alttertiars von Norddeutschland mit Coccolithophoriden. Monatsber. Deutsch. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 10: 220-229.

Locker, S., (1972). Coccolithineen aus dem Paläogen Mitteleuropas. Paläobotanik, 3: 735-836.

Locker, S., (1973). Coccolithineen aus dem Paläogen Mitteleuropas. Paläobotanik, 3: 735-836.

Locker, S. & Martini, E., (1986). Ebridians and actiniscidians from the southwest Pacific. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 90: 941-951.

Loeblich, A.R., (1965). Dinoflagellate nomenclature. Taxon, 14: 15-18.

Loeblich, A.R. & Tappan, H., (1963). Type fixation and validation of certain calcareous nannoplankton genera. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 76: 191-198.

Loeblich, A.R. & Tappan, H., (1966). Annotated index and bibliography of the calcareous nannoplankton. Phycologia, 5: 81-216.

Loeblich, A.R. & Tappan, H., (1968). Annotated index and bibliography of the calcareous nannoplankton II. Journal of Paleontology, 42: 584-598.

Loeblich, A.R. & Tappan, H., (1969). Annotated index and bibliography of the calcareous nannoplankton III. Journal of Paleontology, 43: 568-588.

Loeblich, A.R. & Tappan, H., (1970). Annotated index and bibliography of the calcareous nannoplankton IV. Journal of Paleontology, 44: 558-574.

Loeblich, A.R. & Tappan, H., (1970). Annotated index and bibliography of the calcareous nannoplankton V. Phycologia, 9: 157-174.

Loeblich, A.R. & Tappan, H., (1971). Annotated index and bibliography of the calcareous nannoplankton VI. Phycologia, 10: 315-339.

Loeblich, A.R. & Tappan, H., (1973). Annotated index and bibliography of the calcareous nannoplankton VII. Journal of Paleontology, 47: 715-759.

Loeblich, A.R. & Tappan, H., (1978). The coccolithophorid genus Calcidiscus Kamptner and its synonyms. Journal of Paleontology, 52: 1390-1392.

Loeblich, A.R.I., (1976). Dinoflagellate evolution: speculations and evidence. Journal of Protozoology, 23: 13-28.

Lohbeck, K.; Riebesell, U. & Reusch, T.B.H., (2012). Adaptive evolution of a key phytoplankton species to ocean acidification. Nature Geoscience, 5: 346-352.

Lohmann, G.P., (1995). A model for variation in the chemistry of planktonic foraminifera due to secondary calcification and selective dissolution. Paleoceanography, 10: 445-457.

Lohmann, H., (1902). Die Coccolithophoridae, eine Monographie der Coccolithen bildenden Flagellaten, zugleich ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis des Mittelmeerauftriebs. Archiv für Protistenkunde, 1: 89-165.

Lohmann, H., (1903). Neue Untersuchungen über den Reichthum des Meeres an Plankton und über die Brauchbartkeit der verschiedenen Fangmethoden.Zugleich auch ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis des Mittelmeerauftriebs. Wissenschaftliche Meeresuntersuchungen Abteilung Kiel, N.S., 7: 1-87.

Lohmann, H., (1908). Untersuchungen zur Feststellung des vollstiindigen Gehaltes des Meeres an Plankton. Wiss. Meeresuntersuch. Kiel 1 0 : 1 29-370, pis. 9-17, . Wissenschaftliche Meeresuntersuchungen Kiel, 10: 129-370.

Lohmann, H., (1909). Die Gehause und Gallertblasen der Appendicularien und ihre Bedeutung fur die Erforschung des Lebens im Meer. Verhandlungen Deutsche Zoologische Geselleschaft, 19: 200-239.

Lohmann, H., (1912). Untersuchungen über das Pflanzen- und Tierleben der Hochsee, zugleich ein Bericht über die biologischen Arbeiten auf der Fahrt der "Deutschland" von Bremerhaven nach Buenos-Aires in der Zeit vom 7. Mai bis 7. September 1911. Veröffentlichungen des Instituts für Meereskunde an der Universität Berlin. Neue Folge. A. Geographisch-naturwissenschaftliche Reihe, 1: 1-92.

Lohmann, H., (1913). Über Coccolithophoriden. Verhandlungen der Deutschen Zoologischen Gesellschaft, 23: 143-164.

Lohmann, H., (1913). Beiträge zur Charakterisierung des Tier- und Pflanzenlebens in den von der Deutschland während ihrer Fahrt nach Buenos Aires durchfahrenen Gebieten des Atlantischen Ozeans. II.Teil. Internationale Revue der gesamten Hydrobiologie. Leipzig, 5: 343-372.

Lohmann, H., (1919). Die Bevölkerung des Ozeans mit Plankton nach den Ergebnissen des Zentrifugenfänge während der Ausreise der "Deutschland" 1911. Zugleich ein Beitrag zur Biologie des Atlantischen Ozeans. Archiv für Biontologie, 4(3): 1-617.

Lohmann, W.H. & Ellis, C.H., (1981). A new species and fossil occurrences of calcareopus nannoplkplankton in the Eastern Mediterranean. Journal of Paleontology, 55(2): 389-394.

Lok, C., (2010). Science funding: Science for the masses. Nature, 465: 416-418.

Lombard, F.; da Rocha, R.E.; Bijma, J. & Gattuso, J.-P., (2010). Effect of carbonate ion concentration and irradiance on calcification in planktonic foraminifera. Biogeosciences, 7: 247-255.

Longhurst, A., (2007). Ecological geography of the sea. Academic Press, London, 542 pp.

Lord, A.R., (1982). A Stratigraphical Index of Calcareous Nannofossils. Ellis Horwood Limited, Chichester.

Lord, A.R. & Bown, P.R., (1987). Mesozoic and Cenozoic stratigraphical micropalaeontology of the Dorset Coast and Isle of Wight, southern England. British Micropalaeontological Society; Guide Book, 1, 1-183 pp.

Lord, A.R.; Cooper, M.K.E.; Corbett, P.W.M.; Fuller, N.G.; Rawson, P.F. & Rees, A.J.J., (1987). Microbiostratigraphy of the Volgian Stage (Upper Jurassic), Volga River, USSR. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Monatshefte, 1987: 577-605.

Lorenz, T., (1902). Geologische Studien im Grenzgebiete zwischen helvetischer und ostalpiner Fazies. Berichte der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft zu Freiburg, 12: 34-95.

Lototskaya, A.; Ziveri, P.; Ganssen, G.M. & van Hinte, J.E., (1998). Calcareous nannofloral response to Termination II at 45 ºN, 25 ºW (northeast Atlantic). Marine Micropaleontology, 34: 47-70.

Lourens, L.J.; Antonarakou, A.; Hilgen, F.J.; van Hoof, A.A.M.; Vergnaud-Grazzini, C. & Zachariasse, W.J., (1996). Evaluation of the Plio-Pleistocene astronomical timescale. Paleoceanography, 11(4): 391-413.

Lourens, L.J.; Hilgen, F.J.; Raffi, I. & Vergnaud-Grazzini, C., (1996). Early Pleistocene chronology of the Vrica section (Calabria, Italy). Paleoceanography, 11(6): 191-812.

Lovejoy, C.; Massana, R. & Pedrós-Alió, C., (2006). Diversity and distribution of marine microbial eukaryotes in the Arctic Ocean and adjacent seas. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 72: 3085-3095.

Lozar, F. & Tremolada, F., (2003). Calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of Cretaceous sediments recovered at ODP Site 1149 (Leg 185, Nadezhda Basin, Western Pacific). In: Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results Volume 185. Ludden, J.N., Plank, T. and Escutia, C. (Editors), Ocean Drilling Program, College Station. 185: 21. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 185: 1-21.

Lukowiak, M.; Dumitriu, S. & Ionesi, V., (2016). First fossil record of early Sarmatian didemnid ascidian spicules (Tunicata) from Moldova. Geobios, 49: 201-209.

Lupi, C., (2009). Biostratigraphic correlation and paleoceanographic interpretation of Pleistocene calcareous nannofossils from the subtropical front to the Antarctic divergence. Micropaleontology, 55(4): 383-395.

Lyell, C., (1833). Principles of Geology. John Murray, London.

Lyul'eva, S.A., (1967). Coccolithophoridae in the Turonian strata of the Dneiper-Don Basins. Geologische Zhurnal, 27: 91-98.

Lyul'eva, S.A., (1989). New Miocene and Pliocene calcareous nannofossils of the Ukraine. Dopovidi Akad. Nauk Ukrainskoi RSR Ser. B. - Geol. Khim. ta Bioi. Nauki,, 1: 10-14.

M., M.; Maiorano, P. & Monechi, S., (2003). Quantitative Pleistocene calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of Leg 86, Site 577 (Shatsky Rise, NW Pacific Ocean). Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 25(1): 25-37.

MacAndrew, R., (2008). Robert McAndrew FRS (1802–1873) – a family perspective. Archives of Natural History, 35(1): 71-75.

Mack, B., (1954). Untersuchungen an Chrysophyceen. V-VII. Österreichische Botanische Zeitschrift,, 101: 64-73.

Mackinder, L.; Wheeler, G.; Schroeder, D.; Riebesell, U. & Brownlee, C., (2010). Molecular Mechanisms Underlying Calcification in Coccolithophores. Geomicrobiology Journal, 27: 585-595.

MacLeod, N., (1999). Generalizing and extending the eigenshape method of shape and space visualization and analysis. Paleobiology, 25(1): 107-138.

MacLeod, N. & others, (1997). The Cretaceous-Tertiary biotic transition. Journal of the Geological Society of London, 1254(265-293).

Magne, F., (1954). Les Chrysophycées marines de la station biologique de Roscoff. Revue Generale de Botanique, 61: 389-415.

Magne, J.; Perch-Nielsen, K. & Feinberg, H., (1982). La limite Eocene/Oligocene dans les series a facies pelagique du Nord de l'Algerie et du Maroc. Sciences de la Terre; 9e Reunion Annual, Paris 1982, ed. Soc. Geol. Gr.: 394.

Mai, H., (1988). A new method for SEM analysis of both proximal and distal sides of the same coccolith. Journal of Paleontology, 62: 151-152.

Mai, H., (1995). Uncoated, low-voltage SEM analysis of both proximal and distal views of the same coccoliths. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 17: 9-13.

Mai, H., (2001). New coccolithophorid taxa fom the Guelhemmerberg airshaft. Lower Paleocene, The Netherlands. Micropaleontology, 47: 144-154.

Mai, H. & Aubry, M.-P., (2005). Centumgemina, n. gen., a new coccolithophorid taxon from Geulhemmerberg airshaft section, Lower Paleocene, The Netherlands. Micropaleontology, 51(3): 262.

Mai, H.; Hillebrandt-Habel, T.; von Salis Perch-Nielsen, K. & Willems, H., (1998). Paleocene coccospheres from DSDP Leg 39, Site 356, Sao Paulo Plateau, S. Atlantic Ocean. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 20(1): 21-29.

Mai, H.; Romein, A.J.T. & Willems, H., (1994). Coccospheres of a rare nannofossil species: Biantholithus sparsus Bramlette and Martini, 1964. Marine Micropaleontology, 24(1-2): 1-2.

Mai, H.; von Salis, K.; Willems, H. & Romein, A.J.T., (1997). Fossil coccospheres from the K/T boundary section from Geulhemmerberg, The Netherlands. Micropaleontology, 43(281-302).

Mai, H.; Speijer, R.P. & Schulte, P., (2003). Calcareous index nannofossils (coccoliths) of the lowermost Paleocene originated in the late Maastrichtian. Micropaleontology, 49(2): 189-195.

Mai, H.; Willems, H. & von Salis Perch-Nielsen, K., (1997). Braarudosphaera pentagonica n.sp., a new Braarudosphaera from the lowermost Tertiary of Geulhemmerberg (Geulhem, The Netherlands). Micropaleontology, 43(2): 202-205.

Maiorano, P., (2006). Reticulofenestra circus var. lata n.var.: a large reticulofenestrid (Coccolithophoridae) from the Early Oligocene. Micropaleontology, 52(1): 81-86.

Maiorano, P. & Marino, M., (2004). Calcareous nannofossil bioevents and environmental control on temporal and spatial patterns at the early–middle Pleistocene. Marine Micropaleontology, 53: 405-422.

Maiorano, P. & Monechi, S., (1997). New Early Miocene species of Sphenolithus Deflandre, 1952 from the North Atlantic Ocean. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 19(2): 103-107.

Maiorano, P. & Monechi, S., (1998). Revised correlations of early and middle Miocene calcareous nannofossil events and magnetostratigraphy from DSDP Site 563 (North Atlantic Ocean). Marine Micropaleontology, 35(235-255).

Maiorano, P.; Tarantino, F.; Marino, M. & Girone, A., (2013). A paleoecological and paleobiogeographic evaluation of Helicosphaera

inversa (Gartner) Theodoridis and the diachrony of its first occurrence. Marine Micropaleontology, 104: 14-24.

Malin, G. & Krist, G.O., (1997). Algal production of dimethyl sulfide and its atmospheric role. Journal of Phycology, 33: 889-896.

Malin, G. & Steinke, M., (subm.). Coccolithophore-derived production of dimethyl sulphide. In: Thierstein, H.R. and Young, J.R. (Editors), Coccolithophores - From molecular processes to global impact. Springer.

Malinverno, E., (2004). Morphological variability within the genus Calciosolenia (coccolithophorids) from the eastern Mediterranean Sea. Micropaleontology, 50(supl. 1): 81-91.

Malinverno, E.; Dimiza, M.D.; Triantaphyllou, M.; Dermitzakis, M. & Corselli, C., (2008). Coccolithopohres of the Eastern Mediterranen Sea: A look into the marine microworld Ion Publishing Group, Peristeri, 188 pp.

Malinverno, E.; Triantaphyllou, M. & Dimiza, M.D., (2016). Coccolithophore assemblage distribution along a temperate to polar gradient in the West Pacific sector of the Southern Ocean (January 2005). Micropaleontology, 61(6): 489-506.

Malinverno, E.; Triantaphyllou, M.; Dimiza, M.D. & Young, J.R., (2008). New possible hetero- holococcolithophore combinations within the genus Syracosphaera. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 30(1): 1-8.

Malinverno, E.; Ziveri, P. & Corselli, C., (2003). Coccolithophorid distribution in the Ionian Sea and its relationship to eastern Mediterranean circulation during late fall to early winter 1997. Journal of Geophysical Research, 108(C9): 8115-8131.

Mangin, L., (1922). Phytoplancton antarctique. Expédition antarctique de la ‘Scotia’, 1902-1904. Mémoires de l’Académie des Sciences de Paris, série 2, 57: 1-134.

Manivit, H., (1959). Contribution a l'étude des coccolithes del'Eocene. Publ. Serv. Carte Géol. Algerie Trav Collab., n.s. Bull, 25: 333-382.

Manivit, H., (1961). Contribution a l'étude des coccolithes de l'Eocène. Publications du Service de la Carte Géologique de l'Algérie (Nouvelle Série), 25: 333-382.

Manivit, H., (1965). Nannofossiles calcaires de L'Albo-Aptien. Revue de Micropaleontologie, 8: 189-201.

Manivit, H., (1966). Sur quelques coccolithes nouveaux du Néocomien. Compte Rendue Sommaire de la Société Géologique de France, 7: 267-268.

Manivit, H., (1968). Nannofossiles calcaires du Turonien et du Senonian Revue de Micropaleontologie, 10(4): 277-286.

Manivit, H., (1971). Nannofossiles calcaires du Crétacé francais (Aptien-Maestrichtien). Essai de Biozonation appuyée sur les stratotypes, Université de Paris.

Manivit, H., (1981). Les nannofossiles du Crétacé Moyen Européen. Cretaceous Research, 2: 361-369.

Manivit, H.; Perch-Nielsen, K.; Prins, B. & Verbeek, J.W., (1977). Mid Cretaceous calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy. Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, B80(3): 169-181.

Mann, D.G. & Marchant, H.J., (1989). The origins of the diatom and its life cycle. In: J.C. Green, B.S.C. Leadbeater & W.L. Diver (Eds). The Chromophyte Algae. Systematics Association Special Volume,, 38: 307-323.

Mann, S. & Sparks, N.H.C., (1988). Single crystalline nature of coccolith elements of the marine alga Emiliania huxleyi as determined by electron diffraction and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, B234: 441-453.

Manton, I., (1964). Observations with the electron microscope on the division cycle in the flagellate Prymnesium parvum Carter. Journal of the Royal Microscopical Society, 83: 317–325.

Manton, I., (1967). Further observations on scale formation in Chrysochromulina chiton. Journal of Cell Science, 2: 411-418.

Manton, I., (1967). Further observations on the fine structure of Chrysochromulina chiton, with special reference to the haptonema, ‘peculiar’ Golgi structure and scale production. Journal of Cell Science, 2: 265-272.

Manton, I., (1972). Preliminary observations on Chrysochromulina mactra sp. nov. British Phycological Journal, 7: 21-35.

Manton, I., (1978). Chrysochromulina hirta sp. nov., a widely distributed species with unusual spines. British Phycological Journal, 13: 3-14.

Manton, I., (1978). Chrysochromulina tenuispina sp. nov. from Arctic Canada. British Phycological Journal, 13: 227-234.

Manton, I., (1982). Chrysochromulina latilepis sp. nov. (Prymnesiophyceae = Haptophyceae) from the Galapagos Islands with preliminary comparisons with relevant taxa from South Africa. Botanica Marina, 25: 163-169.

Manton, I., (1983). Nanoplankton from the Galapagos Islands: Chrysochromulina discophora sp. nov. (Haptophyceae = Prymnesiophyceae) another species with exceptionally large scales. Botanica Marina, 26: 15-22.

Manton, I., (1986). Functional parallels between calcified and uncalcified periplasts. In: Leadbeater, B.S.C. and Riding, J.B. (Editors), Biomineralization in Lower Plants and Animals. Systematics Association Special Volume pp. 157-172.

Manton, I.; Bremer, G. & Oates, K., (1984). Nanoplankton from the Galapagos Islands: Michaelsarsia elegans Gran and Halopappus adriaticus Schiller (coccolithophorids) with special reference to coccoliths and their unmineralized components. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London (B), B 305: 183-199.

Manton, I. & Leadbeater, B.S.C., (1974). Fine-structural observations on six species of Chrysochromulina from wild Danish marine nanoplankton, including a description of C. campanulifera sp. nov. and a preliminary summary of the nanoplankton as a whole. Det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab Biologiske Skrifter, 20: 1-26.

Manton, I. & Leedale, G.F., (1961). Further observations on the fine structure of Chrysochromulina minor and C. kappa with special reference to the pyrenoids. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 41: 519-526.

Manton, I. & Leedale, G.F., (1961). Further observations on the fine structure of Chrysochromulina ericina Parke and Manton. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 41: 145-155.

Manton, I. & Leedale, G.F., (1963). Observations on the microanatomy of Crystallolithus hyalinus Gaarder and Markali. Archiv für Mikrobiologie, 47: 115-136.

Manton, I. & Leedale, G.F., (1963). Observations on the fine structure of Prymnesium parvum Carter. Archives of Microbiology, 45: 285–303.

Manton, I. & Leedale, G.F., (1969). Observations on the microanatomy of Coccolithus pelagicus and Cricosphaera carterae, with special reference to the origin and nature of coccoliths and scales. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 49: 1-16.

Manton, I. & Oates, K., (1975). Fine-structural observations on Papposphaera Tangen from the Southern Hemisphere and on Pappomonas gen. nov. from South Africa and Greenland. British Phycological Journal, 10(1): 93-109.

Manton, I. & Oates, K., (1980). Polycrater galapagensis gen. et sp. nov., a putative coccolithophorid from the Galapagos Islands with an unusual aragonitic periplast. British Phycological Journal, 15: 95-103.

Manton, I. & Oates, K., (1983). Nanoplankton from the Galapagos Islands: Chrysochromulina vexillifera sp. nov. (Haptophyceae = Prymnesiophyceae), a species with semivestigial body spines. Botanica Marina, 16: 517-525.

Manton, I. & Oates, K., (1983). Nanoplankton from the Galapagos Islands: Two genera of spectacular coccolithophorids (Ophiaster and Calciopappus) with special emphasis on unmineralized periplast components. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London (B), 300: 435-462.

Manton, I. & Oates, K., (1985). Calciosoleniaceae (coccolithophorids) from the Galapagos Island: unmineralized components and coccolith morphology in Anoplosolenia and Calciosolenia, with comparative analysis of equivalents in the unmineralized genus Navisolenia (Haptophyceae = Prymnesiophyceae). Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London (B), 309: 461-477.

Manton, I.; Oates, K. & Course, P.A., (1981). Cylinder-scales in marine flagellates from the genus Chrysochromulina (Haptophyceae = Prymnesiophyceae) with a description of C. pachycylindra sp. nov. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 61: 17-26.

Manton, I. & Parke, M., (1962). Preliminary observations on scales and their mode of origin in Chrysochromulina polylepis sp. nov. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 42: 565-578.

Manton, I. & Peterfi, L.S., (1969). Observations on the fine structure of coccoliths, scales and protoplast of freshwater coccolithophorid Hymenomonas roseola Stein, with supplementary observations on the protoplast of Cricosphaera carterae. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences, 172: 1-15.

Manton, I. & Sutherland, J., (1975). Further observations on the genus Pappomonas Manton et Oates with special reference to P. virgulosa sp. nov. from West Greenland. British Phycological Journal, 10: 377-385.

Manton, I.; Sutherland, J. & McCully, M., (1976). Fine structural observations on coccolithophorids from South Alaska in the genera Papposphaera Tangen and Pappomonas Manton and Oates. British Phycological Journal, 11: 225-234.

Manton, I.; Sutherland, J. & Oates, K., (1976). Arctic coccolithophorids: two species of Turrisphaera gen. nov. from West Greenland, Alaska, and the Northwest Passage. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences, 194: 179-194.

Manton, I.; Sutherland, J. & Oates, K., (1977). Arctic coccolithophorids: Wigwamma arctica gen. et sp. nov. from Greenland and Arctic Canada; W. annulifera sp. nov. from South Africa and S. Alaska and Calciarcus alaskensis gen. et sp. nov. from S. Alaska. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, 197(1127): 145-168.

Maranon, E. & Gonzalez, N., (1997). Primary production, calcification and macromolecular synthesis in a bloom of the coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi in the North Sea. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 157: 61-77.

Marchant, H.J. & McEldowney, A., (1986). Nanoplanktonic siliceous cysts from Antarctic are algae. Marine Biology, 92: 53-57.

Marchant, H.J. & Scott, F.J., (2005). Chrysophytes. In: Scott, F.J. and Marchant, H.J. (Editors), Antarctic Marine Protists. ABRS, Canberaa & Hobart, Australia, pp. 295-307.

Marchant, H.J.; Scott, F.J. & Davidson, A.T., (2005). Haptophytes: Order Prymnesiales. In: Scott, F.J. and Marchant, H.J. (Editors), Antarctic Marine Protists. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra, pp. 255-275.

Marchant, H.J. & Thomsen, H.A., (1994). Haptophytes in polar waters. In: Green, J.C. and Leadbeater, B.S.C. (Editors), The Haptophyte Algae. The Systematics Association Special Volume. Clarendon Press, Oxford, pp. 209-228.

Margalef, R., (1945). Fitoplancton nerítico de la Costa Brava catalana (Sector de Blanes). Publicaciones sobre Biología Mediterranea. Instituto Español de Estudios Mediterraneos., 1: 7-48.

Margalef, R., (1974). Ecología. Ediciones Omega S.A., Barcelona, 951 pp.

Margalef, R., (1985). Environmental control of the Mesoscale Distribution of primary producers ahd its bearing to primary production in the Western Mediterranean. In: Moraitou-Apostolopoulou, M. and Kiortsis, V. (Editors), Mediterranean Marine Ecosystems. Plenum Press, London, pp. 213-229.

Margalef, R., (1997). Our Biosphere. Excellence in Ecology, 10. Ecology Institute, Oldendorf/Luhe, 176 pp.

Margalef, R. & Estrada, M., (1987). Synoptic distribution of summer microplankton (Algae and Protozoa) across the principal front in the Western Mediterranean. Investigacion Pesquera, 51(1): 121-140.

Margulis, L. & Schwartz, K.V., (1982). Five Kingdoms. An Illustrated Guide to the Phyla of Life on Earth, 1. W. H. Freeman and Company, San Francisco, 339 pp.

Markali, J. & Paasche, E., (1955). On two species of Umbellosphaera, a new marine coccolithophorid genus. Nytt Magasin for Botanikk, 4: 95-100.

Marks, P., (1984). Integrated Microfossil Biostratigraphy, Mid-Cretaceous (Albian to Santonian). Cretaceous Research, 5: 15-27.

Marlowe, I.T.; Green, J.C.; Neal, A.C.; Brassell, S.C.; Eglinton, G. & Course, P.A., (1984). Long chain (n -C37 -C 39), alkenones in the Prymnesiophyceae. Distribution of alkenones and other lipids and their taxonomic significance. British Phycological Journal, 19: 203-216.

Marsh, M.E., (1994). Polyanion-mediated mineralization — assembly and reorganization of acidic polysaccharides in the Golgi system of a coccolithophorid alga during mineral deposition. Protoplasma, 177: 108-122.

Marsh, M.E., (1999). Coccolith crystals of Pleurochrysis carterae: Crystallographic faces, organisation and development. Protoplasma, 207: 54-66.

Marsh, M.E., (2000). Polyanions in the CaCO3 mineralization of coccolithophores. In: Bäuerlein, E. (Editor), Biomineralization: from Biology to Biotechnology and Medical Application. Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, pp. 251-268.

Marsh, M.E.; Ridall, A.L.; Azadi, P. & Duke, P.J., (2002). Galacturonomannan and Golgi-derived membrane linked to growth and shaping of biogenic calcite. Journal of Structural Biology, 139(1): 39-45.

Marshall, N. & others, (2015). Dating Borneo's deltaic deluge: Middle miocene progradation of the Mahakam Delta. Palaios, 30(1): 7-25.

Martin-Cerecada, M.; Novarino, G. & Young, J.R., (2003). Quantitative evaluation of grazing by the mixotrophic marine flagellate Prymnesium parvum on small planktonic diatoms. Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 33: 191-199.

Martin-Perez, J.A. & Aguado, R., (1990). Calcareous nannoplankton from the marine sediments of the lower and middle Miocene in the Lecrin Valley (Internal Zones of the Betic Cordillera). Rev. Soc. Geol. Espana, 3(3-4): 335-344.

Martinez, J.M.; Schroeder, D.C.; Larsen, A.; Bratbak, G. & Wilson, W.H., (2007). Molecular dynamics of Emiliania huxleyi and co occurring viruses during two separate mesocosm studies. Applied Environmental Microbiology, 73: 554-562.

Martini, E., (1958). Discoasteriden und verwandte Formen im NW-deutschen Eozän (Coccolithophorida). 1. Taxonomische Untersuchungen. Senckenbergiana lethaea, 39: 353-388.

Martini, E., (1959). Der stratigraphische Wert von Nanno-Fossilien im nordwest-deutschen Tertiär. Erdöl and Kohle, 75(12): 137-140.

Martini, E., (1959). Discoasteriden und verwandte Formen in NW-deutschen Eozän (Coccolithophorida). 2. Stratigraphische Auswertung. Senckenbergiana lethaea, 40: 137-157.

Martini, E., (1959). Pemma angulatum und Micrantholithus basquensis, zwei neue Coccolithophoriden-Arten aus dem Eozän. Senckenbergiana lethaea, 40(5): 415-421.

Martini, E., (1960). Braarudosphaeriden, Discoasteriden und verwandte formen aus dem Rupelton des Mainzer Beckens. Notizbl. hess. L-Amt Bodenfoch, 88: 65-87.

Martini, E., (1961). Nannoplankton aus dem Tertiär und der obersten Kreide von SW-Frankreich. Senckenbergiana lethaea, 42: 1-32.

Martini, E., (1964). Die Coccolithophoriden der Dan Scholle von Katharinenhof (Fehmarn). Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Abhandlungen, 121: 47-54.

Martini, E., (1965). Mid-Tertiary calcareous nannoplankton from Pacific deep-sea cores. Colston Papers, 17: 393-411.

Martini, E., (1967). Ceratolithina hamata n. g., n. sp., aus dem Alb von N-Deutschland (Nannoplankton, incertae sedis). Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Abhandlungen, 128: 294-298.

Martini, E., (1968). Calcareous nannoplankton from the type Langhian. Giornale di Geologia (Bologna), 35: 163-172.

Martini, E., (1969). Nannoplankton aus dem Miozän von Gabon (Westafrika). Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Abhandlungen, 132: 283-300.

Martini, E., (1969). Calcareous nannoplankton from the Kallo well. Memoire Explication Cartes geologique Miniere Belge, 11: 39-41.

Martini, E., (1969). Nannoplankton aus dem Latdorf (Locus typicus) und weltweite Paralelisierungen im oberen Eozän and unteren Oligozän. Senckenbergiana lethaea, 50: 117-159.

Martini, E., (1970). The Upper Eocene Brockenhurst Bed. Geological Magazine, 107: 225-228.

Martini, E., (1970). Standard Palaeogene calcareous nannoplankton zonation. Nature, 226: 560-561.

Martini, E., (1970). Imperiaster n. g. aus dem europäischen Unter-Eozän (Nannoplankton, incertae sedis). Senckenbergiana lethaea, 51: 383-386.

Martini, E., (1971). Standard tertiary and quaternary calcareous nannoplankton zonation. In: Farinacci, A. (Editor), Proceedings of the second planktonic conference, Rome, 1970, Rome, pp. 737-785.

Martini, E., (1971). Die Typen und Typoide des Natur-Museums Senckenberg, 46): Fossiles Nannoplankton. Senckenbergiana lethaea, 52: 115-127.

Martini, E., (1973). Nannoplankton-Massenvorkommoen in den Mittleren Pechelbronner Schichten (Unter Oligozn). Oberrhein. geol. Abh., 22(1/2): 1-12.

Martini, E., (1976). Cretaceous to Recent calcareous nannoplankton from the Central Pacific Ocean (DSDP Leg 33). Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 33: 383-423.

Martini, E., (1979). Calcareous nannoplankton and silicoflagellate biostratigraphy at Reykjanes Ridge, northeastern North Atlantic (DSDP Leg 49, Sites 407 and 409). Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 49: 533-549.

Martini, E., (1981). Nannoplankton in der Ober-Kreide, im Altertiär und im tieferen Jungtertiär von Süddeutschland und dem angrenzenden Österreich. Geologica Bavarica, 82: 345-356.

Martini, E., (1981). Oligocene to Recent calcareous nannoplankton from the Philippine Sea, Deep Sea Drilling Project Leg 59. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 59: 547-565.

Martini, E., (1986). Paleogene calcareous nannoplankton from the southwest Pacific Ocean, Deep Sea Drilling Project, Leg 90. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 90: 747-761.

Martini, E., (1988). Nannoplankton-Massenvorkommen in den Corbicula-(=Schichten mit Hydrobia inflata) und Hydrobienschichten des Oberrheingrabens, des Mainzer und des Hanauer Beckens (Miozän). Geologische Jahrbuch, A110: 205-227.

Martini, E., (1993). Emiliania coronata, a new calcareous nannoplankton species from the North Atlantic Pleistocene. Zitteliana, 20: 87-92.

Martini, E.; von Benedek, N.P. & Müller, C., (1975). Calcareous nannofossils, silicoflagellates, dinoflagellates and related forms in the NW-German Tertiary basin. IGCP Project 124: The Northwest European Tertiary Basin, Report, 1: 73-81.

Martini, E. & Bramlette, M.N., (1963). Calcareous nannoplankton from the experimental Mohole drilling. Journal of Paleontology, 37: 845-855.

Martini, E. & Moisescu, V., (1974). Nannoplankton-Untersuchungen in oligozanen Ablagerungen zwischen Cluj und Huedin (NW Siebenburgisches Becken, Rumanien). Neues Jahrbuch fuer Geologie und Palaontologie, Monatschefte, 1974(1): 18-37.

Martini, E. & Moorkens, T., (1969). The type locality of the sands of Grimmertingen and calcareous nannoplankton from the Lower Tongrian. Bulletin de la Societe belge de Geologie de Paleontologie et d'Hydrologie, 78: 111-130.

Martini, E. & Müller, C., (1971). Das marine Alttertiär in Deutschland und seine Einordnung in die Standard Nannoplankton Zonen. Erdöl und Kohle Erdgas Petrochemie, 24: 381-384.

Martini, E. & Müller, C., (1972). Nannoplankton aus dem nördlichen Arabischen Meer. "Meteor" Forschungsergebnisse. Reihe C, Geologie und Geophysik, 10: 63-74.

Martini, E. & Müller, C., (1975). Calcareous nannoplankton from the type Chattian (upper Oligocene). Prcoeedings of the 6th Congress of the Regional Commission on Mediterranean Neogene Stratigraphy (Bratislava 1975), 1: 37-41.

Martini, E. & Müller, C., (1986). Current Tertiary and Quaternary calcareous nannoplankton stratigraphy and correlations. Newsletters on Stratigraphy, 16: 99-112.

Martini, E. & Ritzkowski, S., (1968). Was ist das 'Unter-Oligozän'? Eine Analyse der Beyrich'schen und v Koenen'schen Fassung der Stufe mit Hilfe des fossilen Nannoplanktons. Nachr Akad Wiss Gottingen; II Mathematisch-Physikalische Klasse, 1968, 13: 231-250.

Martini, E. & Ritzkowski, S., (1969). Die Grenze Eozän/Oligozän in der Typus-Region des Unteroligozäns (Helmstedt-Egeln-Latdorf). Mémoires du Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Minières, 69: 233-237.

Martini, E. & Ritzkowski, S., (1970). Stratigraphische Stellung der obereozänen Sande von Mandrikovka (Ukraine) und Parallelisierungs Moglichkeiten mit Hilfe des fossilen Nannoplanktons. Newsletters on Stratigraphy, 1: 49-60.

Martini, E. & Stradner, H., (1960). Nannotetraster, eine stratigraphisch bedeutsame neue Discoasteridengattung. Erdoel-Zeitschrift, 76(8): 266-270.

Martini, E. & Worsley, T., (1970). Standard Neogene calcareous nannoplankton zonation. Nature, 225: 289-290.

Martini, E. & Worsley, T., (1971). Tertiary calcareous nannoplankton from the western equatorial Pacific. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 7: 1471-1507.

Marunteanu, M., (1995). Noelaerhabdus bonagali n. sp. (calcareous nannoplankton) in the Upper Malvensin - Romanian Banat. Romanian Journal of Palaeontology, 76: 99-101.

Marunteanu, M., (1996). Pannonian calcareous nannoplankton Romanian Geological Institute Annals, 69(1): 125-129.

Marunteanu, M., (1997). Evolution line of the endemic genus Noelaerhabdus (Pannonian, Pannonian Basin). Acta Palaeontologica Romaniae, 1: 96-100.

Marzouk, A.M. & Abou-El-Enein, M.K., (1997). Calcareous nannofossil biostratigraohy of the Late Cretaceous - Early Teriary of Wadi Feiran and Gebel Qabeliat, SW Sinai, Egypt. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 19(2): 113-121.

Mason, P.L. & others, (2007). Description of a new genus of Pfiesteria -like dinoflagellate, Luciella gen. nov. (Dinophyceae),including two new species: Luciella masanensis sp. nov. and Luciella atlantis sp. nov. Journal of Phycology, 43: 799-810.

Massart, J., (1920). Recherches sur les organismes inferieur. VIII. Sur la motilité des flagellates. Bull. Acad. Roy. Belg. Cl. Sci., 6: 116–141.

Massart, J. & Conrad, W., (1914). Contribution à l'étude des flagellates: III. La morphologie et la nature des enveloppes chez Hymenomonas coccolithophora Massart & Conrad nov. spec. et les Coccolithophoridae. Ann. BioI. Lacustre, 7: 155-164.

Masters, B.A. & Scott, R.W., (1978). Microstructure, affinities and systematics of Cretaceous calcispheres. Micropaleontology, 24: 210-221.

Matsuoka, H., (1990). A new method to evaluate dissolution of calcium carbonate in deep sea sediments. Palaeontological Society of Japan; Transactions and Proceedings, 157: 430-434.

Matsuoka, H. & Okada, H., (1989). Quantitative analysis of Quaternary nannoplankton in the subtropical Northwestern Pacific Ocean. Marine Micropaleontology, 14: 97-118.

Matsuoka, H. & Okada, H., (1990). Time-progressive morphometric changes of the genus Gephyrocapsa in the Quaternary sequence of the tropical Indian Ocean, Site 709. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 115: 255-270.

Matter, A.; Douglas, R.G. & Perch-Nielsen, K., (1975). Fossil preservation, geochemistry and diagenesis of pelagic carbonates from Shatsky Rise, Northwest Pacific. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 32: 891-921.

Mattioli, E., (1996). New calcareous nannofossil species from the Early Jurassic of Tethys. Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, 102(3): 397-412.

Mattioli, E.; Pittet, B.; Young, J.R. & Bown, P.R., (2004). Biometric analysis of Pliensbachian-Toarcian (Lower Jurassic) coccoliths of the family Biscutaceae: intra- and interspecific variability versus palaeoenvironmental influence. Marine Micropaleontology, 52: 5-27.

Mayer-Eymar, K., (1858). Versuch einer neuen Klassifikation des Tertiär-Gebilde Europa. Verhandlungen der schweizerischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft, 42: 165-199.

Mayer-Eymar, K., (1893). Le Ligurien et le Tongrien en Egypte. Bulletin de la Societe Géologique de France, 21: 7-43.

Mayers, I.R. & Worsley, T.R., (1973). Statistical recognition of Late Cretaceous cyclic sedimentation by means of calcareous nannofossil population studies. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 13: 81-90.

Mayr, E., (1963). Animal species and evolution. The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 797 pp.

McArthur, J.M.; Thirlwall, M.F.; Gale, A.S.; Kennedy, W.J.; Burnett, J.A.; Mattey, D. & Lord, A.R., (1993). Strontium isotope stratigraphy for the Late Cretaceous: a new curve, based on the English Chalk. In: Hailwood, E.A. and Kidd, R.B. (Editors), High Resolution Stratigraphy. Geological Society Special Publication. GSPH, London, pp. 195-209.

McCartney, K.; Malinverno, E.; Schweizer, M.; Witkowski, J. & Young, J.R., (2014). Two unusual silicoflagellate double skeletons. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 33(1): 19-23.

McCartney, K. & others, (2014). Fine structure of silicoflagellate double skeletons. Marine Micropaleontology, 113(1): 10-19.

McGowran, B., (2005). Biostratigraphy; Microfossils and Geological Time. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 424 pp.

McGrane, P.B., (2007). Extant coccolithophores in Irish shelf waters of the northeast Atlantic, Galway University, 360 pp.

McGrane, P.B., (2014). Observation of an exothecal coccolith associated with Syracosphaera halldalii: evidence for dithecatism? Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 34(special): 47-48.

McIntyre, A., (1970). Gephyrocapsa protohuxleyi sp. n. a possible phyletic link and index fossil for the Pleistocene. Deep-Sea Research, 17: 187-190.

McIntyre, A. & Bé, A.W.H., (1967). Modern Coccolithophoridae of the Atlantic Ocean - I. Placoliths and Cyrtholiths. Deep-Sea Research and Oceanographic Abstracts, 14: 561-597.

McIntyre, A. & Bé, A.W.H., (1967). Coccolithus neohelis sp. n. a coccolith fossil type in contemporary seas. Deep-Sea Research, 14(369-371).

McIntyre, A.; Bé, A.W.H. & Preikstas, R., (1967). Coccoliths and the Pliocene-Pleistocene boundary. Progress in Oceanography, 4: 3-25.

McIntyre, A.; Bé, A.W.H. & Roche, M.B., (1970). Modern Pacific coccolithophorida: A paleontological thermometer. Transactions of the New York Academy of Sciences, 32(6): 720-731.

McIntyre, A. & Molfino, B., (1996). Forcing of Atlantic equatorial and subpolar millennial cycles by precession. Science, 274: 1867-1870.

McIntyre, A.; Ruddiman, W.F. & Jantzen, R., (1972). Southward penetrations of the North Atlantic Front: faunal and floral evidence for large-scale surface ater mass movements over the last 225,000 years. Deep-Sea Research, 19(61-77).

McKenzie, J.A.; He, Q.; Perch-Nielsen, K. & Hsu, K.J., (1982). Carbon-isotope stratigraphy of lowermost Tertiary pelagic sediments: an indication for a drastic decrease in photosynthesis after the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary. International Association of Sedimentologists; 3rd European Meeting., Copenhagen 1982: 120-121.

McMonagle, L.; Lunt, P.; Wilson, E.J.; Manning, C. & Young, J.R., (2011). A re-assessment of age dating of fossiliferous limestones in eastern Sabah, Borneo: implications for understanding the origins of the Indo-Pacific marine biodiversity hotspot. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 305(1-4): 28-42.

Medd, A.W., (1971). Some Middle and Upper Jurassic Coccolithophoridae from England and France. In: Farinacci, A. (Editor), Proceedings of the Second Planktonic Conference Roma 1971. Edizioni Tecnoscienza, Rome, pp. 821-844.

Medd, A.W., (1979). The Upper Jurassic coccoliths from the Haddenham and Gamlingay boreholes (Cambridgeshire, England). Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 72: 19-109.

Medd, A.W., (1982). Nannofossil zonation of the English Middle and Upper Jurassic. Marine Micropaleontology, 7: 73-95.

Medlin, L.K.; Barker, G.L.A.; Green, J.C.; Hayes, D.E.; Marie, D.; Wrieden, S. & Vaulot, D., (1996). Genetic characterization of Emiliania huxleyi (Haptophyta). Journal of Marine Systems, 9: 13-32.

Medlin, L.K.; Kooistra, W.H.C.F.; Gersonde, R.; Sims, P.A. & Wellbrock, U., (1997). Is the origin of the diatoms related to the end-Permian mass extinction? In: R. Jahn, B. Meyer & H.R. Preisig (Eds). Microalgae. Aspects of diversity and systematics. Nova Hedwigia, 65(1-4): 1-11.

Medlin, L.K.; Kooistra, W.H.C.F.; Potter, D.; Saunders, J.B. & Andersen, R.A., (1997). Phylogenetic relationships of the "golden algae" (haptophytes, heterokont chromophytes) and their plastids. Plant systematics and evolution. Supplementum, 11: 187-219.

Medlin, L.K.; Lange, L.K. & Baumann, M.E.M., (1994). Genetic differentiation among three colony-forming species of Phaeocystis: further evidence for the phylogeny of the prymnesiophyta. Phycologia, 33(3).

Medlin, L.K.; Lange, M.; Barker, G.L.A. & Hayes, D.E., (1995). Can molecular techniques change our ideas about the species concept? In: Joint, I. (Editor), Molecular ecology of aquatic microbes. Nato Advanced Study Institute. Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg.

Medlin, L.K.; Sáez, A.G. & Young, J.R., (2008). A molecular clock for coccolithophores and implications for selectivity of phytoplankton extinctions across the K/T boundary. Marine Micropaleontology, 67(1-2): 69-86.

Medlin, L.K. & Simon, N., (1998). Phylogenetic analyses of marine phytoplankton. In: Cooksey, K.E. (Editor), Molecular approches to the study of the ocean. Chapman & Hall, London, pp. 161-186.

Meggers, H. & Baumann, K.-H., (1997). Late Pliocene/Pleistocene calcareous plankton and paleoceanography of the North Atlantic. In: Hass, H.C. and Kaminski, M.A. (Editors), Contributions to the Micropaleontology and Paleoceanography of the Northern North Atlantic. Grzybowski Foundation Special Publication, pp. 39-50.

Meier, K.J.S.; Janofske, D. & Willems, H., (2002). New calcareous dinoflagellates (Calciodinelloideae) from the Mediterranean Sea. Journal of Phycology, 38: 602-615.

Meier, K.J.S.; Kinkel, H. & Young, J.R., (2014). A note on calcareous nannoplankton from the Kieler Förde (Baltic Sea). Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 33(1): 29-37.

Merico, J.; Tyrrell, T. & Cokacar, T., (2006). Is there any relationship between phytoplankton seasonal dynamics and the carbonate system? Journal of Marine Systems, 59: 120-142.

Mertiniené, R., (1993). The Upper Cretaceous nannoplankton zones of south-eastern Lithuania. Geologija, 14: 153-156.

Middleton, A.; Young, J.R. & Ambers, J., (2004.). The Folkton Drums: chalk or cheese? Antiquity - online project gallery, 78(299): 5.

Mikkelsen, N., (1975). Marine Lower Oligocene sediments in Denmark as indicated by coccoliths in the Viborg Formation. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark, 24: 83-86.

Mikkelsen, N. & Perch-Nielsen, K., (1982). Calcareous nannofossils. Sveriges Geologiska Undersokning. Arsbok; In Olausson, E. (ed.), The Pleistocene/Holocene boundary in south-western Sweden; ser. c, pt. 794, Avhand. och Uppsats., 76(7): 178-186.

Miller, P.L., (1981). Tertiary calcareous nannoplankton and benthic foraminifera biostratigraphy of the Point Arena area, California. Micropaleontology, 27: 419-443.

Milliman, J.D., (1980). Coccolithophorid production and sedimentation, Rockall Bank. Deep-Sea Research, 27A: 959-963.

Mills, J.T., (1975). Hymenomonas coronata sp. nov., a new coccolithophorid from the Texas coast. Journal of Phycology, 11: 149-154.

Minoletti, F.; Gardin, S.; Nicot, E.; Renard, M. & Spezzaferri, S., (2001). Mise au point d'un protocole expérimental de séparation granulométrique d'assemblagesde nannofossiles calcaires: applications paléoécologiques et géochemiques. Bulletin de la Societe Géologique de France, 172(4): 437-446.

Minoletti, F.; Hermoso, M. & Gressier, V., (2009). Separation of sedimentary micron-sized particles for palaeoceanography and calcareous nannoplankton biogeochemistry Nature Protocols, 4(1): 14-24.

Minoletti, F.; de Rafelis, M.; Renard, M. & Gardin, S., (2004). Reworking of Maastrichtian-like calcareous nannofossils in the lowermost Danian sediments of Bidart section (France): isotopic evidence (carbon and oxygen). Revue de Micropaleontologie, 47(3): 145-152.

Minoletti, F.; de Rafelis, M.; Renard, M.; Gardin, S. & Young, J.R., (2005). Changes in the pelagic fine fraction carbonate sedimentation during the Cretaceous–Paleocene transition: contribution of the separation technique to the study of Bidart section. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 216(1/2): 119-137.

Mitchell Innes, B. & Winter, A., (1987). Coccolithophores: a major phytoplankton component in mature upwelled waters off the Cape Peninsula, South Africa in March, 1983 Marine Biology, 95(25-30).

Mix, A.C.; Pisias, N.G.; Rugh, W.; Wilson, J.; Morey, A. & Hagelberg, T.K., (1995). Benthic foraminifer stable isotope record from site 849 (0-5 MA): Local and global climate cycles. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 138: 371-412.

de Moel, H.; Ganssen, G.M.; Peeters, J.C.H.; Jung, S.J.A.; Kroon, D.; Brummer, G.-J.A. & Zeebe, R.E., (2009). Planktic foraminiferal shell thinning in the Arabian Sea due to anthropogenic ocean acidification? Biogeosciences, 6: 1917-1925.

Moestrup, Ø., (1979). Identification by electron microscopy of marine nanoplankton from New Zealand, including the description of four new species. New Zealand. Journal of Botany, 17: 61-95.

Moestrup, Ø. & Thomsen, H.A., (1986). Ultrastructure and reconstruction of the flagellar apparatus in Chrysochromulina apheles sp. nov. (Prymnesiophyceae = Haptophyceae). Canadian Journal of Botany, 64: 593-610.

Mohamed, M.; Perch-Nielsen, K. & Toumarkine, M., (1982). Etude des nannofossiles calcaires et des foraminiferes planctoniques du Paleocene et de l'Eocene inferieur de la coupe de Taramsa, Ouest de Qena, Vallee du Nil, Egypte. (Study of the calcareous nannofossils and the planktonic foraminifera of the Pal*. Cahiers de Micropaleontologie, 1: 21-31.

Molfino, B.; Kipp, N.G. & Morley, J.J., (1982). Comparison of foraminiferal, coccolithophorid and radiolarian paleotempratureequations: assemblage coherency and estimate concordancy. Quaternary Research, 17(3): 279-313.

Molfino, B. & McIntyre, A., (1987). Fluctuations of the equatorial Atlantic thermocline: an ecological model. Transactions of the Americal Geophysical Union, 68: 1330.

Molfino, B. & McIntyre, A., (1990). Nutricline Variation in the equatorial Atlantic coincident with the Younger Dryas. Paleoceanography, 5(6): 997 - 1008.

Molfino, B. & McIntyre, A., (1990). Precesional forcing of nutricline dynamics in the equatorial Atlantic. Science, 249: 766-769.

Monechi, S., (1977). Upper Cretaceous and Early Tertiary nannoplankton from Scaglia Umbra Formation (Gubbio, Italy). Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia, 83: 759-802.

Monechi, S., (1981). Aptian-Cenomanian calcareous nannoplankton from some sections in the Umbrian Apennine. Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, 87: 193-226.

Monechi, S., (1985). Campanian to Pleistocene calcareous nannofossil stratigraphy from the Northwest Pacific Ocean, Deep Sea Drilling Project Leg 86. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 86: 301-336.

Monechi, S.; Angori, E. & von Salis, K., (2000). Calcareous nannofossil turnover around the Paleocene/Eocene transition at Almedilla (southern Spain). Bulletin de la Societe Gelogique de France, 171(4): 477-489.

Monechi, S.; Reale, V.; Bernaola, G. & Balestra, B., (2012). Taxonomic review of early Paleocene fasciculiths. Micropaleontology, 58(4): 351-365.

Monechi, S.; Reale, V.; Bernaola, G. & Balestra, B., (2013). The Danian/Selandian boundary at Site 1262 (South Atlantic) and in the Tethyan region: Biomagnetostratigraphy, evolutionary trends in fasciculiths and environmental effects of the Latest Danian Event. Marine Micropaleontology, 98(1): 28-40.

Monechi, S. & Thierstein, H.R., (1985). Late Cretaceous-Eocene nannofossil and magnetostratigraphic correlations near Gubbio, Italy. Marine Micropaleontology, 9: 419-440.

Monks, N. & Young, J.R., (1998). Body position and the functional morphology of Cretaceous heteromorph ammonites. Palaeontologia Electronica, 1(1).

Montgomery, P.; Hailwood, E.A.; Gale, A.S. & Burnett, J.A., (1998). The magnetostratigraphy of Coniacian-Late Campanian chalk sequences in southern England. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 156(3-4): 209-224.

Montresor, M.; Sgrosso, S.; Procaccini, G. & Kooistra, W.H.C.F., (2003). Intraspecific diversity in Scrippsiella trochoidea (Dinophyceae): evidence for cryptic species. Phycologia, 42(1): 56-70.

Montresor, M. & Zingone, A., (1988). Scrippsiella precaria sp. nov. (Dinophyceae), a marine dinoflagellate from the Gulf of Naples. Phycologia, 27: 387-394.

Moon van der Staay, S.Y.; van der Staay, G.W.M.; Gullou, L.; Vaulot, D.; H., C. & Medlin, L.K., (2000). Abundance and diversity of prymnesiophytes in the picoplankton community from the equatorial Pacific Ocean inferred from 18S rDNA sequence. Limnology and Oceanography, 45(1): 98-109.

Moore, T.C., (1973). Method of randomly distributing grains for microscopic examination. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 43(3): 904-906.

Morgans-Bell, H.S. & others, (2001). Integrated stratigraphy of the Kimmeridge Clay Formation (Upper Jurassic) based on exposures and boreholes in south Dorset, UK. Geological Magazine, 138(5): 511-539.

Mörner, N.-A., (1993). Global change: the last millennia. Global and Planetary Change, 7: 211-217.

Mortimer, C.P., (1987). Upper Cretaceous Calcareous Nannofossil Biostratigraphy of the Southern Norwegian and Danish North Sea Area. Abhandlungen der Geologisches Bundesanstalt, 39: 143-175.

Moshkovitz, S., (1974). A new method for observing the same nannofossil specimens both by light and by scanning electron microscope and preservation of types. Israel Journal of Earth-Sciences, 23: 145-147.

Moshkovitz, S., (1978). New types of cover slip and mounting slide with a graticule for examination of the same small object by the light microscope and the scanning electron microscope. Microscopica Acta, 80: 161-166.

Moshkovitz, S., (1979). On the distribution of Schizosphaerella punctulata Deflandre & Deflandre Rigaud and Schizosphaerella atsraea n. sp. in the Liassic section of Stowell Park Borehole (Gluoucestershire) and in some other Jurassic localities of England. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 72(2): 455-465.

Moshkovitz, S., (1982). On the findings of a new calcareous nannofossil (Conusphaera zlambachensis) and other calcareous organisms in the Upper Triassic sediments of Austria. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 75: 611-619.

Moshkovitz, S., (1984). Late Cretaceous calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of the Mount Scopus Group, Israel. Geological Survey of Israel Current Research, 1983-84: 46-55.

Moshkovitz, S. & Ehrlich, A., (1976). Distribution of Middle and Upper Jurassic calcareous nannofossils in the northeastern Negev, Israel and in Gebel Maghara, northern Sinai. Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Israel, 69: 1-47.

Moshkovitz, S. & Ehrlich, A., (1980). Distribution of the calcareous nannofossils in the Neogene sequence of the Jaffa-1 Borehole, Central Coastal Plain, Israel. Geological Survey of Israel Report, PD/1/80: 1-25.

Moshkovitz, S. & Ehrlich, A., (1987). Watznaueria manivitae Bukry taxonomic problems and distribution in the Jurassic-Lower Cretaceous sediments of Israel and other Tethyan areas. Newsletter of the International Nannoplankton Association, 9(3): 110-115.

Moshkovitz, S. & Osmond, K., (1989). The optical properties and microcrystallography of Arkhangelskiellaceae and some other calcareous nannofossils of the Late Cretaceous. In: Crux, J.A. and Heck, S.E.v. (Editors), Nannofossils and their aplications: Proceedings INA Conference.London 1987. Ellis Horwood, Chichester, pp. 76-97.

Mostajo, E.; Concheyro, A. & Zquez, F.D., (1995). Calcareous nannofossils (Hauterivian) from the 'Agua de la Mula' section, Neuquén Province, Argentina. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 17: 76.

Mountain, G.; Proust, J.-N.; McInroy, D.; Cotterill, C. & Scientists, t.E., (2010). Proceedings of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, 313. Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Management International, Inc., Tokyo.

Mountain, G.; Proust, J.-N.; McInroy, D.; Cotterill, C. & the Expedition Scientists, (2010). New Jersey Shallow Shelf, Proceedings of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program 313, 313. Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, Tokyo.

Mountain, G.S. & others, (1994). Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program Initial Reports 150X, 150. Ocean Drilling Program, College Station, TX, 885 pp.

Moy, A.D.; Howard, W.R.; Bray, S.G. & Trull, T.W., (2009). Reduced calcification in modern Southern Ocean planktonic foraminifera. Nature Geoscience, 2: 276-280.

Müller, C., (1970). Nannoplankton aus dem Mittel-Oligozän von Norddeutschland und Belgien. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Abhandlungen, 135: 82-101.

Müller, C., (1970). Nannoplankton-Zonen der Unteren-Meeresmolasse Bayerns. Geologica Bavarica, 63: 107-118.

Müller, C., (1972). Kalkiges Nannoplankton aus Tiefseekernen des Ionischen Meeres. "Meteor" Forschungsergebnisse. Reihe C, Geologie und Geophysik, 10: 75-95.

Müller, C., (1972). Nannoplankton-Lagen im Unter-Miozän von Frankfurt am Main. Senckenbergiana lethaea, 53(1/2): 103-117.

Müller, C., (1974). Calcareous nannoplankton from mid-Tertiary stratotypes. Mémoires du Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Minières, 78: 427-432.

Müller, C., (1974). Calcareous nannoplankton, Leg 25 (Western Indian Ocean). Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 25: 579-633.

Müller, C., (1974). Nannoplankton aus dem Mittel-Miozän von Walbersdorf (Burgenland). Senckenbergiana lethaea, 55: 389-405.

Müller, C., (1975). Calcareous nannoplankton from the type Serravallian. Regional Congress on Mediterranean Neogene Stratigraphy, 4th Congress, 1: 49-52.

Müller, C., (1976). Nannoplankton-Gemeinschaften aus dem Jung-Quartär des Golies von Aden und des Roten Meeres. Geologische Jahrbuch, D17: 33-77.

Müller, C., (1978). Remarks on biostratigraphic useful nannofossils in the Palaeogene of the northern hemisphere. Newsletters on Stratigraphy, 7: 45-52.

Müller, C., (1979). Calcareous nannofssils from the North Atlantic (Leg 48). Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 48: 589-639.

Müller, C., (1981). Beschreibung neuer Helicosphaera-Arten aus dem Miozän und Revision biostratigraphischer Reichweiten einiger neogener Nannoplankton-Arten. Senckenbergiana lethaea, 61: 427-435.

Müller, C., (1985). Late Miocene to Recent Mediterranean Biostratigraphy and Paleoenvironments Based on Calcareous Nannoplankton. In: Stanley, D.J. and Wezel, F.C. (Editors), Geological Evolution of the Mediterranean Basin. Springer Verlag, New York, pp. 471-485.

Müller, C.; Blanc Vernet, L.; Chamley, H. & Froget, C., (1974). Les coccolithophorides d’une carotte Méditerranéenne. Comparaison paléoclimatologique avec les foraminifères, les ptéropodes et les argiles. Tethys, 6(4): 805-828.

Müller, C.; Blanc-Vernet, L.; Chamley, H. & Froget, C., (1974). Les coccolithophorides d'une carotte Méditerranéene. Comparaison paléoclimatologique avec les foraminifères, les pteropodes et les argiles. Tethys, 6(805-828).

Müller, C. & Brönnimann, P., (1974). Eine neue Art der Gattung Helicosphaera Kamptner, aus dem Pazifischen Ozean. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 67: 661-662.

Müller, C. & Willems, W., (1981). Nannoplankton en planktonische foraminiferen uit de Ieper-Formatie (Onder Eoceen) in Vlaanderen (Belgie). Natuurwet Tijdschr., 62: 64-71.

Müller, M.N.; Antia, A.N. & LaRoche, J., (2008). Influence of cell cycle phase on calcification in the coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi. . Limnology and Oceanography, 53(5-6-512).

Muller, M.N. & others, (2015). Phytoplankton calcification as an effective mechanism to prevent cellular calcium poisoning. Biogeosciences Discussions, 12: 12691-12712.

Müller, M.N.; Schulte, P.G. & Riebesell, U., (2010). Effects of long-term high CO2 exposure on two species of coccolithophores. Biogeosciences, 7: 1109-1116.

Müller, U.G. & LaReesa Wolfenbarger, L., (1999). AFLP genotyping and fingerprinting. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 14: 389-394.

Munier Chalmas, E. & de Lapparent, A., (1893). Note sur la nomenclature des terrains sedimentaires. Bulletin de la Societe Géologique de France, XXI: 433-488.

Murray, G. & Blackman, V.H., (1898). On the nature of the Coccospheres and Rhabdospheres. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London (B), 190(1): 427-441.

Murray, J. & Hjort, J., (1912). The depths of the ocean. A general account of the modern science of oceanography based largely on the scientific researches of the Norwegian steamer Michael Sars in the North Atlantic. MacMillan & Co, London, 821 pp.

Murray, J.W., (1985). Recent Foraminifera from the North Sea (Forties and Ekofisk areas)

and the continental shelf west of Scotland. Journal of Micropalaeontology, 4(2): 117-125.

Murray, J.W., (1991). An atlas of British recent foraminiferids. Heinemann Educational Book Ltd, London, 244 pp.

Musatov, V.A., (2017). A new species of the genus Chiphragmalithus from the Ypresian stage (early Eocene) in the northern part of the Caspian Depression (Russia). Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 37(1): 67-76.

Mutterlose, J., (1989). Temperature-controlled migration of calcareous nannofloras in the north-west European Aptian. In: Crux, J.A. and Heck, S.E.v. (Editors), Nannofossils and their applications. British Micropalaeontological Society Series. Ellis Horwood, Chichester, pp. 122-144.

Mutterlose, J., (1991). Das Verteilungs- und Migrationsmuster des kalkigen Nannoplanktons in der borealen Unterkreide (Valangin-Apt) NW-Deutschlands. Palaeontographica B, 221: 27-152.

Mutterlose, J., (1992). Biostratigraphy and palaeobiogeography of Early Cretaceous calcareous nannofossils. Cretaceous Research, 13: 167-189.

Mutterlose, J., (1992). Lower Cretaceous nannofossil biostratigraphy off northwestern Australia (Leg 123). Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 123: 343-368.

Mutterlose, J., (1993). Late Valanginian calcareous nannofossils from central Europe and their biogeographic significance. Zitteliana, 20: 15-24.

Mutterlose, J., (1996). Calcareous nannofossil palaeoceanography of the Early Cretaceous of NW Europe. Mitteilungen des Geologisch-Paläontologischen Instituts der Universität Hamburg, 77: 291-313.

Mutterlose, J.; Bornemann, A.; Luppold, F.W.; Owen, H.G.; Ruffell, A.; Weiss, W. & Wray, D., (2003). The Vöhrum section (northwest Germany) and the Aptian/Albian boundary. Cretaceous Research, 24: 203-252.

Mutterlose, J. & Harding, I., (1987). Phytoplankton from the anoxic sediments of the Barremian (Lower Cretaceous) of north-west Germany. Abhandlungen der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 39: 177-215.

Mutterlose, J. & Wise, S.W., (1990). Lower Cretaceous nannofossil biostratigraphy of ODP Leg 113 Holes 692B and 693A, continental slope off east Antarctica, Weddell Sea. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 113: 325-351.

Muza, J.P.; Wise, S.W. & Covington, J.M., (1987). Neogene calcareous nannofossils from Deep Sea Drilling Project Site 603, lower continental rise, western North Atlantic: biostratigraphy and correlation with magnetic and seismic stratigraphy. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 93: 593-616.

Nagy, I., (1966). Sur le role stratigraphiques des genres Stomiosphaera et Cadosina dans le Jurassique superieur de la montagne Mecsek. Bull. Soc. Geol. Hongrie, 96(1): 86-104.

Nakayama, T.; Yoshida, M.; Noël, M.H.; Kawachi, M. & Inouye, I., (2005). Ultrastructure and phylogenetic position of Chrysoculter rhomboideus gen. et sp. nov. (Prymnesiophyceae), a new flagellate haptophyte from Japanese coastal waters. Phycologia, 44(4): 369-383.

Narasimhan, T., (1963). Coccolithophorids and related nannoplanktons from the Cretaceous-tertiary sequence of Khasi Hills. Assam J. Geol. Soc. India, 4: 109-115.

Narvaez, Y. & Petri, S., (2001). Calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of the Talara Group (Middle-Late Eocene) in the Negritos and Carpitas fields, Talara Basin, Peru. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 23(1): 9-13.

Naumann, C., (1866). Lebhr. d. Geognosie, III: ?8.

Neumeyr, M., (1883). Über klimatische Zonen wahrend der Jura- and Kreidzeit. Denkschriften der kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Wien Math - naturhist Class, 47: 277-310.

Nicholls, K.H., (1978). Chrysochromulina breviturrita sp. nov., a new freshwater member of the Prymnesiophyceae. Journal of Phycology, 14: 499-505.

Nicholls, K.H., (2013). New and little-known marine species of Pinaciophora, Rabdiaster and Thomseniophora gen. nov. (Rotosphaerida: Pompholyxophryidae). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 93(5): 1211-1229.

Nicholls, K.H., (2013). New and little-known marine and freshwater species of the silica-scaled genera Thaumatomastix and Reckertia (Cercozoa: Thaumatomonadida). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 93(5): 1231-1244.

van Niel, B.E., (1993). New observations on the morphology of Nannoconus. . In: Hamrsmid, B. and Young, J.R. (Editors), Nannoplankton Research. ZPN, Knihovnicha, pp. 73-85.

van Niel, B.E., (1994). A review of the terminology used to describe the genus Nannoconus (calcareous nannofossil, incertae sedis. Cahiers de Micropaleontologie, 9(27-47).

Niel, B.E.v., (1994). Scanning electron micrographs of the genus Kokia (incertae sedis). Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 16(2): 75-77.

Nimer, N.A.; Brownlee, C. & Merrett, M.J., (1994). Carbon dioxide availability, intracellular pH and growth rate of the coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 109: 257-262.

Nimer, N.A.; Dixon, G.K. & Merrett, M.J., (1992). Utilization of inorganic carbon by the coccolithophorid Emiliania huxleyi (Lohmann) Kamptner. New Phytologist, 120: 153-158.

Nimer, N.A. & Merrett, M.J., (1992). Calcification and utilization of inorganic carbon by the coccolithophorid Emiliania huxleyi Lohmann. New Phytologist, 121: 173-177.

Nimer, N.A. & Merrett, M.J., (1993). Calcification rate in Emiliania huxleyi Lohmann in response to light, nitrate and availability of inorganic carbon. New Phytologist, 132: 673-677.

Nisbet, E.G.; Cann, J.R. & van Dover, C.L., (1995). Origins of photosymthesis. Nature, 373: 479-480.

Nishida, S., (1971). Nannofossils from Japan IV. Calcareous nannoplankton fossils from the Tonohama Group, Shikoki, southwest Japan. Transactions and Proceedings of the Palaeontological Society of Japan. Tokyo, 83: 143-161.

Nishida, S., (1979). Atlas of Pacific Nannoplanktons. NOM (News of Osaka Micropaleontologists) Special Paper, 3: 1-31.

Nishida, S., (1982). Was Coccolithus pelagicus (Wallich) Schiller a cold water species? Bulletin of the Nara University of Education, 31: 63-77.

Nishida, S., (1986). Nannoplankton flora in the Southern Ocean, with special reference to siliceous varieties. Memoirs of National Institute of Polar Research. Special issue, 40: 56-68.

Noël, D., (1956). Coccolithes des terrains jurassiques de l'Algerie. Publ. Serv. Carte Géol. Algerie Trav Collab., n.s. Bull, 8: 303-345.

Noël, D., (1957). Coccolithes des terrains Jurassiques de l'Algérie. Publications du Service de la Carte Géologique de l'Algérie (Nouvelle Série) Bulletin, 8: 303-385.

Noël, D., (1959). Étude de coccolithes du Jurassique et du Crétacé inférieur. Publications du Service de la Carte Géologique de l'Algérie (Nouvelle Série) Bulletin, 20: 155-196.

Noël, D., (1960). Revison du genre Discoaster Tan Sin Hok 1927. Publication du Laboratoire de Geologie Aplliquée. Universite d'Alger, Fac, des Sciences, 201-232 pp.

Noël, D., (1965). Sur les Coccolithes du Jurassique Européen et d'Afrique du Nord. Éditions du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris.

Noël, D., (1969). Arkhangelskiella (coccolithes Crétacés) et formes affines du Bassin de Paris. Revue de Micropaleontologie, 11: 191-204.

Noël, D., (1970). Coccolithes Crétacés: La Craie Campanienne du Bassin de Paris. Éditions du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris.

Noël, D., (1973). Nannofossiles calcaires de sédiments jurassiques finement laminés. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, 3e serie, 75: 95-156.

Nöel, D., (1965). Sur les coccolithes du Jurassique Europeen et d'Afrique du Nord. Essai de classification des coccolithes fossiles. Centre National Recherche Scientifique, Paris, 209 pp.

Noël, D. & Perch-Nielsen, K., (1975). Report on the consultant group on calcareous nannoplankton, Kiel, September 5-7, 1974. Archives des Sciences, 28(2): 237-262.

Noël, M.-H.; Kawachi, M. & Inouye, I., (2004). Induced dimorphic life cycle of a coccolithophorid, Calyptrosphaera sphaeroidea. Journal of Phycology, 40(1): 112-129.

Norris, R.D.; Corfield, R.M. & Cartlidge, J., (1996). What is gradualism? Cryptic speciation in globorotaliid foraminifera. Paleobiology, 22(3): 386-405.

Norris, R.E., (1965). Living cells of Ceratolithus cristatus (Coccolithophorineae). Archiv für Protistenkunde, 108: 19-21.

Norris, R.E., (1967). Microalgae in enrichment cultures from Puerto Penasco, Sonora, Mexico. Bulletin of the South California Academy of Science, 66: 233-250.

Norris, R.E., (1971). Extant calcareous nannoplankton from the Indian Ocean. In: Farinacci, A. (Editor), Proceedings of the Second Planktonic conference, Roma. E. J. Brill, Leiden, pp. 899-910.

Norris, R.E., (1983). The family position of Papposphaera Tangen and Pappomonas Manton & Oates (Prymnesiophyceae) with records from the Indian Ocean. Phycologia, 22(2): 161-169.

Norris, R.E., (1984). Indian Ocean nanoplankton. I. Rhabdosphaeraceae (Prymnesiophyceae) with a review of extant taxa. Journal of Phycology, 20: 27-41.

Norris, R.E., (1985). Indian Ocean nanoplankton. II. Holococcolithophorids (Calyptrosphaeraceae, Prymnesiophyceae) with a review of extant genera. Journal of Phycology, 21: 619-641.

Novak, W., (1968). Stomiosphaerids of the Cieszyn beds (Kimmeridgian-Huaterivian) in the Polish Cieszyn Silesia and their stratigraphical value. Annales de la Société Géologique de Pologne, 38(2-3): 275-327.

Nowak, W., (1968). Stomiosferidy warstw cieszynskich (kimeryd-hoteryw) polskiego slaska Cieszynskiego i ich znaczenie stratygrapficzne. Rocznik Polskie Towarzystwo Geologiczne, 3: 275-327.

O’Dea, S.; Gibbs, S.J.; Bown, P.R.; Young, J.R.; Poulton, A.J.; Newsam, C. & Wilson, P.A., (2014). Coccolithophore calcification response to past ocean acidification and climate change. Nature Communications, 5: 1-7.

Oberhansli, H. & von Salis Perch-Nielsen, K., (1990). The Paleocene 13C-event: Was it due to changes in the storage rate of terrestrial biomass? Veroffentlichungen Uberseemuseum (Bremen), 10: 99-112.

Obradovich, J.D., (1993). A Cretaceous Time Scale. In: Caldwell, W.G.E. and Kauffman, E.G. (Editors), Evolution of the Western Interior Basin. Geological Association of Canada; Special Paper, pp. 379-396.

Obradovich, J.D. & Cobban, W.A., (1975). A time-scale for the Late Cretaceous of the Western Interior of North America. In: Caldwell, W.G.E. (Editor), The Cretaceous System in the Western Interior of North America. Geological Association of Canada; Special Paper, pp. 31-45.

Ogg, J. & Steiner, M.B., (1988/1989). Late Jurassic and Early Cretaceous magnetic polarity time scale. In: Rocha, R.B. and Soares, A.F. (Editors), 2nd International Symposium on Jurassic Stratigraphy Vol. 2. INIC, Lisbon, Portugal, pp. 1125-1138.

Okada, H., (1980). Validation of Florisphaera profunda, var. elongata. Newsletter of the International Nannoplankton Association, 2: 81.

Okada, H., (1990). Quaternary and Paleogene calcareous nannofossils, Leg 115. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 115: 129-174.

Okada, H., (1992). Use of microbeads to estimate the absolute abundance of nannofossils. INA Newsletter, 13: 96-97.

Okada, H., (2000). An improved filtering technique for calculation of calcareous nannofossil accumualtion rates. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 22(3): 203-204.

Okada, H. & Bukry, D., (1980). Supplementary modification and introduction of code numbers to the low-latitude coccolith biostratigraphic zonation (Bukry, 1973; 1975). Marine Micropaleontology, 5: 321-325.

Okada, H. & Honjo, S., (1973). The distribution of oceanic coccolithophorids in the Pacific. Deep-Sea Research, 20: 355-374.

Okada, H. & Honjo, S., (1975). Distribution of coccolithophores in marginal seas along the western Pacific Ocean and in the Red Sea. Marine Biology, 31(271-285).

Okada, H. & Matsuoka, M., (1996). Lower-photic nannoflora as an indicator of the late Quaternary monsoonal palaeo-record in the tropical Indian Ocean. In: Moguilevsky, A. and Whatley, R. (Editors), Microfossils and oceanic environments. Aberystwyth Press, Aberystwyth, pp. 231-245.

Okada, H. & McIntyre, A., (1977). Modern coccolithophores of the Pacific and North Atlantic Oceans. Micropaleontology, 23(1): 1-55.

Okada, H. & McIntyre, A., (1979). Seasonal distribution of modern coccolithophores in the Western North Atlantic Ocean. Marine Biology, 54: 319-328.

Okada, H. & Thierstein, H.R., (1979). Calcareous nannoplankton - Leg 43, Deep Sea Drilling Project. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 43: 507-573.

Okada, H. & Wells, P., (1997). Late Quaternary nannofossil indicators of climate change in two deep-sea cores associated with the Leeuwin current off Western Australia. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 131(3-4): 413-432.

Olafsson, G., (1989). Quantitative calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of upper Oligocene to middle Miocene sediment from ODP Hole 667A and middle Miocene sediment from DSDP Site 574. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 108: 9-22.

Olafsson, G., (1991). Quantitative calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy and biochronology of early through late Miocene sediments from DSDP Hole 608. Meddeleser Stockholm University Institute of Geology and Geochemistry, 283: 1-122.

Olafsson, G., (1992). Oligocene/Miocene morphometric variability of the Cyclicargolithus group from the equatorial Atlantic and Indian Oceans. Memorie di Scienze Geologiche, 43: 283-296.

Olsson, R.K.; Hemleben, C.; Berggren, W.A. & Huber, B.T., (1999). Atlas of Paleocene Planktonic Foraminifera. Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology, 0(85): 1-3.

Olsson, R.K. & Youssefnia, I., (1979). Cretaceous Calcisphaerulidae from New Jersey. Journal of Paleontology, 53(5): 1085-1093.

Oppel, C.A., (1856-1858). Die Juraformation Englands, Frankreichs und des Südwestlichen Deutschlands. Ebner and Seubert, Stuttgart.

Orr, J.C.; Fabry, V.J. & others, (2005). Anthropogenic ocean acidification over the twenty-first century and its impact on calcifying organisms. Nature, 437: 681-686.

Ostenfeld, C.H., (1899). Über Coccosphaera und einige neue Tintinniden im Plankton des nördlichen Atlantischen Oceans. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 22: 433-439.

Ostenfeld, C.H., (1900). Über Coccosphaera. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 23: 198-200.

Ostenfeld, C.H., (1910). Thorosphaera, eine neue Gattung der Coccolithophoriden. Bericht der Deutschen Botanischen Gesellschaft, 28: 397-400.

Ostenfeld, C.H., (1911). Marine plankton from the East Greenland Sea. Medd. Greenland, 43: 257-285.

Ostergaard, J.B. & Thomsen, H.A., (in prep.). Weakly calcified coccolithophorids, including the description of Molina andamanica gen. et sp. nov. (Prymnesiophyceae) from tropical marine regions: morphology, taxonomy and biogeography.

Outka, D.E. & Williams, D.C., (1971). Sequential coccolith morphogenesis in Hymenomonas carterae. Journal of Protozoology, 18: 285-297.

Ozaki, N.; Sakuda, S. & Nagasawa, H., (2007). A novel highly acidic polysaccharide with inhibitory activity on calcification from the calcified scale "coccolith" of a coccolithophorid alga, Pleurochrysis haptonemofera. Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 357(4): 1172-6.

Paasche, E., (1998). Roles of nitrogen and phosphorus in coccolith formation in Emiliania huxleyi (Prymnesiophyceae). European Journal of Phycology, 33(33-42).

Paasche, E., (2002). A review of the coccolithophorid Emiliania huxleyi (Prymnesiophyceae), with particular reference to growth, coccolith formation, and calcification-photosynthesis interactions. Phycologia, 40(6): 503-529.

Paasche, E.; Brubak, S.; Skattebol, S.; Young, J.R. & Green, J.C., (1996). Growth and calcification in the coccolithophorid Emiliania huxleyi (Haptophyceae) at low salinities. Phycologia, 35(5): 394-403.

Paasche, E. & Klaveness, D., (1970). A physiological comparison of coccolith-forming and naked cells of Coccolithus huxleyi. Archiv für Mikrobiologie, 73: 143-152.

Pagani, M.; Zachos, J.C.; Freeman, K.H.; Tipple, B. & S., B., (2005). Marked Decline in Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Concentrations During the Paleogene. Science, 309(5734): 600-603.

Page, R.D.M. & Holmes, E.C., (1998). Molecular evolution: A phylogenetic approach. Blackwell Science Ltd., 346 pp.

Pahlow, M. & Riebesell, U., (2000). Temporal trends in deep ocean Refield ratios. Science, 287: 831-833.

Palumbi, S.R., (1994). Genetic divergence, reproductive isolation, and marine speciation. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 25: 547-572.

Papenfuss, G.F., (1955). Classification of the algae. In: A century of progress in the natural sciences, 1853-1953. San Francisco: California Academy of Sciences,: 115-224.

Parejas, E., (1934). Sur quelques Actiniscus du Cretace superieur des Brasses (Prealpes medianes) et de l'Ile d'Elbe. Compte Rendu des Séances de la Société de Physique et d'Histoire Naturelle de Genéve, 51: 100-107.

Parente, A. & Cachao, M., (2003). Morphometry of Coccolithus pelagicus (coccolithophore) from offshore Portugal, during the last 200ka. Gaia, 11: 68-72.

Parke, M., (1949). Studies on marine flagellates. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 28: 255-288.

Parke, M., (1971). The production of calcareous elements by benthic algae belonging to the class Haptophyceae (Chrysophyta). In Farinacci, A. (ed.), Proceedings of the Second Planktonic Conference Roma 1970, Rome, Edizioni Tecnoscienza, 2: 929-937.

Parke, M. & Adams, I., (1960). The motile (Crystallolithus hyalinus Gaarder & Markali) and non-motile phases in the life history of Coccolithus pelagicus (Wallich) Schiller. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 39: 263-274.

Parke, M. & Green, J.C., (1976). Haptophyta. Haptophyceae. Check-list of British marine algae-Third revision (M. Parke & P.S. Dixon). In: Parke, M. and Dixon, P.S. (Editors), Check-list of British marine algae-Third revision. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, pp. 551-555.

Parke, M.; Lund, J.W.G. & Manton, I., (1962). Observations on the biology and fine structure of the type species of Chrysochromulina C. parva Lackey in the English Lake District. Archives of Microbiology, 42: 333–352.

Parke, M. & Manton, I., (1962). Studies on marine flagellates. VI. Chrysochromulina pringsheimii sp. nov. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 42: 391-404.

Parke, M.; Manton, I. & Clarke, B., (1955). Studies on marine flagellates. II. Three new species of Chrysochromulina. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 34: 579-604.

Parke, M.; Manton, I. & Clarke, B., (1956). Studies on marine flagellates. III. Three further species of Chrysochromulina. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 35: 387-414.

Parke, M.; Manton, I. & Clarke, B., (1958). Studies on marine flagellates. IV. Morphology and microanatomy of a new species of Chrysochromulina. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 37: 209-228.

Parke, M.; Manton, I. & Clarke, B., (1959). Studies on marine flagellates. V. Morphology and microanatomy of Chrysochromulina strobilus sp. nov. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 38: 169-188.

Parker, S.B.; Skarnulis, A.J.; Westbroek, P. & Williams, R.J.P., (1983). The ultrastructure of coccoliths from the marine alga Emiliania huxleyi (Lohmann) Hay & Mohler: an ultra-high resolution electron microscope study. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, B219: 111-117.

Pascher, A., (1910). Chrysomonaden aus dem Hirschberger Grossteiche. Monographien und Abhandlungen zur Internationalen Revue der gesamten Hydrobiologie und Hydrographie, 1: 66.

Pascher, A., (1914). Über Flagellaten und Algen. Bericht der Deutschen Botanischen Gesellschaft, 32: 136-160.

Patil, S.M.; Mohan, R.; Jafar, S.A. & Gazi, S., (2016). Xenospheres and anomalous coccospheres from plankton samples of the Southern Indian Ocean Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 36(2): 133-136.

Paull, C.K. & Thierstein, H.R., (1987). Stable isotopic fractionation among particles in Quaternary coccolith-sozed deep-sea sediments. Paleoceanography, 2(4): 423-429.

Pavsic, J., (1977). Nannoplankton v zgornjekrednih in paleocenskih plasteh na Goriškem [Nannoplankton from the Upeer Cretaceous & Paleocene beds in the Gorica Region] Geologija Razprave in Porocile, 20: 33-83.

Pearson, P.N., (1990). Evolution and Phylogeny of Palaeogene Planktonic Foraminifera , Cambridge University, 224 pp.

Pearson, P.N., (1993). A lineage phylogeny for the Paleogene planktonic foraminifera. Micropaleontology, 39(3): 193-232.

Pearson, P.N.; Olsson, R.K.; Huber, B.T.; Hemleben, C. & Berggren, W.A., (2006). Atlas of Eocene planktonic foraminifera. Cushman Foundation for Foraminiferal Research Special Publication, 41: 1-507.

Peijnenburg, K.; Johannes, J.A.J.; Pierrot-Bults, A.C. & Menken, S.B.J., (2004). Phylogeography of the planktonic chaetognath Sagitta setosa reveals isolation in European seas. Evolution, 58(7): 1472-1487.

Peleo-Alampay, A.; Bukry, D.; Liu, L. & Young, J.R., (1998). Magnetobiostratigraphic calibration of datums from the late Miocene calcareous nannofossil genus Catinaster and discussion of its evolution. Journal of Micropalaeontology, 17(1): 71-85.

Peleo-Alampay, A. & Wei, W., (1995). Magnetobiochronology of several Miocene nannofossil datums at DSDP Site 563 revisited. Revista Española de Micropaleontología, 27: 97-110.

Peleo-Alampay, A.M.; Mead, G.A. & Wei, W., (1999). Unusual Oligocene Braarudosphaera-rich layers of the South Atlantic and their palaeoceanograpghic implications. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 21(1): 17-26.

Peperzak, L.; Colijn, F.; Vrieling, E.G.; Gieskes, W.W.C. & Peeters, J.C.H., (2000). Observations of flagellates in colonies of Phaeocystis globosa (Prymnesiophyceae); a hypothesis for their position in the life cycle. Journal of Plankton Research, 22(12): 2181-2203.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1967). Nannofossilien aus dem Eozan von Danemark. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 60: 19-32.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1967). Eine Präparationstechnik zur Untersuchung von Nannoplankton im Lichtmikroskop und im Elektronmikroskop. Meddelelser fra Dansk Geologisk Forening, 17: 129-130.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1968). Der Feinbau und die Klassifikation der Coccolithen aus dem Maastrichtien von Danemark. Biologiske Skrifter. Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab, 16: 1-96.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1968). Naninfula, genre nouveau a nannofossiles calcaires du Tertiaire danois. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences, 267: 2298-2300.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1968). Beobachtungen im elektronenmikroskop an Micrantholithus mirabilis und Marthasterites obscurus (Nannoplankton). Meddelelser fra Dansk Geologisk Forening, 18(2): 251-254.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1969). Die Coccolithen einiger danischer Maastrichtien- und Danienlokalitaten. Dansk Geologisk Forening Meddelelser, 19: 51-68.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1969). Elektronenmikroskopische Untersuchungen der Coccolithophoriden der Dan-Scholle von Katharinenjof (Fehmarn). Geologie und Palaeontologie. Abhandlungen, Neues Jahrbuch fuer, 132: 317-332.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1971). Elektronenmikroskopische untersuchungen an Coccolithen und verwandten Formen aus dem Eozan von Danemark. Biologiske Skrifter. Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab, 18(3): 1-76.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1971). Durchsicht Tertiarer Coccolithen. In Farinacci, A. (ed.), Proceedings of the Second Planktonic Conference Roma 1970, Rome, Edizioni Tecnoscienza, 2: 939=980.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1971). Neue Coccolithen aus dem Paläozän von Dänemark, der Bucht von Biskaya und dem Eozän der Labrador See. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark, 21: 51-66.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1971). Einige neue Coccolithen aus dem Paläozän der Bucht von Biskaya und dem Eozän der Labrador See. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark, 21: 347-361.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1972). Remarks on Late Cretaceous to Pleistocene coccoliths from the North Atlantic. In: Laughton, A.S. et al. (Editors), Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, pp. 1003-1069.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1972). Les nannofossiles calcaires de la limite Cretace-Tertiaire. Bureau de Recherches Geologiques et Minieres. Memoires; In Colloque sur les methodes et tendances de la stratigraphie, pt. 77, 1: 181-188.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1973). Nannoplancton calcaire a la limite Cretace-Tertaire dans le Bassin de Majunga (Madagascar). Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences, 276: 2435-2438.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1973). Neue Coccolithen aus dem Maastrichtien von Danemark, Madagaskar und Agypten. Geological Society of Denmark, Bulletin, 22: 306-333.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1973). Danian and Campanian/Maastrichtian coccoliths from Nugssuaq, West Greenland. Geological Society of Denmark, Bulletin, 22: 79-82.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1973). Fossil coccoliths as indicators of the origin of Late Cretaceous chalk used in Medieval Norwegian art. Universitetet Oldsaksamlings, Arbok; 1970-71: 161-169.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1977). Synthesis of the Leg 39 biostratigraphy (Central and South Atlantic). Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 39: 1081-1098.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1977). Albian to Pleistocene calcareous nannofossils from the Western South Atlantic, DSDP Leg 39. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 39: 699-823.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1979). Distribution of calcareous nannofossils. Appendix to Holland, B., & Gabrielson, J., Guide to Linhamn Quarry. In Birkelund, T., & Bromley, R.G., Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary events - symposium. I. The Maastrichtian & Danian of Denmark: 151.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1979). Calcareous nannofossils from the Cretaceous between the North Sea and the Mediterranean. Aspekte der Kreide Europas, IUGS Series A, 6: 223-272.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1979). Calcareous nannofossils in Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary sections in Denmark. In: Christensen, W.K. and Birkelund, T. (Editors), Proceedings Cretaceous-Tertiary Boundary Events Symposium, Copenhagen, 2, Copenhagen, pp. 120-126.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1979). Calcareous nannofossils at the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary near Biarritz, France. In Christensen, W.K., & Birkelund, T. (eds.), Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary events - symposium. II. Proceedings: 151-155.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1979). Calcareous nannofossils at the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary in Tunisia. In Christensen, W.K., & Birkelund, T. (eds.), Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary events - symposium. II. Proceedings: 238-243.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1979). Calcareous nannofossil zonation at the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary in Denmark. In: Birkelund, T. and Bromley, R.G. (Editors), Proceedings Cretaceous-Tertiary Boundary Events Symposium, Copenhagen, 1, Copenhagen, pp. 115-135.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1980). New Tertiary calcareous nannofossils from the South Atlantic. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 73(1): 1-7.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1980). The Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary in El Kef and Hedil, Tunisia and in the Sokoto Basin, Nigeria (calcareous nannofossils). Museum d'Histoire Naturelle de Nice, Annales, 6: 56-58.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1981). Les coccolithes du Paleocene pres de El Kef, Tunisie, et leurs ancetres. Cahiers de Micropaleontologie, 3: 7-23.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1981). New Maastrichtian and Paleocene calcareous nannofossils from Africa, Denmark, and USA and the Atlantic, and some Paleocene lineages. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 74(3): 831-863.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1981). Nouvelles observations sur les nannofossiles calcaires a la limite Crétacé-Tertiaire près de El Kef (Tunisie). Cahiers de Micropaleontologie, 3: 25-36.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1981). Les coccolithes du Paléocène près de El Kef, Tunisie, et leurs ancêtres. Cahiers de Micropaleontologie, 3: 25-36.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1982). Maastrichtian coccoliths in the Danian: survivors or reworked "dead bodies"? I.A.S. 3rd Eur. Mtg., Copenhagen 1982: 122.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1982). The Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary. In Odin, G.S. (ed.), Numerical dating in stratigraphy. John Wiley & Sons, Part II: 650-652.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1983). Recognition of Cretaceous stage boundaries by means of calcareous nannofossils. In: Birkelund, T. et al. (Editors), Symposium on Cretaceous Stage Boundaries, Copenhagen, October 18-21, 1983, Abstracts, Copenhagen, pp. 152-156.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1984). Validation of new combinations. Newsletter of the International Nannoplankton Association, 6(1): 42-46.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1984). Standard zones and "standard zones.". Newsletter of the International Nannoplankton Association, 6(1): 40-41.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1985). Cenozoic calcareous nannofossils. In: Bolli, H.M., Saunders, J.B. and Perch-Nielsen, K. (Editors), Plankton Stratigraphy. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 427-555.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1985). Mesozoic calcareous nannofossils. In: Bolli, H.M., Saunders, J.B. and Perch-Nielsen, K. (Editors), Plankton Stratigraphy. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 329-426.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1985). Early Paleocene calcareous nannofossils from Dakar, Senegal. International Nannoplankton Association Neswletter; 1st INA Conference, Vienna, 7(2): 83-84.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1985). Cruciplacolithus tenuis and Chiasmolithus danicus - a discussion of problematic Danian marker species. Newsletter of the International Nannoplankton Association; Abstracts 1st INA Conference, Vienna, 7(2): 80-82.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1985). Notes on the Prinsiaceae, a Cenozoic calcareous nannoplankton family. Newsletter of the International Nannoplankton Association; Abstracts 1st INA Conference, Vienna, 7(2): 85-88.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1985). The Tertiary calcareous nannofossil genus Helicosphaera a basis for discussions. Newsletter of the International Nannoplankton Association; Abstracts 1st INA Conference, Vienna, 7(2): 89-92.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1985). Calcareous nannofossil families and genera - remarks about relations and "non-relations". Newsletter of the International Nannoplankton Association; Abstracts 1st INA Conference, Vienna, 7(2): 78-79.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1985). Calcareous nannofossils at the C/T boundary near Beloc, Haiti. Newsletter of the International Nannoplankton Association; Abstracts 1st INA Conference, Vienna, 7(2): 73-74.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1985). Calcareous nannofossils at the Maastrichtian/Danian boundary in Kyzylsaj (Mangyshlak), USSR. Newsletter of the International Nannoplankton Association; Abstracts 1st INA Conference, Vienna, 7(2): 75-77.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1986). Geological events and the distribution of calcareous nannofossils - some speculations. Centres de Recherches Exploration-Production ELF-Aquitaine, Bulletin, 10(2): 421-432.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1986). New Mesozoic and Paleogene calcareous nannofossils. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 79(3): 835-847.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1987). Geologic processes and events and nannofossil distribution. Newsletter of the International Nannoplankton Association; Abstracts 2nd INA Conference, London, 9(2): 58.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1988). New Lower Cretaceous calcareous nannofossil species from England. Newsletter of the International Nannoplankton Association, 10(1): 30-37.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1989). Horseshoe-shaped calcareous nannofossil and salinity crises. Newsletter of the International Nannoplankton Association; Abstracts 3rd INA Conference, Firenze, 11(2): 89 1 fig.

Perch-Nielsen, K., (1989). Tethyan and boreal Lower Cretaceous Nannoconus. Newsletter of the International Nannoplankton Association; Abstracts 3rd INA Conference, Firenze, 11(2): 90.

Perch-Nielsen, K. & Franz, H.E., (1977). Lapideacassis and Scampanella, calcareous nannofossils from the Paleocene at sites 354 and 356, DSDP Leg 39, Southern Atlantic. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 39: 849-862.

Perch-Nielsen, K. & Hansen, J.M., (1981). Selandian. Geologiques du Bassin de Paris, Bulletin d'Information des; In Pomerol, C., ed., Stratotypes of Paleogene stages. Mem. hors serie, 2: 219-230.

Perch-Nielsen, K.; McKenzie, J. & He, Q., (1982). Biostratigraphy and isotope stratigraphy and the 'catastrophic'extinction of calcareous nannoplankton at the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary. Geological Society of America. Special Papers, 190: 353-371.

Perch-Nielsen, K. & Pavsic, J., (1979). Calcareous nannofossils from the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary in Slovenia. In Christensen, W.K., & Birkelund, T. (eds.), Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary events - symposium. II. Proceedings: 179-184.

Perch-Nielsen, K. & Petters, S.W., (1981). Cretaceous and Eocene microfossil ages from the southern Benue Trouch, Nigeria. Archives des Sciences, 34(2): 211-218.

Perch-Nielsen, K. & Pomerol, C., (1973). Nannoplancton calcaire a la limite Cretace-Tertiaire dans le Bassin de Majunga (Madagascar). Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences, 276(17): 2435-2439.

Perch-Nielsen, K.; Rogl, F.; Stradner, H. & Braunstein, R., (1985). Excursion guide: INA Meeting Vienna, 22.9.1985. Newsletter of the International Nannoplankton Association; Abstracts 1st INA Conference, Vienna, 7(2): 105-117.

Perch-Nielsen, K.; Sadek, A.; Barakat, M.G. & Teleb, F., (1974). Late Cretaceous and Early Tertiary calcareous nannofossil and planktonic foraminifera zones from Egypt. Colloque African de Micropaleontologie; VIe, Tunis (21 Mars-3 April, 1974).

Perch-Nielsen, K.; Sadek, A.; Barakat, M.G. & Teleb, F., (1978). Late Cretaceous and Early Tertiary Calcareous nannofossil and Planktonic foraminifera zones from Egypt. Actes du VI Colloque Africain de Micropaléontologie - Tunis 1974. Annales des Mines et de la Géologie Tunis, 28: 337-403.

Perch-Nielsen, K.; Supko, P.R. & Party, S.S., (1978). Shipboard Scientific Reports (Sites 353-359). Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 39: 27-391.

Perch-Nielsen, K.; Ulleberg, K. & Evensen, J.E., (1979). Comments on 'The terminal Cretaceous event: a geologic problem with an oceanographic solution' (Gartner & Keany, 1978). In Christensen, W.K., & Birkelund, T. (eds.), Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary events - symposium. II. Proceedings: 106-111.

Perch-Nielsen, K.w.c.b.B., L.M., (1986). Calcareous nannofossil events at the Eocene/Oligocene boundary. In Pomerol, C., & Premoli-Silva, I. ( eds.), Terminal Eocene events. Elsevier Science Publ., Amsterdam: 275-282.

Percival, S.F., (1991). Late Santonian to Early Maastrichtian calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy and zonation of northeast Texas. Micropaleontology Special Publication, 5: 67-76.

Pérez Panera, J.P., (2012). Two new heterococcoliths from the Albian - Cenomanian, Austral Basin, Patagonia, Argentina Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 32(2): 75-78.

Pérez-Rodríguez, I.; Lees, J.A.; Larasoaña, J.C.; Arz, J.A. & Arenillas, I., (2012). Planktonic foraminiferal and calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy and magnetostratigraphy of the uppermost Campanian and Maastrichtian at Zumaia, northern Spain. Cretaceous Research, 37: 100-126.

Persico, D. & Cogliati, C., (2014). Micropalaeontology in archaeology: reconsruction of provenance of a prehistoric artefact through microfossil and lithological analysis. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 33(1): 13-60.

Persico, D. & Villa, G., (2002). Problematic side views of Eprolithus: Comparison with Micula decussata. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 24(1): 15-25.

Persico, D. & Villa, G., (2008). A new Eocene Chiasmolithus species: hypothetical reconstruction of its phyletic lineage. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 30(1): 23-33.

Persico, D. & Villa, G., (2013). A new Oligocene-Miocene calcareous nannofossil species: Pontosphaera wallacei. . Revue de Micropaleontologie, 56: 97–102.

Persico, D.; Villa, G. & Ladner, B., (2014). Size variations of Reticulofenestra oamaruensis (Deflandre in Deflandre & Fert, 1954) Stradner in Haq, 1968, emended. Revue de Micropaleontologie, 57: 15-21.

Pflaumann, U. & Krasheninnikov, V.A., (1978). Cretaceous calcisphaerulids from D.S.D.P. Leg 41, eastern North Atlantic. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 41: 817-839.

Picco, P., (1990). Climatological atlas of the Western Mediterranean. Italian commission for nuclear and alternative energy sources, Rome, 224 pp.

Pickett-Heap, J.D., (1998). A rapid, highly efficient method for collecting, fixing, and embedding planktonic and other small cells for electron microscopy. Journal of Phycology, 34: 1088-1089.

Pienaar, R.N., (1966). Microfossils from the Cretaceous System of Zululand studied with the aid of the electron microscope. South African Journal of Science, 62: 147-157.

Pienaar, R.N., (1968). Upper Cretacous coccolithophorids from Zululand, South Africa. Palaeontology, 11(3): 361-367.

Pienaar, R.N., (1976). The microanatomy of Hymenomonas lacuna sp. nov. (Haptophyceae). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 56: 1-11.

Pienaar, R.N., (1994). Ultrastructure and calcification of coccolithophores. In: Winter, A. and Siesser, W.G. (Editors), Coccolithophores. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 13-37.

Pienaar, R.N. & Birkhead, M., (1994). Ultrastructure of Prymnesium nemamethecum sp. nov. (Prymnesiophyceae). Journal of Phycology, 30: 291-300.

Pienaar, R.N. & Norris, R.E., (1979). The ultrastructure of the flagellate Chrysochromulina spinifera (Fournier) comb. nov. (Prymnesiophyceae) with special reference to scale production. Phycologia, 18: 99-108.

Pingree, R.D.; Holligan, P.; Mardell, G.T. & Harris, R., (1982). Vertical distribution of plankton in the Skagerrak in relation to doming of the seasonal thermoeline. Continental Shelf Research, 1(2): 209-219.

Pinot, J.-M.; Tintoré, J. & Gomis, D., (1994). Quasi-synoptic mesoscale variability in the Balearic Sea. Deep-Sea Research. Part 1, Oceanographic research papers, 41: 897-914.

Pirini Radrizzani, C., (1971). Coccoliths from the Permian deposits of eastern Turkey. In: Farinacci, A. (Editor), Proceedings of the Second Planktonic Conference Roma 1971. Edizioni Tecnoscienza, Rome, pp. 993-1001.

Pirini Radrizzani, C. & Valleri, G., (1977). New data on calcareous nannofossils from the Pliocene of the Tyrrhenian Basin Site 132, DSDP Leg 13. Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia, 83(4): 897-924.

Piveteau, J., (1952). Traité de Paléontologie. In: Grassé, P.P. (Editor), Traité de zoologie. Anatomie, systématique, biologie, 1, part 1, Phylogenie. Protozoaires: généralités. Flagellés. Masson and Cie, Paris, pp. 107-115,.

Platt, J.P.; Leggett, J.K.; Young, J.R.; Raza, H. & Alam, S., (1985). Large scale sediment underplating in the Makran accretionary prism, southwest Pakistan. Geology, 13: 507-511.

Poche, F., (1913). Das System der Protozoa. Archiv für Protistenkunde, 30: 125-321.

Posada, M.A. & Crandali, K.A., (1998). Modeltest: testing the model of DNA substitution. Bioinformatics, 14: 817-818.

Posch, F. & Stradner, H., (1987). Report on Triassic nannoliths from Austria. Abhandlungen der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 39: 231-237.

Pospichal, J.J., (1994). Calcareous nannofossils at the K-T boundary, El Kef: No evidence for stepwise, gradual, or sequential extinctions. Geology, 22: 99-102.

Pospichal, J.J., (1996). Calcareous nannoplankton mass extinction at the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary: An update, in Ryder, G., et al., eds., The Cretaceous-Tertiary event and other catastrophes in Earth history: . Geological Society of America Special Paper, 307: 335-360.

Pospichal, J.J., (1996). High latitude calcareous nannofossil changes at the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary in the southern Indian Ocean. In: Moguilevsky, A. and Whatley, R. (Editors), Microfossils and Oceanic Environments. University of Wales, Aberystwyth-Press, pp. 205-229.

Pospichal, J.J., (2002). Speculations on the occurrence of Minylitha convallis in Antarctic margin sediments. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 24(3): 195-197 (&25/1 p.6).

Pospichal, J.J. & Wise, S.W., (1990). Maestrichtian calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of Maud Rise ODP leg 113 sites 689 and 690, Weddell Sea. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 113: 465-487.

Pospichal, J.J. & Wise, S.W., (1990). Paleocene to Middle Eocene calcareous nannofossils of ODP sites 689 and 690, Maud Rise, Weddell Sea. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 113: 613-638.

Pospichal, J.J. & Wise, S.W., (1990). Calcareous nannofossils across the K/T boundary, ODP hole 690C, Maud Rise, Weddell Sea. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 113: 515-532.

Pospichal, J.J.; Wise, S.W.; Asaro, F. & Hamilton, N., (1990). The effects of bioturbation across a biostratigraphically complete high southern latitude Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary. In: Sharpton, V.L. and Ward, P.D. (Editors), Global catastrophes in Earth history: An interdisciplinary conference on impacts, volcanism, and mass mortality. Geological Society of America Special Paper, 247, pp. 497-507.

Pouchet, M.G., (1892). Sur une algue pélagique nouvelle. Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances et Memoires, Société de Biologie, 44: 34-36.

Poulton, A.J.; Charalampopoulou, A.; Young, J.R.; Tarran, G.A.; Lucas, M.i. & Quartly, G.D., (2010). Coccolithophore dynamics in non-bloom conditions during late summer in the central Iceland Basin (July-August 2007). Limnology and Oceanography, 55(4): 1601-1613.

Poulton, A.J. & others, (2014). Coccolithophores on the North-West European shelf: calcification rates and environmental controls. Biogeosciences, 11: 3919-3940.

Poulton, A.J.; Young, J.R.; Bates, N.R. & Balch, W.M., (2011). Biometry of detached Emiliania huxleyi coccoliths along the Patagonian Shelf. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 443(1): 1-17.

Pozaryska, K. & Locker, S., (1971). Les organismes planctoniques de l'Eocene superieur de Siemien, Pologne Orientale. Revue de Micropaleontologie, 14(5): 57-72.

Prauser, H., (1958). Diacronema vlkianum, eine neue Chrysomonade. Archiv für Protistenkunde, 103: 117-128.

Preisig, H., (2002). Phylum Haptophyta (Prymnesiophyta). In: John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. and Brook, A.J. (Editors), The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles : an identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 211-213.

Prentice, K. & others, (2014). Trace metal (Mg/Ca and Sr/Ca) analyses of single coccoliths by Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 146: 90-106.

Prestwich, J., (1850). On the structure of the strata between the London Clay and the Chalk in the London and Hampshire Tertiary systems. Part iii. The Thanet Sands. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 6: 252-281.

Priewalder, H., (1973). Die Coccolithophoridenflora des Locus typicus von Pseudotextularia elegans (Rzehak), Reingruberhole, niederosterrecih; (Maastricht). Jahrbuch der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 116: 3-34.

Pringsheim, E.G., (1955). Kleine Mitteilungen über Flagellaten und Algen. I. Algenartige Chrysophyceen in Reinkultur. Archiv für Mikrobiologie, 21: 401-410.

Prins, B., (1969). Evolution and stratigraphy of cocolithinids from the Lower and Middle Lias. In: Bronnimann, P. and Renz, H.H. (Editors), Proceedings of the First International Conference on Planktonic Microfossils. E. J. Brill, Leiden, Geneva, pp. 547-558.

Prins, B., (1971). Speculations on relations, evolution and stratigraphic distribution of discoasters. In: Farinacci, A. (Editor), Proceedings of the Second Planktonic Conference Roma 1971. Edizioni Tecnoscienza, Rome, pp. 1017-1037.

Prins, B., (1979). Notes on nannology 1. Clausicoccus, a new genus of fossil Coccolithophorids. INA Newsletter, 1: N2-N4.

Probert, I.; Fresnel, J.; Billard, C.; Geisen, M. & Young, J.R., (2007). Light and electron microscope observations of Algirosphaera robusta (Pymnesiophyceae). Journal of Phycology, 43: 319-332.

Probert, I.; Fresnel, J. & Young, J.R., (2014). The life cycle and taxonomic affinity of the coccolithophore Jomonlithus littoralis (Prymnesiophyceae). Cryptogamie, Algologie, 35(4): 389-405.

Probert, I. & Houdan, A., (2004). The laboratory culture of coccolithophores. In: Thierstein, H.R. and Young, J.R. (Editors), Coccolithophores - From molecular processes to global impact. Springer, Berlin, pp. 217-250.

Proto Decima, F., (1969). Dati preliminari sulle nannoflore delle 'Marne di Brendola'. Coll. Eocene Paris (1968). Mémoires du Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Minières, 69: 249-254.

Proto Decima, F.; Medizza, F. & Todesco, L., (1978). Southeastern Atlantic, Leg 40, calcareous nannofossils. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 40: 571-634.

Proto Decima, F.; Roth, P.H. & Todesco, L., (1975). Nannoplankton calcareo del Paleocene e dell'Eocene della Sezione di Possagno. Schweiz Paläontol Abhandlungen, 97: 35-55.

Puigserver, M.; Chrétiennot-Dinet, M.-J. & Nezan, E., (2003). Some Prymnesiaceae (Haptophyta, Prymnesiophyceae) from the Mediterranean Sea, with the description of two new species: Chrysochromulina lanceolata sp. nov. and C. pseudolanceolata sp. nov. Journal of Phycology, 39: 762-774.

Pujos, A., (1985). Quaternary nannofossils from the Goban Spur, eastern North Atlantic Ocean DSDP Holes 548-549A, Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, pp. 767-792.

Pujos, A., (1985). Cenozoic nannofossils, central equatorial Pacific, Deep Sea Drilling Project Leg 85. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 85: 581-607.

Pujos, A., (1987). Late Eocene to Pleistocene medium-sized and small-sized "Reticulofenestrids". Abhandlungen der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 39: 239-277.

Pujos, A. & Giraudeau, J., (1993). Repartition des Noelaerhabdaceae (nannofossiles calcaires) dans le Quaternaire moyen et superieur des oceans Atlantiques et Pacifiques. Oceanologica Acta, 16(349-362).

Pujos-Lamy, A., (1977). Essai d'etablissement d'une biostratigraphie du nannoplancton calcaire dans le Pleistocene de l'Atlantique Nord-oriental. Boreas, 6: 323-331.

Pujos-Lamy, A., (1977). Emiliania et Gephyrocapsa (Nannoplankton Calcaire): Biometrie et intêret Biostratigraphy dans le Pleistocene Superieur Marin des Acores. Revista Española de Micropaleontología, IX: 69-8.

Quinn, P.; Sáez, A.G.; Baumann, K.-H.; Steel, B.A.; Sprengel, C. & Medlin, L.K., (2004). Coccolithophorid biodiversity: Evidence from the cosmopolitan species Calcidiscus leptoporus. Coccolithophores - From molecular processes to global impact: 299-326.

Quinn, P.; Thierstein, H.R.; Brand, L.E. & Winter, A., (2003). Experimental evidence for the species character of Calcidiscus leptoporus morphotypes. Journal of Paleontology, 77(5): 825-830.

Quinn, P.S., (1999). A note on the behaviour of calcareous nannofossils during the firing of cermaics. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 21(1): 31-32.

Quinn, P.S.; Bollmann, J. & Cortés, M., (2005). Morphological variation in the deep ocean-dwelling coccolithophore Florisphaera profunda (Haptophyta). European Journal of Phycology, 40(1): 123-133.

Ra, K.; Kitagawa, H. & Shiraiwa, Y., (2010). Mg isotopes and Mg/Ca values of coccoliths from cultured specimens of the species Emiliania huxleyi and Gephyrocapsa oceanica. Marine Micropaleontology, 77: 119-124.

Rade, J., (1975). Scyphosphaera evolutionary trends with special reference to eastern Australia. Micropaleontology, 21: 151-165.

Rade, J., (1977). Tertiary biostratigraohic zonation based on calcareous nannoplankton in eastrn Australian nearshore basins. Micropaleontology, 23(3): 270-296.

Radomski, A., (1968). Pozimy nannoplankton wapiennego w Paleogenie Polskich Karpat Zachodnich [Calcareous nannoplankton zones in Palaeogene of the western Polish Carpathiansl. Rocz. Polsk. Towarz. Geol., 38: 545-605.

Raffi, I.; Agnini, C.; Backman, J.; Catanzariti, R. & Pälike, H., (2016). A Cenozoic calcareous nannofossil biozonation from low and middle latitudes: A synthesis. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 36(2): 121-132.

Raffi, I.; Backman, J.; Fornaciari, E.; Palike, H.; Rio, D.; Lourens, L.J. & Hilgen, F.J., (2006). A review of calcareous nannofossil astrobiochronology encompassing the past 25 million years. Quaternary Science Reviews, 25: 3113-3137.

Raffi, I.; Backman, J. & Palike, H., (2005). Changes in calcareous nannofossil assemblages across the Paleocene/Eocene transition from the Paleo-equatorial Pacific Ocean. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 226: 93-126.

Raffi, I.; Backman, J. & Rio, D., (1998). Evolutionary trends of tropical calcareous nannofossils in the late Neogene. Marine Micropaleontology, 35(1): 17-41.

Raffi, I.; Backman, J.; Rio, D. & Shackleton, N.J., (1993). Plio-Pleistocene nannofossil biostratigraphy and calibration to oxygen isotope stratigraphies from DSDP Site 607 and ODP Site 677. Paleoceanography, 8: 387-408.

Raffi, I. & Flores, J.-A., (1995). Pleistocene through Miocene calcareous nannofossils from eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean (Leg 138). Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 138: 233-286.

Raffi, I. & Rio, D., (1979). Calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of DSDP Site 132 - Leg 13 (Tyrrhenian Sea - western Mediterranean). Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, 85: 127-172.

Raffi, I. & Rio, D., (1981). Coccolithus pelagicus (Wallich): a palaeotemperature indicator in the late Pliocene Mediterranean deep sea record. In: Wezel, F.C. (Editor), Sedimentary basins of Mediterranean margins. C.W.R. Italian project of oceanography, Bologna, pp. 187-190.

Raffi, I.; Rio, D.; d’Atri, A.; Fornaciari, E. & Rochetti, S., (1995). Quantitative distribution patterns and biomagnetostratigraphy of middle and late Miocene calcareous nannofossils from western equatorial Indian and Pacific Oceans (Legs 115, 130, and 138). Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 138: 479-502.

Ragatz, L.; Jiang, Z.-J.; Bauer, C. & Gest, H., (1994). Phototactic purple bacteria. Nature, 340: 104.

Rahman, A. & Roth, P.H., (1991). Upper Jurassic calcareous nannofossils from the DSDP Site 534 in the Blake Bahama Basin, western North Atlantic. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 84: 765-789.

Rahman, A. & Roth, P.H., (1992). New calcareous nannofossil taxa of Jurassic and early Cretaceous age from the Oka River region in Central Russia. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Abhandlungen, 184: 251-277.

Rai, J., (1997). Scanning-electron microscopic studies of the Late Middle Eocene (Bartonian) calcareous nannofossils from the Kutch Basin, Western India. . Journal of the Palaeontological Society of India, 42: 147-167.

Rai, J., (2006). Discovery of nannofossils in a plant bed of the Bhuj Member, Kutch and its significance. Current Science, 91(4): 519-526.

Rappé, M.S.; Vergin, K. & Giovannoni, S.J., (2000). Phylogenetic comparisons of a coastal bacterioplankton community with its counterparts in open ocean and freshwater systems. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 33: 219-232.

Rasband, W., (1998). Scion Image. US National Institute of Health / Scion Corporation.

Raven, J.A., (2011). Effects on marine algae of changed seawater chemistry with increasing atmospheric CO2. Biology and Environment: Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, 111B(1): 1-17.

Raven, J.A. & Knoll, A.H., (2010). Non-Skeletal Biomineralization by Eukaryotes: Matters of Moment and Gravity. Geomicrobiology Journal, 27: 572-584.

Rawson, P.F. & others, (1978). A correlation of Cretaceous rocks in the British Isles. Geological Society of London; Special Report, 9: 1-70.

Rawson, P.F.; Dhondt, A.V.; Hancock, J.M. & Kennedy, W.J., (1996). Proceedings "Second International Symposium on Cretaceous Stage Boundaries" Brussels 8-16 September 1995. Bulletin de l'Institut royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique; Sciences de la Terre, 66 supplement: 1-117.

Rawson, P.F. & Jeremiah, J., (2001). A Tethyan belemnite, Duvalia, and associated nannofossils from the Upper Barremian (Lower Cretaceous) of the Central North Sea. Proceedings of the Geologists' Association, 112(55-58).

Raymo, M.E., (1997). The timing of major climatic terminations. Paleoceanography, 12(4): 577-585.

Raymo, M.E.; Oppo, D.W. & Curry, W., (1997). The mid-Pleistocene climate transition: A deep sea carbon isotopic perspective. Paleoceanography, 12(4).

Raymo, M.E.; Ruddiman, W.F.; Shackleton, N.J. & Oppo, D.W., (1990). Evolution of Atlantic-Pacific ∂13C gradients over the last 2.5 m.y. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 97: 353-368.

Rayns, D.G., (1962). Alternation of generations in a coccolithophorid, Cricosphaera carterae (Braarud & Fragerl.) Braarud. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 42: 481-484.

Read, B.A. & others, (2013). Pan genome of the phytoplankton Emiliania underpins its global distribution. Nature.

Reale, V.; Baldanza, A.; Monechi, S. & Mattioli, E., (1992). Calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphic events from the Early-Middle Jurassic sequences of the Umbria-March area (Central Italy). Memorie di Scienze Geologiche, XLIII: 41-75.

Reale, V. & Monechi, S., (1994). Cyclagelosphaera wiedmannii new species, a marker for the Callovian. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 16(3): 117-119.

Řehánek, J., (1985). Colomisphaera conferta n.sp. (Stomiosphaeridae Wanner, 1940) from the Lower Cretaceous of the west Carpathians. Věstnik Ústředního Ústavu Geologického,, 60(3): 171-174.

Řehánek, J., (1985). Cadosinidae Wanner and Stomiosphaeridae Wanner (incertae sedis) from the Mesozoic limestones of southern Moravia. Časopis pro Mineralogii a Geologii, 4: 367-380.

Rehanek, J. & Misik, M., (1991). New upper Cretaceous cyst Pithonella siniformis n. sp. (Calciodinellaceae) from eastern Algeria. Geologica Carpathica, 42(2): 111-116.

Rehbock, P.F., (1975). Huxley, Haeckel and the oceangraphers: the case of Bathybius haeckelii. Isis, 66(4): 504-533.

Rehbock, P.F., (1979). The early dredgers “naturalizing” in British seas, 1830–1850. Journal of the History of Biology, 12: 293-368.

Reid, F.M.H., (1980). Coccolithophorids of the North Pacific Central Gyre with notes on their vertical and seasonal distribution. Micropaleontology, 26(2): 151-176.

Reid, F.M.H.; Stewart, E.; Eppley, R.W. & Goodman, D., (1978). Spatial distribution of phytoplankton species in chlorophyll maximum layers off southern California. Limnology and Oceanography, 23: 219-226.

Reid, P.C.; Johns, D.G.; Edwards, M.; Starr, M.; Poulin, M. & Snoeijs, P., (2007). A biological consequence of reducing Arctic ice cover: arrival of the Pacific diatom Neodenticula seminae in the North Atlantic for the first time in 800 000 years. Global Change Biology, 13: 1910-1921.

Reinhardt, P., (1964). Einige Kalkflagellaten-Gattungen (Coccolithophoriden, Coccolithineen) aus dem Mesozoikum Deutschlands. Monatsberichte der Deutschen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, 6: 749-759.

Reinhardt, P., (1965). Neue Familien für fossile Kalkflagellaten (Coccolithophoriden, Coccolithineen). Monatsberichte der Deutschen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, 7: 30-40.

Reinhardt, P., (1966). Zur Taxonomie und Biostratigraphie des fossilen Nannoplanktons aus dem Malm, der Kreide und dem Alttertiär Mitteleuropas. Freiberger Forschungshefte, C196: 5-109.

Reinhardt, P., (1966). Fossile Vertreter coronoider und styloider Coccolithen (Family Coccolithaceae Poche 1913). Monatsberichte der Deutschen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, 8: 513-524.

Reinhardt, P., (1967). Fossile Coccolithen mit rhagoidem Zentralfeld (Fam. Ahmuellerellaceae, Subord. Coccolithineae). Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Monatshefte, 1967: 163-178.

Reinhardt, P., (1969). Neue Coccolithen-Arten aus der Kreide. Monatsberichte der Deutschen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, 11: 932-938.

Reinhardt, P., (1970). Synopsis der Gauttungen und Arten der mesozoischen Coccolithen und anderer kalkiger Nannofossilien. I, II. Freiberger Forschungshefte, C260, 5-32; C265,: 41-111.

Reinhardt, P., (1971). Synopsis der Gattungen und Arten der mesozoischen Coccolithen und anderer kalkiger Nannofossilien. Teil III. Freiberger Forschungshefte, C267: 19-41.

Reinhardt, P., (1972). Coccolithen. Kalkiges Plankton seit Jahrmillionen. Die neue Brehm-Bücherei. A. Ziemsen Verlag, 99 pp.

Reinhardt, P. & Górka, H., (1967). Revision of some Upper Cretaceous Coccoliths from Poland and Germany. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Abhandlungen, 129: 240-256.

Reinsch, P.F., (1905). Die Palinosphärien, ein mikroskppischer vegetabiler Organismus in der Mucronatenkreide. Chl. Miner. Geol. Paläont. Stuttgart: 402-407.

Reiss, Z.; Almogi-Labin, A.; Honigstein, A.; Lewy, Z.; Lipson-Benitah, S.; Moshkovitz, S. & Zaks, Y., (1985). Late Cretaceous Multiple Stratigraphic Framework of Israel. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences, 34: 147-166.

Renaud, S. & Klaas, C., (2001). Seasonal variations in the morphology of the coccolithophore Calcidiscus leptoporus off Bermuda (N. Atlantic). Journal of Plankton Research, 23(8): 779-795.

Renaud, S.; Ziveri, P. & Broerse, A.T.C., (2002). Geographical and seasonal differences in morphology and dynamics of the coccolithophore Calcidiscus leptoporus. Marine Micropaleontology, 46: 363-385.

Renema, W.; Warter, V.; Novak, V.; Young, J.R., F.; Marshall, N. & Hasibuan, (2015). Ages of Miocene fossil localities in the northern Kutai Basin (East Kalimantan, Indonesia). Palaios, 30(1): 26-39.

Renevier, E., (1873). Tableau des terrains sedimentaires formes pendant les epoques de la phase organique du globe terrestre. Bulletin de la Societe vaudoise des Sciences naturelles (Lausanne), 12: 70.

Reynolds, N., (1974). Imantonia rotunda gen. et sp. nov., a new member of the Haptophyceae. British Phycological Journal, 9: 429–434.

Riaux-Gobin, C.; Chrétiennot-Dinet, M.-J. & Descolas-Gros, C., (1995). Undamaged sedimented coccolithophorids in a deep environment (continental slope of the Gulf of Lions). Marine Geology, 123: 239-252.

Ribas-Ribas, M. & others, (2014). Intercomparison of carbonate chemistry measurements on a cruise in northwestern European shelf seas. Biogeosciences Discussions, this vol.

Rice, A.L., (1983). Thomas Henry Huxley and the strange case of Bathybius haeckelii; a possible alternative expalnation. Archives of Natural History, 11(2): 169-180.

Rice, A.L.; Burstyn, H.L. & Jones, A.G.E., (1976). G. C. Wallich M.D.-megalomaniac or mis-used oceanographic genius? Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural History, 7(4): 423-450.

Richier, S.; Fiorini, S.; Kerros, M.-E.; Dassow, P.v. & Gattuso, J.-P., (2011). Response of the calcifying coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi to low pH/high pCO2: from physiology to molecular level. Marine Biology, 158: 551-560.

Richier, S. & others, (2014). Carbon cycling and phytoplankton responses within highly- replicated shipboard carbonate manipulation experiments around the Northwest European continental shelf. Biogeosciences Discussions, this vol.

Ridgwell, A.; Schmidt, D.; Turley, C.; Brownlee, C.; Maldonado, M.T.; Tortell, P. & Young, J.R., (2009). From laboratory manipulations to Earth system models: scaling calcification impacts of ocean acidification. Biogeosciences, 6: 2611-2623.

Ridgwell, A.; Turley, C.; Brownlee, C.; Schmidt, D.; Young, J.R.; Maldonado, M.T. & Tortel, P., (subm). Can we predict plankton calcification in a high-CO2 ocean? Science.

Riebesell, U., (2004). Effects of CO2 enrichment on marine phytoplankton. Journal of Oceanography, 60: 719-729.

Riebesell, U. & others, (2008). Comment on “Phytoplankton Calcification in a High-CO2 World”. Science, 322: 1466-1467.

Riebesell, U.; Zondervan, I.; Rost, B.; Tortell, P.D.; Zeebe, R.E. & Morel, F.M.M., (2000). Reduced calcification of marine plankton in response to increased atmospheric CO2. Nature, 407: 364-367.

Riegman, R.; Stolte, W. & Noordeloos, A.A.M., (1998). A model system approach to biological climate forcing: the example of Emiliania huxleyi, Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ), Texel.

Riegman, R.; Stolte, W.; Noordeloos, A.A.M. & Slezak, D., (2000). Nutrient uptake and alkaline phosphatase (EC 3:1:3:1) activity of Emiliania huxleyi (Prymnesiophyceae) during growth under N and P limitation in continuous cultures. Journal of Phycology, 36: 87-96.

Rio, D., (1982). The fossil distribution of coccolithophore genus Gephyrocapsa Kamptner and related Plio-Pleistocene chronostratigraphic problems. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 68: 325-343.

Rio, D.; Fornaciari, E. & Raffi, I., (1990). Late Oligocene through early Pleistocene calcareous nannofossils from western equatorial Indian Ocean (Leg 115). Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 115(175-235).

Rio, D.; Raffi, I. & Villa, G., (1990). Pliocene-Pleistocene calcareous nannofossil distribution patterns in the western Mediterranean. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 107: 513-533.

Risatti, J.B., (1973). Nannoplankton biostratigraphy of the Upper Bluffport Marl-Lower Prairie Bluff Chalk interval (upper Cretaceous) in Mississippi. In: Smith, L.A. and Hardenbol, J. (Editors), Proceedings of the Symposium on Calcareous Nannofossils. Gulf Coast Section SEPM Publication, pp. 8-57.

Robaszynski, F. & others, (1982). Le Turonien de la région-type: Saumurois et Touraine. Stratigraphie, biozonations, sédimentologie. Bulletin des Centres de Récherches Exploration-Production Elf-Aquitaine, 6: 119-225.

Robaszynski, F.; Amédro, F.; Foucher, J.C.; Gaspard, D.; Magniez-Janin, F.; Manivit, H. & Sornay, J., (1979). Synthèse biostratigraphique de l'Aptien au Santonien du Boulonnais a partir de sept groupes paléontologiques: foraminifères, nannoplancton, dinoflagellés et macrofaunes. Revue de Micropaleontologie, 22: 195-321.

Robaszynski, F. & others, (1985). The Campanian-Maastrichtian boundary in the chalky facies close to the type-Maastrichtian area. Bulletin des Centres de Recherches Exploration-Production Elf-Aquitaine, 9: 1-113.

Robaszynski, F. & others, (1994). Le Cénomanien de la région de Kalaat Senan (Tunisie Centrale). Revue de Paleobiologie, 12: 351-505.

Robaszynski, F. & others, (1993). Le Cénomanien de la région de Kalaat Senan (Tunisie centrale): Litho-biostratigraphie et interprétation séquentielle. Revue de Paleobiologie, 12(2): 351-505.

Robaszynski, F. & others, (1990). A tentative integrated stratigraphy in the Turonian of central Tunisia: formations, zones and sequential stratigraphy in the Kalaat Senan area. Bulletin des Centres de Recherches Exploration-Production Elf-Aquitaine, 14: 213-384.

Roberts, D.; Howard, W.R.; Moy, A.D.; Roberts, J.L.; Trull, T.W.; Bray, S.G. & Hopcroft, R.R., (2011). Interannual pteropod variability in sediment traps deployed above and below the aragonite saturation horizon in the Sub-Antarctic Southern Ocean. Polar Biology, 34: 1739-1750.

Robinson, C.; Holligan, P.; Jickells, T. & Lavende, S., (2009). The Atlantic Meridional Transect Progamme (1995-2012) - foreword to volume. Deep-Sea Research. Part 2, Topical studies in oceanography, 56(15): 895-898.

Robinson, C. & others, (2006). The Atlantic Meridional transect (AMT): A contextual view. Deep-Sea Research. Part 2, Topical studies in oceanography, 53: 1485-1515.

Rogalla, U., (2002). Rekonstruktion von Paläoumweltbedingungen mit Coccolithophoriden aus Spätquartären Sedimenten des Nördlichen Arabischen Meeres. Bochumer Geowissenschaftliche Arbeiten, 2. Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Bochum, 130 pp.

Rögl, F., (1976). Danian Calcisphaerulidae of DSDP Leg 35, Site 323, southeast Pacific Ocean. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 35: 701-711.

Romein, A.J.T., (1977). Calcareous nannofossils from the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary interval in the Barranco del Gredero (Caravaca, Prov. Murcia, S.E. Spain). II. Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, B80: 269-279.

Romein, A.J.T., (1979). Lineages in Early Paleogene calcareous nannoplankton. Utrecht Micropaleontological Bulletins, 22: 231.

Romein, A.J.T., (1980). Discoaster drieveri, nomen novum pro Discoaster bramlettei (Bukry & Percival 1971) Romein 1979 non Martini 1958. International Nannoplankton Association Newsletter, 2(1): 35.

Romein, A.J.T.; Willems, H. & Mai, H., (1996). Calcareous nannoplankton of the Geulhemmerberg K/T boundary section, Maastrichtian type area, the Netherlands. Geologie en Mijnbouw, 75: 231-238.

Romero, O.E.; Böckel, B.; Donner, B.; Lavik, G.; Fischer, G. & Wefer, G., (in press). Seasonal productivity dynamics in the pelagic central Benguela System inferred from the flux of carbonate and silicate organisms. Journal of Marine Systems.

Rood, A.P. & Barnard, T., (1972). On Jurassic coccoliths: Stephanolithion, Diadozygus and related genera. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 65: 327-342.

Rood, A.P.; Hay, W.W. & Barnard, T., (1971). Electron Microscope Studies of Oxford Clay Coccoliths. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 64: 245-272.

Rood, A.P.; Hay, W.W. & Barnard, T., (1973). Electron microscope studies of Lower and Middle Jurassic coccoliths. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 66: 365-382.

Rosenkrantz, A., (1924). De Kobenhavnske Gronsandslag og deres Placering i den Danske Lagrakke. Meddelelser fra Dansk Geologisk Forening, 6: 3-39.

Rost, B.; Riebesell, U.; Burkhardt, S. & Sültemeyer, D., (2003). Carbon acquisition of bloom-forming marine phytoplankton. Limnology and Oceanography, 48(1): 55-67.

Rost, B.; Riebesell, U. & Sültemeyer, D., (2006). Carbon acquisition of marine phytoplankton: Effect of photoperiod length. Limnology and Oceanography, 51(1): 12-20.

Rost, B.; Zondervan, I. & Riebesell, U., (2008). Sensitivity of phytoplankton to future changes in ocean carbonate chemistry: current knowledge, contradictions and research directions. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 373: 227-237.

Roth, P.H., (1968). Calcareous nannoplankton zonation of Oligocene sections in Alabama (U.S.A.), on the island of Trinidad and Barbados (W.I.), and the Blake Plateau (E. coast of Florida, U.S.A.). Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 61: 459-465.

Roth, P.H., (1970). Oligocene calcareous nannoplankton biostratigraphy. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 63: 799-881.

Roth, P.H., (1973). Calcareous nannofossils: Leg 17 of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. In: Winterer, E.L. and Ewing., J.I. (Editors), Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, pp. 695-795.

Roth, P.H., (1978). Cretaceous nannoplankton biostratigraphy and oceanography of the northwestern Atlantic Ocean. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 44: 731-760.

Roth, P.H., (1979). Cretaceous calcareous nannoplankton diversity and Paleoceanography. Proceedings of the IV International Palynological Conference (Lucknow 1976-77), 2: 22-33.

Roth, P.H., (1981). Mid-Cretaceous calcareous nannoplankton from the Central Pacific: Implications for paleoceanography. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 62: 471-489.

Roth, P.H., (1983). Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous calcareous nannofossils in the western North Atlantic (Site 534): biostratigraphy, preservation, and some observations on biogeography and palaeoceanography. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 76: 587-621.

Roth, P.H., (1989). Ocean circulation and calcareous nannoplankton evolution during the Jurassic and Cretaceous. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 74: 111-126.

Roth, P.H., (1994). Distribution of coccoliths in oceanic sediments. In: Winter, A. and Siesser, W.G. (Editors), Coccolithophores. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 199-218.

Roth, P.H.; Baumann, P. & Bertolino, V., (1971). Late Eocene-Oligocene calcareous nannoplankton from central and northern Italy. In: Farinacci, A. (Editor), Proceedings of the Second Planktonic Conference Roma 1971. Edizioni Tecnoscienza, Rome, pp. 1069-1097.

Roth, P.H. & Bowdler, J.L., (1981). Middle Cretaceous calcareous nannoplankton biogeography and oceanography of the Atlantic ocean. SEPM Special Publication, 32: 517-546.

Roth, P.H. & Krumbach, K.R., (1986). Middle Cretaceous calcareous nannofossil biogeography and preservation in the Atlantic and Indian oceans: implications for palaeoceanography. Marine Micropaleontology, 10: 235-266.

Roth, P.H.; Medd, A.W. & Watkins, D.K., (1983). Jurassic calcareous nannofossil zonation, an overview with new evidence from Deep Sea Drilling Project Site 534A. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 76: 573-579.

Roth, P.H. & Thierstein, H.R., (1972). Calcareous nannoplankton: Leg 14 of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. In: Hayes, D.E. and Pimm, A.C. (Editors), Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, pp. 546-559.

Röttger, R., (1978). Unusual multiple fission in the gamont of the larger foraminiferan Heterostegina depressa. Journal of Protozoology, 25(1): 41-44.

Röttger, R.; Krüger, R. & de Rijk, S., (1990). Trimorphism in Foraminifera (Protozoa) - Verification of an old hypothesis. European Journal of Protistology, 25: 226-228.

Röttger, R. & Schmaljohann, R., (1976). Foraminifera: Gamogonie, Teil des Entwicklungsganggs der rezenten Nummulitide Heterostegina depressa. Die Naturwissenschaften, 64(10): 486.

Rouchijajnen, M.I., (1966). Duae species novae e Chrysophytis mobilibus Maris Nigri. Novitates Systematicae Plantarum Non Vascularium, 3: 10-15.

Rouchijajnen, M.I., (1972). Flagellatae marium australium nova. Novitates Systematicae Plantarum Non Vascularium, 9: 11-17.

Round, F.E.; Crawford, R.M. & Mann, D.G., (1990). The Diatoms; Biology and Morphology of the Genera. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Rowson, J.D.; Leadbeater, B.S.C. & Green, J.C., (1986). Calcium carbonate deposition in the motile (Crystallolithus) phase of Coccolithus pelagicus (Prymnesiophyceae). British Phycological Journal, 21: 359-370.

Rozwadowski, H.M., (2005). Fathoming the ocean. The discovery and exploration of the deep sea. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, 276 pp.

Ruddiman, W.F.; Kidd, R.B. & Thomas, E.e.a., (1987). Site 610. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 94: 351-470.

Ruddiman, W.F. & McIntyre, A., (1976). Late Quaternary surface ocean kinematics and climatic change in the high-latitude North Atlantic. Journal of Geophysical Research, 82: 3877-3887.

Ruddiman, W.F.; Raymo, M. & McIntyre, A., (1986). Matuyama 41,000-year cycles: North Atlantic Ocean and northern hemisphere ice sheets. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 80: 117-129.

Rupke, N.A., (1976). Bathybius haeckelii and the psychology of scientific discovery. Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science, 7(1): 55-62.

Russell, A.D.; Hönisch, B.; Spero, H.J. & Lea, D.W., (2004). Effects of seawater carbonate ion concentration and temperature on shell U, Mg, and Sr in cultured planktonic foraminifera. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 68(21): 4347-4361.

Rutledge, D. & Bown, P.R., (1996). New names for old: taxonomic clarification of some Early Cretaceous nannofossil marker-species. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 18: 53-59.

Rutledge, D. & Bown, P.R., (in prep.). Boreal Lower Cretaceous calcareous nannofossils.

Sadek, A. & Ozer, O., (1981). Two new discoasters from Turkey. Revista Espanola de Micropaleontologia,, 13(1): 43-45.

Sáez, A.G.; Engel, H.; Medlin, L.K. & Huss, V.K., (2001). Plastid genome size and heterogeneous base composition of nuclear DNA from Ochrosphaera neapolitana (Prymnesiophyta). Phycologia, 40(2): 147-152.

Sáez, A.G.; Probert, I.; Geisen, M.; Quinn, P.; Young, J.R. & Medlin, L.K., (2003). Pseudo-cryptic speciation in coccolithophores. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America, 100(12): 7163-7168.

Sáez, A.G.; Probert, I.; Young, J.R.; Edvardsen, B.; Wenche, E. & Medlin, L.K., (2004). A review of the phylogeny of the Haptophyta. In: Thierstein, H.R. and Young, J.R. (Editors), Coccolithophores - from molecular processes to global impact. Springer, pp. 251-270.

Saitou, N. & Nei, M., (1987). The neighbor-joining method: a new method for reconstructing phylogenetic trees. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 4: 406-425.

Salat, J., (1995). The interaction between the Catalan and Balearic currents in the southern Catalan Sea. Oceanologica Acta, 18: 227-234.

Salat, J., (1996). Review of hydrographic environmental factors that may influence anchovy habitats in northwestern Mediterranean. Scientia Marina, 60: 21-32.

Saliis, K. & Bernoulli, D., (2000). Coccolith in a K-feldspar: A note. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 22(1): 35.

von Salis, A.K., (1984). Miocene calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of Deep Sea Drilling Project Hole 521A (southeast Atlantic). Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 73: 425-427.

von Salis, K., (1994). Some fossil “living coccolithophorid” species. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 16(3): 109-114.

von Salis, K., (1996). Mesozic calcareous nannofossils from Masirah Island (Sultanate of Oman). Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 19(2): 95-101.

von Salis, K., (1998). Book Review #1 -- Calcareous Nannofossil Biostratigraphy. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 20(2): 64-69.

von Salis, K., (1998). Book Review #2 -- Calcareous Nannofossil Biostratigraphy - a book review with a gender perspective and a retrospection on who was running INA. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 20(2): 69-72.

von Salis, K. & Bernoulli, D., (2000). Coccoliths in a K-feldspar: A note. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 22(1): 35.

von Salis, K.; Monechi, S.; Bybell, L.M.; Self-Trail, J. & Young, J.R., (2000). Remarks on the calcareous nannofossil genera Rhomboaster and Tribrachiatus around the Paleocene/Eocene Boundary. GFF, 122(138-140).

von Salis, K. & Saxena, R.K., (1998). Calcareous nannofossils across the K/T boundary and the age of the Deccan Trap volcanism in southern India. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 51: 183-192.

von Salis Perch-Nielsen, K. & Biolzi, M., (1992). A critical look at calcareous nannofossil zonation in the Neogene. International Nannoplankton Associaiton Newsletter, 14(3): 92-93.

Salomon, R., (1999). The Calcite Palace. http://ina.tmsoc.org/nannos/CalcitePalace. Date accessed: August 2013.

Samtleben, C., (1978). Pliocene-Pleistocene coccolith assemblages from Sierra Leone Rise - Site 366, Leg 41. In: Lancelot, Y. and Seibold, E. (Editors), Initial Reports of the Deep-Sea Drilling Project, pp. 913-931.

Samtleben, C., (1980). Die Evolution der Coccolithophoriden-Gattung Gephyrocapsa nach Befunden im Atlantik. Paläontologische Zeitschrift, 54: 91-127.

Samtleben, C.; Baumann, K.-H. & Schröder-Ritzrau, A., (1995). Distribution, composition and seasonal variation of coccolithophore communities in the northern North Atlantic. In: Flores, J.A. and Sierro, F.J. (Editors), 5th INA Conference in Salamanca 1993. Proceedings. Universidad de Salamanca, Salamanca.

Samtleben, C. & Bickert, T., (1990). Coccoliths in sediment traps from the Norwegian Sea. Marine Micropaleontology, 16: 36-64.

Samtleben, C. & others, (1995). Plankton in the Norwegian-Greenland Sea: from living communities

to sediment assemblages - an actualistic approach

. Geologische Rundschau, 84: 108-136.

Samtleben, C. & Schröder, A., (1990). Coccolithophoriden-Gemeinschaften und Coccolithen-Sedimentation im Europäischen Nordmeer, Zur Abbildung von Planktonzönosen im Sedimen. Ber. Sonderforschungsbereich, Kiel, pp. 1-60.

Samtleben, C. & Schröder, A., (1992). Living coccolithophore communities in the Norwegian-Greenland Sea and their record in sediments. Marine Micropaleontology, 19: 333-354.

Sánchez-Suárez, I.G., (1990). Three new Coccolithophorids (Haptophyta) from the South-Eastern Caribbean Sea: Cyclolithella ferrazae sp. nov. Syracosphaera florida sp. nov. Syracosphaera tumularis sp. nov. Biologia Marina. Acta Científica Venezolana, 41: 152-158.

van Santvoort, P.J.M.; de Lange, G.J.; Langereis, C.G.; Dekkers, M.J. & Paterne, M., (1997). Geochemical and paleomagnetic evidence for the occurrence of "missing" sapropels in eastern Mediterranean sediments. Paleoceanography, 12(6): 773-786.

Saruwatari, K.; Ozaki, N.; Nagasawa, N. & Kogure, T., (2006). Crystallographic alignments in a coccolith (Pleurochrysis carterae) revealed by electron back-scattered diffraction (EBSD). . American Mineralogist, 91(1937-1940).

Saruwatari, K.; Ozaki, N.; Nagasawa, N. & Kogure, T., (in press). Comparison of crystallographic orientations between living (Emiliania huxleyi and Gephyrocapsa oceanica) and fossil (Watznaueria barnesiae) coccoliths using Kikuchi diffraction, EBSD and stereomicroscopy. American Mineralogist.

Sato, T. & Kameo, K., (1996). Pliocene to Quaternary calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of the Arctic Ocean with reference to late Pliocene glaciation. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 151: 39-60.

Sato, T.; Kameo, K. & Takayama, T., (1991). Coccolith biostratigraphy of the Arabian Sea. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 117: 37-54.

Sato, T. & Takayama, T., (1992). A stratigraphically significant new species of the calcareous nannofossil Reticulofenestra asanoi. In: Ishizaki, K. and Sato, T. (Editors), Century of Japanese Micropalaeontology. Terra Scientific Tokyo, Tokyo, pp. 457-460.

Saugestad, A.H., (1967). Planteplankton i vestlige Middlehav mars-april 1961. cand. real. thesis Thesis, University of Oslo, Oslo, 124 pp.

Saugestad, A.H. & Heimdal, B.R., (2002). Light microscope studies on coccolithophorids from the western Mediterranean Sea, with notes on combination cells of Daktylethra pirus and Syracosphaera pulchra. Plant biosystems, 136(1): 3-28.

Saxena, R.K. & Misra, C.M., (1995). Campanian-Maastrichtian nannoplankton biostratigraphy of the Narsapu Claystone Formation, Krishna-Godvari Basin, India. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 45: 323-329.

Schei, B., (1975). Coccolithophorid distribution and ecology in coastal waters of North Norway. Norwegian Journal of Botany, 22(217-225).

Scheiner, S.M., (1993). Genetics and the evolution of phenotypic plasticity. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 24: 35-68.

Scherffel, A., (1899). Phaeocystis globosa n. sp. (Vorläufige Mittheilung). Berichte der Deutschen Botanische Gesellschaft, 17: 317-318.

Schiebel, R., (2002). Planktic foraminiferal sedimentation and the marine calcite budget. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 16(4): 1-21.

Schiebel, R.; Zeltner, A.; Treppke, U.F.; Waniek, J.J.; Bollmann, J.; Rixen, T. & Hemleben, C., (2004). Distribution of diatoms, coccolithophores and planktic foraminifers along a trophic gradient during SW monsoon in the Arabian Sea. Marine Micropaleontology, 51: 345-371.

Schiller, J., (1913). Vorläufige Ergebnisse der Phytoplankton-Untersuchungen auf den Fahrten S.M.S. Najade in der Adria 1911/12. I. Die Coccolitophoriden. Sitzungberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse, 122(1): 597-617.

Schiller, J., (1914). Bericht über Ergebnisse der Nannoplanktonuntersuchungen anlässlich der Kreuzungen S.M.S. Najade in der Adria. Internationale Revue der gesamten Hydrobiologie. Leipzig, 6: 1-15.

Schiller, J., (1915). Die neueren Untersuchungen über die kleinsten Organismen des Meeres. Die Naturwissenschaften, 16-17: 204-220.

Schiller, J., (1916). Der derzeitige Stand unserer Kenntnis der Coccolithophoriden. Die Naturwissenschaften, 21: 277-283.

Schiller, J., (1925). Die planktonischen Vegetationen des adriatischen Meeres. A. Die Coccolithophoriden-Vegetation in den Jahren 1911-14. Archiv für Protistenkunde, 51: 1-130.

Schiller, J., (1926). Uber Fortpflanzung, geissellose Gattungen und die Nomenklatur der Coccolithophoraceen nebst Mitteilung uber Copulation bei Dinobryon. Archiv für Protistenkunde, 53(326-342).

Schiller, J., (1930). Coccolithineae. In: Rabenhorst, L. (Editor), Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz. Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft, Leipzig, pp. 89-267.

Schimper, W.P., (1874). Traité de paléontologie végétale, 3˚ edn. Paris, Paris.

Schindelin, J. & others, (2012). Fiji: an open-source platform for biological-image analysis. Nature Methods, 9: 678-682.

Schlauder, J., (1945). Recherches sur les flagellés calcaires de la Baie d'Alger. PhD Thesis, Université d'Alger, Algiers, 1-51 pp.

Schmidt, D.; Lazarus, D.; Young, J.R. & Kucera, M., (2000). Biogeography and evolution of body size in marine plankton. Earth-Science Reviews, 78: 239-266.

Schmidt, D.; Young, J.R.; van Heck, S.E. & Lees, J.A., (2009). The 2008 recipient of the Brady Medal: Professor Katharina von Salis Journal of Micropalaeontology, 28(1): 91-93.

Schmidt, O.C., (1931). Algen 1925-27. Mit Nachträgen aus den Jahren 1914 bis 1924. Just’s Botanische Jahresberichte, 55: 20-312.

Schneider, C.A.; Rasband, W. & Eliceiri, K.W., (2012). NIH Image to ImageJ: 25 years of image analysis. Nature Methods, 9: 671-675.

Schneiderman, N., (1977). Selective Dissolution of Recent Coccoliths in the Atlantic Ocean. In: Ramsay, A.T.S. (Editor), Ocean Micropaleontology. Academic Press, London, pp. 1009-1053.

Schönfeld, J. & Burnett, J., (1991). Biostratigraphical correlation of the Campanian-Maastrichtian boundary: Lägerdorf-Hemmoor (northwestern Germany), DSDP Sites 548A, 549 and 551 (eastern North Atlantic) with palaeobiogeographical and palaeoceanographical implications. Geological Magazine, 128: 479-503.

Schönfeld, J. & others, (1996). New results on biostratigraphy, palaeomagnetism, geochemistry and correlation from the standard section for the Upper Cretaceous white chalk of northern Germany (Lägerdorf-Kronsmoor-Hemmoor). Proceedings of the 4th International Cretaceous Symposium, Hamburg 1992. Mitteilungen des Geologisch-Paläontologischen Instituts der Universität Hamburg, 77: 545-575.

Schrank, E. & Perch-Nielsen, K., (1985). Late Cretaceous palynostratigraphy in Egypt with comments on Maastrichtian and Early Tertiary calcareous nannofossils. Newsletters on Stratigraphy, 15(2): 81-99.

Schroeder, D.C. & others, (2005). A genetic marker to separate Emiliania huxleyi (Prymnesiophyceae) morphotypes. Journal of Phycology, 41: 874-879.

Schulte, P. & others, (2010). The Chicxulub asteroid impact and mass extinction at the Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary. Science, 327: 1214-1218.

Schulz, M.-G.; Ernst, G.; Ernst, H. & Schmid, F., (1984). Coniacian to Maastrichtian stage boundaries in the standard section for the Upper Cretaceous white chalk of NW Germany (Lägerdorf-Kronsmoor-Hemmoor): Definitions and proposals. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark, 33: 203-216.

Schussnig, B., (1930). Ochrosphaera neapolitana, nov. gen., nov. spec., eine neue Chrysomonade mit Kalkhülle. Österreichische Botanische Zeitschrift, 79: 164-170.

Schussnig, B., (1940). Über einige neue Protophyten aus der Adria. Archiv für Protistenkunde, 93: 317-330.

Schwartz, E.H.L., (1894). Coccoliths. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 6/14: 341-346.

Schwarz, E., (1932). Beiträge zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der Protophyten. IX. Der Formwechsel von Ochrosphaera neapolitana. Archiv für Protistenkunde, 77: 434-462.

Schwarz, E.H.L., (1894). Coccoliths. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 14: 341-346.

Sciandra, A.; Harlay, J.; Lefèvre, D.; Lemée, R.; Rimmelin, P.; Denis, M. & Gattuso, J.-P., (2003). Response of coccolithophorid Emiliania huxleyi to elevated partial pressure of CO2 under nitrogen limitation. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 261: 111-122.

Scotchman, J.; Bown, P.R.; Pickering, K.T.; BouDagher-Fadel, M.; Bayliss, N. & Robinson, S., (2015). A new age model for the middle Eocene deep-marine Ainsa Basin, Spanish Pyrenees. Earth-Science Reviews, 144: 10-22.

Scott, F.J. & Marchant, H.J., (2005). Protista incertae sedis. In: Scott, F.J. and Marchant, H.J. (Editors), Antartcic Marine Protists. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra, pp. 449-469.

Scourse, J.D.; Hall, I.R.; McCave, I.N.; Young, J.R. & Sugdon, C., (2000). The origin of Heinrich layers: evidence from H2 for European precursor events. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 182: 187-195.

Scourse, J.D.; Young, J.R. & others, (1990). Sedimentology and micropalaeontology of glacimarine sediments from the central and southwestern Celtic Sea. In: Dowdeswell, J.A. and Scourse, J.D. (Editors), Glacimarine Environments: Processes and sediments. Geological Society of London Special Publication, pp. 329-347.

Self-Trail, J., (1999). Some new and rarely documented Late Cretaceous calcareous nannofossils from subsurface sediments in South Carolina. Journal of Paleontology, 73(5): 952-963.

Self-Trail, J., (2011). Paleogene Calcareous Nannofossils of the South Dover Bridge core, Southern Maryland (USA). Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 32(1): 1-28.

Self-Trail, J., (2014). Catinaster virginianus sp. nov.: A new species of Catinaster from the middle miocene Mid-Atlantic Coastal Plain. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 33(1): 49-57.

Self-Trail, J.M. & Bybell, L.M., (1995). Cretaceous and Paleogene calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of New Jersey, in Contributions to the Paleontology of New Jersey, (ed. E.B. Baker). Geological Association of New Jersey, XII, pp. 102-139.

Senn, G., (1900). Chrysomonadineae. In: Engler, A. and Prantl, K. (Editors), Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien. Engelmann, Leipzig, pp. 151-167.

Seoane, S.; Eikrem, W.; Pienaar, R. & Edvardsen, B., (2009). Chrysochromulina palpebralis sp. nov. Prymnesiophyceae: a haptophyte, possessing two alternative morphologies. Phycologia, 48: 165–176.

Seyve, C., (1990). Nannofossil biostratigraphy of the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary in the French Basque Country. Bulletin des Centres de Recherches Exploration-Production Elf-Aquitaine, 14: 553-572.

Shackleton, N.J.; Berger, A. & Peltier, W.R., (1990). An alternative astronomical calibration of the lower Pleistocene timescale based on ODP Site 677. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. Earth sciences, 81: 251-261.

Shafik, S., (1981). Nannofossil biostratigraphy of the Hanktenina (foraminiferid) interval in the Upper Eocene of southern Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics, 6: 108-116.

Shafik, S., (1984). Calcareous nannofossils from the Toolebuc Formation, Eromanga Basin, Australia. BMR Journal Of Australian Geology & Geophysics, 9(2): 171-182.

Shafik, S., (1989). Some new calcareous nannofossils from Upper Eocene and Lower Oligocene sediments in the Otway Basin, southeastern Australia. Alcheringia, 13: 69-83.

Shafik, S., (1990). Late Cretaceous nannofossil biostratigraphy and biogeography of the Australian western margin. Bureau of Mineral Resources Geology and Geophysics; Report, 295: 1-164.

Shafik, S. & Stradner, H., (1971). Nannofossils from the Eastern Desert, Egypt. Jahrbuch der Geologischen Bundesanstalt Sonderband, 17: 69-104.

Shamah, K.; Blondeau, A.; Le Calvez, Y. & Perch-Nielsen, K., (1982). Biostratigraphie de l'Eocene de la Formation el Midawarah, region de Wadi El Rayan, Province du Fayoum, Egypte. Cahiers de Micropaleontologie, 1: 91-104.

Shamrai, I.A., (1963). Nekotorye formy verkhnemelovykh i paleogenovykh kokkolitov i disko­asterov na yuge russkol platformy [Certain forms of Upper Cretaceous and Paleogene coccoliths and discoasters from the southern Russian Platform]. Izv. Vyssh. Ucheb. Zaved. Geol. i Razv, 6(4): 27-40.

Shamrock, J.L., (2010). A new calcareous nannofossil species of the genus Sphenolithus from the Middle Eocene (Lutetian) and its biostratigraphic significance. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 31(1): 5-10.

Shamrock, J.L. & Watkins, D.K., (2009). Evolution of the Cretaceous calcareous nannofossil genus Eiffellithus and its biostratigraphic significance. Cretaceous Research, 30(5): 1083-1102.

Shamrock, J.L. & Watkins, D.K., (2012). Eocene calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy and community structure from Exmouth Plateau, Eastern Indian Ocean (ODP Site 762). Stratigraphy, 9(1): 1-11.

Sheldon, E., (2000). A note on nannofossil prearation of organi rich mudstones using potassium hydroxide. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 22(3): 199-200.

Sheldon, E., (2008). Upper Campanian-Maastrichtian calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of the Stevns-1 borehole, Denmark. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 30(1): 39-49.

Sheldon, P.R., (1996). Plus ça change - a model for stasis and evolution in different environments. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 127: 209-227.

Shepherd, C.L. & Kulhanek, D.K., (2016). Eocene nannofossil biostratigraphy of the mid-Waipara River section, Canterbury Basin, New Zealand. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 26(1): 33-59.

Sherwood, R.W., (1974). Calcareous nannofossil systematics, palaeoecology and biostratigraphy of the Middle Eocene Weches Formation of Texas. Tulane Studies in Geology, 11: 1079.

Shi, D.; Xu, Y. & Morel, F.M.M., (2009). Effects of the pH/pCO2 control method on medium chemistry and phytoplankton growth. Biogeosciences, 6: 1199-1207.

Shi-lan, Z., (1982). Neogene calcareous nannofossils from the Huangliu Formation of the Yinggehai Basin, South China Sea. Acta Palaeontologica Sinica, 21(2): 191-201.

Shokati, I.; Baumann, K.-H.; Cepek, M. & Henrich, R., (1997). Zur Sedimentation von Coccolithophoriden und ihrer Akkumulation in spätpleistozän-holozänen Sedimenten des östlichen Südatlantiks. Zentralblatt für Geologie und Paläontologie. Teil I, H. 7-9: 859-876.

Shumenko, S.I., (1968). Coccolithophorids as revealed by electron microscope. Paleontological Journal, 4: 464-470.

Shumenko, S.I., (1969). Elektronnomikroskopicheskoe izuchenie Turonskikh kokkolitoforid vostoka USSR i oblasti Kurskoy magnitnoy anomalii. Paleontol. Sborn. L'vov Univ., 6(2): 68-73.

Shumenko, S.I., (1969). Electron microscopy of Late Cretaceous coccoliths of the Russian Platform Paleontological Journal, 3(2): 3-14.

Shumenko, S.I., (1970). An electron microscopic study of Microrhabdulids and their taxonomic position. Paleontological Journal, 4(2): 18-23.

Shumenko, S.I., (1976). Mesozoic calcareous nannoplankton of the European part of the USSR. Academy of Sciences of the USSR Paleontological Institute Scientific Council on the problem Evolutionary trends and patterns of animal and plant organisms. Nauka.

Shumenko, S.I., (2001). To the study of Early Mesozoic, Palaeozoic, and Precambrian nannofossils. International Journal on Algae, 3: 90-94.

Siegenthaler, U. & Sarmiento, J.L., (1993). Atmospheric carbon dioxide and the ocean. Nature, 365: 119-125.

Siesser, W.G., (1977). Chemical Composition of Calcareous Nannofossils. South African Journal of Science, 73: 283-285.

Siesser, W.G., (1993). Calcareous nannoplankton. In: Lipps, J.H. (Editor), Fossil Prokaryotes and Protists. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Boston, pp. 169-201.

Siesser, W.G., (1994). Historical background of coccolithophore studies. In: Winter, A. and Siesser, W.G. (Editors), Coccolithophores. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 1-11.

Siesser, W.G., (1998). Calcareous nannofossil Genus Scyphosphaera: structure, taxonomy, biostratigraphy, and phylogeny. Micropaleontology, 44(4): 351-384.

Siesser, W.G.; Ward, D.J. & Lord, A.R., (1987). Calcareous nannoplankton biozonation of the Thanetian stage (Palaeocene) in the type area. Journal of Micropalaeontology, 6: 85-102.

Siesser, W.G. & Winter, A., (1994). Composition and morphology of coccolithophore skeletons. In: Winter, A. and Siesser, W.G. (Editors), Coccolithophores. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 51-62.

Sikora, P.J.; Howe, R.W.; Gale, A.S. & Stein, J.A., (2004). Chronostratigraphy of proposed Turonian-Coniacian (Upper Cretaceous) stage boundary stratotypes; Salzgitter-Salder, Germany, and Wagon Mound, New Mexico, USA. Geological Society of Lonon Special Publication, 230: 207-242.

Silva, A.; Palma, S. & Moita, M.T., (2008). Coccolithophores in the upwelling waters of Portugal: Four years of weekly distribution in Lisbon bay. Continental Shelf Research, 28: 2601-2613.

Silva, P.C.; Throndsen, J. & Eikrem, W., (2007). Revisiting the nomenclature of haptophytes. Phycologia, 46(4): 471-475.

Silver, M.W.; Mitchell, J.G. & Ringo, D.L., (1980). Siliceous nanoplankton. II. Newly discovered cysts and abundant choanoflagellates from the Weddell Sea, Antarctica. Marine Biology, 58: 211-217.

Simó, R. & Pedrós-Alió, C., (1999). Role of vertical mixing in controlling the oceanic production of dimethyl sulphide. Nature, 402: 396-399.

Simpson, M.I., (1985). The stratigraphy of the Atherfield Clay Formation (Lower Aptian, Lower Cretaceous) at the type and other localities in southern England. Proceedings of the Geologists' Association, 96: 23-44.

Sims, P.A.; Mann, D.G. & Medlin, L.K., (2006). Evolution of the diatoms: insights from fossil, biological and molecular data. Phycologia, 45(4): 361-402.

Singh, P.P. & Vimal, K.P., (1976). Late Miocene-early Pliocene Discoaster from Neill Island, South Andaman. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 17(1): 37-44.

Sinnyovsky, D., (1988). Upper Cretaceous nannoplankton zonation in North Bulgaria. Geologica Balcanica, 18: 59-78.

Sinnyovsky, D., (1992). Calcareous nannoplankton from the Maestrichtian and the Paleocene in the Devnya region. Review of the Bulgarian Geological Society, 53: 101-104.

Sissingh, W., (1977). Biostratigraphy of Cretaceous calcareous nannoplankton. Geologie en Mijnbouw, 65(1): 37-65.

Sissingh, W., (1978). Microfossil biostratigraphy and stage-stratotypes of the Cretaceous. Geologie en Mijnbouw, 57: 433-440.

Skulan, J.; DePaolo, D. & Owens, T.L., (1997). Biological control of calcium isotopic abundances in the global calcium cycle. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 61(12): 2505-2510.

Slipper, I.J., (2009). Marine Lower Cretaceous. In: Whittaker, J.E. and Hart, M.B. (Editors), Ostracods in British Stratigraphy. Geological Society of London on behalf of The Microaplaeontological Society, pp. 309-343.

Sluijs, A. & others, (2007). Environmental precursors to rapid light carbon injection at the Palaeocene/Eocene boundary. Nature, 450: 1218-1221.

Smayda, T.J., (1958). Phytoplankton studies around Jan Mayen Island March-April, 1955. Nytt Magasin for Botanikk, 6: 75-96.

Smetacek, V., (1999). Revolution in the ocean. Nature, 401: 647.

Smetacek, V., (2001). A watery arms race. Nature, 411: 745.

Smetacek, V., (2002). Mind-grasping gravity. Nature, 415: 481.

Smetacek, V., (2002). The ocean´s veil. Nature, 419: 565.

Smith, A.B., (2003). Getting the measure of diversity. Paleobiology, 29(1): 34.

Smith, A.G. & others, (2015). GSSPs, global stratigraphy and correlation. Geological Society of London Special Publications, 404: 37-67.

Smith, C.C., (1975). A new method for studying calcareous nannofossils using scanning and transmitted light optics. Revista Española de Micropaleontología, 7: 43-48.

Smith, C.C., (1981). Calcareous Nannoplankton and Stratigraphy of Late Turonian, Coniacian, and early Santonian Age of the Eagle Ford and Austin groups of Texas. US Geological Survey Professional Paper, 1075: 1-98.

Smith, C.C., (1995). Regional lithostratigraphy and calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of the Arcola Limestone Member, Mooreville Chalk, of eastern Mississippi and Alabama. Transactions of the Gulf Coast Association Geological Society, 45: 529-536.

Smith, H.E.K. & others, (2012). Predominance of heavily calcified coccolithophores at low CaCO3 saturation during winter in the Bay of Biscay. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 109: 8845-8849.

Smith, V.S. & others, (2011). Scratchpads 2.0: a Virtual Research Environment supporting scholarly collaboration, communication and data publication in biodiversity science. ZooKeys, 150: 53-70.

Sogin, M.L. & others, (2006). Microbial diversity in the deep sea and the underexplored "rare biosphere". Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America, 103(32): 12115-12120.

Sorby, H.C., (1861). On the organic origin of the so-called crystaloids of the chalk. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 8: 193-200.

Spencer-Cervato, C., (1998). Changing depth distribution of hiatuses during the Cenozoic. Paleoceanography, 13: 178-182.

Spencer-Cervato, C., (1999). The Cenozoic Deep Sea Microfossil Record: Explorations of the DSDP/ODP Sample Set Using the Neptune Database. Palaeontologia Electronica, 2(2, art.4): 1-268.

Spencer-Cervato, C.; Lazarus, D.; Beckmann, J.P.; von Salis Perch-Nielsen, K. & Biolzi, M., (1993). New calibration of Neogene radiolarian events in the North Pacific. Micropaleontology, 21(4): 261-294.

Spencer-Cervato, C. & Thierstein, H.R., (1997). First appearance of Globorotalia truncatulinoides: cladogenesis and immigration. Marine Micropaleontology, 20: 267-291.

Spencer-Cervato, C.; Thierstein, H.R.; Lazarus, D. & Beckmann, J.D., (1994). How synchronous are Neogene marine plankton events? Paleoceanography, 9(5): 739-763.

Spero, H.J.; Bijma, J.; Lea, D.W. & Bernis, B.E., (1997). Effect of seawater carbonate concentration on foraminiferal carbon and oxygen isotopes. Nature, 390: 497-500.

Sprengel, C.; Baumann, K.-H.; Henderiks, J.; Henrich, R. & Neuer, S., (2002). Modern coccolithophore and carbonate sedimentation along a productivity gradient in the Canary Islands region: Seasonal export production and surface accumulation rates. Deep-Sea Research. Part 2, Topical studies in oceanography, 49: 3577-3598.

Sprengel, C.; Baumann, K.-H. & Neuer, S., (2000). Seasonal and interannual variation of coccolithophore fluxes and species composition in sediment traps north of Gran Canaria (29°N 15°W). Marine Micropaleontology, 39(1-4): 157-178.

Sprengel, C. & Young, J.R., (2000). First direct documentation of associations of Ceratolithus cristatus ceratoliths, hoop-coccoliths and Neosphaera coccolithomorpha planoliths. Marine Micropaleontology, 39(1-4): 39-41.

Spyglass, (1995). Transform 3.02. Spyglass Inc., Savoy, Illinois.

Stacey, V.J. & Pienaar, R.N., (1980). Cell division in Hymenomonas carterae (Braarud et Fagerland) Braarud (Prymnesiophyceae). British Phycological Journal, 15: 365-376.

Stanley, S.M.; Ries, J.B. & Hardie, L.A., (2005). Seawater chemistry, coccolithophore population growth, and the origin of Cretaceous chalk. Geology, 33(7): 593-596.

Starmach, K., (1968). Chrysophyta I. Chrysophyceae zlotowiciowce. In: Starmach, K., Ed.,. Flora Slodkowodna Polski 5. Warszawa: PWN.

Stearn, W.T., (1983). Botanical Latin. David & Charles, Newton Abbot, 566 pp.

Stechmann, A. & Cavalier-Smith, T., (2002). Rooting the Eukaryote Tree by Using a Derived Gene Fusion. Science, 297: 89-91.

Steel, B.A., (2001). Physiology, growth and morphometry of selected extant coccolithophorids, with particular reference to Calcidiscus leptoporus (Murray and Blackman, 1889) Loeblich and Tappan 1987. Msc Thesis, University College London, London, 83 pp.

Steidinger, K.A. & others, (1996). Pfiesteria piscicida gen. et sp. nov. (Pfiesteriaceae fam. nov.), a new toxic dinoflagellate with a complex life cycle and behavior. Journal of Phycology, 32: 157-164.

Steidinger, K.A.; Landsberg, J.H.; Mason, P.L.; Vogelbein, W.K.; Tester, P.A. & Litaker, R.W., (2006). Cryptoperidiniopsis brodyi gen. et sp. nov. (Dinophyceae), a small lightly armored dinoflagellate in the Pfiesteriaceae. Journal of Phycology, 42: 951-961.

Stein, F.R.v., (1878). Der Organismus der Infusionsthiere nach eigenen Forschungen in systematischer Reihenfolge bearbeitet. Engelmann, Leipzig, 154 pp.

Stein, F.R.v., (1883). Der Organismus der Infusionsthiere nach eigenen Forschungen in systematischer Reihenfolge bearbeitet, 3. Abtheilung, 2. Hälfte. Einleitung und Erklarung der Abbildungen. Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig, 30 pp.

Steinmetz, J.C., (1991). Calcareous nannoplankton biocoenosis: sediment trap studies in the Equatorial Atlantic, Central Pacific, and Panama Basin. Ocean Biocoensis Series, 1. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, U.S.A., 1-85 pp.

Steinmetz, J.C., (1994). Sedimentation of coccolithophores. In: Winter, A. and Siesser, W.G. (Editors), Coccolithophores. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 179-197.

Steinmetz, J.C. & Anderson, T.F., (1984). The significance of isotopic and paleontologic results on Quateranry calcareous nannofossil assemblages from Caribbean core P6304-4. Marine Micropaleontology, 8: 403-424.

Steinmetz, J.C. & Stradner, H., (1984). Cenozoic calcareous nannofossils from Deep Sea Drilling Project Leg 75, Southeast Atlantic Ocean. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 75: 671-753.

Steurbaut, E., (1983). The stratigraphic position of the Lower Oligocene Yrieu Sainds (SW France, based on calcareous nannofossils and a new Helicosphaera species Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 76(2): 327-331.

Steurbaut, E., (1986). Late Middle Eocene to Middle Oligocene calcareous nannoplankton from the Kallo well, some boreholes and exposures in Belgium and a description of the Ruisbroek Sand Member. Meded Werkgroep Tertiaer en Kwartaire Geologie, 23: 49-83.

Steurbaut, E., (1986). The Kallo well and its key-position in establishing the Eo-Oligocene boundary in Belgium. In: Pomerol, C. and Premoli-Silva, I. (Editors), Terminal Eocene events. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 97-100.

Steurbaut, E., (1988). New Early and Middle Eocene calcareous nannoplankton events and correlations in middle to high latitudes of the northern hemisphere. Newsletters on Stratigraphy, 18: 99-115.

Steurbaut, E., (1990). Ypresian calcareous nannoplankton biostratigraphy and palaeogeography of the Belgian Basin. Bulletin de la Societe Belge de Géolologie, 97(1988): 251-285.

Steurbaut, E., (1992). Integrated stratigraphic analysis of lower Rupelian deposits (Oligocene) in the Belgian Basin. Annales de la Société Géologique de Belgique, 155: 287-306.

Steurbaut, E., (1998). High–resolution holostratigraphy of Middle Paleocene to Early Eocene strata in Belgium and adjacent areas. Palaeontographica, A247: 91-256.

Steurbaut, E., (2011). New calcareous nannofossil taxa from the Ypresian (Early Eocene) of the North Sea Basin and the Turan Platform in West Kazakhstan. . Bulletin de l’Institut royal des Science naturelles de Belgique, Sciences de la Terre, 81: 247-277.

Steurbaut, E. & King, C., (1993). Integrated stratigraphy of the Mont-Panisel Borehole section (151E340), Ypresian (Early Eocene) of the Mons Basin, SW Belgium. Bulletin de la Société belge de Géologie, 102: 75-202.

Steurbaut, E. & Nolf, D., (1986). Revision of Ypresian stratigraphy of Belgium and northwestern France. Meded Werkgroep Tertiaer en Kwartaire Geologie, 23: 115-172.

Steurbaut, E. & Sztrákos, K., (2008). Danian/Selandian boundary criteria and North Sea Basin–Tethys correlations based on calcareous nannofossil and foraminiferal trends in SW France. Marine Micropaleontology, 67: 1-29.

Stewart, I.A.; Darling, K.F.; Kroon, D.; Wade, C.M. & Troelstra, S.R., (2001). Genotypic variability in subarctic Atlantic planktic foraminifera. Marine Micropaleontology, 43: 143-153.

Stockmarr, J., (1971). Tablets with spores used in absolute pollen analysis. Pollen et Spores, 13(4): 615-621.

Stoeck, T.; Bass, D.; Nebel, M.; Christen, R.; Jones, M.D.M.; Breiner, H.W. & Richards, T.A., (in press). Multiple marker parallel tag environmental DNA sequencing reveals a highly complex eukaryotic community in marine anoxic water. Molecular Ecology.

Stoeck, T. & others, (2009). Massively parallel tag sequencing reveals the complexity of anaerobic marine protistan communities BMC Biology 2009, 7(72): 1-20.

Stoker, M.S. & others, (1994). A record of late Cenozoic stratigraphy, sedimentation and climate change from the Hebrides slope, NE Atlantic Ocean. Journal of the Geological Society of London, 151: 235-249.

Stokes, A.C., (1888). Notices of new Infusoria flagellata from American fresh waters. Journal of the Royal Microscopical Society, 1888: 698-704.

Stoll, H.M.; Klaas, C.; Probert, I.; Ruiz-Encinar, J. & Garcia-Alonso, J.I., (2002). Calcification rate and temperature effects on Sr partitioning in coccoliths of multiple species of coccolithophorids in culture. Global and Planetary Change, 34: 153-171.

Stoll, H.M.; Ruiz-Encinar, J.; Garcia-Alonso, J.I.; Rosenthal, Y.; Klaas, C. & Probert, I., (2001). A first look at paleotemperature prospects from Mg in coccolith carbonate: cleaning techniques and culture measurements. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems.

Stoll, H.M. & Ziveri, P., (2002). Separation of monospecific and restricted coccolith assemblages from sediments using differential settling velocity. Marine Micropaleontology, 46: 209-221.

Stoll, H.M. & Ziveri, P., (2004.). Coccolithophorid-based geochemical paleoproxies. In: Thierstein, H.R. and Young, J.R. (Editors), Coccolithophores - From molecular processes to global impact. Springer, pp. 529-561.

Stoll, H.M.; Ziveri, P.; Geisen, M.; Probert, I. & Young, J.R., (2002). Potential and limitations of Sr/Ca ratios in coccolith carbonate: new perspectives from cultures and monospecific samples from sediments. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London (A), 360(1793): 710-747.

Stolz, K.; Baumann, K.-H. & Mersmeyer, H., (2016). Extant coccolithophores from the western equatorial Indian Ocean off Tanzania and coccolith distribution in surface sediments. Micropaleontology, 61(6): 473-488.

Stosch, H.A.v., (1955). Ein morphologischer Phasenwechel bei einer Coccolithophoride. Die Naturwissenschaften: 1 -2.

Stosch, H.A.v., (1967). Vegetative Fortpflanzung, Parthenogenese und Apogamie bei Algen. In: Ettl, H. et al. (Editors), Chrysophyta. Handbuch der Pflanzenphysiologie. Springer, Berlin, pp. 637-656.

Stover, L.E., (1966). Cretaceous coccoliths and associated nannofossils from France and the Netherlands. Micropaleontology, 12: 133-167.

Stradner, H., (1958). Die fossilen Discoasteriden Osterreichs. I. Erdöl-Zeitschrift, 74(6): 178-188.

Stradner, H., (1959). First report on the discoasters of the Tertiary of Austria and their stratigraphic use. Proceedings of the Fifth World Petroleum Congress, 1: 1081-1095.

Stradner, H., (1959). Die fossilen Discoasteriden Osterreichs. II. Erdöl-Zeitschrift, 75(12): 472-488.

Stradner, H., (1960). Über Nannoplankton-Invasionen im Sarmat des Wiener Beckens. Erdoel-Zeitschrift, 76(12): 430-432.

Stradner, H., (1961). Vorkommen von Nannofossilien im Mesozoikum und Alttertiär. Erdöl-Zeitschrift, 77(3): 77-88.

Stradner, H., (1962). Über neue und wenig bekannte Nannofossilien aus Kreide und Alttertiär. Sonderabdruck aus den Verhandlungen der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 2: 363-377.

Stradner, H., (1963). New contributions to Mesozoic stratigraphy by means of nannofossils. Proceedings of the Sixth World Petroleum Congress, Section 1 Paper 4: 167-183.

Stradner, H., (1964). Die Ergebnisse der Aufschlußarbeiten der ÖMV AG in der Molasse-zone Niederösterreichs in den Jahren 1957—1963. Teil III. Ergebnisse der Nannofossil-Untersuchungen. . Erdoel-Zeitschrift, 80(4): 133-139.

Stradner, H., (1969). The nannofossil of the Eocene Flysch in the Hagembach Valley (Northern Vienna woods), Austria. Anneles de la Société Géologique de la Pologne, 39: 403-432.

Stradner, H., (1973). Catalogue of calcareous nannoplankton from sediments of Neogene age in the eastern North Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 13: 1137-1199.

Stradner, H. & Adamiker, D., (1966). Nannofossilien aus Bohrkernen und ihre elektronenmikroskopische Bearbeitung. Erdoel-Erdgas Zeitschrift, 82: 330-341.

Stradner, H.; Adamiker, D. & Maresch, O., (1968). Electron microscope studies on Albian calcareous nannoplankton from the Delft 2 and Leidschendam 1 deepwells, Holland. . Verdhandelingen der Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, Afd Natuurkunde, 24(4): 1-107.

Stradner, H. & Allram, F., (1982). The nannofossil assemblages of Deep Sea Drilling Project Leg 66, Middle America trench. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 66: 589-639.

Stradner, H. & Allram, F., (1982). Notes on an enigmatic siliceous cyst, Middle America Trench, Deep Sea Drilling Project Hole 490. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 66: 641-642.

Stradner, H.; Aubry, M.-P. & Bonnemaison, M., (2010). Calcareous nannofossil type specimens in the collection of the Geological Survey of Austria: A taxonomic and stratigraphic update. Jahrbuch der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 150(1-2): 9-84.

Stradner, H. & Edwards, A.R., (1968). Electron microscopic studies on Upper Eocene coccoliths from the Oamaru Diatomite, New Zealand. Jahrbuch der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 13(66): 1-48.

Stradner, H. & Fuchs, R., (1978). Die nannofossilien des Badenian. Chronostratigraphie und Neostratotypen. Miozan der Zentralen Paratethys, 6: 489-531.

Stradner, H. & Fuchs, R., (1980). Über Nannoplanktonvorkommen im Sarmatien (Ober-Miozän) der Zentralen Paratethys in Niederösterreichung im Burgenland. Beitrage zur Paläontologie von Österreich, 7: 251-279.

Stradner, H. & Grün, W., (1973). On Nannoconus abundans nov. spec. and on laminated calcite growth in Lower Cretaceous nannofossils. Verhandlungen der Geologischen Bundesanstalt (Wien), 2: 267-283.

Stradner, H. & Papp, A., (1961). Tertiäre Discoasteriden aus Österreich und deren stratigraphische Bedeutung mit Hinweisen auf Mexico, Rumanien und Italien. Jahrbuch der Geologischen Bundesanstalt (Wien); Special Volume, 7: 1-159.

Stradner, H. & Perch-Nielsen, K., (1987). International Nannoplankton Association Vienna Meeting 1985 Proceedings. Geologisches Bundesanstalt Wien, Abhandlungen, 39, Wien, 1-315 pp.

Stradner, H. & Seifert, P., (1980). Transversopontis pax n. sp., ein neues Nannofossil aus dem basale Oligozan des nordlichen Niederosterreich. Beiträge zur Paläontologie von Österreichs, 7: 281-291.

Stradner, H. & Steinmetz, J., (1984). Cretaceous calcareous nannofossils from the Angola Basin, Deep Sea Drilling Project Site 530. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 75: 565-649.

Stráník, Z.; Bubík, M.; Cech, S. & Svábenická, L., (1996). The Upper Cretaceous in South Moravia. Vestník Ceského geologického ústavu, 71: 1-30.

Street, C. & Bown, P.R., (2000). Palaeobiogeography of Early Cretaceous (Berriasian–Barremian) calcareous nannoplankton. Marine Micropaleontology, 39: 265-291.

Streng, M.; Hildebrand-Habel, T. & Willems, H., (2002). Revision of the genera Sphaerodinella Keupp and Versteegh, 1989 and Orthopithonella Keupp in Keupp and Mutterlose, 1984 (Calciodinelloideae, calcareous dinoflagellate cysts). Journal of Paleontology, 76: 397-407.

Streng, M.; Hildebrand-Habel, T. & Willems, H., (2004). Longterm evolution of calcereous dinoflagellate associations since the Late Cretaceous. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 26(1): 13-46.

Streng, M.; Hildebrand-Habel, T. & Willems, H., (2004). A proposed classification of archeopyle types in calcareous dinoflagellate cysts. Journal of Paleontology, 78(3): 456-483.

Streng, M. & Meier, K.J.S., (2017). Diversity of calcareous dinoflagellate cysts in surface sediments of Gullmar Fjord, Sweden – an unrecognized gene pool of the Thoracosphaeraceae (peridineaen dinoflagellates) Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 37(1): 1-14.

van Stuiovenberg, J.; Winkler, W. & Perch-Nielsen, K., (1979). The Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary in the Gurnigel and the Schlieren flysch (Swiss Alps). In Christensen, W.K., & Birkelund, T. (eds.), Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary events - symposium. II. Proceedings: 170-176.

Styzen, M.J., (1994). Calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of Sites 834-839, Lau Basin. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 135: 191-205.

Styzen, M.J. & Reugger, L.R., (1994). Polymer mud: problems and solutions. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 16: 19-20.

Su, X., (1995). Development of the Plio-Pleistocene coccolith assemblages in the NE Atlantic correlated to climatic changes. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 17: 84-85.

Su, X., (1996). Development of late Tertiary and Quaternary coccolith assemblages in the Northeast Atlantic. Geomar Report, 48: 120pp.

Sucheras-Marx, B. & Henderiks, J., (2014). Downsizing the pelagic carbonate factory: Impacts of calcareous nannoplankton evolution on carbonate burial over the past 17 million years. Global and Planetary Change, 123: 97-109.

Sugarman, P.J.; Miller, K.G.; Bukry, D. & Feigenson, M.D., (1995). Uppermost Campanian-Maastrichtian strontium isotopic, biostratigraphic, and sequence stratigraphic framework of the New Jersey Coastal Plain. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, 107: 19-37.

Sujkowski, Z., (1931). Étude pétrographique de Crétacé de Pologne. Sprawozdanie Polski Inst Geol, 6: 485-628.

Sullivan, F.R., (1964). Lower Tertiary nannoplankton from the California Coast Ranges. I. Paleocene. University of California Publications in Geological Sciences, 44: 163-227.

Sullivan, F.R., (1965). Lower Tertiary nannoplankton from the California Coast Ranges. II. Eocene. University of California Publications in Geological Sciences, 53: 1-74.

Sunnucks, P., (2000). Efficient genetic markers for population biology. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 15(5): 199-203.

Supko, P.R. & Perch-Nielsen, K., (1977). General synthesis of Central and South Atlantic Drilling Results, Leg 39, Deep Sea Drilling Project. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 39: 1099-1131.

Supko, P.R.; Perch-Nielsen, K. & Carlson, R.L., (1977). Introduction and explanatory notes, Leg 39, Deep Sea Drilling Project. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 39: 5-24.

Supraha, L.; Ljubesic, Z. & Henderiks, J., (2015). Combination coccospheres from the Eastern Adriatic Coast. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 35(special issue INA15 Abstracts): 81.

Supraha, L.; Ljubešić, Z.; Mihanović, H. & Henderiks, J., (2014). Observations on the life cycle and ecology of Acanthoica quattrospina Lohmann from a Mediterranean estuary. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 34(special): 49-56.

Surlyk, F., (1970). Die Stratigraphie des Maastricht von Dänemark und Norddeutschland aufgrund von Brachiopoden. Newsletters on Stratigraphy, 1: 7-16.

Suykens, K.; Delille, B.; Chou, L.; de Bodt, C.; Harlay, J. & Borges, A.V., (2010). Dissolved inorganic carbon dynamics and air‐sea carbon dioxide fluxes during coccolithophore blooms in the northwest European continental margin (northern Bay of Biscay). Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 24: 1-14.

Svábenická, L., (1995). The stratigraphical correlation of the Campanian low- and high-latitude calcareous nannofossils in southern Moravia (western Carpathians). Geologica Carpathica, 46: 297-302.

Svábenická, L. & Bubík, M., (1992). The fossil record (calcareous nannofossils and foraminifers) in single intervals of the Upper Cretaceous flysch sequence of the West Carpathians, Czechoslovakia. Cretaceous Research, 13: 583-590.

Swofford, D.L., (2002). PAUP*–Phylogenetic analysis using parsimony (* and other methods), version 4. Sinauer Associates Inc., Sunderland, Massachusetts.

Sym, S. & Kawachi, M., (2000). Ultrastructure of Calyptrosphaera radiata, sp. nov. (Prymnesiophyceae, Haptophyta). European Journal of Phycology, 35: 283-293.

Takahashi, E.; Watanabe, K. & Satoh, H., (1986). Siliceous cysts from Kita-no-seto Strait, north of Syowa Station, Antarctica. Memoirs of the National Institute for Polar Research, Special Issue, 40: 84-95.

Takahashi, K. & Okada, H., (2000). Environmental control on the biogeography of modern coccolithophores in the southeastern Indian Ocean offshore of Western Australia. Marine Micropaleontology, 39(1-4): 73-86.

Takahashi, K. & Okada, H., (2001). Paleoceanography for the last 195,000 years in the Solomon Sea (ODP Site1109) by means of calcareous nannofossils. Marine Micropaleontology, 42(1-2): 44-59.

Takano, Y.; Hagino, K.; Tanaka, Y.; Horiguchi, T. & Okada, H., (2006). Phylogenetic affinities of an enigmatic nannoplankton, Braarudosphaera bigelowii based on the SSU rDNA sequences. Marine Micropaleontology, 60: 145-156.

Takano, Y. & Horiguchi, T., (2004). Surface ultrastructure and molecular phylogenetics of four unarmored heterotrophic dinoflagellates, including the type species of the genus Gyrodinium (Dinophyceae). Phycological Research, 52: 107-116.

Takano, Y. & Horiguchi, T., (2005). Note. Acquiring scanning electron microscopical, light microscopical and multiple gene sequence data from a single dinoflagellate cell. Journal of Phycology, 42: 251-256.

Takayama, T., (1967). First report on nannoplankton of the Upper Tertiary and Quaternary of the southern Kwanto region, Japan. Jahrbuch der Geologischen Bundesanstalt. Wien, 110: 169-198.

Takayama, T., (1993). Notes on Neogene calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of the Ontong Java Plateau and size variations of Reticulofenestra coccoliths. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 130: 179-229.

Takayama, T. & Sato, T., (1987). Coccolith biostratigraphy of the North Atlantic Ocean, Deep Sea Drilling Project Leg 94. In: Ruddiman, W.F. et al. (Editors), Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, pp. 651-702.

Tamura, K. & Nei, M., (1993). Estimation of the number of nucleotide substitutions in the control region of mitochondrial DNA in humans and chimpanzees. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 10: 512-526.

Tan, S.H., (1927). Over de samenstelling en het onstaan van krijt en mergelgesteenten van de Molukken. Jaarboek van het Mijnwezen in Nederlandsch-Indie, 55: 111-122.

Tan, S.H., (1927). Discoasteridae incertae sedis. Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, Sect Sci, 30: 411-419.

Tan, S.H., (1931). Discoasteridae, Coccolirthinae,and Radilaria. Leid. Geol. Medd., 5: 92-95.

Tanaka, Y. & Kawahata, H., (2001). Seasonal occurence of coccoliths in sediment traps from West Caroline Basin, equatorial West Pacific Ocean. Marine Micropaleontology, 43: 273-284.

Tangen, K., (1972). Papposphaera lepida, gen. nov. n. sp., a new marine coccolithophorid from Norwegian coastal waters. Norwegian Journal of Botany, 19: 171-178.

Tangen, K.; Brand, L.E.; Blackwelder, P.L. & Guillard, R.R.L., (1982). Thoracosphaera heimii (Lohmann) Kamptner is a dinophtye: Obsevations on its morphology and life cycle. Marine Micropaleontology, 7: 193-212.

Taniguchi, A.; Suzuki, T. & Shimada, S., (1995). Growth characteristics of Parmales (Chrysophyceae) observed in bag cultures. Marine Biology, 123: 631-638.

Tanimoto, M.; Aizawa, C. & Jordan, R.W., (2003). Assemblages of living microplankton from the subarctic North Pacific and Bering Sea during July-August 1999. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, 244: 83-103.

Tanimura, Y. & others, (2006). Joint Haeckel and Ehrenberg Project – A taxonomic re-examination of the Haeckel and Ehrenberg microfossil collections as a historical and scientific legacy. . Research Report of the Museum Director General’s Support Program in 2004 -2006, The National Science Museum, Tokyo: 1-24.

Tappan, H., (1980). Haptophyta, coccolithophores, and other calcareous nannoplankton. In: Tappan, H. (Editor), The Paleobiology of plant protists. W. H. Freeman and Company, San Francisco, pp. 678-803.

Tappan, H., (1982). The Paleobiology of Plant Protists. W.H. Freeman and Company, San Francisco.

Tappan, H. & Loeblich, A.R., (1973). Evolution of the ocean plankton. Earth Science Reviews, 9: 207-240.

Taylor, A.R.; Russell, M.A.; Harper, G.M.; Collins, T.F.T. & Brownlee, C., (2007). Dynamics of formation and secretion of heterococcoliths by Coccolithus pelagicus ssp. braarudii. European Journal of Phycology, 42(2): 125-136.

Taylor, J.W.; Jacobsen, D.J.; Kroken, S.; Kasuga, T.; Geiser, D.M.; Hibett, D.S. & Fisher, M.C., (2000). Phylogenetic species recognition and species concepts in fungi. Fungal genetics and biology, 31: 21-32.

Taylor, R.J., (1978). The distribution of calcareous nannofossils in the Speeton Clay (Lower Cretaceous) of Yorkshire. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 42: 195-209.

Taylor, R.J., (1982). Lower Cretaceous (Ryazanian to Albian) calcareous nannofossils. In: Lord, A.R. (Editor), A Stratigraphical Index of Calcareous Nannofossils. British Micropalaeontological Society Series, Ellis Horwood, Chichester, pp. 40-80.

Taylor, R.J. & Hamilton, G.B., (1982). Techniques. In: Lord, A.R. (Editor), A Stratigraphical Index of Calcareous Nannofossils. British Micropalaeontological Society Series, Ellis Horwood, Chichester, pp. 11-15.

Teale, C.T. & Young, J.R., (1987). Isolated olistoliths from the Longobucco Basin Calabria, S.Italy. In: Leggett, J.K. and Zuffa, G.G. (Editors), Advances in Marine Clastic Sedimentology. Graham & Trotman, pp. 75-88.

Tham, N.T. & Su, N.V., (2016). Neogene calcareous nannofossils from the Nam Con Son Basin, offshore Vietnam. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 36(2): 151-160.

Theodoridis, S., (1983). On the legitimacy of the generic name Discoaster Tan 1927 ex Tan 1931. Newsletter of the International Nannoplankton Association, 5(1): 15-21.

Theodoridis, S., (1984). Calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of the Miocene and revision of the helicoliths and discoasters. Utrecht Micropaleontological Bulletin, 32: 1-271.

Thibault, N., (2010). Calcareous nannofossils from the boreal Upper Campanian- Maastrichtian chalk of Denmark. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 30(1): 39-56.

Thiede, J.; Nielsen, O.B. & Perch-Nielsen, K., (1980). Lithofacies, mineralogy and biostratigraphy of Eocene sediments in northern Denmark (deep test Viborg 1). Neues Jahrbuch fuer Geologie und Palaontologie. Abhandlungen, 160(2): 149-172.

Thierstein, H.R., (1971). Tentative Lower Cretaceous Calcareous Nannoplankton Zonation. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 64: 459-488.

Thierstein, H.R., (1973). Lower cretaceous calcareous nannoplankton biostratigraphy. Abhandlungen der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 29: 3-52.

Thierstein, H.R., (1974). Calcareous nannoplankton - Leg 26, Deep Sea Drilling Project. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 26: 619-667.

Thierstein, H.R., (1975). Calcareous nannoplankton biostratigraphy at the Jurassic-Cretaceous boundary. Mémoires du Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Minières, 86: 84-94.

Thierstein, H.R., (1976). Mesozoic calcareous nannoplankton biostratigraphy of marine sediments. Marine Micropaleontology, 1: 325-362.

Thierstein, H.R., (1981). Late Cretaceous calcareous nannoplankton and the change at the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary. In: Douglas, R.G., Warme, J. and Winterer, E.L. (Editors), The Deep Sea Drilling Project: a decade of progress. Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists Special Publication, pp. 355-394.

Thierstein, H.R.; Cortés, M.Y. & Haidar, A.T., (subm.). Plankton community behaviour on ecological and evolutionary timescales: when models confront evidence. In: Thierstein, H.R. and Young, J.R. (Editors), Coccolithophores - From molecular processes to global impact. Springer.

Thierstein, H.R.; Franz, H.E. & Roth, P.H., (1971). Scanning electron and light microscopy of the same object. Micropaleontology, 17: 501-502.

Thierstein, H.R.; Geitzenauer, K.R.; Molfino, B. & Shackleton, N.J., (1977). Global synchroneity of late Quaternary coccolith datum levels: Validation by oxygen isotopes. Geology, 5: 400-404.

Thierstein, H.R. & Young, J.R., (2004). Coccolithophores - From molecular processes to global impact. Springer, 570 pp.

Thierstein, H.R. & Young, J.R., (2004). Preface - Coccolithophore research and the CODENET project. In: Thierstein, H.R. and Young, J.R. (Editors), Coccolithophores - From molecular processes to global impact. Springer, pp. v-viii.

Thiery, J.-P., (1967). Mise en evidence des polysaccarides sur coupes fines en microscopie electronique. Journal du Microscopie, 13: 119-136.

Thompson, A.W. & others, (2012). Unicellular Cyanobacterium Symbiotic with a Single-Celled Eukaryotic Alga. Science, 337(1546-1550).

Thomsen, E., (1987). Lower Cretaceous calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy in the Danish Central Trough. Danmarks Geologiske Undersøgelse; Series A, 20: 1-89.

Thomsen, E., (1989). Seasonal variation in boreal Early Cretaceous calcareous nannofossils. Marine Micropaleontology, 15(1-2): 123-152.

Thomsen, E., (1989). Seasonal variability in the production of Lower Cretaceous calcareous nannoplankton. Geology, 17( 8): 715-717.

Thomsen, E. & Heilmann-Clausen, C., (1985). The Danian-Selandian boundary at Svejstrup with remarks on the biostratigraphy of the boundary in Western Denmark. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark, 33: 341-362.

Thomsen, E.; Heldal, M. & Ostergaard, J.B., (2016). Coccolithophores in Polar Waters: Papposphaera arctica HET and HOL revisited. Micropaleontology, 61(6): 419-427.

Thomsen, E.; Heldal, M. & Ostergaard, J.B., (2016). Coccolithophores in Polar Waters: Papposphaera sarion HET and HOL revisited. Micropaleontology, 61(6): 429-438.

Thomsen, E. & Ostergaard, J.B., (2014). Coccolithophorids in polar waters: Pappomonas spp. revisited. Acta Protozoologica, 53: 235-256.

Thomsen, E. & Ostergaard, J.B., (2014). Coccolithophorids in polar waters: Calciarcus spp. revisited. Acta Protozoologica, 53(145-157).

Thomsen, E.; Ostergaard, J.B. & Heldal, M., (2013). Coccolithophorids in polar waters: Wigwamma spp. revisited. Acta Protozoologica, 52: 237-256.

Thomsen, H.A., (1977). Chrysochromulina pyramidosa sp. nov. (Prymnesiophyceae) from Danish coastal waters. Botaniska Notiser, 130: 147-153.

Thomsen, H.A., (1979). Chrysochromulina cyathophora (Prymnesiophyceae), a new species from Danish coastal waters. Botaniska Notiser, 132: 71-76.

Thomsen, H.A., (1980). Quaternariella obscura gen. et sp. nov. (Prymnesiophyceae) from West Greenland. Phycologia, 19(4): 260-265.

Thomsen, H.A., (1980). Two species of Trigonaspis gen. nov. (Prymnesiophyceae) from West Greenland. Phycologia, 19(3): 218-229.

Thomsen, H.A., (1980). Wigwamma scenozonion sp. nov. (Prymnesiophyceae) from West Greenland. British Phycological Journal, 15: 335-342.

Thomsen, H.A., (1980). Turrisphaera polybotrys sp. nov. (Prymnesiophyceae) from West Greenland. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 60: 529-537.

Thomsen, H.A., (1981). Identification by electron microscopy of nanoplanktonic coccolithophorids (Prymnesiophyceae) from West Greenland, including the description of Papposphaera sarion sp. nov. British Phycological Journal, 16: 77-94.

Thomsen, H.A., (2016). Baltic Sea coccolithophores – an overview of insights into their taxonomy and ecology from the last 40 years. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 36(2): 97-119.

Thomsen, H.A. & Buck, K.R., (1998). Nanoflagellates of East Pacific coastal Waters: Morphology, taxonomy, and biogeography of weakly calcified coccolithophorids (Prymnesiophyceae). Cryptogamie: Algologie, 19: 29-48.

Thomsen, H.A.; Buck, K.R. & Chavez, F.P., (1991). Choanoflagellates of the central California waters: Taxonomy, mophology and species assemblages. Ophelia, 33(2): 131-164.

Thomsen, H.A.; Buck, K.R. & Chavez, F.P., (1994). Haptophytes as components of marine phytoplankton. In: Green, J.C. and Leadbeater, B.S.C. (Editors), The Haptophyte Algae. Systematics Association Special Volumes. Clarendon Press, Oxford, pp. 187-208.

Thomsen, H.A.; Buck, K.R.; Coale, S.L.; Garrison, D.L. & Gowing, M.M., (1988). Nanoplanktonic coccolithophorids (Prymnesiophyceae, Haptophyceae) from the Weddell Sea, Antarctica. Nordic Journal of Botany, 8: 419-436.

Thomsen, H.A.; Cros, L.; Malinverno, E.; Ostergaard, J.B.; Cortés, M.; Geisen, M. & Young, J.R., (2016). Formonsella pyramidosa (Haptophyta, Papposphaeraceae): a new weakly calcified coccolithophore genus from warm-water regions. Journal of Micropalaeontology, 35: 125-132.

Thomsen, H.A.; De Place Bjorn, B.; Højlund, L.; Olesen, J. & Pedersen, J.B., (1995). Ericiolus, gen. nov. (Prymnesiophyceae), a new coccolithophorid genus from polar and temperate waters. European Journal of Phycology, 30(29-34).

Thomsen, H.A. & Egge, J.K., (2016). Papposphaera heldalii sp. nov. (Haptophyta, Papposphaeraceae) from Svalbard. Acta Protozoologica, 55: 27-32.

Thomsen, H.A. & Oates, K., (1978). Balaniger balticus gen. et sp. nov. (Prymnesiophiceae) form Danish coastal waters. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 58: 773-779.

Thomsen, H.A. & Ostergaard, J.B., (2015). Coccolithophorids in Polar Waters: Mercedesia gen. nov., Ericiolus, Quaternariella and Porsildia gen. nov. Acta Protozoologica, 54: 155-169.

Thomsen, H.A. & Ostergaard, J.B., (2015). Coccolithophorids in Polar Waters: Trigonaspis spp. revisited. Acta Protozoologica, 54: 85-96.

Thomsen, H.A. & Ostergaard, J.B., (2016). Papposphaera iugifera nov. sp. from West Greenland, Svalbard, and the Baltic Sea. Revue de Micropaleontologie, 59: 71-79.

Thomsen, H.A.; Ostergaard, J.B. & Cros, L., (2015). Ventimolina stellata gen. et sp. nov. (Haptophyta, Papposphaeraceae) from warm water regions. Acta Protozoologica, 54: 275-281.

Thomsen, H.A.; Ostergaard, J.B. & Hansen, L.E., (1991). Heteromorphic life histories in Arctic coccolithophorids (Prymnesiophyceae). Journal of Phycology, 27: 634-642.

Thomsen, H.A.; Ostergaard, J.B. & Heldal, M., (2016). Coccolithophores in Polar Waters: Papposphaera sagittifera HET and HOL revisited. Acta Protozoologica, 55: 33-50.

Thorn, V.C., (2004). Phytoliths in drill core sediments from Sites 1165 and 1166, Leg 188, Prydz Bay, East Antarctica. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, 188: 1-12.

Thornton, D.C.O., (2002). Diatom aggregations in the sea: mechanisms and ecological implications. European Journal of Phycology, 37: 149-161.

Throndsen, J., (1972). Coccolithophorids from the Caribbean Sea. Norwegian Journal of Botany, 19(1): 51-60.

Throndsen, J., (1993). The Planktonic Marine Flagellates. In: Tomas, C.R. (Editor), Marine Phytoplankton, A Guide Naked Fragellates and Coccolithophorids. Academic Press, London, pp. 7-145.

Tiedemann, R.; Sarntheim, M. & Shackleton, N.J., (1994). Astronomical timescale for the Pliocene ∂18O and dust flux records of the Ocean Drilling Program site 659. Paleoceanography, 9(4): 619-638.

Toms, L.T.; Young, J.R.; Haughton, P.D.W.; Owen, N.; Edwards, R.J. & Shannon, P.M., (in prep). Late Quaternary calcaerous nannofossil assemblages: a new method of distinguishing the deposits of different interglacials in the Northeast Atlantic?

Tortell, P.D.; DiTullio, G.R.; Sigman, D.M. & Morel, F.M.M., (2002). CO2 effects on taxonomic composition and nutrient utilization in an Equatorial Pacific phytoplankton assemblage. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 37: 37-43.

Toshimitsu, S.; Matsumoto, T.; Noda, M.; Nishida, T. & Maiya, S., (1995). Towards an integrated mega-, micro- and magneto-stratigraphy of the Upper Cretaceous in Japan. Journal of the Geological Society of Japan, 101: 19-29.

Toshimitsu, S.; Matsumoto, T.; Noda, M.; Nishida, T. & Maiya, S., (1995). Integration of mega-, micro- and magneto-stratigraphy of the Upper Cretaceous in Japan. Proceedings of 15th International Symposium of Kyungpook National University, -1995: 357-370.

Totten, D.K., (1976). Coccolithus pelagicus: a clarification. In: Fritsche, A.E., Best, H. and Wornardt, W.W. (Editors), The Neogene Symposium, SEPM Pacific Section. SEPM, San Francisco, pp. 155-160.

Toumarkine, M.; Diop, A. & Perch-Nielsen, K., (1985). Foraminiferes planctoniques et nannofossiles calcaires du Paleocene et de l'Eocene inferieur du Cap Vert, Senegal. (Planktonic foraminifera and calcareous nannofossils from the Paleocene and early Eocene of Cape Verde, Senegal). Géologie Méditerranéenne, 11(11,984): 1-11.

Tracey, S., (2010). Gastropods. In: Young, J.R. et al. (Editors), Fossils of the Gault Clay. Field Guides to Fossils Palaeontological Association, London.

Trejo, M., (1959). Dos nuevoes especies del género Nannoconus. Ciencia (Mexicana), 19(6-7): 130-132.

Trejo, M., (1969). Conusphaera mexicana, un nuevo coccolitoforido del Jurassico Superior de Mexico. Revista del Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo, 1: 5-15.

Trejo, M., (1983). Paleobiologia y taxonomia de algunos fosiles mesozoicos de Mexico. Boletin de la Sociedad Geologica Mexicana, 19: 1-82.

Tremolada, F. & Erba, E., (2002). Morphometric analyses of Aptian Assipetra infracretacea and Rucinolithus terebrodentarius nannoliths: implications for taxonomy, biostratigraphy and paleoceanography. Marine Micropaleontology, 44: 77-92.

Tremolada, F. & Young, J.R., (2002). Volume calculation of Cretaceous calcareous nannofossils. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 24(3): 199-203.

Triantaphyllou, M., (1998). Revised biostratigraphy based on calcareous nannofossils of the Citadelle section, Zakynthos Island, Greece. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 20(1): 31-37.

Triantaphyllou, M., (2000). Short note on the occurrence of small Gephyrocapsa species and birefringent ceratoliths in Messinian diatomites (Gavdos Island, Southern Greece). Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 22(1): 37-40.

Triantaphyllou, M., (2004). Advances in the biology, ecology and taphonomy of extant calcareous nannoplankton., Micropaleontology, pp. 170.

Triantaphyllou, M.; Dermitzakis, M. & Dimiza, M.D., (2002). Holo- and heterococcolithophorids (calcarereous nannoplankton) in the Gulf of Korthi (Andros island, Aegean Sea, Greece) during late summer 2001. Revue de Paleobiologie, 21(1): 352-369.

Triantaphyllou, M. & Dimiza, M.D., (2003). Verification of the Algirosphaera robusta - Sphaerocalyptra quadridentata (coccolithophores) life-cycle association. Journal of Micropalaeontology, 22(1): 107-111.

Triantaphyllou, M.; Dimiza, M.D. & Dermitzakis, M., (2003). A new coccolithophore life-cycle association: Syracosphaera halldalii (Heterococcolithophore) and Calyptrolithina divergens var. tuberosa (Holococcolithophore). Gaia, 11: 77-80.

Triantaphyllou, M.; Dimiza, M.D. & Dermitzakis, M., (2004). Syracosphaera halldalii and Calyptrolithina divergens var. tuberosa life-cycle association and relevant taxonomic remarks. Micropaleontology, 50(suppl. 1): 121-126.

Triantaphyllou, M.; Dimiza, M.D.; Malinverno, E. & Young, J.R., (2009). Evidence for a possible life-cycle association between Syracosphaera protrudens (heterococcolithophore) and Syracosphaera pulchra HOL pirus type (holococcolithophore). Journal of Micropalaeontology, 28(1): 1-6.

Triantaphyllou, M. & others, (2016). Coccolithophore combination coccospheres from the NE Mediterranean Sea: new evidence and taxonomic revisions. Micropaleontology, 61(6): 457-472.

Triantaphyllou, M.V.; Dimiza, M.D. & Karatsolis, B., (2014). Adding proofs to Syracosphaera histrica-Calyptrolithophora papillifera life-cycle association. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 34(special): 57-59.

Tribovillard, N.-P.; Gorin, G.E.; Belin, S.; Hopgart-ner, G. & Pichon, R., (1992). Organic-rich biolaminated facies from a Kimmeridgian la- goonal environment in the French Southern Jura Mountains—A way of estimating accumulation rate variations. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 99: 163-177.

Troelsen, J. & Quadros, L.P., (1971). Distribuição bioestratigráfica dos nanofósseis em sedimentos marinhos (Aptiano-Mioceno) do Brasil. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 43, 577-609: suplemento.

Tsutui, H. & Jordan, R.W., (2016). A semi-automatic two-dimensional image system for studying the skeletal design of the silicoflagellate genus Corbisema (Dictyochales, Dictyochophyceae). Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 36(2): 139-147.

Turco, E.; Cascella, A.; Gennari, R.; Hilgen, F.J.; Iaccarino, S.M. & Sagnotti, L., (2011). Integrated stratigraphy of the La Vedova section (Conero Riviera, Italy) and implications for the Burdigalian/Langhian boundary. Micropaleontology, 8(2-3): 89-110.

Tyrrell, T., (1999). The relative influences of nitrogen and phosphorus on oceanic primary production. Nature, 400: 525-531.

Tyrrell, T. & Merico, J., (subm.). Emiliania huxleyi: bloom observations and the conditions that induce them. In: Thierstein, H.R. and Young, J.R. (Editors), Coccolithophores - From molecular processes to global impact. Springer.

Tyrrell, T.; Schneider, B.; Charalampopoulou, A. & Riebesell, U., (2008). Coccolithophores and calcite saturation state in the Baltic and Black seas. Biogeosciences, 5: 485-494.

Ujiie, H.; Tanaka, Y. & Ono, T., (1991). Late Quarternary Paleoceanographic Record from the Middle Ryukyu Trench Slope, Northwest Pacific. Marine Micropaleontology, 18(1-2): 115-128.

Ujiie, Y. & Lipps, J.H., (2009). Cryptic diversity in planktic foraminifera in the northwest pacific Ocean. Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 39(3): 145-154.

Urban, J.L.; McKenzie, C.H. & Deibel, D., (1993). Nannoplankton found in fecal pellets of macrozooplankton in coastal Newfoundland waters. Botanica Marina, 36: 267-281.

Utermöhl, H., (1958). Zur Vervollkommnung der quantitativen Phytoplankton-Methodik. Mitteilungen der Internationale Vereinigung für theoretische und angewandte Limnologie, 9: 1-38.

Valero, M.; Richerd, S.; Perrot, V. & Destombe, C., (1992). Evolution of alternation of haploid and diploid phases in life cycles. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 7(1): 25-29.

Van Der Veer, J., (1972). Pavlova helicata (Haptophyceae), a new species from the Frisian island Schiermonnikoog, the Netherlands. Nova Hedwigia, 23: 131-159.

Van Der Veer, J., (1976). Pavlova calceolata (Haptophyceae), a new species from the Tamar Estuary, Cornwall, England. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 56: 21-30.

Van Der Veer, J. & Leewis, R.J., (1977). Pavlova ennorea sp. nov., a haptophycean alga with a dominant palmelloid phase, from England. Acta Botanica Neerlandica, 26: 159-176.

Van Valen, L., (1973). A new evolutionary law. Evolutionary Theory, 1: 11-30.

Vandenberg, N. & van Echelpoel, E., (1988). Field guide to the Rupelian stratotype, Bulletin de la Société belge de Géologie, pp. 325-338.

Vandermeer, J.; Evans, M.A.; Foster, P.; Höök, T.; Reiskind, M. & Wund, M., (2002). Increased competition may promote species coexistence. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America, 99(13): 8742-8747.

de Vargas, C.; Aubry, M.-P.; Probert, I. & Young, J.R., (2007). Origin and evolution of coccolithophores: From coastal hunters to oceanic farmers. In: Falkowski, P.G. and Knoll, A.H. (Editors), Evolution of Primary Producers in the Sea. Elsevier, Boston, pp. 251-285.

de Vargas, C.; Bonzon, M.; Rees, N.W.; Pawlowski, J. & Zaninetti, L., (2002). A molecular approach to biodiversity and biogeography in the planktonic foraminifer Globigerinella siphonifera (d’Orbigny). Marine Micropaleontology, 45: 101-116.

de Vargas, C.; Norris, R.; Zaninetti, L.; Gibb, S.W. & Pawlowski, J., (1999). Molecular evidence of cryptic speciation in planktonic foraminifers and their relation to oceanic provinces. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America, 96: 2864-2868.

de Vargas, C.; Renaud, S.; Hilbrecht, H. & Pawlowski, J., (2001). Pleistocene adaptive radiation in Globorotalia truncatulinoides: Genetic, morphologic and environmental evidence. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America, 27: 104-125.

de Vargas, C.; Sáez, A.G.; Medlin, L.K. & Thierstein, H.R., (2004). Super-species in the calcareous plankton. In: Thierstein, H.R. and Young, J.R. (Editors), Coccolithophores - From molecular processes to global impact. Springer, pp. 271-298.

Varol, O., (1982). Calcareous nannofossils from the Antalya Basin, Turkey. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Monatshefte, 4: 244-256.

Varol, O., (1983). Late Cretaceous/Paleocene calcareous nannofossils from the Kokasen Section (Zonguldar, Northern Turkey). Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Abhandlungen, 166: 431-460.

Varol, O., (1984). New Neogene calcareous nannofossil taxa from Malta and southern Turkey. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Monatshefte, 6: 375-384.

Varol, O., (1985). Miocen calcareous nannofossils from the Mut Basin, southern Turkey. Journal of Micropalaeontology, 4(2): 127-139.

Varol, O., (1989). Eocene calcareous nannofossils from Sile (northwest Turkey). Revista Española de Micropaleontología, 21: 273-320.

Varol, O., (1989). Palaeocene calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy. In: Crux, J.A. and van Heck, S.E. (Editors), Nannofossils and their applications. Ellis Horwood, Chichester, pp. 265-310.

Varol, O., (1989). Calcareous nannofossil study of the central and western Solomon Islands., Circum-Pacific Council for Energy and Mineral Resources Earth Sciences. Geology and offshore resources of Pacific island arcs, pp. 239-268.

Varol, O., (1989). Quantitative analysis of the Arkhangelskiella cymbiformis group and its biostratigraphical usefulness in the North Sea area. Journal of Micropalaeontology, 8: 131-134.

Varol, O., (1991). New Cretaceous and Tertiary Calcareous Nannofossils. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Abhandlungen, 182: 211-237.

Varol, O., (1992). Sullivania a new genus of Palaeogene coccoliths. Journal of Micropalaeontology, 11: 141-150.

Varol, O., (1992). Taxonomic revision of the Polycyclolithaceae and its contribution to Cretaceous biostratigraphy. Newsletters on Stratigraphy, 27(93-127).

Varol, O., (1998). Palaeogene. In: Bown, P.R. (Editor), Calcareous Nannofossil Biostratigraphy. British Micropalaeontological Society Publications Series. Chapman & Hall, London, pp. 200-224.

Varol, O., (2004). Salisia n.g. – a new Pliocene-Pleistocene coccolith genus. Neues Jahrbuch fuer Geologie und Palaontologie, Monatschefte, 2004(2): 119-128.

Varol, O., (2006). Didemnid ascidian spicules from the Arabian Peninsula. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 28(1): 35-56.

Varol, O. & Girgis, M., (1994). New taxa and taxonomy of some Jurassic to Cretaceous calcareous nannofossils. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Abhandlungen, 192: 221-253.

Varol, O. & Houghton, S.D., (1996). A review and classification of fossil didemnid ascidian spicules. Journal of Micropalaeontology, 15: 135-149.

Varol, O. & Jakubowski, M., (1989). Some new nannofossil taxa. INA Newsletter, 11: 24-29.

Vathi, K., (1998). A note on the first occurrence of Helicosphaera carteri in the Early Oligocene (NP23, Sphenolithus predistentus zone). Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 20(1): 39-43.

Vaulot, D.; Birrien, J.-L.; Marie, D.; Casotti, R.; Veldhuis, M.; Kraay, G. & Chrétiennot-Dinet, M.-J., (1994). Morphology, ploidy, pigment composition, and genome size of cultured strains of Phaeocystis (Prymnesiophyceae). Journal of Phycology, 30: 10222-1035.

Vekshina, V.N., (1959). Coccolithophoridae of the Maastrichtian deposits of the West Siberian lowlands. Siberian Science Research Institute of Geology Geophysics Mineralogy and Raw Materials, 2: 56-81.

Venter, J.C. & Remington, K., (2004). Environmental genome shotgun sequencing of the Sargasso Sea. Science, 304: 66-74.

Verbeek, J.W., (1976). Upper Cretaceous calcareous nannoplankton from Ballon and Théligny in the type area of the Cenomanian stage (Sarthe, France). Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, B79: 69-82.

Verbeek, J.W., (1976). Upper Cretaceous nannoplankton zonation in a composite section near El Kef, Tunisia. Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, B79: 129-148.

Verbeek, J.W., (1977). Calcareous nannoplankton biostratigraphy of Middle and Upper Cretaceous deposits in Tunisia, southern Spain and France. Utrecht Micropaleontological Bulletins, 16: 1-157.

Verbeek, J.W., (1983). The calcareous nannofossils from the Campanian and Maastrichtian rocks of southern Limburg (The Netherlands) and the adjacent Belgian area. In: Birkelund, T. et al. (Editors), Symposium on Cretaceous Stage Boundaries, Copenhagen, October 18-21, 1983, Abstracts, Copenhagen, pp. 197-200.

Verbeek, J.W., (1986). Calcareous nannoplankton at the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary in the region near Maastricht in the Province of Limburg (the Netherlands). Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, B89: 357-365.

Verbeek, J.W., (1989). Recent calcareous nannoplankton in the southernmost Atlantic. Polarforschung, 59(45-60).

Verbeek, J.W., (1990). Late Quaternary calcareous nannoplankton biostratigraphy for the northern Atlantic Ocean. Mededelingen Rijks Geologische Dienst, 44: 13-33.

Verbeek, J.W. & Wonders, A.A.H., (1977). The position of the Cenomanian and Turonian stratotypes in planktonic biostratigraphy. Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, B80: 16-19.

Verhallen, P.J.J.M. & Romein, A.J.T., (1983). Calcareous nannofossils from the Priabonian stratotype and correlations with the parastratotypes. Utrecht Micropaleontological Bulletins, 29: 163-173.

Veron, J.E.N., (2008). Mass extinctions and ocean acidification: Biological constraints on geological dilemmas. Coral reefs, 27: 459-472.

Versteegh, G.J.M., (1993). New Pliocene and Pleistocene calcareous dinoflagellate cysts from Southern Italy and Crete. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 78: 353-380.

Villain, J.-M., (1975). "Calcisphaerulidae" (incertae sedis) du Cretacé supérieur du Limbourg (Pays-Bas), et d'autres régions. Palaeontographica, Abteilung A,, 149: 193-242.

Villanueva, J. & Grimalt, J.O., (1997). Gas chromatographic tuning of the U 37 paleothermometer. Analytical Chemistry, 69(16): 3329-3332.

Vinken, R., (1988). The Northwest European Tertiary Basin. Geologisches Jahrbuch, 100: 1-267.

Vogler, J., (1941). Ober-Jura und Kreide von Misol (Niederländisch-Ostindien). Palaeontographica, Abteilung, Supl. 4(4): 243-293.

Volk, T., (1989). Sensitivity of climate and atmospheric CO2 to deep-ocean and shallow-ocean carbonate burial. Nature, 337: 6367-640.

de Vrind-de Jong, E.W.; Borman, A.H.; Thierry, R.; Westbroek, P.; Grüter, M. & Kamerling, J.P., (1986). Calcification in the coccolithophorids Emiliania huxleyi and Pleurochrysis carterae II. Biochemical aspects,. In: Leadbeater, B.S.C. and Green, J.C. (Editors), Biomineralisation in lower plants and animals. Sysematics Asociation Special Volume, pp. 205-217.

de Vrind-de Jong, E.W.; van Emburg, P.R. & de Vrind, J.P.M., (1994). Mechanisms of calcification: Emiliania huxleyi as model system. In: Green, J.C. and Leadbeater, B.S.C. (Editors), The Haptophyte Algae. Systematics Association Special Volumes. Clarendon Press, Oxford, pp. 149-166.

de Vrind-de Jong, E.W. & de Vrind, J.P.M., (1997). Algal deposition of carbonates and silicates. Reviews in Mineralogy, 35: 267-307.

Wade, B. & Bown, P.R., (2006). Calcareous nannofossils in extreme environments: The Messinian Salinity Crisis, Polemi Basin, Cyprus. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 233: 271-286.

Wagreich, M., (1992). Correlation of Late Cretaceous calcareous nannofossil zones with ammonite zones and planktonic foraminifera: the Austrian Gosau sections. Cretaceous Research, 13: 505-516.

Wagreich, M. & Krenmeyr, H.-G., (1993). Nannofossil biostratigraphy of the Late Cretaceous Nierental Formation, Northern Calcareous Alps (Bavaria, Austria). Zitteliana, 20: 67-77.

Wallich, G.C., (1860). Notes on the presence of animal life at vast depths in the sea; with observations on the nature of the sea bed, as bearing on submarine telegrphy. Taylor & Francis, London, 38 pp.

Wallich, G.C., (1861). Remarks on some novel phases of organic life, and on the boring powers of minute annelids, at great depths in the sea. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 8: 52-58.

Wallich, G.C., (1875). On the naure of the so-called "Bathybius" and its alleged function in the nutrition of the protozoa. Annals and Magazine of Natural History: 322-339.

Wallich, G.C., (1877). Observations on the coccosphere. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 19: 342-350.

Wallich, G.C., (1880). The threshold of evolution. Popular Science Review, New Series, 14(April): 143-155.

Walsworth-Bell, B. & Howard, A., (2000). UK summer plankton: A note. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 22(1): 27.

Wan, X.; Burnett, J. & Gallagher, L., (1993). A preliminary correlation between the Cretaceous calcareous nannofloras and foraminifera of southern Tibet. Revista Española de Micropaleontología, 25: 41-56.

Wang, C. & Huang, W., (1989). Calcareous nannofossils Cenozoic Paleobiota of the Continental Shelf of the East China Sea (Donghai). Micropaleobotanical Vol. Geol. Pub. House, Beijing, pp. 202-252.

Wanner, J., (1940). Gesteinbildende Foraminiferen aus Malm und Unterkreide des östlichen ostindischen Archipels nebst Bemerkungen über Orbulinaria Rhumbler und andere verwandte Foraminiferen. Paläontologische Zeitschrift, 22(2): 75-99.

Ward, P.D. & Kennedy, W.J., (1993). Maastrichtian Ammonites from the Bay of Biscay Region (France, Spain). Journal of Paleontology Paleontological Society Memoir, 34, 67: 1-58.

Watabe, N. & Wilbur, K.M., (1966). Effects of temperature on growth, calcification and coccolith form in Coccolithus huxleyi (Coccolityhineae). Limnology and Oceanography, 11: 567-575.

Watkins, D.K., (1986). Calcareous nannofossil paleoceanography of the Cretaceous Greenhorn Sea. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, 97: 1239-1249.

Watkins, D.K., (1989). Nannofossil productivity fluctuations and rhythmically bedded pelagic caerbonates of the Grenhorn Limestione (Upper Cretaceous). Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 74(1): 75-86.

Watkins, D.K., (1992). Upper Cretaceous nannofossils from Leg 120, Kergeulen Plateau, Southern Ocean. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 120: 343-370.

Watkins, D.K. & Bergen, J.A., (2003). Late Albian adaptive radiation in the calcareous nannofossil genus Eiffelithus. Micropaleontology, 49(3): 231-252.

Watkins, D.K. & Bowdler, J.L., (1984). Cretaceous calcareous nannofossils from Deep Sea Drilling Project Leg 77, southeast Gulf of Mexico. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 77: 649-674.

Watkins, D.K.; Bralower, T.J.; Covington, J.M. & Fisher, C.J., (1993). Biostratigraphy and paleoecology of the Upper Cretaceous calcareous nannofossils in the Western Interior Basin, North America. In: Caldwell, W.G.E. and Kauffman, E.G. (Editors), Evolution of the Western Interior Basin. Geological Association of Canada; Special Paper, pp. 521-537.

Watkins, D.K.; Wise, S.W.; Pospichal, J.J. & Crux, J., (1996). Upper Cretaceous calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy and paleoceanography of the Southern Ocean. In: Moguilevsky, A. and Whatley, R. (Editors), Microfossils and Oceanic Environments. University of Wales, Aberystwyth Press, pp. 355-381.

Watson, A.J. & Liss, P.S., (1998). Marine biological controls on clmte via the carbon and sulphur geochemical cycles. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London (B), 353: 41-51.

Weaver, P.P.E., (1983). An integrated stratigraphy of the Upper Quaternary of the King's Trough flank area, NE Atlantic. Oceanologica Acta, 6: 451-456.

Weaver, P.P.E. & Pujol, C., (1988). Histoy of the last deglaciation in the Alboran Sea (western Mediteranan) and adjacent north Atlantic as revealed by coccolith floras. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 64: 35-46.

Weber-van Bosse, A., (1901). Études sur les algues de l'Archipel Malaisien III. Note préliminaire sur les résultats algologíques de l'expédition du Siboga. Annales du Jardin Botanique de Buitenzorg, 17(2): 126-141.

Wei, W., (1988). A new technique for preparing quantitative nannofossil slides. Journal of Paleontology, 62: 472-473.

Wei, W., (1990). A new technique for constructing camera-ready range charts using a Macintosh computer. INA Newsletter, 12: 62-64.

Wei, W., (1993). Calibration of Upper Pliocene - Lower Pleistocene nannofossil events with oxygen isotope stratigraphy. Paleoceanography, 8: 85-99.

Wei, W., (1993). Clarification of Coccolithus crassus Bramlette and Sullivan, an index fossil of coccolithophoridae. Journal of Paleontology, 67(1): 135-138.

Wei, W., (2003). Upper Miocene nannofossil bistratigraphy and taxonomy of Exxon core CH30-43-2 from the Gulf of Mexico Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 25(1): 17-23.

Wei, W. & Liu, L., (1992). Biometric and biochronologic study of the Prinsius martinii - P. bisulcus group. Knihovnicka ZPN, 14b(2): 11-35.

Wei, W. & Peleo-Alampay, A., (1993). Updated Cenozoic Nannofossil Magnetobiochronology. INA Newsletter, 15: 15-17.

Wei, W. & Pospichal, J.J., (1991). Danian calcareous nannofossil succession at ODP Site 738 in the southern Indian Ocean. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 119: 495-512.

Wei, W. & Thierstein, H.R., (1991). Upper Cretaceous and Cenozoic calcareous nannofossils of the Kerguelen Plateau (Southern Indian ocean) and Prydz Bay (East Anatarctica) Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 119: 467-493.

Wei, W. & Wise, S.W., (1989). Paleogene calcareous nannofossil magnetobiochronology: Results from South Atlantic DSDP Site 516. Marine Micropaleontology, 14: 119-152.

Wei, W. & Wise, S.W., (1990). Middle Eocene to Pleistocene calcareous nannofossils recovered by Ocean Drilling Program leg 113 in the Weddell Sea. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 113: 639-666.

Wei, W. & Wise, S.W., (1992). Oligocene-Pleistocene calcareous nannofossils from Southern Ocean Sites 747, 748, and 751. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 120: 509-521.

Wei, W. & Zhong, S., (1996). Taxonomy and magnetobiochronology of Tribrachiatus and Rhomboaster, two genera of calcareous nannofossils. Journal of Paleontology, 70(1): 7-22.

Weiser, J.; Baumann, K.-H.; Hahn, A. & Zabel, M., (2016). Late Holocene paleoceanographic changes off south-western Africa as inferred from coccolithophore assemblages. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 36(2): 161-171.

Wendler, J.; Gräfe, K.U. & Willems, H., (2002). Palaeoecology of calcareous dinoflagellate cysts in the mid-Cenomanian Boreal Realm: implications for the reconstruction of palaeoceanography of the NW European shelf sea. Cretaceous Research, 23: 213-229.

Wendler, J.; Gräfe, K.U. & Willems, H., (2003). Palaeoecology of calcareous dinoflagellate cysts in the mid-Cenomanian Boreal Realm: implications for the reconstruction of palaeoceanography of the NW European shelf sea. Cretaceous Research, 23: 213-229.

Wendler, J.; Wendler, I. & Willems, H., (2001). Orthopithonella collaris sp. nov., a new calcareous dinoflagellate cyst from the K/T boundary (Fish Clay, Stevns Klint/Denmark). . Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 115: 69-77.

Wendler, J. & Willems, H., (2002). Distribution pattern of calcareous dinoflagellate cysts across the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary (Fish Clay, Stevns Klint, Denmark): Implications for our understanding of species-selective extinction. Geological Society of America Special Paper, 356: 265-275.

Wendler, J.E. & Bown, P.R., (2013). Exceptionally well-preserved Cretaceous microfossils reveal new biomineralization styles. Nature Communications, 3052: 1-4.

West, J.A., (1969). Observations on four rare marine microalgae from Hawaii. Phycologia, 8(3-4): 187-192.

Westbroek, P. & others, (1993). A model system approach to biological climate forcing. The example of Emiliania huxleyi. Global and Planetary Change, 8: 27-46.

Westbroek, P.; van der Wal, P.; van Emburg, P.R.; de Vrind - de Jong, E. & de Bruijn, W.C., (1986). Calcification in coccolithophorids Emiliania huxleyi and Pleurochrysis carterae I. Ultrastructural aspects. In: Leadbeater, B.S.C. and Green, J.C. (Editors), Biomineralisation in lower plants and animals. Systematics Association Special Volume, pp. 189-203.

Westbroek, P. & others, (1994). Emiliania huxleyi as a key to biosphere-geosphere interactions. In: Green, J.C. and Leadbeater, B.S.C. (Editors), The Haptophyte Algae. Systematics Association Special Volumes. Clarendon Press, Oxford, pp. 321-334.

Westbroek, P. & others, (1984). Mechanism of calcification in the marine alga Emiliania huxleyi. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London (B), 304: 435-444.

Westbroek, P.; Young, J.R. & Linschooten, K., (1989). Coccolith production (Biomineralization) in the marine alga Emiliania huxleyi. Journal of Protozoology, 36(4): 368-373.

Wetzel, O., (1933). Die in organischer Substanz erhaltenen Mikrofossilien des baltischen Kreide-Feuersteins mit einem sediment-petrographischen und stratigraphischen Anhang. Palaeontographica, Abteilung, A78: 1-110.

de Wever, P.; O'Dogherty, L.; Carodroit, M.; Dumitrica, P.; Guex, J.; Nigrini, C. & Caulet, J.-P., (2003). Diversity of radiolarian families through time. Bulletin de la Societe Géologique de France, 174(5): 453-469.

Whittaker, R.H. & Margulis, L., (1978). Protist classification and the kingdoms of organisms. BioSystems, 10: 3-18.

Widdicombe, C.E.; Archer, D.A.; Burkill, P.H. & Widdicombe, S., (2002). Diversity and structure of the microplankton community during a coccolithophore bloom in the stratified northern North Sea. Deep-Sea Research, 49: 2887-2903.

Widmark, J.G.V. & Henriksson, A.S., (1995). The "orphaned" agglutinated foraminifera - Gaudryina cribrosphaerellifera n. sp. from the Upper Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) Central Pacific Ocean. In: Kaminski, M.A., Geroch, S. and Gasinski, M.A. (Editors), Proceedings of the fourth international workshop on agglutinated foraminifera. Grzybowski Foundation Special Publication. Grzybowski Foundation, pp. 293-301.

Wiedicke, M. & others, (2002). Cruise Report Sonne Cruise SO-161-5, SPOC, Subduction Processes off Chile. BGR Reports 11241/02, Bundesanstalt fuer Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe, Hannover.

Wiedmann, J.; Fabricius, F.; Krystyn, L.; Reitner, J. & Urlichs, M., (1979). Über Umfang und Stellung des Rhaet. Newsletters on Stratigraphy, 8: 133-152.

Wiegand, G.E., (1984). Jurassic nannofossils from the northwest African margin. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 79: 657-670.

Wiegand, G.E., (1984). Two new genera of calcareous nannofossils from the Lower Jurassic. Journal of Paleontology, 58: 1151-1155.

Wilbur, K.M. & Watabe, N., (1963). Experimental studies on calcification in molluscs and the alga Coccolithus huxleyi. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 109: 82-112.

Wilcoxon, J.A., (1970). Cyclococcolithina Wilcoxon nom. nov. (nom. subst. pro Cyclococcolithus KAMPTNER, 1954). Tulane Studies in Geology and Paleontology, 8: 82-83.

Wilcoxon, J.A., (1970). Sphenaster new genus, a Pliocene calcareous nannofossil from the tropical Indo-Pacific. Tulane Studies in Geology and Paleontology, 8: 78-81.

Wilcoxon, J.A., (1972). Upper Jurassic-Lower Cretaceous calcareous nannoplankton from the Western North Atlantic Basin. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 11: 427-457.

Wilkinson, I.P.; Williams, M.; Young, J.R.; Lott, G.K.; Cook, S.R. & Fulford, M.G., (2008). The application of microfossils in assessing the provenance of chalk used in the manufacture of Roman mosaics at Silchester. Journal of Archaeological Science., 35: 2415-2422.

Willems, H., (1985). Tetramerosphaera lacrimula, eine intern gefächerte Calcisphaere aus der Ober-Kreide. Senckenbergiana lethaea, 66: 177-201.

Willems, H., (1988). Kalkige Dinoflagellaten-Zysten aus der oberkretazischen Schreibkreide-Fazies N-Deutschlands (Coniac bis Maastricht). Senckenbergiana lethaea, 68: 433-477.

Willems, H., (1990). Tetratropis, eine neue Kalkdinoflagellaten-Gattung (Pithonelloideae) aus der Ober-Kreide von Lägerdorf (N-Deutschland). Senckenbergiana Lethaea, v.70, no.1/3, p.239-257, pl.1-2. Senckenbergiana lethaea, 70(1/3): 239-257.

Willems, H., (1992). Kalk-Dinoflagellaten aus dem Unter-Maastricht der Insel Rügen. Zeitschrift für Geologische Wissenschaften, 20(2): 155-178.

Willems, H., (1994). New calcareous dinoflagellates from the Upper Cretaceous white chalk of northern Germany. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 84: 57-72.

Willems, H., (1995). Praecalcigonellum duopylum n. sp., a new calcareous dinoflagellate cyst from the lowermost Danian (Biantholithus sparsus Zone) of the Geulhemmerberg Section (South Limburg, The Netherlands). Neues Jahrbuch fuer Geologie und Palaontologie, Abhandlungen, 198: 141-152.

Willems, H., (1996). Calcareous dinocysts from the Geulhemmerberg K/T boundary section (Limburg, se Netherlands). Geologie en Mijnbouw, 75(215-231).

Williams, G.L.; Lentin, J.K. & Fensome, R.A., (1998). The Lentin and Williams Index of fossil dinoflagellates 1998 edition. American Association of Stratigraphic Palynologists, Contributions Series, 34: 1-817.

Williams, J.R. & Bralower, T.J., (1995). Nannofossil assemblages, fine fraction stable isotopes, and the paleoceanography of the Valanginian-Barremian (Early Cretaceous) North Sea Basin. Paleoceanography, 10(4): 815-839.

Wilson, J.D.; Barker, S. & Ridgwell, A., (2012). Assessment of the spatial variability in particulate organic matter and mineral sinking fluxes in the ocean interior: Implications for the ballast hypothesis. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 26: 1-15.

Wind, F.H., (1975). Tetralithus copulatus Deflandre (Coccolithophyceae) from the Indian Ocean: a possible paleoecological indicator. Antarctic Journal of the United States, X (5): 265-268.

Wind, F.H., (1979). Maestrichtian-Campanian nannofloral provinces of the southern Atlantic and Indian Oceans. In: Talwani, M., Hay, W.W. and Ryan, W.B.F. (Editors), Deep Drilling Results in the Atlantic Ocean: Continental Margins and Paleoenvironment. AGU Maurice Ewing Series, Washington, pp. 123-137.

Wind, F.H., (1983). The genus Nephrolithus Górka, 1957 (Coccolithophoridae). Journal of Paleontology, 57: 157-161.

Wind, F.H. & Cepek, P., (1979). Lower Cretaceous calcareous nannoplankton from DSDP Hole 397A (northwest African Margin). Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 47A: 221-235.

Wind, F.H. & Wise, S.W., (1978). Mesozoic holococcoliths. Geology, 6(140-142).

Wind, F.H. & Wise, S.W., (1983). Correlation of upper Campanian-lower Maestrichtian calcareous nannofossil assemblages in drill and piston cores from the Falkland Plateau, southwest Atlantic Ocean. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 71: 551-563.

Windley, D.E.; Bown, P.R.; Gale, A.S. & Young, J.R., (1993). Cenomanian high-resolution stratigraphy and palaeoceanography. INA Newsletter, 15: 101.

Winkler, W.; Hurford, A.J. & von Salis Perch-Nielsen, K., (1990). Fission track and nannofossil ages from a Paleocene bentonite in the Schlieren Flysch (Central Alps, Switzerland). Schweizerische Mineralogische Petrographische Mitteilungen, 70: 389-396.

Winston, J.E., (1999). Describing species: Practical taxonomic procedure for biologists. Columbia University Press, New York, 518 pp.

Winter, A., (1982). Paleonvironmental interpretation of quaternary coccolith assemblages from the Gulf of Aqaba (Elat), Red Sea. Revista Española de Micropaleontología, 14: 291-314.

Winter, A., (1983). Distribution of living coccolithophores from Southwest Indian Ocean. Technical Report Marine Geoscience Unit, Joint Geological Survey/University of Cape Town, 14(139-145).

Winter, A., (1985). Distribution of living coccolithophores in the California Current system, Southern California borderland. Marine Micropaleontology, 9(5): 385-393.

Winter, A.; Elbrächter, M. & Krause, G., (1999). Subtropical coccolithophores in the Weddell Sea. Deep-Sea Research. Part 1, Oceanographic research papers, 46(3): 439-449.

Winter, A.; Jordan, R.W. & Roth, P.H., (1994). Biogeography of living coccolithophores in ocean waters. In: Winter, A. and Siesser, W.G. (Editors), Coccolithophores. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 161-177.

Winter, A. & Mitchell Innes, B., (1986). Coccolithophores; a major phytoplankton component in upwelling waters off the Cape Peninsula, southern Africa. Technical Report Marine Geoscience Unit, Joint Geological Survey/University of Cape Town, 16: 169-178.

Winter, A.; Reiss, Z. & Luz, B., (1978). Living Gephyrocapsa protohuxleyi in the Gulf of Elat. Marine Micropaleontology, 3: 295-298.

Winter, A.; Reiss, Z. & Luz, B., (1979). Distribution of living coccolithophore assemblages in the Gulf of Elat ('Aqaba). Marine Micropaleontology, 4: 197-223.

Winter, A. & Siesser, W.G., (1994). Atlas of living coccolithophores. In: Winter, A. and Siesser, W.G. (Editors), Coccolithophores. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 107-159.

Winter, A. & Siesser, W.G., (1994). Coccolithophores. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Winter, A.; Stockwell, D. & Hargraves, P.E., (1986). Tintinnid agglutination of coccoliths: A selective or random process? Marine Micropaleontology, 10: 375-379.

Wise, S.W., (1973). Calcareous nannofossils from cores recovered during Leg 18, Deep Sea Drilling Project: biostratigraphy and observations on diagenesis. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 18: 569-615.

Wise, S.W., (1983). Mesozoic and Cenozoic calcareous nannofossils recovered by DSDP Leg 71 in the Falkland Plateau region, Southwest Atlantic Ocean. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 71: 481-550.

Wise, S.W., (1988). Mesozoic-Cenozoic history of calcareous nannofossils in the region of the Southern Ocean. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 67: 157-179.

Wise, S.W. & Constans, R.E., (1976). Mid Eocene plankton correlations Northern Italy - Jamaica W.I. Transactions of the Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies, 26: 144-155.

Wise, S.W. & Wind, F.H., (1977). Mesozoic and Cenozoic calcareous nannofossils recovered by DSDP Leg 36 drilling on the Falkland Plateau, south-west Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 36(269-491).

Woese, C.R., (2002). On the evolution of cells. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America, 99(13): 8742-8747.

Wood, C.J.; Ernst, G. & Rasemann, G., (1984). The Turonian-Coniacian stage boundary in Lower Saxony (Germany) and adjacent areas: the Salzgitter-Salder Quarry as a proposed international standard section. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark, 33: 225-238.

Woodward, M., (2009). AMT-18 Cruise Report. Plymouth Marine Laboratory, 246 pp.

Worsley, T.R., (1971). Calcareous nannofossil zonation of Upper Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous sediments from the Western Atlantic. In: Farinacci, A. (Editor), Proceedings of the Second Planktonic Conference Roma 1971. Edizioni Tecnoscienza, Rome, pp. 1301-1321.

Worsley, T.R., (1974). The Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary event in the ocean. SEPM Special Publication, 20: 94-121.

Wright, C.W. & Kennedy, W.J., (1981). The Ammonoidea of the Plenus Marls and the Middle Chalk. Palaeontographical Society Monographs, 1981: 1-148.

Wujek, D.E. & Gardiner, W.E., (1985). Chrysophyceae (Mallomonadaceae) from Florida. II. New species of Paraphysomonas and the prymnesiophyte Chrysochromulina. Florida Scientist, 48: 59-63.

Xu, Y. & Mao, S., (1992). Cretaceous-Early Tertiary calcareous nannofossils from southern Xizang (Tibet) and their sedimentary environment. Acta Micropalaeontologica Sinica, 9: 331-347.

Yang, T.; Wei, K.; Chen, M.; Ji, S.; Gong, G.; Lin, F. & Lee, T., (2004). Summer and winter distribution and malformation of coccolithophores in the East China Sea Micropaleontology, 50(supplement 1): 157-170.

Yang, T.; Wei, K. & Gwo-Ching, G., (2001). Distribution of coccolithophorids and coccoliths in surface ocean off northeastern Taiwan. Botanical Bulletin of the Academia Sinica, 42(287-302).

Yang, T.-N.; Wei, K. & Wu, J.-T., (2012). Marine coccolithophores around Taiwan. Biodiversity Research Center, Academica Sinica, Taipei, 96 pp.

Yang, T.-N. & Wei, K.-Y., (2003). How many coccoliths ar there in a coccosphere of theextant coccolithophorids? A compilation. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 25(1): 7-15.

Yoshida, M.; Noël, M.-H.; Nakayama, T.; Naganuma, T. & Inouye, I., (2006). A Haptophyte bearing siliceous scales: Ultrastructure and phylogenetic position of Hyalolithus neolepis gen. et sp. nov. (Prymnesiophyceae, Haptophyta). Protist, 157(2): 213-234.

Young, C.R., (1995). Non-conventional nannoplankton biostratigraphy applied to biosteering horizontal wells. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 17: 92.

Young, J.R., (1983). A study of the calcareous nannofossils in Maastrichtian and Palaeocene sediments from Djebel bou Krouf, Tunisia. MSc Thesis, University College London, London, 82 pp.

Young, J.R., (1985). Homeomorphy and functional morphology of calcareous nannoplankton. International Nannoplankton Association Newsletter, 7(2): 104.

Young, J.R., (1987). Possible functional interpretations of coccolith morphology. Abhandlungen der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 39: 305-313.

Young, J.R., (1987). Higher classification of coccolithophorids. International Nannoplankton Association Newsletter, 9(36-39).

Young, J.R., (1987). Basic techniques for computer illustration of calcareous nannofossils. International Nannoplankton Association Newsletter, 9(116-119).

Young, J.R., (1987). Neogene calcareous nannofossils from the Makran Region of Pakistan and the Indian Ocean. PhD Thesis, Imperial College London, London, 288 pp.

Young, J.R., (1989). Observations on heterococcolith rim structure and its relationship to developmental processes. In: Crux, J.A. and Heck, S.E.v. (Editors), Nannofossils and their applications. Ellis Horwood, Chichester, pp. 1-20.

Young, J.R., (1990). Size variation of Neogene Reticulofenestra coccoliths from Indian Ocean DSDP cores. Journal of Micropalaeontology, 9: 71-86.

Young, J.R., (1991). A Quarternary nannofossil range chart. International Nannoplankton Association Newsletter, 13(1): 14-17.

Young, J.R., (1991). Prague International Nannoplankton Association Conference - Abstract Volume. International Nannoplankton Association Newsletter, 13, 33-82 pp.

Young, J.R., (1992). Report - Terminology working Group meeting, London April 1992. International Nannoplankton Association Newsletter, 14(1): 6-8.

Young, J.R., (1993). The description and analysis of coccolith structure. In: Hamrsmid, B. and Young, J.R. (Editors), Nannoplankton Research, Proceedings of the 4th International Nannoplankton Association Conference, Prague 1991. ZPN, Hodonin, pp. 35-71.

Young, J.R., (1994). Variation in Emiliania huxleyi coccolith morphology in samples from the Norwegian EHUX experiment, 1992. Sarsia, 79: 417-425.

Young, J.R., (1994). Functions of coccoliths. In: Winter, A. and Siesser, W.G. (Editors), Coccolithophores. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 63-82.

Young, J.R., (1998). Neogene. In: Bown, P.R. (Editor), Calcareous Nannofossil Biostratigraphy. British Micropalaeontological Society Publications Series. Chapman & Hall, London, pp. 225-265.

Young, J.R., (2003). How many species? Analysis of extant nannoplankton biodiversity. Gaia, 11: 87-87.

Young, J.R., (2006). Proteus – a nineteenth century vision. The Palaeontology Newsletter, 61: 118-121.

Young, J.R., (2008). Coccoliths. In: Gornitz, V. (Editor), Encyclopedia of Paleoclimatology and Ancient Environments. Earth Science Series. Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 187-188.

Young, J.R., (2008). Scyphosphaera porosa Kamptner 1967 rediscovered in the plankton. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 30(1): 35-38.

Young, J.R., (2008). Interactive comment on “A multi-species coccolith volume response to an anthropogenically-modified ocean” by P. R. Halloran et al. . Biogeosciences Discussions, 5: 1471–1474.

Young, J.R., (2009). Through the Atlantic on the James Clark Ross. , 6(1), 15-16. . Set in Stone, The NHM Palaeontology Department Newsletter, 6(1): 15-16.

Young, J.R., (2009). Pteropod molecular biology. In: Woodward, M. (Editor), AMT-18 Cruise Report. Plymouth Marine Laboratory, Plymouth, pp. 83-84.

Young, J.R., (2010). Calcareous nannofossils. In: Young, J.R. et al. (Editors), Fossil of the Gault Clay. Palaeontological Association, pp. 16-27.

Young, J.R., (2014). Nannotax 3 - Online nannofossil taxonomy. Newsletter of Micropaleontology, 89: 40-41.

Young, J.R., (subm.). Calcareous nannofossils. In: MacLeod, N. and Henderson, A. (Editors), CD-ROM: Palaeobase 3 - Microfossils. Blackwells.

Young, J.R. & Andruleit, H., (2004). Narrow-rimmed placoliths: a distinctive group of deep photic coccolithophores? Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 26(2): 112-113.

Young, J.R. & Andruleit, H., (2006). Navilithus altivelum: a remarkable new genus and species of deep photic coccolithophores. Journal of Micropalaeontology, 25(2): 141-152.

Young, J.R.; Andruleit, H. & Probert, I., (2009). Coccolith function and morphogenesis, insights from appendage-bearing coccolithophores of the family Syracosphaeraceae (Haptophyta). Journal of Phycology, 45(213-226).

Young, J.R. & others, (1997). Guidelines for coccolith and calcareous nannofossil terminology. Palaeontology, 40: 875-912.

Young, J.R. & others, (2000). Phylogeny of coccolithophores and the evolution of calcification. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 22(2): 153-155.

Young, J.R. & Bown, P.R., (1991). An ontogenetic sequence of coccoliths from the Late Jurassic Kimmeridge Clay of England. Palaeontology, 34: 843-850.

Young, J.R. & Bown, P.R., (1993). Salamanca International Nannoplankton Association Conference - Abstract Volume. International Nannoplankton Association Newsletter, 15, 41-104 pp.

Young, J.R. & Bown, P.R., (1997). Cenozoic calcareous nannoplankton classification. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 19(1): 36-47.

Young, J.R. & Bown, P.R., (1997). Higher classification of calcareous nannofossils. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 19(1): 15-20.

Young, J.R. & Bown, P.R., (2014). Some emendments to calcareous nannoplankton taxonomy. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 33(1): 39-46.

Young, J.R.; Bown, P.R. & Burnett, J.A., (1994). Palaeontological perspectives. In: Green, J.C. and Leadbeater, B.S.C. (Editors), The Haptophyte Algae. Systematics Association Special Volume. Clarendon Press, Oxford, pp. 379-392.

Young, J.R.; Bown, P.R. & Lees, J.A., (2015). Nannotax3 website: http://ina.tmsoc.org/Nannotax3. http://ina.tmsoc.org/Nannotax3. Date accessed: 24/9/2014.

Young, J.R.; Davis, S.A.; Bown, P.R. & Mann, S., (1999). Coccolith ultrastructure and biomineralisation. Journal of Structural Biology, 126: 195-215.

Young, J.R.; Didymus, J.M.; Bown, P.R.; Prins, B. & Mann, S., (1992). Crystal assembly and phylogenetic evolution in heterococcoliths. Nature, 356: 516-518.

Young, J.R.; Didymus, J.M. & Mann, S., (1991). On the reported presence of vaterite and aragonite in coccoliths of Emiliania huxleyi. Botanica Marina, 34(6): 589-591.

Young, J.R.; Flores, J.-A. & Wei, W., (1994). A summary chart of Neogene nannofossil magnetobiostratigraphy. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 16: 21-27.

Young, J.R.; Flores, J.A. & Cachao, M., (2008). Quaternary coccolithophore palaeoceanography. Marine Micropaleontology, 69(1): 1-2.

Young, J.R.; Gale, A.S.; Knight, R. & Smith, A.B., (2010). Fossils of the Gault Clay. Field Guides to Fossils Palaeontological Association, 339 pp.

Young, J.R. & Geisen, M., (1998). Using spreadsheets to produce stacked histogram, stacked line and spindle charts. Journal of Micropalaeontology, 17: 104.

Young, J.R. & Geisen, M., (2002). Xenospheres – associations of coccoliths resembling coccospheres. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 24(1): 27-35.

Young, J.R.; Geisen, M.; Cros, L.; Kleijne, A.; Probert, I. & Ostergaard, J.B., (2003). A guide to extant coccolithophore taxonomy. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, Special Issue, 1: 1-132.

Young, J.R.; Geisen, M. & Probert, I., (2005). A review of selected aspects of coccolithophore biology with implications for palaeobiodiversity estimation. Micropaleontology, 51(4): 267-288.

Young, J.R.; Geisen, M.; Probert, I. & Henriksen, K., (2004). Holococcolith and nannolith biomineralisation. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 26(2): 114-5.

Young, J.R.; Hagino, K. & Poulton, A., (2014). Gladiolithus adeyi sp. nov.: a new deep photic coccolithophore species and new molecular genetic and crystallographic observations on Gladiolithus flabellatus. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 34(special): 61-68.

Young, J.R. & Henriksen, K., (2003). Biomineralization within vesicles: the calcite of coccoliths. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 54: 189-215.

Young, J.R.; Henriksen, K. & Probert, I., (2004). Structure and morphogenesis of the coccoliths of the CODENET species. In: Thierstein, H.R. and Young, J.R. (Editors), Coccolithophores - From molecular processes to global impact. Springer, pp. 191-216.

Young, J.R.; Jordan, R.W. & Cros, L., (1998). Notes on nannoplankton systematics and life-cycles - Ceratolithus cristatus, Neosphaera coccolithomorpha and Umbilicosphaera sibogae. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 20(2): 89-99.

Young, J.R.; Koch, C. & Toms, L., (2009). Was coccolith evoution in the Quaternary exceptionally rapid? The Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 72: 37.

Young, J.R.; Kucera, M. & Chung, H.-W., (1996). Automated biometrics on captured light microscope images of coccoliths of Emiliania huxleyi. In: Moguilevsky, A. and Whatley, R. (Editors), Microfossils and oceanic environments. Aberystwyth Press, pp. 261-277.

Young, J.R.; Lees, J.A. & Bown, P.R., (2012). The Farinacci Catalogue of Calcareous Nannofossils – CD-ROM version. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 32(2): 79-80.

Young, J.R. & Lipps, J.H., (1997). Taxonomy and taxonomic appendices in Marine Micropaleontology. Marine Micropaleontology, 29: 173-174.

Young, J.R.; Liu, H.; Probert, I.; Aris-Brosou, S. & de Vargas, C., (2014). Morphospecies versus phylospecies concepts for evaluating phytoplankton diversity: The Case of the Coccolithophores. Cryptogamie, Algologie, 35(4): 353-377.

Young, J.R.; Miller, G. & Hodgetts, J., (2008). Discovering microfossils at Lyme Regis. Newsletter of Micropaleontology, 76: 33.

Young, J.R.; Poulton, A.J. & Tyrrell, T., (2014). Morphology of Emiliania huxleyi coccoliths on the North West European shelf – is there an influence of carbonate chemistry? Biogeosciences, 11: 4771-4782.

Young, J.R.; Teale, C.T. & Bown, P.R., (1986). Revision of the stratigraphy of the Longobucco Group (Liassic, southern Italy); based on new data from nannofossils and ammonites. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 79(1): 117-135.

Young, J.R.; Thierstein, H.R. & Winter, A., (2000). Nannoplankton ecology and palaeoecology. Proceedings of the INA7 conference, Puerto Rico 1998. Marine Micropaleontology, 39, 1-316 pp.

Young, J.R. & Wei, W., (1994). A summary chart of Neogene nannofossil magnetobiostratigraphy. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 16(1): 21-27.

Young, J.R. & Westbroek, P., (1991). Genotypic variation in the coccolithophorid species Emiliania huxleyi. Marine Micropaleontology, 18: 5-23.

Young, J.R. & Ziveri, P., (2000). Calculation of coccolith volume and its use in calibration of carbonate flux estimates. Deep-Sea Research. Part 2, Topical studies in oceanography, 47: 1679-1700.

Zachariasse, W.J., (1989). Early Late Pliocene biochronology and surface water temperature variations in the Mediterranean. Marine Micropaleontology, 14: 339-355.

Zachos, J.C.; Pagani, M.; Sloan, L.; Thomas, E. & Billups, K., (2001). Trends, Rhythms, and Aberrations in Global Climate 65 Ma to Present. Science, 292: 686-693.

Zachos, J.C. & others, (2005). Rapid Acidification of the Ocean During the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum. Science, 308(5728): 16111-1615.

Zeebe, R.E.; Zachos, J.C.; Caldeira, K. & Tyrrell, T., (2008). Carbon Emissions and Acidification. Science, 321(5885): 51-52.

Zhong, X.; Zhong, S.; Fei, X.; Nie, Y. & Lin, T., (1988). Calcareous nannofossils from the Oligocene Shahejie-I Member in the Bohai Basin and their sedimentary environment. Acta Micropalaeontologica Sinica,, 5(2): 145-151.

Zhou, C.; Jing, Y.; Boaoning, L.; Xiaojun, Y. & Wendong, Z., (2012). The relationship between calcification and photosynthesis in the coccolithophorid Pleurochrysis carterae. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 32: 38-43.

Zhu, P. & MacDougall, J.D., (1998). Calcium isotopes in the marine environment and the oceanic clcium cycle. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 62(10): 1691-1698.

Zielinski, U., (1997). Parmales species (siliceous marine nanoplankton) in surface sediments of the Weddell Sea, Southern Ocean: indicators for sea-ice environment? Marine Micropaleontology, 32: 387-395.

Zingone, A.; Chrétiennot-Dinet, M.-J.; Lange, M. & Medlin, L., (1999). Morphological and genetic characterization of Phaeocystis cordata and P. jahnii (Prymnesiophyceae), two new species from the Mediterranean Sea. Journal of Phycology, 35: 1322-1337.

Ziveri, P.; Baumann, K.-H.; Böckel, B.; Bollmann, J. & Young, J.R., (2004). Present day coccolithophore biogeography of the Atlantic Ocean. In: Thierstein, H.R. and Young, J.R. (Editors), Coccolithophores - From molecular processes to global impact. Springer, pp. 403-427.

Ziveri, P.; de Bemardi, B.; Baumann, K.-H.; Stoll, H.M. & Mortyn, P.G., (2007). Sinking of coccolith carbonate and potential contribution to organic carbon ballasting in the deep ocean. Deep-Sea Research. Part 2, Topical studies in oceanography, 54(5-7): 659-675.

Ziveri, P. & Broerse, A.T.C., (1997). Coccolithopohres in sediment traps: Global coccolith flux data (II). Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 19(2): 93-94.

Ziveri, P.; Broerse, A.T.C.; van Hinte, J.E.; Westbroek, P. & Honjo, S., (2000). The fate of coccoliths at 48º N 21º W, northeastern Atlantic. Deep-Sea Research. Part 2, Topical studies in oceanography, 47: 1853-1875.

Ziveri, P. & others, (2008). Atmospheric CO2, ocean acidification, and ecological changes in planktonic calcifying organisms. ESF- EuroCLIMATE Workshop report The Eggs E.G.U. Newsletterr, 23: 1-8.

Ziveri, P.; Passaro, M.; Incarbona, A.; Milazzo, M.; Rodolfo-Metalpa, R. & Hall-Spencer, J.M., (2014). Decline in occolithophore diversity and impact on coccolith morphogenesis along a natural CO2 gradient. Biological Bulletin, 226: 282-290.

Ziveri, P.; Rutten, A.; de Lange, G.J.; Thomson, J. & Corselli, C., (2000). Present-day coccolith fluxes recorded in central eastern Mediterranean sediment traps and surface sediments, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology and Palaeoecology, 158, 3-4: 175-195. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 158(3-4): 175-195.

Ziveri, P.; Stoll, H.M.; Probert, I.; Klaas, C.; Geisen, M.; Ganssen, G.M. & Young, J.R., (2003). Stable isotope "vital effects" in coccolith calcite. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 210: 137-149.

Ziveri, P.; Thunell, R.C. & Rio, D., (1995). Seasonal changes in coccolithophore densities in the southern California Bight during 1991-1992. . Deep-Sea Research. Part 1, Oceanographic research papers, 42(1881-1903).

Ziveri, P.; Young, J.R. & van Hinte, J.E., (1999). Coccolithophore export production and accumulation rates. In “On the determination of sediment accumulation rates". Bruns P. and Hass C. H. (Eds). GeoResearch Forum, 5(41-56).

Zondervan, I., (2007). The effects of light, macronutrients, trace metals and CO2 on the production of calcium carbonate and organic carbon in coccolithophores—A review. Deep-Sea Research. Part 2, Topical studies in oceanography, 54: 521-537.

Zondervan, I.; Rost, B. & Riebesell, U., (2002). Effect of CO2 concentration on the PIC/POC ratio in the coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi grown under light-limiting conditions and different daylengths. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 272: 55-70.

Zonneveld, K.A.F.; Meier, K.J.S.; Esper, O.; Siggelkow, D.; Wendler, I. & Willems, H., (2005). The (palaeo-) environmental significance of modern calcareous dinoflagellate cysts: a review. Paläontologische Zeitschrift, 79(1): 61-77.

Zügel, P., (1994). Verbreitung kalkiger Dinoflagellaten-Zysten im Cenoman/Turon von Westfrankreich und Norddeutschland. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, 176: 1-161.