Globorotalia cavernula

NB TAXA WHICH ORIGINATE IN THE OLIGOCENE ARE NOT INCLUDED YET
Classification: pf_neogene -> Globorotalidae -> Globorotalia -> truncatulinoides lineage -> Globorotalia cavernula
Sister taxa: G. crassaconica, G. excelsa, G. hessi, G. oceanica, G. pachytheca, G. ronda, G. tenuitheca, G. viola, G. cavernula, G. truncatulinoides, G. tosaensis, G. crassaformis, G. crassula,

Taxonomy

Citation: Globorotalia cavernula Bé, 1967
Rank: species
Basionym: Globorotalia cavernula
Synonyms:
Variants:

Catalog entries: Globorotalia cavernula;
Globorotalia crozetensis; Globorotalia petaliformis;

Type images:

Short diagnosis: Keel & flat spiral side & deep umbilicus

NB The short diagnoses are used in the tables of daughter-taxa to act as quick summaries of the differences between e.g. species of one genus. They have initially been copied from the diagnostic characters/distinguishing features sections of the Eocene and Paleocene Atlases, they will be edited as the site is developed.

Description


Diagnostic characters: Small, very low trochospiral, spiral side almost flat, umbilical side distinctly convex

Aperture: : Interiomarginal umbilical-extraumbilical high rounded arch with a distinct rim [Aze 2011, based on Kennett & Srinivasan 1983]

Coiling direction (in extant population): sinistral


Wall type: Non-spinose; Smooth [Aze 2011]

Test morphology: Test small, very low trochospiral, spiral side almost flat, umbilical side distinctly convex; equatorial periphery ovate, slightly lobulate ; axial periphery sharply angled with thin keel; chambers angular to rhomboid, 5 to 6 in the final whorl, increasing rapidly in size, the final chamber showing a somewhat truncate shape. Sutures on both spiral and umbilical side curved and slightly depressed; surface smooth, finely perforate, few pustules on umbilical shoulder; umbilicus wide and deep, bordered by angled umbilical shoulder; aperture interiomarginal, umbilical-extraumbilical, a high rounded arch with a distinct rim.[Kennett & Srinivasan 1983]

Size: >150µm

Biogeography and Palaeobiology


Geographic distribution: Temperate [Kennett & Srinivasan 1983]

Isotope paleobiology: Aze et al. 2011 ecogroup 4 - Open ocean sub-thermocline. Based on very light ∂13C and very heavy ∂18O. Sources cited by Aze et al. 2011 (appendix S3): this study

Phylogenetic relations: Gr. (T.) cavernula is distinguished from Gr. (T.) truncatulinoides by its smaller size, very wide and open umbilicus, and smooth, finely perforate test. This species appears to have evolved from Gr. (T.) truncatulinoides within the Quaternary. It closely resembles this species in having planoconvex test, rhomboid chambers, including the truncate final chamber, and an umbilical shoulder. [Kennett & Srinivasan 1983]

Most likely ancestor: Globorotalia truncatulinoides - at confidence level 3 (out of 5). Data source: Kennett & Srinivasan 1983, fig 16.

Biostratigraphic distribution

Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): Extant Data source: present in the plankton (SCOR WG138)
First occurrence (base): within PT1b subzone (0.00-0.61Ma, base in Ionian stage). Data source: Chaisson & Pearson (1997)

Plot of occurrence data:

Primary source for this page: Kennett & Srinivisan 1983, p.150

References:

Aze, T.; Ezard, T.H.G.; Purvis, A.; Coxall, H.K.; Stewart, D.R.M.; Wade, B.S. & Pearson, P.N.P., (2011). A phylogeny of Cenozoic macroperforate planktonic foraminifera from fossil data. Biological Reviews, 86: 900-927.

Bé, A.W.H., (1967). Globorotalia cavernula, a new species of planktonic foraminifera from the Subantarctic Pacific Ocean. Contributions from the Cushman Foundation for Foraminiferal Research, 18(3): 128-132.

Chaisson, W.P. & Pearson, P.N.P., (1997). Planktonic foraminifer biostratigraphy at Site 925: Middle Miocene–Pleistocene. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results,, 154: 3-31.

Kennett, J.P. & Srinivasan, M.S., (1983). Neogene Planktonic Foraminifera. Hutchinson Ross Publishing Co., Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania, 1-265 pp.


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Globorotalia cavernula compiled by the pforams@mikrotax project team viewed: 16-12-2017

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