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Braunella


Classification: pf_mesozoic -> Heterohelicidae -> Braunella
Sister taxa: Braunella, Gublerina, Hendersonites, Heterohelix, Huberella, Laeviheterohelix, Lunatriella, Planoglobulina, Planoheterohelix, Praegublerina, Protoheterohelix, Pseudoguembelina, Pseudotextularia, Racemiguembelina, Rectoguembelina, Sigalia, Spiroplecta, Ventilabrella, Zeauvigerina,
Daughter taxa (blue => in age window 0-300Ma)


Taxonomy

Citation: Braunella Cushman, 1938
Rank: Genus
Basionym: Gümbelina punctulata
Type species: Gümbelina punctulata Cushman, 1938
Taxonomic discussion: The distinct, irregular reticulation of the test separates Braunella nov. gen. of the coeval Heterohelix s.l. species, the latter having dominant costate ornamentation, and from Pseudotextularia, which has pronounced, coarse costae. Occasional chamber proliferation in Braunella nov. gen. is developed between two rows of diverging chambers, whereas, by contrast, in Pseudotextularia-Racemiguembelina lineage the chambers of the proliferating stage are added in two planes resulting in a cone-shaped test. Pseudoguembelina Brönnimann & Brown presents secondary apertures along the zigzag suture as a result of chamber prolongation. By contrast, the supplementary apertures in Braunella are the result of the development of the periapertural structures. The ornamentation is different in Pseudoguembelina and Braunella, the former being completely costate and the latter presenting irregular reticulate ornamentation.

Type images:

Original description: Braunella:

Entries in the Catalog of original descriptions: Braunella;

Short diagnosis: Test biserial, with subspherical chambers throughout. Chambers increase more or less regularly in size as added. Sutures distinct and depressed. Main aperture in the shape of a low- to medium-high arch, situated at the base of the last-formed chamber. Test ornamentation irregularly reticulate, at least in the earlier portion; chambers sometimes costate.

Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): within Maastrichtian Stage (66.04-72.05Ma, top in Maastrichtian stage). Data source: Total of range of species in this database
First occurrence (base): within Campanian Stage (72.05-83.64Ma, base in Campanian stage). Data source: Total of range of species in this database

Plot of occurrence data:

NB Plotting of Neptune data has been disabled on the Mesozoic pages because the dataset is both small and badly affected by a few sites with erroneous age models (our obs Huber, Petrizzo, Young, Nov 2016). The data can still be viewed via the range plottertool - tools menu.

References:

Georgescu, M.D., (2007). Taxonomic re-evaluation of the Late Cretaceous serial planktonic foraminifer Gümbelina punctulata Cushman, 1938 and related species. Revista Española de Micropaleontología, 39: 1-14.

Georgescu, M.D., (2007). A new planktonic heterohelicid foraminiferal genus from the Upper Cretaceous (Turonian). Micropaleontology, 53: 212-220.


Braunella compiled by the pforams@mikrotax project team viewed: 30-3-2017

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